The theatre most often associated with William Shakespeare is the The Globe Theatre, which opened in 1599 in Southwark, London. At that time Shakespeare had already established himself as an actor and playwright. Shakespeare previously acted in a number of theatres in Shoreditch and Southwark such as the Curtain, the Rose, Newington Butts, and The Theatre prior to the Globe being constructed. These theatres were roughly circular in shape with an open roof, which led to the Curtain being called the "Wooden O" in Shakespeare's play Henry V. The Theatre was the first successful purpose-built playhouse in London, and the Globe was the first such playhouse to be built by an acting company.
The timber frame of the Globe came from the older theatre The Theatre in Shoreditch, which was demolished following a dispute with the landlord.
The original Globe burned down in 1613, following an accident with on-stage pyrotechnics, and was rebuilt in 1614. It was finally closed down in 1642, and demolished in 1644 to make way for housing.
Later in Shakespeare's career, he and his acting company, the Kings Men, performed at The Blackfriars Theatre (an indoor theatre) in the winter and at The Globe in summer. Shakespeare had a share in both theatres but he was not in charge of managing either of them.
A replica of The Globe has been built in London near the original site using traditional techniques. The modern Globe was finished in 1997. This is the only theatre which you can actually call "Shakespeare's Globe".
they used a flag. A flag was raised on the day of the performance that sometimes showed a symbol or picture that indicated what play was being performed.
The Lord Chamberlain's Men was formed in 1594 and Shakespeare was one of its charter members, so he didn't actually join it. He had by that time already written a few plays and was an actor. Later, under King James I, the Lord Chamberlain's men changed their name to the King's Men.
This company did not own the Globe Theatre or any theatre; that was a different group of partners, one of whom was also Shakespeare.
Well, of course, as much as we like to think of living theatre, theatres are not alive. The history of the Globe Theatre in London is as follows:
First Globe: built in 1599, burned down 1613
Second Globe: built in 1614, torn down 1644
Third Globe: built in 1997
There are a lot of plays which are at least partly set in Italy. The reason for this may well have to do with Shakespeare's sources. As a student in school, he would have been set Latin passages for translation, and these would have included Roman historians like Tacitus. We know that some of Shakespeare's plays derive directly from Tacitus. In addition, more modern Italian storytellers like Bocaccio and Ariosto were popular in England of that time, and many Italian stories found themselves translated, first into French and then from French to English (The Romeo and Juliet story followed this route).
Against a background of stories from Ancient Rome and Renaissance Italy, it would make sense to use these familiar settings for original tales (Ancient Greece was another favourite, used by Shakespeare on six occasions). The Italians were thought of as sophisticated, cunning, devious and perhaps a little licentious. These qualities went well with comedies which relied on deceptions and sexual passion to drive the plot. Venice was a cosmopolitan place, making it a natural setting for plays that deal with race relations (Merchant of Venice and Othello)
Further, in writing comedies, Shakespeare avoided (with one exception) setting them in contemporary England. Perhaps he felt that a foreign setting made the play more exotic and helped the audience to get into it better. However, there were a lot of popular prejudices against various European peoples (the Spanish in particular were disliked having recently attempted to invade England) and of all of them the Italians were probably seen in the best light.
We don't know whether Shakespeare actually helped with the construction of any theatres (it's unlikely since he was an actor not a carpenter) but he did have a share in two of them, which meant that his money went into the construction or purchase of them.
The Elizabethan theatre had trap doors for dramatic entrances during the preformances of plays.
A globe feature is where it is located across the world,(showing the globe).
They took place in a church and were preformed by priests, then they grew bigger and were moved out in an open air field, which later became a stage.
Ballet is still popular. Many people still do ballet, and others enjoy watching.
As their name suggests, vendors sold things, primarily things to eat.
London theatres were closed in 1593 because of an outbreak of the plague. They re-opened in late 1594.The companies tried touring around the country but could not make it pay and had to disband.
Due to the Bubonic Plague (The Black Death)
Health reasons. The civic authorities felt that theatres helped spread the plague and so had the theatres closed during outbreaks of the plague. (For some reason they did not close churches) A particularly nasty outbreak in 1593-4 caused a long closure and the bankruptcy of a number of playing companies. There was another outbreak in 1596. When the theatres closed down, the acting companies often went on a tour of country towns which is why Shakespeare was in Kent when his son Hamnet died.
I am the daughter of the general contractor who built the Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford Ct. The name of the company was Henry and Gerety inc. I remember all kinds of stories about the challenges of the construction. The wood for the building was made in England and shipped over to Stratford so the wood would be authentic . My father had to wait for weeks for the wood to be delivered. Lots of people came out to see the new wood go up on the building but there was one problem........ when the wood arrive it quickly became evident that our US nails were not strong enough to go through the wood !!!!! My dad had to get in touch with the company in England and explain their problem and it took several weeks for the new nails to arrive !!! Once they got here they did indeed work and everyone sighed with relief because opening night was scheduled for a few weeks from then. I remember the opening night with Jack Palance starring in a play and there were tv and radio stations there to help cover the opening of this beautiful and authentic theatre. My father was interviewed on radio that night and so was my 16 year old dramatic sister who said when asked about the theatre and the fact that my Dad had been the general contractor she said it was all " fantabulous " !!!!
Although we cannot be exactly sure what style of acting they employed, they had no amplification so they had to have good big voices that carried well. The audience focused as much on what they heard as what they saw, so the actors put a lot of energy into projecting their voices and making their enunciation clear, far more than they did on facial expressions which most of the audience would not see. Hamlet's advice to the players in Hamlet Act 3 Scene 2 gives some idea of the issues affecting performance in the Elizabethan and Jacobean era.
it doesn't, i mean how is the globe theater relevent in history at all besides watchin plays? i mean Madison square garden has the same relevence
It was, in fact, built from the timbers and lumber of the old, dismantled Theatre playhouse in Shoreditch, which was owned by the Burbages, and used by the Lord Chamberlain's Men, the same company that occupied the Globe. It was a twenty-sided polygon, though it was often described as round, or as a "wooden O."
The Globe was only in use until 1613, when on June 29 a fire broke out at the Globe Theatre during the performance of King Henry VIII . The cannon that was used for special effects, such as heralding great entrances, was loaded with gunpowder and wadding, sent a piece of the smoldering wadding onto the roof. The thatched roof caught on fire and the Globe Theatre burned to the ground. There were apparently no casualties but there must have been some panic. (Pretty impressive for a facility holding 3000 people with only one exit) In 1614 the Globe Theatre was rebuilt.
In 1613, the original Globe Theatre burned to the ground when a cannon shot during a performance of Henry VIII ignited the thatched roof of the gallery. The company completed a new Globe on the foundations of its predecessor before Shakespeare's death. It continued operating until 1642, when the Puritans closed it down (and all the other theatres, as well as any place, for that matter, where people might be entertained). Puritans razed the building two years later in 1644 to build tenements upon the premises. The Globe would remain a ghost for the next 352 years.
The puritans caused all theatres to be shut down, the globe was one of the first
the landowner demolished it.
Yes it does. It allows you to express emotions you feel in an everyday life and helps you learn different feelings so they may be used again in another show or performance.
Some differences include:
Lighting, actors and the theatres themselves.
It is different because there were no lighting effects back in Shakespeare's time. The daylight was the only lighting that they had back then. With today's technology, we can achieve all kinds of different fancy lighting effects.
Now a day, female actresses can perform on stage. Back in Shakespeare's time, only men were allowed to act. But what if there were female roles, I can hear you asking. Well, men would also play these roles. It was said that it was immoral and wrong for women.
In Shakespeare's time the theatres were 'open - air' constructions. For the lower class people they could stand on the floor right in front of the stage. For more wealthy people they could buy 'gallery seats' or could sit on the stage. Today, our theatres are enclosed and seats are in front of the stage and no one is allowed to sit on the stage, nor just stand in front of it.
Hope this helps guys! :P
Sound effects could be made with cannon or musical instruments or other devices. Thunder might be made by rolling cannonballs around on the roof. Magical appearances and disappearances could be made with a puff of smoke while the actor scurried down the trap door in the stage. An actor could appear to be bleeding if he were wearing a bladder full of pig's blood, which could be punctured. In The Spanish Tragedy, the actor playing Hieronymo has to bite out his own tongue--this was accomplished by having him hold a piece of liver in his mouth which he spits out on cue.
In promenade theatre there is no formal stage, both the audience and the actors are placed in the same space. The performance starts when one of the actors draws attention to himself or light is pointed in such manner that draws attention to a particular person. During the performance actors will stimulate the audience to move around.
The rebuilt Globe had a two-peaked tile roof instead of thatch.
The story about coloured flags at the Globe theatre is as follows: White meant that a comedy was playing that night. (Or rather, that day. In Elizabethan times, public performances were not held at night. They started at around 2:00 in the afternoon.) Red meant a historic play was on, like "Henry V". Black meant a tragic play would be viewed.
The problem with this story was that the playwrights themselves did not sort all their plays into comedies, histories and tragedies. A number of the plays of Beaumont and Fletcher were called tragicomedies--what colour flag would they fly then? There does not seem to be any contemporary account of the coloured flags story (They had flags all right, but the contemporary accounts do not mention colour.)
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