European technology caused China to accept more Western influence.
It's power was divided
Indian slavery was made illegal during the colonial era.
They had no desire to exchange cultural ideas.
Some reasons why the caravel was a good ship for exploration were that they were agile and easier to navigate, with a tonnage of 50 to 160 tons and 1 to 3 masts, with lateen triangular sails allowing beating.
Being smaller and having a shallow keel, the caravel could sail upriver in shallow coastal waters. With the lateen sails attached, it was highly maneuverable and could sail much nearer the wind, while with the square Atlantic-type sails attached, it was very fast.
buddism was very popular
Martin Luther; he posted the 97 thesis on the door of a cathedral
The Inquisition was a group if institutions within the government system of the Catholic Church, whose aim was to combat heresy. It started in 12th century France and spread to other European countries resulting in the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions. Minor religions were more numerous in these countries