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Mutations can be a source of genetic

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Q: How can mutations affect protein synthesis in cells What is the result?
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How can mutation affect protein synthesis in cell?

Mutations can make the protein synthesise incorrectly making diseases or weak parts in your body. Mutations can affect protein synthesis in cells by affecting the protein, messing up the whole DNA sequence and making the organism different from other average organisms.

How does a mutation in a gene affect the order of DNA based?

A mutation in a gene can happen by addition, deletion or substitution of base pairs. This means that the order of the bases will change- a new base may be added, a base may be lost, or one base may be substituted for another. The result of these mutations is that it causes the DNA to code for a different protein. If a mutation occurs in a sex cell, the mutation can be passed on to an offspring and affect the offspring's phenotype.

What can mutate?

Mutations are the result of an error in the duplication process of DNA. These include insertion errors in DNA (base-pairing, dimers), DNA silencing, abnormal protein synthesis, and defective chromosomes.

Enzymes are produced as a direct result of which process?

1)protein synthesis 2)photosynthesis 3)respiration 4)enzymatic hydrolysis

Synthesis of a defective protein may result from an alteration in?

a base sequence code

How do mutations impact patters of inheritance?

they can be neutral and have no effect, improve a protein and be beneficial, result in a protein that does not work, which may cause disease

How do mutations affect translations?

A frameshift mutation may cause a change in the codon sequence, specifically the 3-base sequence which is responsible for coding a specific amino acid. A different protein, a non-functional one, or no protein at all may be the result of this change.

How is a mutation harmful to a organism?

Not all mutations are harmful. A mutation the give the organism antibiotic resistance, for example, is quite helpful. A different mutation that causes a necessary protein to misfold may result in death. In general mutations that affect proteins that are necessary for life will result in the death of the organism. One such mutation is in the protein p53 which is necessary to prevent a cell from growing uncontrollable (cancer). A mutation in p53 could result in a cell with damaged DNA to reproduce - this is what we call cancer.

The most immediate result of destruction of a cell's ribosomes?

It wouldn't be protein synthesis.

What is the translation process that results in production of a polypeptide?

Translation: the process of protein elongation & termination of protein synthesis. During protein synthesis the small and large ribosomal subunits join to form a functional ribose, durong this phase many processes take place. The result of these processes is protein elongation (polypeptide chain).

What would result if ribosomes in a cell stopped working?

Ribosomes are vital for the creation of proteins. Without proteins, the cell cannot function, and would die.

What is the result of chemical synthesis?

The result of a chemical synthesis is a new molecule.