Micmac Indians

Micmac or Mi'kmaq are a tribe of people living along the east coast of Canada. The word Mi'kmaq means "allies." The area's they hold as territorial lands are in Nova Scotia, the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec, Prince Edward Island, and eastern New Brunswick. A band of Micmac also occupy southwestern Newfoundland and northern Maine in the US.

1,012 Questions
New York
Native American History
Iroquois Indians
Micmac Indians

How many different Indian tribes were in New York State?

See the Related Links for a site with photos in Indian portraits done by McKenney and Hall in the mid-1800's. There is a map showing at least some of the tribes. You can also look up subjects like "Indian tribes of NY State" on google.com and get much more information.

Upstate New York was dominated by the League of the Iroquois (Hodenosaunee}, composed of the five tribes: Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk. Later the Tuscarora tribe joined the league. Eastern and southern NY was dominated by Mohegan tribes such as the Lenape and Mohicans.

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Iroquois Indians
Micmac Indians
Mohawk Indians

What is chief little turtle's tribe name?

There name was called the Miami Indians of Florida

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Micmac Indians
Languages and Cultures

What language did the mi'kmaq people speak?

The mikmaq spoke and some still do speak Lnui'smk.

The Mi'kmaq dialect spoken in Quebec is called Restigouche (or Listuguj) and can be hard for other native speakers to understand. There are several dialects among the mi'kmaq people including Unama'ki spoken by the tribes of Cape Breton and Newfoundland. As language use shifts from a traditional language to one of wider communication across tribal homelands, differences in usage can appear between groups and even age groups. As language changes take place, older adults tend to be the final speakers of the ' traditional' language and new uses for traditional words appear.

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Micmac Indians

What type of farming did the Mi'kmaq do?

the Mi'kmaq farmed land like every one else but never stayed in one place for to long because they where nomadic people, never taking more then need. they also gathered some of there food if they found it wild. such as potato's, berries, and some herbs.

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History, Politics & Society
Native American History
Micmac Indians
Navajo Indians

What is the Native American tribe name pronounced like Sue?

Sioux Sioux

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Micmac Indians

How did the Mi'kmaq make a dreamcatcher?

Historically, the only native American tribe that mayhave made dream-catchers were the Ojibwa/Chippewa, but even that is far from certain.

Dream-catchers are a product of the Hippy movement (love and peace) of the 1960s, when shops selling beadwork (often made in China), dream-catchers, posters, oriental statues and incense appeared across Europe and the USA.

Natives began to produce these things even though they were never part of their own culture or history, simply because tourists expected to be able to buy them.

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Micmac Indians

Do Mi'kmaq people live today?

Kwe' (greetings)

Yes, we are alive today, and we use the internet.

There are approximately 40,000 Mi'kmaq natives alive today, largely living in New England, New Brunswick, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, etc., although my husband and I lived in Alberta for many years.

858687
History of the United States
Native American History
Micmac Indians

What sort of weapons did the mound builders have?

The mound builders most likely had the bow and arrow, a mace (a club), and the atlatl. A atlatl was a speared that was accompanied with a tool (atlatl) to leverage the spear for more power and ultimately distance.

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Micmac Indians

Did the Micmac tribe have shamans?

Yes, they did!

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Micmac Indians
Native American History
Native American Languages

What is a Native American Indian baby called?

Papoose

Another view

Since you asked in the Mi'kmaq category I assume you want to know what the word baby is in mi'kmaq.

Mijua'ji'j (baby)

this is pronounced "me ju AA jiich"

The word Papoose is an Algonquin word papoos this is a "loan word" which means a word taken from another language or culture and used by non natives and actually refers to a baby carrier used by some tribes.

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Micmac Indians

What kind of food did the Mi'kmaq people eat?

Kwe' (greetings). This evening my husband, his parents, and I had pork roast and peas with chocolate cake. We are Mi'kmaq people of the Bear River, Nova Scotia, tribe. I think it's possible that you meant to ask what *do* Mi'kmaq people eat, since there are thousands of Mi'kmaw alive and well in Maine, New Brunswick, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, etc.

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Micmac Indians

How did the mi'kmaq society make decisions?

There is no evidence that Mi'kmaq were matricidal, however some people do believe we were. Women are very important and highly respected as life givers and their opinions were definitely heard and respected. Decisions were made by every member of the community in what we call a talking circle where everyone has a chance to voice opinions. Only one person will speak at one time. The person speaking will hold a talking stick or some other sacred object like an eagle feather or anything really, but usually a stick. No one interrupted the speaker. The final decision was made by the Chief after hearing what the people had to say. If the decisions had to do with all of the territory which there are 8 then after making a decision at the community level it was taken to a meeting with the district Chief. The district chief was responsible for his district. The same talking circle was used with the village chiefs and district chief. If it affected all districts it was then taken to the grand council with a grand chief and all district Chief's. The same process was done again with a talking circle where everyone was heard.

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Micmac Indians

What do mi'kmaq people eat?

The Mikmaq aka (L'nu) ate seafood, berries potatoes, sqash and various bird and mammals, moose was a major source in the colder months

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Micmac Indians

Where did the mi'kmaq tribe live?

The tribe are mostly found in the East arctic and Atlantic seaboard of Canada. Newfoundland and north east Maine.

A proud Tribe of first nations people, Mi'kmaq territories are in the Canadian maritimes or east coast including Nova Scotia, along the Gaspé Peninsula in Quebec, Prince Edward Island, and the eastern half of New Brunswick. They also occupied southwestern Newfoundland and Northern Maine of the U.S.A. Canada has about 28 separate groups and a population of more than 1600 registered Mi'kmaq.

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Micmac Indians

What is the weather like in the mi'kmaq tribe?

It really ranges from warm muggy summers to cold wintry blizzards, like in Maine or anywhere on the upper east coast of North America.

414243
History of the United States
Native American History
Micmac Indians

What Indian tribe had its own alphabet?

The Cherokee have an alphabet.

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Essays
Society and Civilization
Micmac Indians
Women in History

Role of women in society?

to do what the men can't cuz they do it better! Vix Xx

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Micmac Indians

Were can you get information on the micmac Indian tribe?

Micmac

Native American people inhabiting Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and the Gasp

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Micmac Indians

What is a Mi'kmaq wigwam?

A wigwam is a teepee. It's a cone shaped shelter that is made with Birch bark and animal skins.

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Native American History
Micmac Indians

What kind of foods did the micmac tribe eat?

Moving with the seasons, the Mi'kmaq were not agricultural and traded for most crop foods. Mi'kmaq diet was mainly made up of fish, shellfish, marine mammals such as seal and whale. Moose, deer and small game like rabbit, beaver and muskrat. Spruce grouse, geese and ducks were taken. Meat and fish were smoked and dried. Berries and fruit were collected dried and stored. Fishing in the ocean was almost an all year practice and when conditions on the ocean were poor, ice fishing on inland lakes supplied plenty of fresh fish and eel.

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Micmac Indians

What artifacts did the Micmac tribe make?

a head dress, moccasins, drums.

333435
Native American History
Sioux Indians
Micmac Indians

What environment did the Micmac live in before Europeans came?

The Mi'kmaq were the dominant tribe on the east coast of Canada prior to the European settlers arriving. They did not practice much agriculture because of their northern climate and short growing season but some villages planted small plots of corn and root vegetables. Skilled hunter-gatherers they were reliant on canoes and the open waters of the sea for fish, crustaceans, marine mammals, moose and small game. The Mi'kmaq were also skilled at traveling in snow, utilizing snowshoes, sleds and Taba'gan from where the modern term Toboggan comes from. It is said the mi'kmaq migrated from the north well before the 1500's. Actual Mi'kmaq lore claims ownership of tribal lands at the very begining of time.

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Micmac Indians

How did the Micmacs choose their chiefs?

Typically, the tribal leaders were over 25 years old and were the best of the hunters. A loose confederacy of tribes gathered a few times per year. There was some hereditary involvement of passing on the duties of chief within some tribes but often it was the best hunter, provider who would travel to grand council.

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Micmac Indians

Did the micmac tribe have tomahawks?

Before European explorers and fur traders arrived, only stone tools could be used for cutting and like all native Americans the Mi'kmaq would have used flint, chert and other stone blades fixed to a wooden haft.

Very soon after contact with Europeans the Mi'kmaq obtained hatchets and knives of metal. Their word for tomahawk was tmi'gn.

The link below takes you to an early drawing of a Mi'kmaq warrior with a traded tomahawk, rather larger than usual:

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Micmac Indians

Where did the micmacs live?

The Mi'kmaq Territory consisted of all of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Edward Island. The province of New Brunswick with the exception of the south part of the St. John river, and the Gaspé region of Quebec, Mi'kmaq lands also included part of the State of Maine and much of Newfoundland.

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