The most accepted theory is that “OK” is an acronym for “oll korrect,” an intentional misspelling of “all correct.” The acronym first appeared (at least in print) in a Boston newspaper in 1839, a time when it was trendy for writers to misspell and abbreviate words. Other examples from that time include “KG” which stood for “know go” or “no go,” and “AW” for “all write” or “all right.”
From there, the theory states, it was helped along by the abbreviation of President Martin Van Buren’s nickname during his campaign—”Old Kinderhook”—and telegraph operators, as they preferred the two-letter “OK” to the three-letter “yes.”
But there are plenty of other theories. Some believe the phrase came from the Choctaw Native Americans, who have an expression in their language “okeh,” meaning “it is right.” The French had something similar, as well. West Africans, too, had “OK”-sounding expressions across many languages, and because of the forced illiteracy of many slaves, it could be that it didn’t make its way into writing until it had been co-opted by white Americans.
LAD stands for Language Acquisition Device (concerning a part, or parts, of the brain which specialize in the acquisition of language). It is specifically related to the ability of children to initially learn languages and the physiological reasoning behind this.Noam Chomsky has proposed the theory of black box to support LAD theory.
Phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, historical, computational. Not necessarily a comprehensive list but these are some of the more common/basic ones.
Semiotics is the study of the signifier/signified relations ship, such as how the letters t-r-e-e compound and give us an image of a trunk, branches, and leaves, though the letters themselves have no relevance to that image besides the fact that we have chosen to associate them with each other.
Hi (like the greeting) Drain-Ja (like you're about to say 'jock' but very quickly)
No, it is Is pronounced Hi-dran (short a) -ja
Just say "BOATS-SIN"
A person doing this job is a Boatswainmate pronounced "BOATS-SIN-MATE"
Nick name between 2 people familiar with each other on the high seas pronounce it "BOZE-ZEN" for short..but not acceptable for normal conversation.
Modern linguistics is mainly synchronic, focusing on the present-day language. unless the various states of a language are successfully studied, it will not be possible to describe language from a diachronic point of view.
Socio-linguistic Maturation is a theory proposed by Paul Kerswill. It states that as you grow older you become less susceptible to the influences of slang on your spoken language. Basically it means when you get older you don't pick up slang words and start using them in your speech as easily as you would if you were younger.
Linguistics is a huge area and includes:
firstly, modern liguistic is DESCRIPTIVE(to describe the way people speak) , whilst traditional grammar is PRESCRIPTIVE(to prescribe the way people speak, or simply, to tell people how to speak and let people know the correct way of their speaking )
secondly, tradition grammar pays more attention to the written form of language, while linguistics attaches more importance to speaking than writing.
thirdly, tradtional grammar has been restricted mainly to SYNTAX, that is, the way of words making patterns to form sentences, while linguistics has a boarder scope for researching, eg. pragmatics, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, ect. which, accordingly, are out of the scope of traditional grammar.
of course, there are other differences between the old and new appoaches to language research, such as Diachronic vs Synchronic and so....
This is a fascinating topic that needs research. A place to start is with the writings of Rudolf Arnheim. His books are on the academic side and his ideas need to be put into a simpler, more usable form.
Another area to explore are the mechanisms of perception discovered by the early Gestalt Psychologists.
a particular language nature influences the habitual thought of its speakers, that different language patterns yield patterns of thought
The study of the nature, structure, and variation of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, sociolinguistics, and pragmatics.
(A bit easier) Linguistics is the study of language and languages, spoken and written, including how they are used and how they develop.
When you have a word you don't know, try "define:linguistics" in Google.
* The study of the structure and development of a particular language and its relationship to other languages.
naming.com/resources.html * In generative grammar, any of various positions occupied by a noun phrase in a sentence.
education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/argument * Terminology Northern Sotho - English Online
tshwanedje.com/dictionaries/ * The science of language.
www.hitl.washington.edu/scivw/EVE/IV.Definitions.html * the construction of formal objects designed to reflect and describe the observed behaviours of natural language
homepages.cs.ncl.ac.uk/chris.holt/home.formal/workroom/definitions/ * defined as the language of the brain. How we encode, organize and give meaning through subjective experiences using the process of our five senses. How we think and communicate verbally and non-verbally to produce outstanding results and change.
www.azmindbody.com/glossary.htm * the study of human language, including subjects such as phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, lexicon, sociolinguistics, and psycholinguistics
www.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/caneng/canenwel.htm * The study of the structures, sounds, forms, functions and varieties of specific languages and of human speech in general.
www.bureaudelatraduction.gc.ca/pwgsc_internet/fr/publications/gratuit_free/man_termino/glossaire_e.htm * the scientific study of language * the humanistic study of language and literature
wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn * Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist.
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