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There used to be four different status in Chinese feudal society, which are classified by occupations. From the highest to the lowest, the 1st rank are soldiers and intellectuals, the 2nd are farmers, the 3rd are craftsmen and general laborers, the last are merchants and peddlers.

Merchants are believed without moral restraint and regarded as inferior jobs by the mainstream ideology. Hence, they are certainly not allowed to work for the government. In addition, only people of the 1st social status have direct access to government jobs at that time.

In feudal China,land was the most valuable thing to a regime.All the power came from land. China emperor was the final power owner,he owned all the land of his empire.and what he needed ,was to rule all the people including farmers,merchants,feudal landlords in an arbitrary way ,governors were the good enough tools to meet this aim.If merchants have government jobs,that was no better use to help the emperor to keep his land.in a word,merchants mean nothing to the emperor,their social status were too low to have the gov jobs.

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Clara Lebsack

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Q: Why were merchants not allowed to have governments jobs in China?
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There used to be four different status in Chinese feudal society, which are classified by occupations. From the highest to the lowest, the 1st rank are soldiers and intellectuals, the 2nd are farmers, the 3rd are craftsmen and general laborers, the last are merchants and peddlers.Merchants are believed without moral restraint and regarded as inferior jobs by the mainstream ideology. Hence, they are certainly not allowed to work for the government. In addition, only people of the 1st social status have direct access to government jobs at that time.In feudal China,land was the most valuable thing to a regime.All the power came from land. China emperor was the final power owner,he owned all the land of his empire.and what he needed ,was to rule all the people including farmers,merchants,feudal landlords in an arbitrary way ,governors were the good enough tools to meet this aim.If merchants have government jobs,that was no better use to help the emperor to keep his land.in a word,merchants mean nothing to the emperor,their social status were too low to have the gov jobs.


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