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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Genetically Modified Organisms are living things that have modified through biotechnology. Many fish at the pet store have been modified to have brighter more vibrant colors. Some roses have been modified to produce blue blooms. Mosquitoes that are resistant to malaria have been created in labs. While GMOs have proven to be helpful in many ways, there are safety concerns due to the lack of regulation.

885 Questions
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Does GM food taste better?

It depends on what you like

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What does GMO stand for?

GMO stands for a Genetically Modified Organism.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What does genetically modified organism mean?

Gene splicing or hybrid species are both genetically modified. *That is true, but there are two distinct kinds of genetic modification. Hybrids are modified by crossing one variety with another within the same species. For example, a Rutgers tomato is crossed with a Big Boy tomato to make a better variety of tomato. Another form of genetic modification is called bioengineering. Unlike hybrids, this type of genetic modification is done by splicing genes from one species into those of an entirely different species. This type of gene splicing has been done to certain vegetables since, I believe, the 1970s. An example is bacteria or virus genes that have been spliced into corn. This type of modification has been done with tomatoes, soybeans, potatoes, and other vegetables, as well as some varieties of trees. From what I have read, the goal is not to make a better variety, but to make the variety more tolerant of chemicals or, in the case of trees, to make their structure weaker to make them more suitable for paper-making. An organic grower most often uses heirloom varieties that have not been genetically modified, either by hybridization or bioengineering. In fact, most of the organic growers I know are vehemently opposed to any kind of bioengineered organisms and have organized to oppose such practices.
When something is modified by genetics, it means that it has been altered on a genetic level. Everything is made up of genes, including us. Some foods are altered genetically to help it be resistant to diseases.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What are GMOs?

GMOs stands for Genetically Modified Organisms.

A GMO is a plant, microorganism or animal whose genetic code has been changed artifically.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What are the harmful effects of planting GMO's in a weeds?

GMO corn has been genetically altered to contain chemicals in it that will kill insects that eat the corn. What is bad is that the pollen also has the insect killing chemical. When the pollen gets blown from the corn to lets say milkweed, the monarch caterpillars that inadvertently come into contact with the blown pollen will die. So no monarch butterflies.

If honey bees come to collect the pollen for their hives, this will sicken and kill the bees. No honey.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

How does Venezuela feel about GMOs?

Venezuela has gone back and forth on the GMO topic for years. On 2004 Chavez said transgenic food was not in the interests of the nation, but by 2009 the company Monsanto is still here, and distributes seeds to farmers. The worse thing is mos of the population doesn't even know it. Apart form Monsanto, research laboratories have developed GMO plants but they don't ave permission to plant them or sell them. Laws on the subjects are extremely general, there is a 2000 law on biodiversity that says on art. 98 that transgenics are to be treated by the state with utmost care, whatever that means. Biotechnology on this law is just as general a topic and there isn't anything conclusive on this law about it.

A new law is being discussed by the Assembly, but semingly, it will be as general as the previous law.

We'll see...

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Why are farmers using genetically modified organisms?

They are genetically modified to taste better.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What are the disadvantages of GMOs?

Some of the disadvantages of GMOs are:

  • Reduced nutrient content.
  • Increased allergenic reactions.
  • Production of harmful proteins.
  • Increased chances of cancer.
  • Very little safety testing on a very new field of science.
  • Horizontal Gene Transfer between modified organisms and human bacteria.
  • Corporate monopolies on crops.
  • Dependence of impoverished countries on said corporations.
  • Increased fertilizer use that piece of poop lolo heheh
  • Increased herbicide use.
  • Lax approval procedures of FDA and USDA
  • High chances of cancer, immune system failure, multiple organ damage/failure, allergies, autism, asthma, tumors, holes in stomach lining. See the Related Link for more information.
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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

How do you modify DNA to make a genetically modified organism?

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are usually modified by adding extra genes from another organism.

This is often done using bacteria. Bacteria contain rings of DNA called plasmids. These plasmids can be cut open using special enzymes, and a gene from another organism eg a human, can be inserted into the plasmid. The bacterium is now a GMO. When the bacteria reproduce, the plasmid is also reproduced so you can grow millions of bacteria all with the foreign (eg human) gene inside them.

This has been done using the gene for insulin from humans. Insulin is used to treat the disease diabetes. Before GMO insulin became avaliable, insulin for human use was extracted from ther pancreas of animals eg pigs. It is not identical to human insulin and so couls cause side effects. GMO insilin is human insulin and so is mush safer, as well as being cheaper.

There are other ways of producing GMOs apart from this way.

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Science
Cell Biology (cytology)
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Do specialized cells in a unicellular organism perform specialized jobs?

Unicellular organisms do NOT have specialized cells. By definition.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Who discovered genetically modified organisms and when?

No one discovered genetically modified organisms. Such organisms are created by people working in laboratories.

In 1953 it was discovered that DNA is the material that carries genes, the information that defines and structures each organism. For the next 50 years people worked to understand DNA and eventually learned how to modify it, in some circumstances. When such a modification is successful, the result is an organism that has been genetically modified - a genetically modified organism.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Is gmo beet sugar good?

Sugar is a carbohydrate, and all DNA and protein associated with the GM trait are removed during the extraction, of the sugar from the rest of the plant. By extracting only a carbohydrate you are left with a product that contains no protein, no DNA, and therefore no GMO. No lab is able to determine the difference between sugar that came from a GMO plant and sugar that came from a non-GMO plant. "GMO" sugar is just plain old sugar and is no better or worse than "non-GMO" sugar because they are the same stuff. The plants they came from may be different but the sugar is the same.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Does sam Adams beer use GMO?

I was told on the Sam Adams Face Book page that they do not use

any GMO's in their beer.

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Genetics
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)
Genetically Modified Food

Are genetically modified foods the answer to world hunger?

No, they do help produce more food, but they are rejected by many undeveloped countries for being 'unsafe'.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Is Silk soy milk made with GMO soy beans?

Most soy products are made from GMO soybeans, actually. It's quite hard to find any soybean crops that are not some form of genetically modified organism.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Are genetically modified organisms good for our environment?

They can be. For example, we might wish to engineer genes into a crop to prevent it from spreading unchecked. Also, the improvements in crops that protect them from pests reduce the needs of agricultural pesticides, and genetic improvements reducing the need for fertilizers also reduce nitrogen runoffs into lakes and streams. Genetically modified crops are a boon to mankind that should be embraced the same way we embrace all useful science. We must exercise caution, as always. No one lets children play around unprotected high voltage wires, even though we all allow electrical currents into our homes.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What are the disadvantages of genetically modified organisms?

Some disadvantages of genetically modified organisms are:

1- Genetic modifications results in formation of transgenic plants and animals. So there may be a chance of loss of genetic diversity upon wide use of this process on particular species, if care is not taken to preserve genetic material of the original organisms.

2- Artificial genetic modifications of a desired organism may result in simultaneous Natural Genetic (or other) modifications of a undesired organism. For example, on modifying a plant to be resistant to a particular disease causing organism, the latter may acquire natural variations which may enable it to infect other plant species not previously infected.

3- Some people complain that by modifying different agricultural plants to increase quantity, resistance etc. the natural taste and nutritional value of the food product may somehow get disrupted. However, this has not been scientifically proven.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Examples of genetically modified organisms?

[1] Corn to which the naturally occurring bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis has been transferred. Bt corn thereby has crystal proteins that are lethal to corn borers and corn earworms. [2] Potatoes genetically modified for higher starch contents. [3] Potatoes and tomatoes to which the antifreeze genes of cold water fish have been transferred. Seedlings thereby have better responses, and show better survival rates, to cold temperatures. [3] Rice that has been genetically modified, to contain beta-carotene and more iron. [4] Soybeans that have been genetically modified so as not to be affected by Roundup. The weedkiller thereby needs to be applied once, not several times.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified organisms?

Genetically engineered organisms such as crops are given traits such as bigger seeds or better resistance to pests. This helps farmers able to produce more crops, which in turn helps feed more people. With animals, they might give it genes to grow fatter or produce more milk.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What is the meaning of genetically modified organisms?

A Genetically modified organism is an organism that has had its DNA altered by human intentional activity in a laboratory.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Is it possible for a GMO to be organic?

No, it is not possible for GMO varieties to be used to produce organic foods. True organic foods are free of GMOs. Also, many GMO varieties are developed either to withstand higher levels of chemical pesticides and/or herbicides or, as I understand it, to produce levels of herbicides and/or insecticides themselves, making them unsuitable for organic production.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

When were GMO's invented?

when bush was president

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Why are gmos created?

GMO's were generally created to prevents pests from coming infesting the plants. Another reason GMO's are created in order to make plants and animals more tougher, and more human friendly than other plants and animals

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What are the advantages of GMOs?

Those who support GMOs would say that they can feed the world and use less chemicals (pesticides and herbicides). Those who do not support GMOs would say none and there are many disadvantages.

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Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

What are Advantages of genetically modified organism?

§ Genetically engineered organisms such as crops are given traits such as bigger seeds or better resistance to pests. § With animals, they might give it genes to grow fatter or produce more milk. § Plant biologists are working to create plants with genetically-engineered resistance to diseases. § In embryos, defective genes can be removed.

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