Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Incas?
My textbook says because although Fransisco Pizarro (Spanish explorer and conquerer) had only 167 men, he had horses and and firearms. The Incas lacked leadership because the Spanish executed the emperor. Because they had no leadership, the Inca empire fell apart- right into Spanish hands.
Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador that came upon the Inca empire and its riches in gold. Pizarro set out to destroy the power of the Incas by kidnapping the Inca leader and killing them. The Incas had to put many other Native American tribes under their control to become an empire. With their weapons and the help of the Tribes against the Incas, Pizarro was able to crumble their empire.
Pizarro was able to conquer the Incas for many of the same reasons Cortes was able to conguer the aztecs. He had a very small, but militarily advanced army which was foreign and frightful too the Incas. In addition, the Europeans brought over those great diseases like small pox (also known as cow pox).
Spain was able to conquer the Americas so rapidly because the natives (Incas and Aztecs) had not been exposed to the diseases present in the livestock that the Europeans had. This meant that they had no natural defenses against the diseases. In addition, the Spanish had armor and horses. Horses were not native to the Americas, so the natives were at a disadvantage not only in defense from disease, but defense of the physical body.