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During the period of the Roman Republic the Romans conquered western Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, mainland Greece, most of Hispania (Spain and Portugal), Africa (which to them meant Tunisia and western Libya) Crete, Cilicia (in Turkey), Syria, Egypt and Gaul (France, Belgium Luxembourg Holland south of the River Rhine and of the Rhine. This process occurred over 211 years.

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Q: Who did the Romans conquer during the first period of expansion?
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