Are users part of the active directory?
yes users are the important part of active directory as the users are assigned the permission to use the resources, groups, printers .We can assign users to a group and apply permission on them we can put them in OU and apply restriction /permission etc.Without users there is no meaning of resources.
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Active Directory in Windows Server 2003 The Active Directory is the one of the important part of Windows Server 2003 networking .First need to know and understand Active directory . How does it work? It makes information easy for the administrator and the users. You can use the Active Directory t…o design a organization's structure according to the requirement . If you are using the Active Directory then you can scale active directory from a single computer to a single network or to many networks. In active directory you can include every object server and domain in a network. Logical Component In the organization you set up in Windows Server 2003 and the organization you set up in Exchange Server 2003 are the same and the same is the case with Windows 2000 and Exchange 2000 as well. Now i am going to tell you it's advantage one user administrator manage all aspects of user configuration. These logical constructs which are described in the following subsections allow you to define and group resources so that they can be located and administered by the name rather than by physical location. Objects Object is the basic unit in the Active Directory. It is a apocarpous named set of features that represents something adjective such as a user , printer and the application. A user is also an object. In Exchange a user's features include its name and location , surrounded by other things. Organization Unit Organization Unit is a persona in which you can keep objects such as user accounts, groups, computer, printer . applications and other (OU). In organization unit you can assign specific permission to the user's. organization unit can also be used to create departmental limitation. Domains Domains is a group of computers and other resources that are part of a network and share a common directory database .Once a server has been installed , you can use the Active Directory Wizard to install Active Directory in order to install Active directory on the first server on the network , that server must have the access to a server running DNS (Domain Name Service). If you don't have install this service on your server then you will have to install this service during the Active Directory installation... Another Answer . An active directory is a directory structure used on Microsoft Windows based computers and servers to store information and data about networks and domains. It is primarily used for online information and was originally created in 1996 and first used with Windows 2000.. An active directory (sometimes referred to as an AD) does a variety of functions including the ability to provide information on objects, helps organize these objects for easy retrieval and access, allows access by end users and administrators and allows the administrator to set security up for the directory.. An active directory can be defined as a hierarchical structure and this structure is usually broken up into three main categories, the resources which might include hardware such as printers, services for end users such as web email servers and objects which are the main functions of the domain and network.. It is interesting to note the framework for the objects. Remember that an object can be a piece of hardware such as a printer, end user or security settings set by the administrator. These objects can hold other objects within their file structure. All objects have an ID, usually an object name (folder name). In addition to these objects being able to hold other objects, every object has its own attributes which allows it to be characterized by the information which it contains. Most IT professionals call these setting or characterizations schemas.. Depending on the type of schema created for a folder, will ultimately determine how these objects are used. For instance, some objects with certain schemas can not be deleted, they can only be deactivated. Others types of schemas with certain attributes can be deleted entirely. For instance, a user object can be deleted, but the administrator object can not be deleted.. When understanding active directories, it is important to know the framework that objects can be viewed at. In fact, an active directory can be viewed at either one of three levels, these levels are called forests, trees or domains. The highest structure is called the forest because you can see all objects included within the active directory.. Within the Forest structure are trees, these structures usually hold one or more domains, going further down the structure of an active directory are single domains. To put the forest, trees and domains into perspective, consider the following example.. A large organization has many dozens of users and processes. The forest might be the entire network of end users and specific computers at a set location. Within this forest directory are now trees that hold information on specific objects such as domain controllers, program data, system, etc. Within these objects are even more objects which can then be controlled and categorized. (MORE)
1. It will provide fully integrated security in the form of user logon's and authentication. 2. It makes easy in administration in the form of group policies and permissions. 3. It makes easy to identify the resources. 4. It will provide scalability, flexibility and extentiability. 5. It… is tightly integrated with DNS services for all its operations, which will provide better in identifications and migrations. 6. It services will provide Automatic replication of information between the domain controllers. 7. It supports integration of the other directory services also. 8. It supports multiple authentication protocols. (MORE)
10 mllion users.because active directory support 10 million objects if you do not create any OU,Any shared Folder or other object.
type dsa.msc on run command , open the user profile and change the alias for user name
Active Directory NC (Naming Context's). Active Directory consists of three partitions or naming contexts (NC) . Domain, Configuration and Schema Naming Contexts . Each are replicated independently . An Active Directory forest has single schema and configuration . Every domain controller (DC) …holds a copy of each (schema, configuration NC's) . Forest can have multiple domains . Every domain controller in a domain holds a copy of the domain NC (MORE)
http://www.radmin.com/products/utilities/ipscanner.php I think this is what you may be looking for... if not, i read your question wrong.
User files are never created during dc promotion, only database file is created at default %systemroot%\ntds.dit. ntds.ini is created during the promotion of the dcpromo.
Do you Mean so you can divide users into seperate groups, say in a business environment you could divide marketing from human resources?
Dsquery is a command-line tool that is built into Windows Server 2008. It is available if you have the Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) server role installed. To use dsquery, you must run the dsquery command from an elevated command prompt. To open an elevated command prompt, click Start, ri…ght-click Command Prompt, and then click Run as administrator dsquery -inactive will give you the answer (MORE)
It is not possible to see or obtain the password for an Active Directory user. That would breach the security measures that Windows attempts to put in place. The only thing you can do as an administrator is reset the password. But you can never identify the current password unless the user tells …it to you. (MORE)
One of the really exciting new ones is the concept of the read-only domain controller. Before with AD, as compared with NT 4.0 in particular, every domain controller has a writable copy of your directory. You can make a change anywhere and it will propagate throughout the environment. At the same ti…me, all of [the domain controllers] have secrets like your password. Right now with Windows Server 2003, if that server security is physically compromised and gets stolen and it's not secure, then you have a huge security issue in that all the password for that domain are in the DNCs. So the only approach you can take is to make everyone change their password. That's a big deal if you have 100,000 people on that domain. With the new read-only domain controller feature, this change is two-fold. First you can now define which passwords are stored locally. Now if the server gets stolen, you only have to have 100 people change their passwords versus 100,000. Second, you can't make any changes on that domain controller (DC), because it's read only. 1.we can install windows 2008 server either in full version(install all services& applications) or server core(only install minimal required services), but in 2003 we can only install fully O.S. 2.Windows server 2008 use Hyper-V application & Roles concept for better productivity but server 2003 does not have such features. 1)2008 is combination of vista and windows 2003r2. Some new services are introduced in it 1. RODC one new domain controller introduced in it [Read-only Domain controllers.] 2. WDS (windows deployment services) instead of RIS in 2003 server 3. shadow copy for each and every folders 4.boot sequence is changed 5.installation is 32 bit where as 2003 it is 16 as well as 32 bit, that's why installation of 2008 is faster 6.services are known as role in it 7. Group policy editor is a separate option in ads 2) The main difference between 2003 and 2008 is Virtualization, management. 2008 has more inbuilt components and updated third party drivers Microsoft introduces new feature with 2k8 that is Hyper-V Windows Server 2008 introduces Hyper-V (V for Virtualization) but only on 64bit versions. More and more companies are seeing this as a way of reducing hardware costs by running several 'virtual' servers on one physical machine. If you like this exciting technology, make sure that you buy an edition of Windows Server 2008 that includes Hyper-V, then launch the Server Manger, add Roles. 3) In Windows Server 2008, Microsoft is introducing new features and technologies, some of which were not available in Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 1 (SP1), that will help to reduce the power consumption of server and client operating systems, minimize environmental byproducts, and increase server efficiency. Microsoft Windows Server 2008 has been designed with energy efficiency in mind, to provide customers with ready and convenient access to a number of new power-saving features. It includes updated support for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) processor power management (PPM) features, including support for processor performance states (P-states) and processor idle sleep states on multiprocessor systems. These features simplify power management in Windows Server 2008 (WS08) and can be managed easily across servers and clients using Group Policies (MORE)
Active Directory Users and Computers is a snap-in. A snap-in cannot be started from a command line or from "Start" "run" it has to be started from an MMC (Microsoft Management Console). If you do not know how to create a Custom MMC let me know an I will walk you through those steps. you can use …dsa.msc (MORE)
What are the advantages and disadvantages of active directory computers and users in active directory?
advantages more secure delegation easy robust easy manageability(ou) easy administration and control all regions have same data can manage millions of objects search easy disadvantage cost of infrastructure good planning is must Complex structure for user
No need for different password. The user can be authenticated with the same password for the DCs of a domain.
IF the 2 domains does not have trusting between them, then we can have same named user and can use the same password.it does not concern any one in two domains IF the 2 domains have trust relation between them then only one password will work for both so it does not require two passwords
Go to start->programs->administrative tools->active directory users and computers->right click on users folder and create it
The role refers to the service or services that the server is providing, such as DHCP, DNS, HTTP, etc.
Active Directory is the name Microsoft uses for LDAP protocol X.500 (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol).
Because deleting it removes all security associations and limits access to encrypted files and folders.
What allows a user at a remote site to be able to log into active directory without needing to contact a global catalog server?
Universal group caching. This feature allows users to log on to a domain at a remote site without having a global catalog server present in that site.
What defines the types of objects that can be created within active directory such as user and printer objects?
The Active Directory Schema defines the types of user,printer objects to be created in the domain
more secure delegation easy robust easy manageability(ou) easy administration and control all regions have same data can manage millions of objects search easy Increases the Productivity of Users Reduces the Burden of IT Administration Increase Fault Tolerance to minimize Downtim…e It improves Security (MORE)
1. It will provide fully integrated security in the form of user logon's and authentication. 2. It makes easy in administration in the form of group policies and permissions. 3. It makes easy to identify the resources. 4. It will provide scalability, flexibility and extentiability. 5. It is …tightly integrated with DNS services for all its operations, which will provide better in identifications and migrations. 6. It services will provide Automatic replication of information between the domain controllers. 7. It supports integration of the other directory services also. 8. It supports multiple authentication protocols. advantages more secure delegation easy robust easy manageability(ou) easy administration and control all regions have same data can manage millions of objects search easy Increases the Productivity of Users Reduces the Burden of IT Administration Increase Fault Tolerance to minimize Downtime It improves Security disadvantage cost of infrastructure good planning is must Complex structure for user (MORE)
Document the steps that an administrator can take to block permission inheritance using the Active Directory Users and Computers tool?
steps that an administrator can take to block permission inheritance using the Active Directory Users and Computers tool block inheritence no override
because it is the pre condition for active directory to work. the work of dns is to find host( machine in the network ) with help of IP or hostname( computer name) and dns stores all the info about it DNS makes ip addresses readable to us, for example instead of 172.63.187 we would type www.goog…le.com........ it helps us out without it we'd have to memorize numbers to get web sites (MORE)
LDP.exe is a tool to perform LDAP operations i.e It Allow Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) operations, such as connect, bind, search, modify, add, and delete, to be per-formed against Active Directory.
The term is active directory dns integrated means that during replication of AD all changed/ updated data is replicated and we dont have to replicate DNS zone files(which contains information aout the dns records) seperately . Active Directory-integrated DNS enables Active Directory storage and rep…lication of DNS zone databases. Windows 2000 DNS server, the DNS server that is included with Windows 2000 Server, accommodates storing zone data in Active Directory. When you configure a computer as a DNS server, zones are usually stored as text files on name servers - that is, all of the zones required by DNS are stored in a text file on the server computer. These text files must be synchronized among DNS name servers by using a system that requires a separate replication topology and schedule called a zone transfer However, if you use Active Directory-integrated DNS when you configure a domain controller as a DNS name server, zone data is stored as an Active Directory object and is replicated as part of domain replication. (MORE)
Is there a novell program that lets you share Linux drives on a windows server 2008 so users can access them threw active directory?
It isn't a Novell program that will let you do that; it is a publically available program called "Samba".
Excel has no relation to Active Directory. If you have permission to import, you should be able to import directly from a CSV file, and not have to import into Excel first. Check with your systems or network administrator to see how your specific network Active Directory is configured.
, there is a plenty of options available. 1. Active Directory Users and Computers (from Administrative Tools) 2. dsadd user - command line tool (see the dsadd user help in command line window) 3. CSVDE.EXE - command line tool to import/create the users using CSV file 4. LDIFDE.EXE - comma…nd line tool to import/create the users using LDF file (not very convenient for this). And additionaly there exist many scripts in various scripting languages. There can be also some GUI-based tools downloaded. Regards Martin Babarik MCT, MCSE, MCSA, MCITP, MCTS, MCITP, MCDST, MCP, CEH, CTT+, Security+, Network+ (MORE)
Active Directory Recycle Bin is a feature that helps minimize directory service downtime by enhancing your ability to preserve and restore accidentally deleted Active Directory objects without restoring Active Directory data from backups, restarting Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), or reboo…ting domain controllers. When you enable Active Directory Recycle Bin feature, all link-valued and non-link-valued attributes of the deleted Active Directory objects are preserved and the objects are restored in their entirety to the same consistent logical state that they were in immediately before deletion. For example, restored user accounts automatically regain all group memberships and corresponding access rights that they had immediately before deletion, within and across domains. Active Directory Recycle Bin is functional for both AD DS and Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) environments. Mohannad Hamid (MORE)
Active directory users are nothing but the ones those are authenticated or able to access the directory with all the benefits of directory
Security -Having only one domain means better security through a single security policy and a single set of administrators. If you have multiple domains and forests, each has its own administrator. One weak but trusted domain exposes all the other forests and domains. With only a single domain, it's… also far easier to enforce an organization-wide security policy Single platform - a single directory service or Global Catalog (GC) means a single platform for all other directory-ware services, including monitoring and messaging. Faster deployment -starts in an organization with just a single domain and shared account database solutions need only be deployed once, which means company-wide deployments are much faster than if the organization has multiple and separate domains. Single management infrastructure -Having a single management infrastructure means there is just one infrastructure for all other directory services tasks, such as software deployment, inventory, and object managment sharing and delegation (such as for user accounts). Single Group Policy container (GPC)- With a single GPC, management polices need to be defined only once, and can be used throughout the entire enterprise without the need to manually export and import Group Policy Objects (GPOs). . Backup and recovery -Having only a single domain means better resiliency because every location has a full domain backup. Less hardware- In an organization with multiple domains, every location needs two domain controllers (DCs). With a single domain, each location needs only a single DC because if the local DC fails, the locations can use hub DCs. Reduced hardware also means fewer licenses, less management software, and less overhead for server management. There's also no need to back up remote DCs because the remote DCs just hold the same information as the central DCs-assuming the DCs only perform directory services (MORE)
ISTG is used for replication between sites ie intersite replication . it selects the bridge head server automatically which willl be authorised to replicate information to other bridge head server of other site. If the bridge head server goes down then due to ISTG a new server takes its place and ad…ministrator need not to intervene and there is no problem in replication. (MORE)
In domain the adminstrator/ admin group/enterprise admin has rights to create user. The user which is delegated the special permission on group, computers and users(manager can be assigned special permission so that he can perform few operations for his team like adding them to printer group or ac…cess to special folders) (MORE)
Active Directory is called active bacause it is activelyupdating it's data through replication from differnt sitesand other domain controllers with in the network
When you install Active Directory on a server, you promote the server to the role of a domain controller for a specified domain. When completing this process, you are prompted to specify a DNS domain name for the Active Directory domain for which you are joining and promoting the server. If durin…g this process, a DNS server authoritative for the domain that you specified either cannot be located on the network or does not support the DNS dynamic update protocol, you are prompted with the option to install a DNS server. This option is provided because a DNS server is required to locate this server or other domain controllers for members of an Active Directory domain. Once you have installed Active Directory, you have two options for storing and replicating your zones when operating the DNS server at the new domain controller: * Standard zone storage, using a text-based file. Zones stored this way are located in .Dns files that are stored in the systemroot\System32\Dns folder on each computer operating a DNS server. Zone file names correspond to the name you choose for the zone when creating it, such as abc.com.dns if the zone name was "abc.com." * Directory-integrated zone storage, using the Active Directory database. Zones stored this way are located in the Active Directory tree under the domain or application directory partition. Each directory-integrated zone is stored in a dnsZone container object identified by the name you choose for the zone when creating it. Benefits of Active Directory integration For networks deploying DNS to support Active Directory, directory-integrated primary zones are strongly recommended and provide the following benefits: * Multimaster update and enhanced security based on the capabilities of Active Directory. In a standard zone storage model, DNS updates are conducted based upon a single-master update model. In this model, a single authoritative DNS server for a zone is designated as the primary source for the zone. This server maintains the master copy of the zone in a local file. With this model, the primary server for the zone represents a single fixed point of failure. If this server is not available, update requests from DNS clients are not processed for the zone. With directory-integrated storage, dynamic updates to DNS are conducted based upon a multimaster update model. In this model, any authoritative DNS server, such as a domain controller running a DNS server, is designated as a primary source for the zone. Because the master copy of the zone is maintained in the Active Directory database, which is fully replicated to all domain controllers, the zone can be updated by the DNS servers operating at any domain controller for the domain. With the multimaster update model of Active Directory, any of the primary servers for the directory-integrated zone can process requests from DNS clients to update the zone as long as a domain controller is available and reachable on the network. Also, when using directory-integrated zones, you can use access control list (ACL) editing to secure a dnsZone object container in the directory tree. This feature provides granulated access to either the zone or a specified RR in the zone. For example, an ACL for a zone RR can be restricted so that dynamic updates are only allowed for a specified client computer or a secure group such as a domain administrators group. This security feature is not available with standard primary zones. Note that when you change the zone type to be directory-integrated, the default for updating the zone changes to allow only secure updates. Also, while you may use ACLs on DNS-related Active Directory objects, ACLs may only be applied to the DNS client service. * Zones are replicated and synchronized to new domain controllers automatically whenever a new one is added to an Active Directory domain. Although DNS service can be selectively removed from a domain controller, directory-integrated zones are already stored at each domain controller, so zone storage and management is not an additional resource. Also, the methods used to synchronize directory-stored information offer performance improvement over standard zone update methods, which can potentially require transfer of the entire zone. * By integrating storage of your DNS zone databases in Active Directory, you can streamline database replication planning for your network. When your DNS namespace and Active Directory domains are stored and replicated separately, you need to plan and potentially administer each separately. For example, when using standard DNS zone storage and Active Directory together, you would need to design, implement, test, and maintain two different database replication topologies. For example, one replication topology is needed for replicating directory data between domain controllers, and another topology would be needed for replicating zone databases between DNS servers. This can create additional administrative complexity for planning and designing your network and allowing for its eventual growth. By integrating DNS storage, you unify storage management and replication issues for both DNS and Active Directory, merging and viewing them together as a single administrative entity. * Directory replication is faster and more efficient than standard DNS replication. Because Active Directory replication processing is performed on a per-property basis, only relevant changes are propagated. This allows less data to be used and submitted in updates for directory-stored zones. (MORE)
Users, computers, and groups (collectively known as "security principals") that are stored in Active Directory are assigned Security Identifiers (SIDS), which are unique alphanumeric numeric strings that map to a single object in the domain. SIDS consist of a domain-wide SID concatenated with a mono…tonically-increasing relative identifier (RID) that is allocated by each Windows 2000 domain controller in the domain. Each Windows 2000 domain controller is assigned a pool of RIDs by the RID flexible single-master operations (FSMO) owner in each Active Directory domain. The RID FSMO is responsible for issuing a unique RID pool to each domain controller in its domain. (MORE)
The SAM account name Microsoft windows server 2008 active directory configuration lesson 5 page 118
Deleted user account has been restored through system sate backup. But it can be restored in DRSM mode i.e directory restored mode .
There will be a red circle with an X in it over the users icon next to their name and if you look at the information on the account tab, there will be a check mark in the box next to "Account is disabled" dsquery user -disabled
The error could be due to folwloing The network is down. The domain controller is not reachable(PDC is not available need to check, RID stack is not full and RID master is not down) The account used does not have permission to add user/computer etc Check the event log to find the event id …and search at tech net Active Directory Users and Computers is a snap-in. A snap-in cannot be started from a command line or from "Start" "run" it has to be started from an MMC (Microsoft Management Console). I will walk you through those steps. you can use dsa.msc (MORE)
What allows a users to remote site to be able to log into Active Directory without needing to contact a global catalog server?
Universal group caching. This feature allows users to log on to a domain at a remote site without having a global catalog server present in that site.
Can a user defined in active directory access a shared drive if that user is not part of the domain?
No a user defined in active directory cannot access a shared drive if they are not part of the domain. You will need to set them up as a user on your computer.
What problem is associated with not being able to change the address and telephone number properties using the Active Directory Users And Computers console in a domain?
Peeps won't know where you live and won't be able to call you to find out
What GPO setting option is used for a particular user base on the location in Active Directory of the user's computer?
GPOs in Active Directory are configured to be applied over Computer Systems ( Computer Configuration ) and Users ( User Configuration ) using those Computers.. USER Configuration in Group Policy Editor is used for controlling User Environment.
One can download the snap-in for Active Directory Users and Computers through the Remote Server Administration Tools. The RSAT can be downloaded directly from the Microsoft website.
Directory services allow one to search for contact information for a person or business. This benefits the user because it is a quick and easy way to retrieve this type of information.
When looking at the Active Directory structure for Users and Computers which default group has the least amount of implied privileges?
By Default, Users have limited user rights to make most systemchanges. However, Guests are VERY limited than regular users.
What does Active Directory use to allow administrators to query and modify users groups and computers?
The DS tools consist of the following commands DSQUERY - search for active directory objects matching criteria DSGET - retrieves selected attributes from active directory objects DSMOD - modify attributes for one or more active directory objects DSADD - create active directory objects DSMOVE - mov…e active directory objects DSRM - removes/deletes active directory objects (MORE)