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World War 2

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Delpha Murray

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βˆ™ 2021-10-26 18:34:24
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Cards in this guide (28)
Where was the Battle of Britain fought

Answer

This battle took place in the skies over Britain. The Battle of Britain was a contest between the British and German air forces. The Germans were trying to destroy the British air force as a prelude to invading the island.

The first stage (the Battle of Britain in the narrower sense, from about early July-October 1940) saw the attempt by the German Luftwaffe to destroy the RAF bases.

In September 1940 the focus shifted to atttacks on civilian targets. This second phase if often referred in Britain as 'the blitz'. Over a period of several months in 1940 they launched huge daily air raids on various targets in England, most particularly a long campaign of terror bombing of London and other cities. Ultimately though the British were shooting down far more German planes than the Germans were British and Hitler gave up in May 1941 in order to prepare for his invasion of Russia.

Answer

After the British withdrew from Dunkirk Churchill said "What General Weygrand called the Battle of France is over, the Battle of Britain is about to begin". It took place mainly over the South and East of England from July 10th 1940 to 31st October 1940. German sources have the Battle finishing later when the last bombing runs were made (May 1941) while the British dates cover the main action.

There were 4 main parts:-

1. July 10th - August 7th Initial probing across the Channel and raids on Radar stations

2. August 8th - September 6th - Airfield raids to destroy aircraft and facilities

3. 7th September - 5th October Massed attacks against the London, other cities and industry

4. 6-31 October 1940 Night Raids

The Battle of Britain was an air battle fought in the skies primarily above Southern England.

The East Coast and Midlands were also attacked by Aircraft based in Norway.
The Battle of Britain was the final stand against Hitler's dominance of Europe.

Hitler wanted to invade Britain. He called his plan Operation Sealion. He had detailed plans of who would rule Britain after it was conquered. His propaganda machine had already made a newsreel of the 'victorious' German soldiers and the British they had 'captured'.

But Britain was defended by the Royal Navy, which was much stronger than the German Navy. If Hitler was going to mount an invasion of Britain, he would have to find a way to defend his invasion barges from attack. The German airforce - the Luftwaffe - could defend the invasion, but, to do that, Hitler would first have to knock out the Royal Air Force (RAF). That is how the Battle of Britain came about. The Battle of Britain was really the first part of Hitler's invasion of Britain.

Four developments laid the foundations of Britain's survival:

  1. Firstly, Britain had built a series of radar stations (July 1935). British radar was superior because, not only could it tell where the enemy planes were coming from, but it had a way to telling the fighters so that they could go and attack them.

  2. Secondly, in July 1937, Air Chief Marshall Dowding was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Fighter Command. He was a brilliant commander who - on a small budget - was able to reorganise the RAF into four Groups, each divided into a number of sectors (each with a main sector airfield with a number of supporting airfields).

  3. Thirdly, the British developed two brilliant planes - the Hurricane (Nov 1935) which was reliable and was used to shoot down the Luftwaffe bombers; and the Spitfire (March 1936), the fastest plane in the world, which was used to destroy the Nazi fighters which protected the bombers.

  4. Fourthly, in May 1940, Churchill put Lord Beaverbrook (owner of the Daily Express) in charge of aircraft production. He ran one appeal for aluminum - 'We will turn your pots and pans into Spitfires and Hurricanes' - and another scheme where towns, groups or individuals could 'buy' a Spitfire (for £5000) and send it off the fight the Nazis. He also set up a Civilian Repair Organisation, which made new planes from the left-over pieces of planes which had been shot down. Beaverbrook cut through government red tape, and increased the production by 250%; in 1940, British factories produced 4,283 fighters, compared to Germany's 3,000.

Where is the port of Dunkirk located

English Channel.

Was World War ll a war of movement rather than of trench warfare

Yes

Which country did Japan attack in northeastern China

They attacked Manchuria in 1939.

Who were the supporters of the Spanish government in 1936

Republicans also known as Loyalist

All of the answers are correct.

The US was well prepared for the attack on Pearl Harbor since it had broken the Japanese secret code

False

How long did America wait to join the Allies during World War 2

Two years

What term means that a country is controlled by a more powerful country

The term satellite state means a country that is controlled by a more powerful country. A satellite state means that the country was once independent by is now heavily controlled by the politics, economy, and military capabilities of another country.

When Germany invaded Poland what did its air force attack

During the invasion of Poland (September 1 - October 6, 1939), the Luftwaffe first attacked the city of Wieluń in south central Poland. The city was "carpet bombed", destroying 75% to 90% of the town, and killing more than 1200 of its 15,000 civilian residents.

The Luftwaffe also acted as airborne artillery. Planes such as the Stuka dive bomber went ahead of the Panzers, destroying targets that would impede the tanks' advance, as well as destroying the small Polish air force.

What did Germany do during the eight months of the Sitzkrieg

A. rearmed by adding new soldiers

C. tripled the number of heavy tanks

D. increased their ammunition

This commander in chief of the German Air Force made a critical error by switching to night bombings of London

Hermann Goering

What was the evacuation of the British and French soldiers from the French beaches of Dunkirk called

Operation Dynamo (May 24 to June 4, 1940)
Operation Dynamo, also informally referred to as the Miracle at Dunkirk.

Who was embarrassed by Italy's small holdings and chose Ethiopia as his first conquest

Mussolini, I suppose. He wanted to obtain more colonies so he could be like the big nations of Europe.

With the help of Germany and Italy who won the civil war in Spain

francisco franco

These balloons forced German aircraft to fly at higher altitudes and thus decreased their bombing accuracy

barrage

After Adolf Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia which country became the next target of Germany

poland

The bombings of London from September of 1940 through May of 1941 resulted in the deaths of about how many English people

30,000

This system locates an object with radio waves and measures the time taken for the waves to bounce back

Radar.

The evacuation of the British and French troops at Dunkirk was successful because the Germans slowed their attack and rested their tired men

True

What was the period of time during the winter of 1939-40 when there was little activity in the west known as

the sitting war

What did Germany use that could go deep into enemy territory on ground attacks

panzer tanks

Which of these were suicide squadron pilots who flew their planes loaded with explosives into US naval vessels

kamikaze

This German war strategy was based on concentrated air and land attacks and provided a powerful punch through enemy lines

blitzkrieg

The Germans wanted to capture Dunkirk because it was an anti-submarine base

true

Great Britain won the air battles with the Nazi pilots

yes
TRUE

Was Winston Churchill Britain's Prime Minister

Yes. 1940-45 and 1951-55.
Winston Churchill was Britain's Prime Minister from May 1940 until July 1945 and again from 1951 until 1955.

Were buzz bombs proved to be accurate and effective weapons

false

When the expected results of the first atomic bomb drop did not happen what did the United states do

If you are asking about what happened in the next 3 days?Then the United States decided to drop the next atomic bomb on the city of kobe.When the aircraft arrived over the city the visibility was not good enough to bomb this city and it was decided to bomb the secondary target,which turned out to be Nagasaki.This was done on the date of August 9th,1945.

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