Why was Napoleon so eager to get rid of the territory in the Louisiana Purchase?
France was short on cash and he was willing to sell in order to continue the War in Europe.
In 1803, early in the 19th century the US made a purchase to acquire the Louisiana Territory from France. This purchase was made during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson. Napoleon was eager to sell this vast territory to raise funds for upcoming wars with England.As an interesting aside, Napoleon's brothers advised against the deal.
What made Americans eager to purchase New Orleans in order to protect their Mississippi River Shipping?
There is not much connection between the two events. The Louisiana purchase in 1803 gave Napoleon money to help finance his attempted conquest of Europe. The war in Europe gave Britain more reason to interfere with American shipping and weakened the ability of Britain to fight in America. This combination may have made the war hawks in Congress more eager to declare war on Britain and start the War of 1812.
The majority of France's reasoning for selling its land, particularly the Louisiana Purchase, to the United States and other North American nations, was because at this time, the French empire was facing a revolution and still fighting off Britain in the Anglo-French war -- Napoleon desperately needed the money, and who better to give it to than the new and expanding United States?
The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory because it was not in the best interest of the new nation to have a European country--on American soil--so close to its borders. Furthermore, French and Spanish influences lingered in the area due to long standing relations with pioneers, explorers, and missionaries. The French also had control over trading in and along the Mississippi river which was detrimental to American prosperity. Experiencing problems in his "French empire" Napoleon…
I beleive you mean why ARE the midway islands a territory of the US. Well, from the mid 1800's to 1900, America was an imperialist nation. It was eager to expand. In addition to becoming more involved in foriegn affairs, the US sought colonies. It gained territory in the Carribean and the Pacific through the Spanish-American war. However, Midway was simply declared US territory and has been ever since. No debate, no conflict, no purchase…