Medical Definitions and Word Differences
Back Neck and Spine
Acronyms & Abbreviations
CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a technique combining cycles of chest compressions and rescue breaths to oxygenate and circulate blood to maintain life. Ask and answer questions regarding the CPR techniques, training and history.
Asked in First Aid, Death and Dying, CPR
Can you revive a dead person?
Yes but not always . Recent developments in in 2013 in America, Japan and Australia have meant that clinically dead people from 1 to 3 hours have been resurrected after cardiac arrest using mechanical CPR combined with ECMO treatment( extracorporeal membrane oxygenation - an artificial lung hat keeps oxygen and blood flowing to the brain and vital organs) . A new machine called "Äuto Pulse" uses a band that wraps around and squuezes the entire chest providing precise and consistent compressions. Brain death...
What is CPR?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) - also known as BLS (Basic Life Support) - is the procedure of maintaining artificial respiration and artificial circulation in a mammal who has gone into cardiac arrest through repeating cycles of chest compressions and ventilations. It is intended to maintain adequate oxygenation and circulation of critical body tissues, particularly those of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and heart so that advanced life support procedures can restore the circulatory system to a functional state. Cardio means heart, pulmonary...
Asked in CPR
When can you stop performing CPR?
As a lay responder, the only times you should stop performing CPR once you have started are: If the victim starts breathing on their own or demonstrates other obvious signs of life You are too exhausted to continue Another trained responder arrives and takes over The scene becomes unsafe In certain jurisdictions, when you are presented with a valid DNR (Do Not Resuscitate) order and you are able to verify that it is valid An AED is attached and ready to be used. After the...
Asked in Back Neck and Spine, CPR
When performing the head tilt chin lift what is the proper placement of hands?
One hand on the forehead, the other hand fingers should be lifting on the bony part of the jaw. ...
Asked in Miscellaneous, CPR
How do you give mouth to mouth underwater?
Same as you do above water except it is a lot harder: Tilt the head back or jaw-thrust to establish an airway, take a breath (off your regulator, snorkle, or raise your head out of the water), pinch the victim's nose and blow your breath into the victim watching for the chest to rise. If the chest doesn't rise, re-establish the airway. Don't waste time getting the victim to the surface. If you are ascending from depth, allow the victim's breath to...
Asked in Emergency Preparedness, CPR
What does AVPU mean in first aid?
AVPU refers to a patient's Level of Consciousness (or LOC) A - Alert - the patient is alert, able to communicate and responsive V - Verbal - the patient only responds to you when you speak to them P - Pain - The patient only responds when you apply a painful stimulus (such as pinching the trapezius muscle) U - No response at all. The patient is unconscious (or dead) ...
Asked in First Aid, CPR
What is a reason that an aed or saed may indicate that there is no shock indicated?
An aed is programed to only deliver a shock under specific heart rythms, so when it say no shock advised, that means the heart isn't in that specific rythm. ...
Asked in CPR
What do adult and infant CPR have in common?
For both adult and child CPR with one rescuer, perform 30 compression to every 2 breaths. Also, you want to ensure that you are doing 100 repetitions per minute in both adult and child CPR. Perform reevaluations after every 2 minutes by checking the pulse of the victim and check for breathing. ...
Asked in CPR
What is the description of a CPR mask?
A CPR mask is a mask that has a one-way valve on it so that it can be placed over the unconscious person's mouth. The valve only allows air to go into the unconscious person, to put air into their lungs while preventing air and or fluids (saliva, blood, etc.) from getting on you or in your mouth. If you accidentally put it on the person backwards, do NOT turn it around and and put the contaminated side on your mouth....
Asked in CPR, Emergency Medicine
What is the ratio for 2 man CPR?
As of the 2010 ECC updates: For ADULT CPR, the ratio is the same (30:2) for 1-person and 2-person CPR, but you should incorporate switching at least every 2 minutes/5 cycles For CHILD/INFANT CPR, the ratio CHANGES from 30:2 (1-person) to 15:2 (2-person), along with the compressor adopting a modified hand position in infant CPR. Switching should also be utilized. ...