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No. The Supreme Court is not a legislative body, and does not participate in enacting new laws.

A law takes effect on its "effective date" as set by the body with the authority to make the law. Recall that laws are made at all levels of government. They range from things like skateboard ordinances set by city councils to agreements regarding international trade passed by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by the President. It is possible to challenge any law, but that takes an action. Before passing ordinances or making laws, those bodies making the laws have done their "homework" regarding the issue. They make every attempt to insure that they are not passing binding action that is "illegal" or that "discriminates" against individuals or organizations unfairly. Unpopular "rules" or "laws" on the books get challenged in court (and "the court" means the one that has initial jurisdiction) and things get sorted out. But when a law is passed, it has an "effective" date when it goes into effect, and that's that, unless someone gets an injunction. In an injunction, the court can "stop" something for cause. The court may or may not put a "hold" on a law while a case is heard. If a local ordinance is challenged and ruled "okay" by a county court, then any injunction can be lifted, or the law can continue to be enforced. A further appeal to a State District Court and then a State Supreme Court can follow. A further appeal can be made to a U.S. District Court, and then an appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court can also follow. There are variables, but the bottom line is that the court sorts out legal challenges. It is not the court's job to "approve" legislation or "okay" new laws. Only to sort out challenges to the laws.

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No. State laws are made by state legislatures and are not subject to prior approval by the courts. The Governor must sign a bill into law, just as the US President signs a bill from Congress into law.

The US Supreme Court can later declare a state law unconstitutional if the law is part of a case under review in the Court and they believe the law violates the US Constitution. Similarly, a State Supreme Court may declare a law of its own state unconstitutional if the law violates that state's constitution.

For more information, see Related Questions, below.

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Q: Is a new law only effective after it is approved by the US Supreme Court?
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