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How many grams in a solar mass?

Updated: 8/10/2023
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14y ago

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The Sun is perhaps a little larger than the "average" star. The problem is that we don't know how many very small red dwarf and brown dwarf stars there may be, so it's difficult to come up with an accurate "average".

The big, bright stars are visible from almost anywhere in the galaxy, but red dwarf stars are not. In fact, the closest star to our Sun is the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri. Even though it is closest, it cannot be seen without a telescope!

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13y ago
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13y ago

Since we are currently traveling and don't have access to the real books that

we like to use for reference data, we just consulted a popular reference website,

and found the following numbers:

Sun's mass . . . . . 1.9889 x 1030 kg

Earth's mass . . . . 5.9742 x 1024 kg

If we adopt these numbers for the sake of discussion, here's are

a few of the things that we notice:

-- The sun's mass is equivalent to about 332,915 earths.

-- The earth's mass is equivalent to about 0.0003 percent of one sun.

-- If you were to say that "The difference between the mass of the sun

and the mass of the earth is identical to the mass of the sun.", you would

be 99.9997% correct. To put it another way: When compared to the mass

of the sun, the earth amounts to approximately a mote of a speck.

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11y ago

Of the total mass in the solar system, the Sun is about 99.5%. Jupiter is half of the remaining part, meaning that all the other planets, moons, asteroids, meteoroids and everything EXCEPT the Sun and Jupiter total about 0.25% of the mass of the solar system.

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13y ago

One solar mass is defined as being the mass of the Sun. This isn't particularly useful, except when we are comparing the masses of other stars to the one star that we see "up close and personal". Which, it turns out, is something that astronomers do every day.

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13y ago

It is a thousand times more massive than all the planets combined.

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14y ago

Our sun (Sol) is mostly hydrogen that is being fused into helium.

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14y ago

The solar system is "the Sun, Jupiter and some small stuff". The Sun is 99.8% of the total mass of the solar system, and Jupiter is over half of the remainder.

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14y ago

Google also works as a calculator, you know. You can type in "solar mass in grams" and it'll give you the answer of "1 solar mass = 1.98892 × 10^33 grams"

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13y ago

The sun is bigger than some stars, but it is smaller than some stars too. The sun is the brightest star that is closest to earth, causing it to be seen daily.

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14y ago

By definition, the Sun is "one solar mass". This makes it easy to describe stars larger than our Sun as being "3 solar masses", or to describe smaller stars as ".3 solar masses".

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