Aluminium. Assuming you meant "metal" in the chemical sense and not the astronomical sense, and that you don't consider silicon a metal. If you meant in the astronomical sense, then oxygen.
They are called trenches.
warm and wet
The lifting and removal of loose material by wind is called deflation. (Deflation is a type of erosion)
(If you look up deflation, try "deflation geology" because if you don't add geology, only the economic meanings will come up.)
Neptune is extremely windy.
Yes. Sydney lies within the temperate climate zone.
In 2001, the NEAR-Shoemaker space probe became the first unmanned probe to soft-land on an asteroid, although it was primarily designed to do its studies from orbit.
Launched in 1996, it orbited the near-Earth asteroid 433 Eros for about a year, and in February 2001 used the last of its propellant to soft-land on the asteroid. Since it was undamaged, it continued to perform surface studies until it was shut down, about two weeks later.
The earth's atmosphere contains trace gases, some of which absorb heat. These gases (water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, and nitrous oxide) are referred to as greenhouse gases.
rates of precipitation
During a total lunar eclipse, the Sun, Earth and Moon are lined up so precisely that the Moon is in the Earth's shadow.
Warmer and wetter
The greatest number of thunderstorms in the world occur in Lake Victoria, Uganda, Africa. In the United States, the greatest number of thunderstorms are seen in Lakeland, Florida.
Impressions on the moon are caused by meteors crashing into it, and they're called craters.
Jovian planets are also known as gas giants. There are four Jovian planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
Because during a lunar eclipse, Aristotle observed that the shape of the earth was round.
Barrier islands form as the result of wave or tidal flow parallel to a coastline.
No. Galaxies are well beyond our solar system. Our solar system is just one tiny part of the Milky Way Galaxy.
The geocentric modelof the universe stated that the earth was at the centre of the universe.