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There is no short answer to this question. You must start with the Soviet situation. The Soviets had decimated their officer staffs for political reasons a couple of years before the German invasion. The Soviets had then moved their huge armies and vast storehouses of equipment up close to the border making them vulnerable to attack. Thus despite having the largest army in the world, with more tanks and planes than all the other armies of the world COMBINED, the Soviets were in a poor position to resist a major German attack. The Germans, by 1941, had perfected the blitzkrieg attack methods. They'd had experience in Poland, France and the Balkans. German army equipment was top notch with excellent communication and control systems. The German air force was clearly the world's finest overall in equipment, pilots, and experience. The Germans launched their 1941 attack a little late, due to heavy spring rains. The total delay was about six weeks but could probably have been cut to four weeks despite the weather. Despite the delay and the vast buildup of forces, the Germans still achieved surprise. The too far advanced, poorly led, centrally controlled Soviet forces were crushed quickly and the Germans poured into the country - racing dozens of miles per day. Barely a month into the fight, the Germans crushed a major Soviet force at Smolensk, and were then only two hundred miles of good highway from Moscow. Logistical reasons required a pause of at least two weeks but the German delay turned into over a month of arguing at high command. Ultimately the Germans turned south to capture the Soviet army at Kiev, a giant battle they won, but that probably cost them the war. Clearly, by August, Soviet forces were immobile, being held in place by arbitrary 'fight to the last man' orders from higher up. The Germans could with impunity have continued the fight into Moscow at that time, regardless of Soviet forces on the flanks. German control of Moscow by late August 1941, puts them in command of the battlefield. Moscow was the center of EVERYTHING in Russia in 1941....highways, rail lines, air transport, key industries, high command, centralized planning, troop assembly........ all were centered on Moscow. The capture of Moscow makes Leningrad untenable and it too would have fallen winter 1941. Further German attacks south in Sept and Oct 1941 would then have seized the Ukraine and Stalingrad. A 1942 campaign would have gained the N Caucasus oil fields and effectly ended the be continued by major air attacks on the Russian Ural industrial base using bases far forward in the key Moscow area. As it was the Germans did destroy the Ukrainian armies of Russia in August 1941. They then felt rather overconfident and proceeded to launch a Fall/Winter campaign without proper equipment, against the Russian capital. This campaign proceeded to string out the German forces, reduce concentrations, increase supply problems and generally put the world class German army at severe disadvantage. At this point the finest Russian general of the war, Zhukov, organized a counterattack using various formations totaling only about 90,000 men. With this small force he was able to nearly rout the massive German armies, due to their poor displacement. The loss of equipment by the German army was never fully made up - trucks and artillery in particular were lost in massive quantities. Following this disaster, the front stabilized due to superior German command and control. The Germans then proceeded in 1942 to repeat their error of 1941 by stringing out their forces, failing to concentrate power, failing to select key objectives, etc. The result was, again, the cream of the army being cut to pieces, this time at Stalingrad. Again, the Stalingrad debacle was created by Zhukov. Not only was Stalingrad and the trapped Sixth Army lost but massive amounts of equipment was abandoned by the Germans in the north Caucasus area as they retreated before those armies too, were cut off. Even after these two gigantic debacles, the front could still have been stabilized by the Germans along the Dnipre River line had they pulled back forces more quickly, created concentrations, built proper defenses and created a credible mobile reserve of armor. Instead the German failed to build defenses, wasted their armor on futile offensives and eventually were ground down to pieces by the Russians. Otherwise it is certainly worth mentioning that the Russians were outstanding in rebuilding their military-industrial complex during the invasion. Production numbers were outstanding in several key weapons areas. To a large extent the Russians were able to concentrate on tanks, planes and artillery since they mostly used American trucks, boots, and food for the army and did not have to manufacture so much of those items. The German side of the equation was that German industry was hampered by heavy British/American bombing by summer 1942, severe lack of fuel supplies and a transport system east of the Polish border that was under constant guerrilla type attack. In summary the Germans lost despite having surprise and a superior military due to lack of quality leadership at the very top. The Russians won because of tenacity and ability to sacrifice.

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βˆ™ 2007-05-01 05:39:35
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World War 2

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Q: Why did the German army lose the war in Russia?
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How did Germany lose Russia as an ally during World War I how did this affect the German war plans?

Russia was not an ally of Germany in World War 1.

How did Germany lose the war?

because Hitler blew his brains out, so the German army surrendered not not

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no, Russia entered the world war two because Germany broke the alliance between them (when the German Army invaded Russia)

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What did the Russian revolution do?

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How did Hitler invade Russia in World War 2?

Hitler moved through Russia with his huge German army crushing every nation in it's way until, Stalingrad.

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yes ~ Yes Russia was invaded by the German Army led by Chancellor Adolf Hitler. They were mainly prisoners of war, but also fought to gain back power over their own country.

What was Hitler's greatest military blunder?

Declaring war on Russia. Russia was friendly towards Germany and sent her supplies. When Germany broke her non-aggressions pact with Russia she cut her army in half and sent a very good portion of her army into Russia. This split the German army and brought another power into the war on the allied side. Many historians in fact view the siege of Stalingrad as the true turning point in the 2nd world war.

Why was declaring war on Russia a mistake?

Because the Russian army was for greater than the German's, and with the Japanese getting whupped by the Americans they had no other allies.

Why did Germany and Russia lose the war?

World War 1 (Called the Great War at the time) was the only war both Germany and Russia lost. Russia first lost to Germany. The German army used machine guns and the Russian army used repeating rifles. The German army used trucks and the Russian army used horse drawn vehicles. Finally the Russian Czar fired his top general and took over the military operation. He proved a totally incompetent military leader. Then the United States joined the war. The Americans had been fighting the army of Poncho Villa in Northern Mexico. They had needed guns that could pick off solders high up in the mountains. As a result, they had better rifles. American solders could shoot German solders long before the Americans were in range of German rifles. (Of course German artillery could kill Americans. But the Germans did not have enough artillery to stop an army.) Once the Germans were dislodged from their trenches, they could not defend themselves against the Americans.

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