Why was aikido formed?

Aikido Techniques come from ancient Japanese Jiu-Jitsu. Jiu-Jitsu was and still is used in combat. The founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba wanted to make the techniques more flowing and less lethal. The goal of Aikido is to defeat your opponent without injury to you or the attacker. Most of the techniques in Aikido can be damaging and sometimes fatal because you are manipulating small joints in the human body to move an opponent without or nearly no strength at all. The goal is not to break bones or to kill however because you are manipulating smaller joints to move a bigger person, you can hurt them easily however it is not the goal of Aikido.