Fabric and Cloth
There is an enormous variety in fabrics, with many different national, historical and regional varieties. It is interesting to note, however, that almost all of the types of fabric listed below are variants or blends of just five basic fabric types (silk, cotton, linen, wool and worsted). Many of the terms are foreign in origin; English orthography has been adopted where it exists.
garment of camel or goat hair; camel or goat-hair fabric
thin crinkled semi-transparent fabric
mixed wool and silk or mohair and cotton fabric
fine wool made from alpaca hair
silk-like fabric made from wool of angora goats
twilled woollen or silk fabric
embroidery fabric of wool and silk
rich satin fabric
cheap coarse cotton fabric
coarse fabric for making bags or sacks
coarse napped cotton or wool fabric
knitted cotton fabric
rich embroidered silk and gold fabric
light cotton dress material
pebbly silk or worsted fabric with broken rib weave
gauzy fabric of silk, cotton, wool, or worsted
fine silk cloth
coarse linen fabric
some kind of fabric
fine soft sheer fabric of plain weave
fabric with horizontal stripes in strongly contrasting colours
linen fabric used for flags
crosswise ribbed fabric
twilled silk and worsted fabric
fabric of uneven looped yarn
light lustrous cotton and worsted fabric
dense twilled wool or worsted fabric
rich silk fabric with raised patterns
stiff-finished cotton or linen used for linings of garments
coarse cotton fabric
light loosely woven fabric used for flags
coarse plain-woven jute or hemp fabric
dark brown; dark woollen cloth
coarse russet cloth
satin twilled woollen fabric
plain white cotton
fine silk fabric
fine linen fabric
fine thin white cotton or linen fabric
strong waterproof silk or wool fabric
fancy woollen fabric made to resemble canvas
Chinese cotton fabric
soft twilled fabric made of fine goat's wool
soft imitation of cashmere
closely woven twilled cloth of fine wool
silk fabric resembling taffeta
soft lightweight silk, wool or cotton fabric
lightweight fabric with coloured warp and white filling
cotton fabric made in imitation of chamois leather
silk fabric with a crepe back
soft and satiny silk fabric
velvety silk, wool or cotton fabric with protruding pile
coarse heavy plain or twilled wool or worsted
sheer silk fabric
strong twilled cotton cloth
glazed printed cotton fabric
fabric with a glazed finish
fabric with an embossed design
thin single-twilled worsted fabric with cotton or silk
soft goatskin leather
durable cotton piled fabric with vertical ribs
coarse drapery and towelling fabric
light crinkled fabric
heavy crepe fabric with lengthwise crinkles
heavy cotton or linen cloth
stiff flax or cotton fabric
fine unglazed fabric resembling shalloon
silk or cotton gauze fabric, usually black
fine lustrous fabric with flat patterns and a satin weave
light fabric of wool or mixed wool and cotton
firm and durable twilled cotton
sheer and stout white cotton
plain cotton-wool blend
old woollen cloth
heavy woollen cloth
durable twilled cotton
ribbed woollen dress fabric
coarse durable wool fabric
plain-woven stout silk fabric
durable closely woven cotton fabric
fabric of thick, low-quality woolen cloth
heavy coarse durable twilled cotton, usually coloured
smooth lustrous velvety fabric
fine woollen cloth, usually dyed scarlet
fine silk and wool
light open-mesh cotton or worsted
small hole in fabric to allow passage of a cord; cotton fabric with small holes
shiny closely woven silk, cotton or rayon fabric
silk and wool cloth
coarse floss silk
light woollen fabric
soft lightweight plain-woven or twilled silk fabric
light woollen fulled cloth
rough heavy woollen cloth
plain spun silk fabric
coarse twilled cotton
closely woven cotton or wool twill
twilled worsted and cloth
silk organza fabric
smooth worsted yarn
striped cotton cloth
coarse loosely woven silk fabric
heavy close-woven corded silk
kind of fine linen
twilled fabric woven in rows of parallel sloping lines
coarse undyed woollen cloth
coarse plain-woven cotton or linen
rough-surfaced loose fabric
fabric with an irregular checked pattern
absorbent cotton or linen used for towels
stout cotton cloth
intricately-woven variegated fabric; loom for making jacquard
cotton or rayon cloth with shaded effect
durable twilled cotton material
plain weft-knitted fabric of wool, cotton, nylon or silk
fabric coloured by repeated dyeing
coarse fabric made of black and white wool
hand-woven African silk fabric
coarse woollen cloth
twilled fine wool
homespun cotton cloth
embroidered silk with gold and silver threads
fabric in which metallic threads are interwoven
sturdy cotton or worsted cloth
fine sheer plain-woven cotton or linen
coarse linen and wool blend
thin coarse fabric of wool and linen
heavy waterproof woollen fabric
plain glossy silk
heavy napped and felted wool cloth
lightweight rubberized waterproof cotton
fine cotton cloth
fine plain-woven cotton or silk
thin downy silk
cotton or linen in twill weave
ribbed crepe fabric
sheer meshed cloth
having a quilted ornamentation; fabric with raised pattern as if quilted
strong and smooth heavy woollen cloth
soft wool of the merino sheep; any soft merino-like wool or wool and cotton cloth
soft lightweight silk with a satin weave
inferior quality woollen fabric
ribbed silk used in making neckties
fabric made from silky hair of angora goats
heavy durable cotton
stout corded wool or cotton
fine sheer fabric
soft fine sheer cotton or silk fabric
plain-woven fine cotton
archaic mixed grey woollen cloth
fine cotton fabric
buff-coloured; durable buff-coloured cotton
thinly ribbed cotton
silk voile or other thin fabric
fine translucent cotton
transparent thin silk or nylon
interwoven cotton and worsted
coarse linen or cotton
heavy clothing fabric with crosswise ribs
soft durable plain-woven cotton
soft wool fabric with ornamental pattern
heavy lustrous silk or rayon with waxy feel
worsted and cotton blend
fine goat's wool fabric used for making shawls
fine soft silk
thin diaphanous fabric
closely woven lightweight cloth
glossy lightweight cotton
dark blue or bluish-grey; cloth of such a colour
stiff durable corded fabric of cotton, rayon or silk
fine white linen
fabric with puckered finish
thin soft fabric woven from raw silk
coarsely looped or nubby fabric
corded woven silk and worsted
strong and heavy silk or wool
raffia fabric of Madagascar
strong lustrous fabric resembling linen or silk
coarse undyed woollen cloth
light loosely kitted cloth
rough bulky plain-woven fabric
plain-woven fabric with crosswise ribs
old Venetian lace-like fabric
handkerchief or headcloth; silk or cotton fabric
ribbed cotton and wool
coarse homespun cloth
light blend of silk and cotton or wool
rich and heavy silk, sometimes interwoven with gold or silver
fine and soft silk; soft or gentle
ribbed lustred wool
glossy cotton or wool
closely woven silk with lustrous face
thin silk satin or imitation thereof
fine soft woollen fabric
delicate woollen fabric
durable plain-woven cotton fabric
light puckered cotton or linen fabric
thin silk or linen
strong twilled worsted
light twilled wool or worsted
plain rough silk or cotton
smooth durable wool or worsted fabric
lightweight loosely twisted wool fabric
woollen fabric made from rags
thin twilled cotton or linen
soft light cotton fabric resembling silk
coarse woollen fabric, usually dyed red; bright red colour
soft elastic cotton fabric
soft twilled silk or rayon
heavy napped cotton flannel
soft napped fabric resembling flannel
striped watered silk and satin fabric
plain-woven silk taffeta fabric
silk and wool watered fabric
thin glossy silk
thin glazed worsted
thin sheer stiff cotton
piled fabric consisting of uncut loops
strong linen or cotton fabric used for mattress and pillow cases
transparent silk-like gauzy fabric
wool cloth mixed with cotton or linen
plain or simple twilled fabric
silk or rayon knitted fabric
plain knitted silk or woollen fabric
double-twilled worsted fabric
sheer and delicate thin silk
brownish silk fabric
rough twilled wool
any diagonally woven fabric
piled velvety cotton
velvety corded wool
soft piled fabric of silk, cotton or synthetic material
cotton with silk pile
fabric made from wool of the vicuna, a small ruminant
soft fine sheer fabric
thick coarse wool
fabric with bold twill used for making dresses
stiff plain-woven cotton
plain or twilled cotton
cotton and wool blend
fine closely-woven wool
mixed twilled umbrella fabric
lightweight wool or worsted fabric; the west wind
soft piled wool
Soft, breathable, and stretchy, modal is a popular fabric choice for activewear, underwear, and pajamas. Modal is a type of rayon made from beech trees. It's a somewhat high-end fabric, as it’s smoother and more durable than regular rayon with limited wrinkling.
Plus, it's fairly eco-friendly. Since beech trees need far less water than cotton to grow, modal is pretty sustainable to make, and on top of that, it's even biodegradable.
This is a method used to make materials more waterproof by putting a waterproof tape or liquid sealant along the seams (usually on the inside so it can't be seen.)
A couple different ways I seam-seal is buying a product, tho similar to super glue...IS NOT super glue. DRIZ sewing products....carries FRAY CHECK. A simple dot along the fray line of the fabric, helps to seal it.
I also do stay stitching, which is sewing along the edge of the fabric you will finish sewing to make the end product. My fine fabrics (rayon, etc) are treated this way.
Another, which is trickier......I lite a votive candle and quickly but carefully run the seam end piece by it, to create a chemically/heated sealing. This works ONLY on non-organic fabrics.
The Elna Design company of Switzerland.
The "selvage" is the lengthwise finished edges of a woven fabric. One of the selvages is frequently white, with the name of the fabric, designer, and manufacturer stamped onto it. The opposite selvage is also a woven edge but includes the fabric design. These edges should be removed and not included in piecing as they are woven more tightly and shrink differently than the rest of the fabric. The width of the fabric between the selvage edges is usually 44" or 54", depending on the fabric manufacturer.
One popular trend in quilting is to cut the printed selvage edge from the length of the fabric and use it in "string" block patterns, creating colorful patterns that include the text and color test dots from the printed selvage edges
Velvet and velveteen are not the same. Velveteen is a plain, woven fabric with the low pile created from filling loops. Side by side, cotton velvet will be deeper in color and have a denser pile than velveteen.
Originally velvet was woven from silk. Velveteen was woven from cotton. They are similar in that they have a pile - like a carpet. I suspect the distinction is not observed much these days. (Polyester velvets for example)
The best way to tell the difference between velvet and velveteen is to check on the label at the fabric shop. It states quite clearly - velvet or velveteen. Velveteen is made of cotton. Velvet is not. Some may argue this point and say there is such a thing as cotton velvet. What they are really referring to is velveteen. Don't let them fob this off on to you as velvet!
Velvet has a sheen to it that velveteen does not. Velveteen is meant to be fake velvet. When you cut velveteen and look at the little bits that come off the edge you will see that it comes off in tiny little bits that look round (sort of) from a distance.
When you cut velvet, it has bits too, but the little bits are straight. Individual threads in velvet have a sheen to them and an elasticity that velveteen does not.
Velveteen also seems to weigh more than velvet.
Velveteen has a rougher hand than does velvet although both are plush. Experience with the fabrics will help you identify them more readily.
When you do the burn test you will readily see the difference between the two - the cotton is velveteen. Velveteen is a beautiful imitation of velvet - but it is still an imitation.
The pile on velvet is usually higher than on velveteen.
Velveteen is usually cheaper than velvet (unless the velvet is on sale) There are times however that you will find velveteen at a higher price than velvet. But by and large velveteen is cheaper. Although these days both are pretty pricey :)
kasuti of karnataka, kashida of kashmir, kantha of bengal, phulkari of punjab, chikankari of uttar pradesh, chamba rumal from himachal.
Viscose burns because it is cellulose, made out of wood or cotton fibers treated with sodium hydroxide. The resulting liquid is extruded into an acidic bath (converting it back into cellulose) as a sheet (celophane) or as threads from spinnerets to make rayon.
Its pretty much just pleted.. around the waist band.. and the material is doubled
Cotton is grown in the northern area like Delaware. Sometimes in Africa or some where like it do. But cotton is grown here in America!
The best, most sought after cotton in the world is grown in the San Joaquin Valley area of California.
We have that model, which we bought new early 1997.
A friendship quilt is usually one where there are many contributors. Friends will get together and each make/sew a block of their own. Oftentimes they are signed by the maker. All of the blocks are of the same size although they may have a pattern of some sort within the block. Then the blocks are all sewn together to make the quilt. They are usually made to record memories of friends or family. Many times they are made for a particular person to honor them with a gift for their birthday, retirement, or if they are ill. Putting the quilt together is also a nice social gathering of friends and neighbors.
Dhoti Salwar Tutorial can be found at Adithis Amma Sews (link below), along with a Patiala Salwar Tutorial and Indian Clothing sewing tutorials.
As sewing machine is 6x times faster than hand sewing and it can even be more. It is a good investment to get a sewing machine because it saves a lot of time.
It is called the eye of the needle
Temporary stitches, sometimes called "basting stitches" are stitches used to hold fabric in place until the main stitches are put in. These stitches are often larger than normal stitches, and are designed to be easy to remove. Temporary stitches are often done by hand with a needle and thread, but in some cases temporary stitches are placed by using the longest stitch setting on a sewing machine. Because the stitching is further apart, it is easier to insert a seam ripper under the threads, and easily rip out the temporary stitching without damaging the fabric.
A garment sewer will baste a garment with temporary stitches so that the clothes can be tried on and the fit can be adjusted before permanently stitching the fabric together. This allows the garment sewer to make sure that a dress or jacket has a perfect custom fit without tearing out long seams of stitching meant to be more permanent.
In quilting, temporary stitches are often used in paper piecing. The paper
template is stitched to the fabric. This template gives the fabric shape, and prevents it from shifting. Once the fabric has been incorporated into the quilt, the temporary stitches can be removed.
Temporary stitches can also be used when quilting a quilt. A quilter might baste together a quilt top to hold the layers together until it can be formally quilted. Once the quilt has been fully quilted, the basting stitches can be removed.
often uses temporary stitches as well. Running threads at 5 or 10 square intervals on a cross-stitch
canvas allows the stitcher
to more easily count across the canvas. These threads are removed when the piece is finished.
In some cases, temporary stitches are removed after the completion of the item. Other times, the temporary stitches are removed as the permanent stitching is put in place. In cases where the temporary stitching is hidden in the seam, it can stay in place after the permanent stitching has been placed.
Temporary stitches are not always taught in sewing classes. We often use pins or spray adhesive to hold fabric together until permanent stitching can be placed.
Temporary stitches are large, easily removed stitches, also called basting stitches. They allow pieces of fabric to be held together long enough for fitting or adjusting, then easily removed to make changes.
An applique is a smaller ornament or device applied to another surface. In the context of ceramics, for example, an appliqué is a separate piece of clay added to the primary work, generally for the purpose of decoration. The term is borrowed from French and, in this context, means "applied" or "thing that has been applied."
It did not begin in general, but it has been in use since the 18th century.
slip the stitch 2 times. Just slide two stitches onto the other needle and continue on with your pattern. More than likely you'll pick them up again on your next round.
10 risks of using a sewing machine are:
it depends what country you are from,
i am from England and i think that these shops may help:
H and M,
Hollister, Jack Wills etc.
If you are from the U.S.A you may want to use these shops:
A B fits,
Even Walmart etc!
joann fabric & craft stores
Stitching in a crease to add shape to the material; mostly to follow the female form.
How many countries end with a vowel?
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