History of Korea

Korea has a recorded of around 5000 years and has been a significant entity throughout the history of East Asia. The history of Korea constitutes the period of time ranging from its Prehistory to its present state. Questions in this category relate to specific events and time periods in Korea's history, cultural inquiries, politics, etc.

1,956 Questions
Korean War
Cold War
History of Korea

What caused the Korean War. Communist aggression by North Korea.?

The Korean War was unquestionably began when the Communist-Inspired North invaded the South. Soviet Russia and the United States were responsible for elevating the status of the conflict into a multi-national war.

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South Korea
History of Korea

What divides north and South Korea today?

DMZ at the 38th Parallel.

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Korean War
History of Korea

Who were Kim I1 Sung and Syngman Rhee?

Kim Li Sung was Koreas communist leader and Syngman Rhee was the leader of the South Korea republic

-edit-

Kim Il-Sung is recorded to have been an anti-Japanese guerrilla fighter during Korea's occupation. Upon the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, he was given the titles of President and later, Prime Minister. Despite his given titles, he functioned as a communist-inspired totalitarian dictator.

Syngman Rhee was the first president of the provisional government of Korea (during Japanese occupation). After leading the South in the Korean war, he became the President of the Republic of Korea. However, after growing unpopular due to his authoritarian policies, he was forced into resignation and exile.

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Korean War
Travel & Places
North Korea
History of Korea

How big is North Korea?

Korea's area is about the same size as the state of Utah.

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South Korea
History of Korea

Why Does North Korean hate south Korean?

North and south Korea were divided during the Korean war the North Koreans wanted to have Communism as the south wanted democracy. That's why the Americans support South Korea and China supports the North.

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South Korea
History of Korea

What is the population of North Korea compared to South Korea?

though this is not updated

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Korean War
North Korea
South Korea
History of Korea

Why did North Korea invade South Korea?

Hoping to unify the Koreas under a single Communist government, the North launched a surprise invasion of South Korea on June 25, 1950. In the following days, the UN Security Council condemned the attack and demanded an immediate withdrawal.

Because Kim Il Sung hoped to join the two Koreas into one communist nation.
To spread communism.

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North Korea
History of Korea

In 1927 who was the person under the vice president in North Korea?

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North Korea
History of Korea

What type of government does North Korea have?

Officially, North Korea is self-stated to have a Juche socialist republic(also known as a single-party system government). However, it is common belief among foreigners that North Korea operates under a totalitarian Stalinist dictatorship.

Communist dictatorship.

North Korea was a Communist family dictatorship.

Form of government of North Korea is Juche single-party state (various interpretations).

North Korea has a totalitarian government, that is run along Stalinist lines and is an absolute dictatorship.

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Korean War
North Korea
History of Korea

When did North Korea become communist?

1948.

Originally Korea was a ruled by kingship, then Japan annexed Korea from 1919 to 1945. After Japanese surrender in 1945, the country was occupied by former Soviet Union and the US. There was discussion among winners of WWII about what to do about Korea. The former Soviet Union want to get the trusteeship of Korea in order to expand communism influence, but the US wanted to get the trusteeship of Korea in order to contain communism. So to each side's concession, the former Soviet Union occupied north of 38th latitude line, and US occupied south of 38th latitude line - half and half. Although the country initially hoped to be unified as was before Japanese occupation, the country's political climate was strongly divided along that line due to each occupied area established temporary government according to the country that was occupied and the tension of cold war between Soviet Union and the US. There were also factions within politics of Korea who were opposed to each other, namely communism or free constitutional republic. Finally, 3 years later when official government was established, North Korea's government became communism, and south Korea quickly fell under the dictatorship of Syngman Rhee.

By the way official name of each Korea reflect this as well.

Democratic People's Republic of Korea = Korea DPR = North Korea

Republic of Korea = Korea Republic = South Korea

EDIT

Note that during Japanese occupation, Kim Il Sung (first leader of North Korea), supposedly a leader of a Korean anti-Japanese guerrilla unit, was already a communist inspired leader.

Note that communism is not a type of government but instead a socio-economic theory. It is also inappropriate to say that North Korea embraced communism due to the fact that communism calls for the absence of government which no nation in history has had. Therefore it would be correct to say that North Korea's government initially began as a Communist-inspired Dictatorship.
North Korea has been communist since it was founded in 1948

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Korean War
North Korea
South Korea
History of Korea

What is the conflict between North and South Korea?

North Korea is a dictator led Communist State. South Korea is Republic with a vibrant economy and a strong Capitalistic structure. The two concepts are incompatible.

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South Korea
History of Korea

Are South Korea and North Korea at war?

It is complicated. The war ended almost 60 years ago, but they never signed a peace treaty; so technically they are still at war.

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History of Korea

Combat jumps by the 187th airborne regiment in Korea?

Sukoh'on/Sunch'on and Munsan-ni were the two jumps in Korea. Munsan-ni jump was on 23 March 1951. I made this jump............

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North Korea
South Korea
History of Korea

What types of government do North and South Korea have?

Currently, Korea is split into two countries: North Korea and South Korea.

North Korea
North Korea is a unique type of state, properly classified as a DYNASTIC COMMUNIST STATE. This means that the country is a Communist State, but has succession in leadership passing along a dynastic line like a monarchy. Some consider Dynastic Communism to be part of the Absolute Monarchy category, because of the similarities, while others argue that since the leader of a Dynastic Communist State does not use royal titles that the state is not a proper monarchy.

It is important also to notice the vast differences between North Korea and other Communist regimes. It has a dynastic rulership as opposed to a Politburo like the USSR or PR China. It has a strong statist religion (Juche) in place of a pure absence of religion, making it resemble a theocracy more than an atheist secularist regime. The military in North Korea also has a more direct role in governance than even the People's Liberation Army in PR China and this is more representative of Caudillo-states like Ghadhafi's Libya or Franco's Spain.

South Korea
South Korea is a PRESIDENTIAL REPUBLIC, which is a form of indirect democracy. This means that there is an elected President who serves as the head of state and the head of the government. The President has a large number of powers, but those powers are checked by the Constitutional Court and the National Assembly. The National Assembly, the unicameral legislature, is responsible for passing bills to be reviewed by the President. (The United States is also a Presidential Republic, which is why the system might look familiar to Americans.)

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Rules of the Road
England
History of Korea

By law where in England should you drive on the right hand side?

You Are Permitted to drive on the right hand side to overtake slower traffic if the lines in the middle of the road are broken (and there is nothing coming the other way, obviously), and where the street is laid out for one-way traffic with multiple lanes, and as otherwise directed by a police officer or safety flagman.
On a one-way road, you can drive on either side.

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History of Japan
History of China
History of Korea
Imperialism

Why did Korea and Japan colonize China?

First, Korea did not colonize China. Korea and parts of China were colonized by Japan. Most Koreans opposed the expansion of Japan into the Korean peninsula and the expansion into Manchuria (China). Unfortunately, few of them could express that will in any tangible way.

Japan colonized both areas in pursuit of raw materials to feed its nascent industry. There were also centuries of history of Japan trying to take the Korean Peninsula and proceeding to China (most importantly with Toyotomi Hideyoshi's invasion in 1592), so there was a sense of historical vindication for Japan in creating this empire. Additionally, Japan was imitating the Western powers that were also attacking China and carving out spheres of influence, showing its modernity to the Western power in its own bid to resist colonization.

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History of Korea

Why did North Korea and South Korea divide into two different countries?

It all started after WWII when Russia and the US chose what to do with Korea. They divided it by the 38th parallel, North going to Soviet Russia (communist) and South going to the US (democracy). This led to the division of the country and government.

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Korean War
War and Military History
History of Korea

Will the Korean War restart or will the Korean peninsula reunify someday?

Korean War 2 is " WORLD WAR III". North Korea won't go down easily without pulling down China, USA, Russia, Japan, and South Korea. North Korean government is crazy but they are not stupid. So War is not option but it will be suicidal action for all countries surround Korean Peninsua including USA ( Hawaii, Alaska, Guam). Korean Unification will happen probably alot sooner then South Korean government expect. North Korean government cannot be isolate for along. It has been 60 years of North Korea isolation. North Korea people know the changing world. They simply cannot demonstrate or go against North Korean government. North Korea working class citizens are afraid " North Korean Law". Gun shot to the head. The new North Korean dictator is immature.

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Korean War
North Korea
History of Korea

Who decided to divide Korea at the 38th parallel?

Two army colonels in the Pentagon Dean Rusk and Charles Bonesteel were asked to divide the Korean peninsula. They used the 38th parallel because the capital, Seoul, would then be included in the American zone.

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Economics
North Korea
History of Korea

What type of economy does North Korea have?

North Korea has a command economy.
that they developing

see link below

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Korean War
North Korea
History of Korea

Did South Korea ask the United Nations for help to keep North Korea out of their country?

No, they did not. The United States just came into Korea in order to keep Northern part of Korean away from South Korea. Because the Soviet Union(communists) was taking care of northern Korea. Korean War began because of the protection from the United States and the Soveit Union. Colonized over years from Japan, Korea was weak to set their own government, so then United States occupied Korea. no In June 1950, North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel, the North Koreans had nearly taken the whole of the peninsula when UN troops landed in the unconquered land in the south-east and at Inchon near Seoul.

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South Korea
History of Korea

When did North Korea and south Korea?

June the twenty-fifth, 1950

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World War 2
Korean War
History of Korea

What year was Korea formally divided?

I think the 38th Parallel was decided in 1945, but it did not become enforced immediately so that Koreans who wished to relocate could do so.

In the closing days of World War 2, the Soviet Union drove the Japanese out of northern Korea and the USA landed in southern Korea. They agreed the border of the two occupied zones should be roughly the 38th parallel.

The two countries are still based on this division.

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Korean War
North Korea
South Korea
History of Korea

Where did North Korea and South Korea sign the armistice in 1953?

At the 38th Parallel, in the Demilitarized Zone. Specifically at Panmunjeom, a small village at the Demilitarized Zone, on July 27, 1953. This village is now a tourist spot where one can see (using binoculars) North Korean villagers across the border doing their daily chores. The zone is only 4 kilometers wide.

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Japan
History of Korea

Why is Korea better than Japan?

One can never gauge the superiority of one country over another, due to it being a matter of opinion. However, these are some aspects about Korea that are generally perceived to more favorable than those of Japan.

-General Electronics: The Korean companies Samsung and LG are considered to be some of the top competitors in many diverse areas of technology (ranging from smartphones to televisions to household appliances). The Japanese company Sony was once a major competitor in many technological industries but has fallen behind Samsung and LG.

-Music: K-pop has become increasingly popular internationally due to its more westernized appeal and unique style (for example-Psy's gangnam style). Japanese music on the other hand appeals almost exclusively to people from Japan and has not had much international popularity.

-English-speaking: Korean students are taught in schools to learn English as a second language in order to become more internationally competent. As a result, an English-speaking foreigner coming to Korea would have more ease communicating with the locals. Japan on the other hand does teach English in some schools, but is not generally considered important.

Ultimately, the answer to this question simply comes down to preference. There are undoubtedly things about Japan that are preferred over their counterparts in Korea and vice versa. I hope I helped to answer your question.

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