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Yes. John Marshall was Secretary of State in Federalist President John Adams' administration prior to being appointed to the US Supreme Court. He was a lifelong member of the Federalist party.

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Yes, William Marbury, and the other 41 "Midnight Judges" John Adams appointed in the final days of his Presidency, were all Federalists, as was Adams.


The Federalists created some unpopular policies during their tenure, were considered elitists, and had lost political strength. They favored a patriarchal central government, and were less supportive of individual freedoms than the anti-Federalists (who had morphed into the Democratic-Republican Party).

Adams was badly defeated in the 1800 Presidential election by Thomas Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican. The Vice-President, Aaron Burr, was also a Democratic-Republican, as were many new members of Congress. Adams recognized the Federalists were losing power to a party with radically different ideologies.

Congress passed two pieces of legislation in the waning days of Adams presidency: the Judiciary Act of 1801, and the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801. The Judiciary Act was signed into law on February 13, 1801, just three weeks before the end of his administration. The Act expanded the federal court system, allowing Adams to quickly appoint 16 members of his political party to newly created judgeships, thus allowing the Federalists to retain some influence over the direction of government. The new legislation also reduced the number of Supreme Court justices by one (by attrition) to Prevent Jefferson from gaining control over the head of the Judicial branch. Adams drew much criticism for "court packing," but was acting within his rights as President.

The Organic Act of 1801 was passed just days before Adams' term of office ended. The Act removed the territory of the District of Columbia from the jurisdiction of Virginia and Maryland, and placed it under the control of Congress. One of the provisions of the Act was that the President could appoint an unspecified number of justices of the peace, as he saw fit, to handle low-level legal business for the District. President Adams nominated 42 Federalists as justices of the peace on March 2, 1801, two days before he left office. Congress approved the commissions on March 3. These men later became known as the "Midnight Judges" due to their last-minute appointments.

William Marbury was one of those selected to be a justice of the peace. John Marshall, who was Secretary of State under Adams (as well as the newly appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court), worked late into the night recording and sealing the commissions so they could be delivered the next day. He was forced to leave the delivery to his successor, James Madison.

Madison didn't arrive in Washington immediately. President Thomas Jefferson walked into Madison's vacant office, found the 42 commissions on Madison's desk and decided the number was excessive. He eliminated 12 positions, reducing the total to 30, then reassigned five of the slots to members of the Democratic-Republican party. He allowed the remaining 25 to be delivered as intended.

William Marbury and three others were among those whose commissions were eliminated. In December of 1801, they filed a petition for a Writ of Mandamus with the US Supreme Court. A writ of mandamus is a court order commanding an official, business, or government agency to perform an act within its scope of responsibility. In this case, Marbury wanted to force the new Secretary of State, James Madison, to deliver his commission.

For more in-depth information about Marbury v. Madison, see Related Links, below.

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No he was considered Pro Administration.

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Q: Was William Marbury a Federalist
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Federalist judge who wanted his commission granted?

Willium marbury

Who was the federalist judge who wanted commission granted?

William Marbury

Was Marbury a Federalist or an Anti-Federalist?

William Marbury was a Federalist, like John Adams. Thomas Jefferson was an Anti-Federalist, although by the time he became President the party was known as the Democratic-Republicans. James Madison was also an Anti-Federalist.Case Citation:Marbury v. Madison, 5 US 137 (1803)

Who was William Marbury's father?

William Marbury's father was also named William Marbury; his mother's name was Martha.

When was William Marbury born?

William Marbury was born November 7, 1762, in Piscataway, Maryland.

When was William Marbury Carpenter born?

William Marbury Carpenter was born on 1811-06-25.

When did William Marbury Carpenter die?

William Marbury Carpenter died on 1848-10-04.

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What is marburys full name in marbury vs madison?

William Marbury

What position is marbury to receive?

The position William Marbury wanted was Justice of Peace.

What were William Marbury's political views?

William Marbury was a wealthy Georgetown, Maryland, businessman and member of the Federalist party. He believed in the supremacy of the Constitution, that the US should have a powerful central government and be ruled by the elite and well-educated. His political views were probably somewhat similar to those of an old English loyalist, except his allegiance was to the newly formed United States.

Was William Blount a federalist?

William Blount was a delagate for North Carolina. He supported the making of the Constitution. He was a federalist.