Independence from England
Prince Siddhartha was a free thinker who pondered about birth, disease, old age and death.
The Founder of Buddhism was the historical Buddha (which means the Fully Enlightened One), born in Nepal (year 623 B.C.) as Prince Siddhartha of the Sakya Kingdom. The natives of ancient Nepal were the Kirat people (Tamang, Sherpa, Rai, Gurung etc.), better known as the Gurkhas today.
Prince Siddhartha left Nepal (in the Himalayan mountain range) at the age of 29 years old, crossed over to ancient India and eventually gained Enlightenment (Bodhi) at the age of 35 years old, at a place subsequently named as Bodhi Gaya. He became the Buddha.
The key teachings of the Buddha, encapsulated in the Four Noble Truths, are:
1. Living a simple life of love, non-violence and compassion will result in a person getting reborn in heaven, or in good circumstances as a human being. The former is consistent with Christ's Teachings. For the latter, clinical cases of human rebirth have been extensively researched and published by Dr. Ian Stevenson, MD and university Professor.
2. Practising meditation / yoga / Zen together with point 1, will bring about spiritual happiness here and hereafter. This is consistent with Laozi's Teachings.
3. Practising points 1 and 2, together with the initial knowledge of the intrinsic nature of all worldly things (impermanence, insubstantiality and insatisfactoriness) will lead to the end of rebirth, and go beyond heavenly existence. This is termed as Nibbana (Nirvana), which the Buddha has described to us as Highest Happiness, Freedom, Unique and Beyond Space-Time Continuum. Nibbana is not existence nor extinction.
4. The precise method for point 3 is known as the Noble Eight-fold Path.
At the age of 80 years old, the historical Buddha entered into Final Nibbana (Parinibbana). 500 years later (year 57 A.D.), the Buddha appeared in a dream to the Han Emperor Mingdi, which prompted the Emperor to ask his Court the next day about 'a golden man with light shining from his neck'. This account is recorded in China's historical archives. One of the official said he had heard of a holy man in the western region, who had find immortality and whose skin was golden. Subsequently, Han Mingdi sent an expedition to found out more. This marked the spread of Buddha's Teachings from the western region (Himalayas), and also India, into the central plains of ancient China.
2600 years later, Albert Einstein said:
"There is a third stage of religious experience…the individual feels the futility of human desires…beginnings of cosmic religious feeling already appear at an early stage of development, e.g., in many of the Psalms of David and in some of the Prophets. Buddhism…contains a much stronger element of this."
Robert Oppenheimer said:
"If we ask, for instance, whether the position of the electron remains the same, we must say 'no'. If we ask whether the electron's position changes with time, we must say 'no'. If we ask whether it is in motion, we must say 'no'. The Buddha has also given such answers when asked (about Parinibbana)."
Niels Bohr said:
"For a parallel to the lesson of atomic theory...(we must turn) to those kinds of epistemological problems with which already thinkers like the Buddha and Laozi have been confronted, when trying to harmonize our position as spectators and actors in the great drama of existence."
Self-indulgence and self-denial
Mass migrations during the split of India left one million dead.
China alternated between trade and isolation.
The Industrial Revolution ended Chinese isolation.
Europe forced China into a trade relationship.
Ethanol, hydroelectricity, and solar power are renewable resources that are not likely to run out in the next 200 years.
Indus; Yellow; 3000
By Brandon Daff
Taiwan (Island of Formosa) is the most commonly cited claim of the People's Republic of China that is not in their control. Other regions that the People's Republic of China claims are: Aksai Chin and parts of Jammu/Kashmir, Arunchal Pradesh, several archipelagos in the Gulf of Tonkin, the smaller islands controlled by Taiwan, and the Sengaku Islands (called by the Chinese the Diaoyu Islands).
Customer support and software development
Vedism; native cultures
Monsoons are seasonal
five Industrial Revolution
Siddhartha Gautama founded the religion , Buddhism!
An increase in manufacturing.
If you mean started, Buddhism started in India.
It is important to understand the historical context of the epistles because it explains what the authors including Paul was discussing and had been through before writing their epistles. It is also important to understand the literary context so you know what points should be emphasized.
Industrial advances spread from Europe to Southwest Asia.