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It depends on what you mean by "they". The Bible was written by approximately 40 different authors over a period of approximately 1400 years, roughly between 1300 BC and 100 AD.

The Tanakh (what we in the west call the Old Testament) comprises 39 texts, and was completed sometime in the 3rd or 4th Century BC. The New Testament contains 27 texts in our modern Bibles, and this was eventually decided sometime before 375 AD, after carefully weighing up the merits of other texts.

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13y ago
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3w ago

The first five books in The Bible, known as the Torah or Pentateuch, were likely written between the 15th and 5th centuries BCE. Scholarly consensus suggests that these books were compiled and edited over time, incorporating earlier oral traditions and written sources.

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11y ago

There are two general ways to approach this question: based on historical evidence and inquiry or based on religious tradition.

Historical Evidence and Inquiry

The first five books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy) are traditionally ascribed to Moses as having written them during the Exodus from Egypt. The Bible confidently states that Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt 480 years before the fourth year of Solomon's reign, which would therefore be approximately 1444 BCE. Because archaeological evidence has made the traditional date of the Exodus untenable, some liberal Christians have suggested that the Exodus really took place shortly before 1200 BCE, when Israelites are known to have begun to arrive in the Palestinian hinterland. Modern Jews generally believe an intermediate date of round 1313 BCE.

However, biblical scholars say that Moses was not really the author of the five books, also known collectively as the Pentateuch. Scholars say they were written by a number of authors or sources over a period of several centuries during the first millennium BCE. The main sources of the Pentateuch were:

  • The J (Yahwist) source, who always used 'YHVH' as the name for God and presents tradition from the point of view of the southern kingdom, Judah, using archaic Hebrew. J was a gifted storyteller who was especially interested in the human side of things and had his own characteristic vocabulary. J referred to Moses' father-in-law as Reuel or Hobab.
  • The E (Elohist) source, who always used 'Elohim' as the name for God and presents tradition from the point of view of the northern kingdom, Israel, using archaic Hebrew. E referred to Moses' father-in-law as Jethro.
  • At some time around 650 BCE, J and E were combined by Judaean editors, producing a composite known to us as JE.
  • The D (Deuteronomist) source, who emphasises centralisation of worship and governance in Jerusalem, as would be expected from political events that followed the defeat of Israel. Writing during the seventh-century-BCE reign of King Josiah, the Deuteronomist uses a more modern form of Hebrew.
  • The P (Priestly) source uses both Elohim and El Shaddai as names of God and focusses on the formal relations between God and society. Writing during the Babylonian Exile, the Priestly Source also uses a late form of Hebrew, with a rather turgid style.
  • The Redactor ('R Source') finalised the Pentateuch in more or less the form we know today, shortly after the Babylonian Exile.

Traditional

According to tradition, they were written by Moses (Deuteronomy 31:24) at God's dictation (Exodus 24:12).

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Q: When were the first five books in the Bible written?
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Continue Learning about Religious Studies

What are the fisrt five books of the old testement known as?

The Pentateuch or the Torah is actually the Jewish Bible, but is accepted by Christianity as the part of the Bible which comprises the first five books of the Old Testament which are known, in English, as Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.


What are the five books of the Pentateuch?

The five books of the Pentateuch are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These books form the first section of the Hebrew Bible and are attributed to Moses. They cover a wide range of material including creation stories, genealogies, laws, and Israelite history.


The laws of Moses were written in five books called the?

The laws of Moses were written in five books called the Torah, also known as the Pentateuch. These books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. They are considered foundational texts in Judaism and are also an important part of the Christian Bible.


What is the First five books in New Testament called?

The first five books in the New Testament are called the Gospels. These are the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, which tell the story of the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.


What is pentachuech?

"Pentateuch" is a term used to refer to the first five books of the Bible in the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These books are also known as the Torah in Judaism and contain foundational stories and laws for the Israelite people.

Related questions

Who are the authors of these first four books of the bible?

The first FIVE books of the Bible, called the Pentateuch, were believed to have been written by Moses.


Who is generally thought to have written the first five books of the Bible?

Moses


Who wrot the first 5 books of the bible?

The Torah (first five books of the Hebrew Bible) states that it was written by Moses (Deuteronomy 31:24).


Why is there not a bible written all in Hebrew?

The first five books of The Bible were translated from the original Hebrew- that's a start!


What are First 5 books of the bible?

The first five books in The Bible are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.


What are the names of the first five books of the Bible?

The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.


How are the first five books of the bible ordered?

The five books of the Torah and first five books of the Old Testament are ordered as follows:GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomy


Does the Quran include the first five books of the Bible?

No. Quran has some accounts taken from the five books of the Bible.


Was the bible written from parts taken from the Torah?

The first five books of the "Bible", in their entirety, are a translation of the plain text of the Torah, in its entirety.


What is one fact about the historical books of the old testament?

The first five books of the Bible (in the New Testament) are believed to be written by Moses.


Who uses the first five books of the Bible as their whole Bible?

one religion does not use the first five books exclusively. The Jews have different names for the first five books though, like the Pentateuch or the Torah


Was Moses a success?

Moses was indeed a big success and the first five books in the bible are all written by him.