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Human Anatomy and Physiology

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Aniya Konopelski

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Cards in this guide (9)
How the endocrine system and nervous system work together when the body is under stress

the endocrine and the nervous systems work together to maintain homeostasis

Why are viral infections more difficult to treat than bacterial infections

Viral infections are much more difficult to treat than bacterial infections. The main reason for this is that viruses live inside of your body's cells which protects them from medications.

Which best describes food when it reaches the stomach

The polysaccharides have been broken down.

Why are swollen lymph nodes a sign of infection

Infection cause increased lymphocyte prodution apex :)

Which is a type of muscle tissue that is most often controlled by conscious thought

Skeletal muscle is most often controlled by conscious thought.

What would cause the body to release more water through the excretory system

Water would be released by the excretory system primarily to maintain the tonicity of the salt solution in the blood and other body fluids. Less salts means that less water is needed.

A second reason that water would be excreted (as sweat) would be to lower the body temperature to normal (in hyperthermia and fever).

A third reason is caused by certain diseases and compounds in the diet. The body will attempt to flush the offending chemicals from the intestines (this is one form of diarrhea).
Losing salt through the skin

Why do problems with the heart lead to difficulty breathing

The circulatory and the respiratory system work together

Problems with which part of the bone would lead to blood disorders

Red and white blood cells are formed in the bone marrow, so disorders of the marrow can cause blood disorders.

Blood has traveled from the heart to the fingers. Which describes the next step of the circulation process

The blood returns to the heart through veins.

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