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Leading up to the War of 1812 Great Britain had been contributing to the harassment of American trade. British naval ships were stopping American ships, mostly merchant and not naval, and pressing -- or rather, forcing -- some of the American crew members to join the British Navy on the grounds that American crew members were supposedly "British citizens" who had deserted and become American. America, having declared independence from Great Britain in 1776, had citizens that were English in descent, but who now considered themselves American citizens. You could call the War of 1812 a "Second War for Independence" if you consider the idea that America had to stand up and reinforce that they were their own country with their own citizens and trade.

However, the facts suggest it can't be seen that way. Had Britain started the war, invaded the US, and kept captured American territory, it could be seen as a Second War for Independence...but none of those things is true.

The United States started the war and attacked a neighbour, but was decisively defeated and pushed out of Canada in a series of battles, retreating so quickly that it surrendered Detroit, Buffalo and Fort Dearborn (Chicago).

The British also landed an force that captured Washington. Had they intended to reverse the American Revolution, they would have held on to Washington and NOT burned the White House, but they had no intention of doing so.

In fact, the British had just ended a much, much bigger war against Napoleon, and so hundreds of thousands of battle-hardened British troops were suddenly available to cross the Atlantic. Consider the effect that many troops would have had, given that just 5200 British troops had repelled the American invasion of Canada.

Even with a much, much smaller force, the British now occupied large portions of the US...but Britain was weary of war after the long struggle with Napoleon, and when the Americans asked for peace talks, Britain agreed, AND turned captured American territory back to the US: obviously not something it would do if it had any thoughts of of ending the US rebellion of 37 years before.

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2012-03-10 10:20:28
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Q: Why the War of 1812 is sometimes called the 'Second War for Independence'?
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Related questions

What was the war of 1812 also called?

The Second War of Independence.

Was the Revolutionary War called the 2nd war of Independence?

no it was not. the war of 1812 is known as the second war for independence.

How long did the Second War for independence with England last?

The Second War for Independence with England lasted from 1812 to 1815.

What is the most important battle in war of 1812?

The Second War of Independence is the War of 1812, smartie.

Which war the referred to as the '' second war of independence?

The War of 1812.

Why is the war of 1812 often called the secondary war of independence?

Because, it was America's second war against Great Britain.

Why is the war of 1812 often called the second war of independence?

Great Brittan did not always respect the rights of the united states

What was the second war for Independence?

The Second War for American Independence was in 1812. The war was a fight with the British along with their Indian allies.

What was the war that US vs great Britain called?

There were at least two. The first was called either the American Revolutionary War (or just the Revolutionary War in the US), or the American War of Independence. The second is usually called the War of 1812 (sometimes the Anglo-American War of 1812, since there were several other armed conflicts going on at the same time).

Why is the war of 1812 of often called a second war of independence?

Great Britain did not always respect the rights of the United States after the first war.

Why is the War of 1812 often called a 'Second War of Independence'?

Great Britain did not always respect the rights of the United States after the first war.

Why is the war of 1812 often called a a second war of Independence?

Great Britain did not always respect the rights of the United States after the first war.

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