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Australian Colonial Settlement

~2200 answered questions
Parent Category: History of Australia
Arrival of the first fleet, establishment of the colonies, and the period up to Federation in 1901.
Answer I guess that they would have had the responsibility for the running of the house and the raising of the children. Wealthy people would have had maids and these women might have had more of a social life If they were free settlers, they might help with the farming (if the family was not we…
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The answer to this question is completely subjective, as an individual I can outline what I believe were the major mistakes. The whole concept of a nation such as England, forging into an unknown territory and claim it as their own, for their own purposes, I believe is, in essence wrong. This is the…
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The concept is not valid in Australia as decided by the High Court in Mabo (not Marbo) 1992.
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Sydney has changed greatly over that period of time. In the 1780s there was the colony of New South Wales in the city region. Then there was suburban expansion all over the county of Cumberland. Especially in south-western Sydney
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The white settlers had the guns and ropes and they had no qualms about using them. They also obviously had a different skins colour from each other which would have been quite confronting for them at the time. The whites also had a higher level of civilisation.
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In 1770 James Cook claimed the whole of the eastern seaboard of the continent, naming it New South Wales. The Western half of the continent was still named New Holland (the original designation by the Dutch), remaining unclaimed by the British until 1826, when Edmund Lockyer made an official claim o…
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There is a strong case for the Portuguese being the first Europeans to arrive in Australia. However, records of such Portuguese activity have been lost through the years. The first recorded arrival of Europeans was Willem Jansz/Janszoon, a Dutchman who was seeking new trade routes and trade associa…
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Ann Smith was transported on the Prince of Wales in 1788. She was sentenced to seven years at the Old Bailey with Catherine Johnson for theft of some cloth.
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There is no longer a colony of Australia.Australia was once a colony of Britain, from the first European settlement in 1788 until federation of the colonies in 1901, leading to the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia.
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Australia was a suitable place to dump convicts so it was importent in a way because it helped solve the problem of prison space. It was a place where people could start their lives over like the pilgrims did in the USA and it brought about a little pride after the loss of the colonies in America.Th…
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Transportation of convicts to Australia ended when the last convict ship left Britain in 1867 and arrived in Australia on 10 January 1868. This ship, the "Hougoumont", brought its final cargo of 269 convicts to Western Australia, as New South Wales had abolished transportation of convicts in 1840. …
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the people were mad and did not enjoy the experence. it flat out sucked
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"Washington Square" (without the "the" in the original answer) Answer The Washington Square, published in 1880.
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Answer Depends on when you are talking about. I'm from England, where they can be notoriously cruel bastards, which is why I escaped, but up until as late as the 1960s men who were "hard" cases and done serious crimes (serious crimes usually involve poor people stealing from the wealthy, did you …
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Australia became part of the British Empire when it was established as a convict colony, commanded by Captain Arthur Phillip, on 26 January 1778. Much groundwork was done prior to this date. In 1770 James Cook claimed the whole of the eastern seaboard of the continent, naming it New South Wales. Th…
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The first Fleet was exactly that - a fleet. Therefore, they sailed. There were eleven ships in all: some were convict transports and some were supply ships. If the question refers to which route they took, they sailed from Portsmouth in England to Tenerife in the Canary islands. From there they went…
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She died of Heartache.
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As there was no photography in the late 1700s, no photographs can exist of John 'Black' Caesar. No records were kept of his appearance in line drawings, either.
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It is estimated that the Aboriginal Population was approx. 750 000 when the First Fleet arrived, but the figure is widely quoted as having been anywhere between 300 000 and one million.
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The food eaten by convicts was a portion of that allotted to the marines and seamen, who were to be given the following rations: seven pounds of bread a week four pounds of salted beef two pounds of salted pork two pints of peas three pints of oatmeal six ounces of butter three-quarters of a pound …
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The convicts had a most significant impact on Australia. It could easily be said that convicts were the ones who built Australia - socially, economically and politically. Much of Australia's emerging national pride in the 1800s came from the sense of coming from a "downtrodden" class, and develo…
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This is a huge topic that cannot be answered simply. Introducing new plants and animals had, in some cases, a devastating effect on the environment. More native species of animals in Australia have become extinct in the last two hundred years compared to any other continent on Earth. Deforestation …
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Conditions on the First fleet were not pleasant, but they could certainly have been worse. The journey was long and difficult, and most of the convicts had never even set foot off England's shores. Many of them experienced seasickness, especially once the fleet crossed the equator and weather turne…
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free settler came from all around the world but mostly England.
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Italian immigrants went to Austalia in the 1950s. There is a one hour screening of 10 short films telling the experience of Italian immigrants who went to Australia in the 50s. The project is called " The Voice of People".
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It depends on the date.John Amherst was captain during the campaign in Newfoudland,but switched in March 1760 to 'The Arrogant'Horatio Nelson was also the captain of HMS Captain but I'm not sure of when.
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After landing in Botany Bay, Captain Philip found that that the soil was sandy and unsuitable for cultivation and there wasn't a suitable fresh water supply. The timber was inadequate for the needs of a new colony starting out, and the harbour was also not sheltered enough. A party of men were sen…
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There was no specific name for the First Fleet of convicts to Australia. It was simply known as the "First Fleet".
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The convicts and seamen on the First Fleet ate similar foods, just in different amounts. The food eaten by convicts was a portion of that allotted to the marines and seamen, who were to be given the following rations: seven pounds of bread a weekfour pounds of salted beeftwo pounds of salted porktwo…
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Armada (:
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Just a group of ships travelling tigether.
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Australia was claimed by Captain James Cook in 1770 for the British and became part of the British Empire at that time. The settling of Convicts at Sydney Cove in 1888 served two purposes it provided a British contingent to occupy the continent (allowing the Empire to expand as it had done in India,…
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Dirk Hartog (Dutch) Willem Jansz (Dutch) William Dampier (English) Lieutenant James Cook and Sir Joseph Banks (English) Daniel Solander (Finnish botanist with James Cook)
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Answer Ok well this is actually my Gr9 Sose Essay!(which I am writing right now...) nice essay The two world wars, the Vietnam War, the Great Depression and multiculturalism in the 20th century, have changed and shaped many peoples lives. The Great Depression began in October 1929 when the stoc…
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The wife of Feodor Vassilyev, in Russia, 1700s. She gave birth to 69 children in 27 confinements, with 16 pairs of twins, 7 sets of triplets, and 4 sets of quadruplets. Two of her children died in infancy.
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The First Fleet of convicts left Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787, and arrived in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788.
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The name "Australia" was not determined by Captain Cook. It was derived from the name proposed by Matthew Flinders, which was "Terra Australis".James Cook named the eastern coast "New South Wales" because it reminded him of Wales.
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They came from England by sailing ship around the Cape of Good Hope in a voyage lasting up to eight months.
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the Irish immigrated because of the great potato famine
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The first Australians were the indigenous people, known originally as the Australian Aborigines. DNA analysis indicates they originated from the Indian subcontinent thousands of years ago.The first known Australians, excluding the indigenous people of Australia, were the convicts, officers and marin…
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He explored the Swan River region (now Perth) of Australia.
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the middle colonies enjoyed fertile soil had a slightly milder climate from that of New England
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New KID on the block....
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James Cook did not find Australia. This is a common misconception. The first non-Aboriginal people to visit Australia were the Malay and Indian traders, from the Indonesian islands. They collected sea slugs from the Australian coast to trade with china, where the slugs were a prized delicacy. The …
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yeast are at least 3 times larger than bacteria.
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the first one was ciara
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First cattle in Australia The First Fleet brought only seven cattle which had been procured in Cape Town en route. These were not for the immediate purpose of eating, but for work and breeding purposes.
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They were confused, disoriented and bewildered: they were travelling thousands and thousands of miles from their homesThey were afraid: uncertainty for their future lay ahead, and many of them didn't even know where Botany Bay or New South Wales wasThey felt very seasick, and some suffered symptoms …
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Colonialism is the effort by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on such territory. Imperialism is control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society, whereas colonialism is control of previously uninhabited or…
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James Cook found Australia ! slider buddies
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Captain Cook's first journey to the eastern coast of Australia was in 1770. He charted and explored along the coast between April and August of that year, naming it New South Wales.
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The very first European settlers in Australia were a mixture of convicts, officers and marines (and their families, the only free settlers), all of whom came from England.The convicts had no choice: they were sent to New South Wales, as the eastern half of Australia was then known. This was to solve…
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They ate berries,apple's,and hunted for meat
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The convicts came to Australia because they had no choice. Britain's prisons were overcrowded, the Empire wanted to have a presence in the Pacific, and it was the logical solution. No other European nation had yet colonised the Australian continent, so as far as Britain was concerned, the land was f…
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There was considerable fear in England that the French were going to establish a penal colony in the western part of Australia (possibly at Shark Bay). As a result, the Colonial Office finally assented to Captain James Stirling's request (made several months prior) that a "free" (as opposed to convi…
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John Batman was an Australian farmer and businessman, and the founder of Melbourne, now the capital of Victoria, Australia. In 1835, Batman signed a treaty with Aborigines entitling him to 250,000 hectares of land in Port Phillip Bay (where Melbourne is now situated).In August that year, Governor Bo…
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Carolyn Chisholm There are very few pictures of Carolyn Chisholm. Mostly you can find only one, which you can see at the link below.
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One guy had 31 wives and 91 babies in Dominican republic One guy had 31 wives and 91 babies in Dominican republic In Egypt, in BC. a Pharaoh had 91 kids with different wives (I am not sure how many wives he had) Chinggis khan probably had the most kids , because half of Mongolia descended from hi…
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The Dieppe Maps of the 16th Century incorporate Portuguese charts of of the north and east coast of Australia - probably made during expeditions by Mendonca in 1523-24. The mapped coast stretches from Shark Bay in Western Australia to Warrnambool in Victoria. The first written account is from the l…
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Imperialism affected Australia in various ways. There were many English criminals who were brought to Australia and the British forced Aussies to fight in many wars.
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Most immigrants come to Australia in search of a better life, a fresh start, or for a better income. They may be attracted by the natural resources, or by better education, or may seek to escape war, violence, and crime. Because its the best country in the world!
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Arthur Phillip named Sydney Cove on Port Jackson after the British Home Secretary, Thomas Townshend, the First Viscount Sydney of England, in recognition of Sydney's role in issuing the charter authorising Phillip to establish a penal (prison) colony. The settlement of Sydney grew at Sydney Cove, b…
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Cultivator, Harrow, Hoe, Shovel, Plow, Spikey Roller, Barrel Seeder, Dung Fork, Process Cradle, Flail, Rake, Reap Hooks, Grain Shovel, Riddle. Information on each of these at: http://www.historyofredding.com/HRfarms.htm
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Peasants lived in a small hut that only had one room but slightly better of Peasants lived in huts with more than one room, they did not have glass windows, they only had holes in the walls. Smoke went out of a hole in the roof, not a chimney. Richer people in the 1300's lived in castles made out of…
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After the indigenous Aborigines, the first people to officially settle in Australia were convicts sent from Britain, and the officers sent to oversee the new colony. Governor Arthur Phillip was the first Governor of New South Wales (Australia). Having said that, however, there is some evidence that …
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Television camera was at first a spinning mechanical wheel with a spiral of holes in it. An image would illuminate a photocell or not and send that signal to another such wheel with a lamp behind it replicating the photocells input and shining on a screen. When it was discovered that electron bea…
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a group of bacteria that is joined together.
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The early settlers didn't have hobbies as we know them today. Their time was spent finding ways of survival. Women made quilts, preserved food, and tended gardens. Men did carpentry work, hunted and fished, and made tools. Children helped with chores, and often played games, such as hide and seek, a…
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In 1881 the Servia, a merchant steamer capable of crossing the Atlantic in 7 days, was the first vessel to be constructed of steel.In 1858 the "Ma Roberts" was built by John Laird for Dr David Livingstons Zambezi expedition
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If food is cooked on the stove, grill or oven, the outside is subject to the direct heat while the inside is insulated from the heat by the outer layer of food, so the outside cooks first. Picture a marshmellow roasting on the fire. The outside turns black first, while the inside remains white. Tha…
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New Netherland was located where New York is now. New Netherland became part of New York in colonial times.
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Australia's first European settlers arrived in Australia on 26 January 1788. These early seetlers were primarily convicts from England, together with the officers and marines sent with them to help keep order and establish the new colony.
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Three significant events in Australian history for February 5 include:1803: The early Australian sea-explorer, George Bass, disappeared. No trace of him was ever found.1869: The world's largest recorded gold nugget to that date was found in Victoria, Australia.1947: Australia's first cloud-seeding e…
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the southern colonies
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The people on the First Fleet were from England and Ireland.
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John MacArthur is the Senior Pastor of Grace Community Church, located in Sun Valley California. He is also the President of The Masters College, located in Newhall California. Alternatively, the name may refer to any of the men at the related link. Historically, John Macarthur was a significant …
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In the Southern Colonies they celebrate by having dances, barbecues, and maybe singing. But I know that you can sew while playing hide and seek . Bcause it was their popular game in the Southern Colonies. Also when in winter time they don't stay at home without going to school. Unless...... It's sno…
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To allow free trade between the 6 colonies of Australia and also for defence
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At the time immediately prior to Confederation, there were six (or perhaps seven) British colonies in what is now Canada.They were Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, the pre-Confederation Province of Canada (i.e., the former colonies of Upper Canada and Lower Canada), an…
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The convicts were the criminals sent to Australia from England in the 1700s and early 1800s. British prisons were overflowing, and so the decision was made to establish a convict settlement in Australia. The convicts of the First Fleet were from England, Scotland and Wales, while later convicts were…
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Roger Williams began the colony of Providence Plantation in 1636, which later became Rhode Island. Williams was an English Protestant theologian who was an early proponent of religious freedom and the separation of church and state.
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There is debate over John Caesar's birthplace. Some claim that he was born in Madagascar, while others think he was born in the Caribbean Islands.
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Delaware was founded by William Penn. Pennsylvania was also founded by William Penn. New Jersey was founded by Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkley of Stratton. Georgia was founded by the Trustees of the Province of Georgia. Connecticut was founded by John Winthrop. Massachusetts was founded by …
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The country of Australia was originally settled as a prison colony of Britain. One of the largest prisons was in New South Wales. Male convicts there would be put to work during their time in prison.
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The English John Stephenson (41 years old) Liz Stephenson (37) Carina Stephenson (16) Tyler Stephenson (12) The Irish Maurice Hurley (48) Patricia Hurley (45) Susan Hurley (18) Declan Hurley (18) Deirdre Hurley (14) Kate Hurley (10) The Australians Kerry Hohnke (42) Tracy Hohnke (37) Kashi…
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Australia's early settlers brought various grains from England to grow in New South Wales, but many of these did not succeed because they were unsuitable for Australia's conditions. Some grains and almost all the livestock had been purchased in South Africa and South America on the way over, so ther…
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Black Caesar was the nickname of John Caesar. On May 13, 1789, he escaped imprisonment for theft and became the first Australian bush ranger.
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In Spring Lake Park with a pond and white, green, and brown ducks running around it.
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The First Fleet, carrying convicts, officers, marines, and their families, landed in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788, but did not disembark.The Fleet then landed in Port Jackson, where Sydney is now located, on 26 January 1788, to establish a convict colony.
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Yes, it was a Spanish Colony until the end of the Spanish American War....Cuba was no longer a colony of Spain when Spain lost the Island to the United States of America in the war of 1898. Cuba had been granted a charter of autonomy by the Kingdom of Spain in 1897, which gave Cuba a status similar …
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The First Fleet made three stops. Tenerife in the Canary Islands Rio de Janeiro Cape Town
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John Caesar also known as â??Black Caesarâ?? was an ex-slave from the West Indies. He ended up in London and unable to find work, resorted to criminality. He was convicted and sent to Botany Bay as a convict. There was a food shortage there and seeking food, he escaped into the Bush to forage on h…
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The first person to circumnavigate Australia completely was Matthew Flinders, doing so between December 1801 and June 1803.
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It was named because it was literally the first fleet of ships to arrive in Australia with settlers. Later fleets were similarly designated with their number such as Second Fleet and Third Fleet.
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The first fleet was never alive. It was a fleet of ships.The last known person who was aboard the First Fleet died during the 1860s.
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