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The Bolsheviks were also known as the "reds" during the Russian Civil War in 1918. This group was organized by Trotsky during the Civil War. The color "red" is commonly associated with Communism explaining the name. They fought against the Whites, which were really varied in who exactly they were but united in the goal that they wanted to remove the Reds from power. Some groups of the Reds were the liberal supporters of the provisional government, Mensheviks, Social Revolutionaries, and anarchist peasant bands (another color name the "Greens"). In terms of other names for the Bolsheviks, I think it is important to note that Bolshevik means "members of the majority", which takes its historical context in the era after the February Revolution of 1917, when the leadership of the Russian Social Democrats grew significantly. The Bolshevik party was just a splinter (led by Vladimir Lenin) of the Russian Social Democrats.

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12y ago

The Bolshevik party was renamed the Communist party in 1918.

Jake, Librarian

Richland County Public Library

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Q: What did the Bolshevik party become know as?
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Vladimir I. Lenin founded the Bolshevik Party in 1903.


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The Bolshevik Party (or the Russian Communist Party) against suspected anticommunists know as Whites.


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Vladimir Lenin was the leader of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in Russia. That faction later split off and became its own party. Then in March 1918 it changed its name to the Communist Party. Lenin led the Bolshevik faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Party. Eventually the faction split from the RSDP to become the Bolshevik Party. After the Russian Civil War, it became the Communist Party.


Is a Bolshevik a person?

Yes, a Bolshevik is a person who believes in Bolshevism or who was a member of the Bolshevik Party founded by Vladimir Lenin.


What was new name of Bolshevik party?

Lenin's party was known as the Bolsheviks during the Russian Revolution. The Bolsheviks began as one faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Party, but then split off from it to become its own party and then to become the Communists in March 1918.


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The Bolshevik Party took power after the October Revolution in 1917. After the February Revolution, power was vested in the Provisional Government with no particular political party in sole power.


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Which small faction did Lenin become the leader of?

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