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Intestines

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Al Leuschke

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โˆ™ 2021-10-06 18:34:02
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Cards in this guide (22)
What does the liver do

it filters out impurities from the body like alcohol and tobacco

The liver has over 500 functions

Some of the main ones include

  • The processing of digested food from the intestine
  • Controlling blood levels of amino acids, glucose and fats
  • Fighting infections in the body
  • Converting glucose to glycogen
  • Cleansing particles, infections and bacteria from the blood
  • Destroying, neutralizing & filtering harmful substances from the blood
  • Manufacturing bile
  • Storing minerals, vitamins (B12, A, D & K)
  • Producing cholesterol
  • Breaking down food and converting it into energy
  • The manufacture of, breaking down and regulating of many hormones
  • The making of proteins & enzymes for the majority of chemical reactions in the body
  • Producing urea
  • Producing substances that break down fats
  • Maintaining a healthy level of glucose in the blood

To detox the body.

Your liver removes all toxins from your blood. It's like your bodies very own filter from all things that your body can't process on its own.

The liver has several functions. some include detoxification (getting toxins out), synthesizing proteins and producing acids such as gastric acids necessary for digestion.

Functions of liver:

1. Converts toxic product into nontoxic ones.

2. Liver actively participates in metabolism of Carbohydrates, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins and Minerals.

3. It excretes bile pigments, bile salts, cholesterol through bile.

4. It synthesizes plasma proteins.

5. It stores glycogen, vitamin A, D and B12 and trace elements.

And thats all the functions that the liver is mostly used for

Functions of Liver1: Regulation of blood glucose level

When the blood glucose concentration becomes excessive; liver converts the glucose into glycogen. Liver converts the glycogen back to the glucose when energy is needed.

2: Metabolism

Liver is responsible for the metabolism of proteins and fats. It synthesizes blood clotting factors and stores various types of vitamins.

3:Bile secretion

The hypatocystes (cells) of liver secrete bile. The bile is stored in gallbladder.The bile duct of liver and cystic duct of gallbladder form common bile duct. The common bile duct join the pancreatic duct, the bile from common bile duct and pancreatic juice from pancreatic duct empty into duodenum (of small intestine) through the sphincter of oddi (valve) if it is opened. The opening of this valve is controlled by a hormone called Cholecystokinin.

Bile juice helps in emulsificaton of fats.

Bile is alkaline solution. Its molecules have dual nature (one end is attracted to water molecule while other is attracted to fat molecule). Thus its molecules remain in between water molecules and fat molecules (emulsification process).

If bile molecules were not present between fats and water, the fat molecules would be repelled by water molecules and be attracted to each other. The fat molecules would merge together because fats are insoluble in water. The merged fats would not be easily broken down with lipase (fat digesting enzyme).

4:Breakdown of old red blood cells

Liver breaks down the old red blood cells into bilurubin. Bilurubin is excreted in bile and urine.

5: Detoxification

Liver contains macrophages called Kupffer cells. These cells engulf and breakdown toxic matter such as microorganisms, dead cells and chemicals. Kupffer cells ingest microorganism by phagocytosis. The engulfed microorganism is called phagosome. Lysosmes in the cytoplasm of kupffer cell, fuse with the phagosome and release digestive enzymes. These enzymes breakdown and kill the microorganism.

But how does kupffer cell identify toxic matter?

There are receptors for the toxic matter on the surface of kupffer cells. The harmful particle and these receptors of kupffer cell can fit together like pieces of a puzzle. The harmful particle is then engulfed by kupffer cell.
remove toxins ingested in food.
It's the great chemist, changing the stuff you eat into the chemicals you need to live.

It also dumps a fair amount of waste (bile salts) and converts a number of poisons into water soluble salts (to be removed by the kidneys).

The Liver has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. The liver is necessary for survival; there is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function.
The Liver has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. The liver is necessary for survival; there is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function. liver is responsible for making bile . Bile is a greenish bitter digestive liquid that contains bile salts and bile pigments. Bile salts consist of death enthrocytes, RBC's- Biliverdin and Bilirubin. Bile pigments are responsible for the emulsification of fats.
The liver has several functions critical to life. The liver takes all the toxic out of body. It also makes glucose.

What happens in the large intestine

Water from food is absorbed by the body

What is the role of the pancreas

The pancreas produces digestive enzymes and hormones.

What systems maintain homeostasis

Endocrin system and the nervous system help maintain homeostasis.

What does the kidney do in the human body

the kidney in a human body usually purifys the water you drink which turns into urine

Which enzymes break down carbohydrates

Amylases

When providing a peer review what benefit does the reviewer gain

In my humble opinion, the reviewer gains satisfaction by participating in a process that hopefully promotes quality in the published research for their field of expertise.

What is importance of male reproductive system

for urination and copulation

What would cause the body to release more water through the excretory system

Water would be released by the excretory system primarily to maintain the tonicity of the salt solution in the blood and other body fluids. Less salts means that less water is needed.

A second reason that water would be excreted (as sweat) would be to lower the body temperature to normal (in hyperthermia and fever).

A third reason is caused by certain diseases and compounds in the diet. The body will attempt to flush the offending chemicals from the intestines (this is one form of diarrhea).
Losing salt through the skin

How does the nervous system affect the excretory system

The kidneys are controlled by signals from the brain.

The brain sends hormones to the kidneys.

What best describes food when it reaches the small intestine

By the time food has reached the small intestine, it has been broken down into small proteins.

After passing through a nephron where do the waste products in blood go

into the urinary bladder.

After the small intestine which comes next in the alimentary canal

The large intestine, also called the colon, comes next.

Which would most likely be evidence that the person is not digesting food correctly

The presence of simple sugars in the feces.

In the digestive system what part of the body precedes the small intestine

The answer to the question is the pyloric sphincter. The pyloric sphincter is the part of the digestive system that precedes the small intestine.Ê

What problem would a person have if their thyroid does not work correctly

He would have a problem with his metabolism.

How are they respiratory and circulatory systems connected

the blood from the veins , arteries are taken to respiratory (lungs ) to purify them . they r connected

What describes similarities between identical twins

looks

Does the liver make blood

NO

Which type of feedback is most helpful during the peer-review process

The feedback that offers specific advice about improving the paper

  • Apex
Which happens during the second trimester (APEX)

the lips begin to develop is one of them, hopefully its yours.

In a cohort study a scientist collects health data on a group of drug abusers. What characteristic was used to form the cohort

Age

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