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The US Supreme Court exercises original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction.

The Supreme Court is vested with the judicial power of the United States. Judicial power is in the form of original jurisdiction (trials) and appellate jurisdiction (appeals and reviews of trial decisions) The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in cases involving ambassadors other public ministers and consuls and those in which a state shall be a party and appellate jurisdiction in all other cases. See Article III, Section 2.

Article III, Section 2

"The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;--to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls;--to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;--to controversies to which the United States shall be a party;--to controversies between two or more states;--between a state and citizens of another state;--between citizens of different states;--between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.

The Court currently only hears cases involving disputes between the States under original jurisdiction; cases involving ambassadors and other foreign officials are first heard in US District Court.

The Eleventh Amendment revoked the Court's right to hear cases between a state and citizens of another state due to problems caused by the Supreme Court's early decision in disputed land grants.

11th Amendment:

"The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State."

Federal Question Jurisdiction

The Supreme Court may also hear certain cases on appeal from State courts, if they involve a preserved question of US constitutional or federal law, or issues arising under US treaties. This authority is called "federal question jurisdiction."

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βˆ™ 2011-03-19 18:25:37
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Q: What kind of jurisdiction does the US Supreme Court exercise?
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Related questions

What kind of jurisdiction does the Supreme Court have?

legislatve


In what kind of case does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?

The Supreme Court of the United States has federal jurisdiction. The Supreme court can also be used as an appeals court for state and local charges.


What kind of cases does the supreme court have jurisdiction?

federal cases


When does the US Supreme Court get the last say and in what kind of cases does the US Supreme Court not have the last say?

The Supreme Court always has the last say for cases that fall under its jurisdiction. The Court no longer has mandatory jurisdiction and may exercise full discretion over which cases it hears. The decision of the Court is final, unless modified by the Court itself or by constitutional amendment.


What kind of jurisdiction does the US Supreme Court have over cases related to Congressional legislation?

Appellate jurisdiction


When a case goes immediately to the US Supreme Court what kind of jurisdiction is invoked?

If the US Supreme Court is the first to hear a case, they are exercising original jurisdiction; if the Court hears a case directly from US District Court under appellate jurisdiction, bypassing the intermediate US Court of Appeals Circuit Court, they are exercising expedited jurisdiction (as well as appellate jurisdiction).


Appellate jurisdiction means that the Supreme Court .?

Having appellate jurisdiction means that the Supreme Court hears cases that have been in trial before. A majority of cases that the Supreme Court hear are either controversial, or some kind of trial error took place in a prior court.


What kind of jurisdiction uses a Writ of Certiorari?

A writ of certiorari is issued under appellate jurisdiction, most often by the Supreme Court.


What kind of jurisdiction does the US Supreme Court automatically have?

The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over disputes between the states; it also has original, but shared, jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors (although the latter class of case is not automatic). Congress cannot remove the Supreme Court's original jurisdiction; that action can only be accomplished through constitutional amendment.


A type of jurisdiction that permits a court to hear any kind of case?

There is not a jurisdiction that allows a court to hear any type of case. Even the Supreme Court is limited in the types of cases they hear.


What kind of court is the US Supreme Court?

The US Supreme Court is an Article III (constitutional) court, and the highest appellate court for federal question jurisdiction, or cases involving issues related to the US Constitution, federal law, or treaties of the United States.The Supreme Court also has exclusive original jurisdiction (is the only trial court) for disputes between the states.


What kind of cases does the US Supreme Court and federal judiciary have jurisdiction over?

Cases that have federal jurisdiction. They can either arise under federal law or be state law cases that gain jurisdiction through diversity jurisdiction.

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