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E2020? Its Equilibrium

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At equilibrium, the rate at which particles move from one phase to another is equal to the rate at which they move back, resulting in no overall change in the amount of each phase. This dynamic balance happens when the system reaches a stable state where the concentrations or amounts of substances remain constant over time.

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Q: When particles are moving between two phases and no net change in the amount of either phase occurs exists?
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What is the difference between the state of matter?

The main differences between the states of matter (solid, liquid, gas) lie in their arrangement and movement of particles. In a solid, particles are tightly packed and vibrate in fixed positions; in a liquid, particles are close but can move past each other; in a gas, particles are far apart and move freely. Temperature and pressure can cause substances to change between these states.


What happens to energy when matter undergoes chemical or physical change?

During a chemical or physical change, the energy of matter can either be absorbed or released. For example, in chemical reactions, energy is exchanged in the form of heat or light as chemical bonds are broken or formed. In physical changes, such as melting or boiling, energy is used to break intermolecular forces between particles.


How do particles become charged?

Particles become charged by gaining or losing electrons. When an atom gains or loses electrons, it becomes an ion with a positive or negative charge. Charged particles can also be created by processes like friction or induction, which can result in the transfer of electrons between objects.


Is buoyancy a physical or chemical change?

Buoyancy is a physical change, not a chemical change. It results from the relationship between an object's density and the density of the fluid it is placed in, causing the object to either float or sink.


Why are gamma rays not deflected when passed between electrically charged plates?

Gamma rays are neutral particles and do not carry an electric charge. Therefore, they are not affected by electric fields and are not deflected when passing between charged plates. Only charged particles are influenced by electric fields.

Related questions

What force do charged particles exert?

Charged particles exert an electric force on other charged particles in their vicinity. This force can either be attractive (between particles of opposite charge) or repulsive (between particles of the same charge).


VWhat is the term for the force between charged particles?

The term for the force between charged particles is called electrostatic force. This force is either attractive or repulsive depending on the charges of the particles involved.


What causes matter to change from one state of matter to another state of matter?

A change in state of matter is typically caused by varying temperature and pressure conditions. When these conditions are altered, the kinetic energy of particles changes, leading to a transition from solid to liquid, liquid to gas, or vice versa. This change occurs as the intermolecular forces between particles are either strengthened or weakened.


What happens to the particles of matter during a phase change?

During a phase change, the particles of matter either gain or lose energy to break or form intermolecular bonds. This causes them to rearrange into a different structure, resulting in a change in the physical state of the matter. The particles themselves remain unchanged, but their arrangement and movements differ depending on the phase.


What is the difference between the state of matter?

The main differences between the states of matter (solid, liquid, gas) lie in their arrangement and movement of particles. In a solid, particles are tightly packed and vibrate in fixed positions; in a liquid, particles are close but can move past each other; in a gas, particles are far apart and move freely. Temperature and pressure can cause substances to change between these states.


How do you you change a gas into a liquid?

You can change a gas into a liquid through cooling and condensation. Cooling a gas reduces the amount of energy between particles, which slows down movement. As particles lose energy they condense into a liquid. The temperature needed to create this depends on the gas in question.


Can you change the rate of chemical change?

Yes, the rate of chemical change can be altered by changing factors such as temperature, concentration of reactants, presence of catalysts, and surface area of reactants. These factors can either speed up or slow down the rate of a chemical reaction.


What causes pressure?

The weight of the air The distance between particles of a gas determines the pressure. The distance can be decreased and the pressure therefore increased by either increasing the amount of particles of gas in the container, or by reducing the size of the container.


Why can your weight change if you go to another planet but your mass will not change?

Your mass is the amount of stuff that makes up our body. It can only change if you either remove something from your body or add something to it. Your weight is the amount of force you experience from gravity. It depends on both your mass and the strength of the gravity. Since the strength of gravity varies between the planets, so will your weight.


What is a force that results from charged particles called?

The force due to the charges themselves is an electrostatic force.If the particles are also either moving or spinning, the force is a magnetic force.Both types of force are transferred between the charged particles by particles called virtual photons.


Why do some things change states of matter when exposed to different temperatures?

Matter is composed of tiny particles, which, depending upon the type of matter, are either atoms or molecules. If they stick together firmly, you get a solid; if they have a moderate attachment to each other you get a liquid, and if they move completely independently of each other, you get a gas. There is always some degree of attraction between these particles, for any substance (which derives from electromagnetic forces). There is also always some degree of random thermal motion, whether the particles are just vibrating in place, or moving independently. The higher the temperature, the more random thermal you have. So, when the random thermal motion is strong enough, it can overcome the attraction between particles, and thereby cause a change of state. Or moving toward colder temperatures, the attraction between particles will at some point exceed the random thermal motion, and cause a change of state.


What will halve the magnitude of the electrostatic force of attraction between two charged particles?

Doubling the distance between the two charged particles will halve the magnitude of the electrostatic force of attraction between them, as the force is inversely proportional to the square of the distance.