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Australian Colonial Settlement

Parent Category: History of Australia
Arrival of the first fleet, establishment of the colonies, and the period up to Federation in 1901.
In 1635 the Boston Latin school open and was the first town supported school and it established a system of local control over schools. The passage of the Massachusetts Deluder Satan Act required every town of at least 50 households to open and operate schools. The intent of the new law was to make...
convict labor was used for everything that needed labor,from  laoding boat, clearing feilds.working on roads al the way up  servants in homes
The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England, in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. The journey took 8 months.
The First Fleet travelled from Portsmouth, England to Santa Cruz, Tenerife in the Canary islands. After that, it journeyed to Rio de Janeiro and on to Cape Town. It sailed along the southern part of the Australian continent, around Van Diemen's Land to Botany Bay. Botany bay proved unsuitable for...
Thanks to Captain Arthur Phillip, the convicts on the First Fleet  were subjected to better conditions than convicts of subsequent  fleets. Phillip was, in fact, harsher in his discipline with the  marines and sailors than he was with the convicts. He was concerned  at all times for the...
At first, there were no buildings, so the convicts ate and slept out in the open. Once tents were erected, they had some shelter, but huts were not built for many months. They lived at Port Jackson, the site where Sydney now stands.
They called it New France.
The flagship of the first fleet was HMS Sirius.
The First Fleet brought a variety of items needed to start a newsettlement, such as seed, farm implements, and farm animals.Unfortunately, a large portion of the seed brought from Englandwent mouldy or was eaten by rats on the long voyage, or simplycouldn't grow in the hot, humid Australian climate....
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A number of convicts on the First Fleet died from diseases such as dysentery and typhoid.
From the point of view of an imperialist, colonies are regions that the mother country can exploit for their natural resources, military significance or sources of cheap labor. It also allows for a place for citizens of the mother country to move into should the mother country become over-populated....
well actually, the first fleet has 11 ships so it dependst on how many sails on each ship
After Botany Bay was rejected as a suitable site for settlement, the First Fleet then header some eight kilometres north to Port Jackson , the site where Sydney now stands.
Early Australian governor Lachlan Macquarie was born on the Isle of Mull in the Hebrides islands of Scotland.
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There were 11 ships in the First Fleet which transported convicts to Australia. They were: . HMS Sirius - the flagship . HMS Supply - the supply ship . The Borrowdale - storeship . The Fishburn - storeship . Golden Grove - storeship . Lady Penrhyn - transport . Prince of Wales -...
Yes. After they sent prisinors into australia, they kept on sending almost everyone struck by the 'industrial revolution'.
Captain Arthur Phillip was an excellent choice of leader for the First Fleet. He had a strong background in the Royal Navy, and had served on ship at war with France in the West Indies and Mediterranean Sea. He had a reputation for strong discipline and effective leadership. His biggest problem was...
Australia was originally ignored by Britain, as William Dampier, the first Englishman to set foot on Australia's shores, declared it an absolutely miserable place. However, when James Cook travelled to the South Pacific in 1770, he saw the eastern coast, not the west coast as Dampier had seen. He...
Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788.
Governor Lachlan Macquarie founded the Bank of New South Wales as the first bank in Australia, establishing it in Sydney on 8 April 1817.
Lachlan Macquarie was Governor of the New South Wales colony from 1810 to 1821. With his military training and vision for organisation and discipline, Macquarie was an ideal candidate to restore order to the colony, following the Rum Rebellion against deposed Governor William Bligh. He was a strong...
The second landfall of the First Fleet was on 26 January 1788. Now,26 January is celebrated as Australia Day, to remember the day themen and women of the First Fleet came ashore. Thefirst landfall was when the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 18January 1788. At this time, Captain Arthur...
The town of Arltunga was named after a subgroup of the central Australian Arrente Aborigines.
Each time the First Fleet stopped, it was to purchase more provisions and stock animals to get the new colony started once they arrived in New South Wales.
Australia was very strange for the people of the First Fleet. When the first European settlers arrived in Australia, they found a hot, humid country. The bushland was thick and unlike anything they had at home - instead of green, grassy hills and green trees, they found rocky terrain and strange,...
The First Fleet was made up of eleven ships which arrived inAustralia in January 1788, carrying convicts, officers, marines andtheir families. They arrived at Port Jackson, now known as Sydney,New South Wales, to establish a convict colony. The ships of the First Fleet included: HMS Sirius - the...
Stops made by the First Fleet were not occasions to "visit" otherports, but rather, necessary to resupply. The First Fleet made three stops along its route to top upsupplies: Tenerife in the Canary Islands Rio de Janeiro Cape Town .
The First Fleet mostly transported convicts from England, along with the officers and marines who guarded them. Naturally, rations and stock animals were also transported.
Little is known about the dimensions of the Scarborough, but it was quite large, weighing 430 tons.
William Lawson - born 2 June 1774. He was the son of Scottishparents. There is little information recorded about his childhood,but he was trained as a surveyor. . William Charles Wentworth - believed to have been born around26 July 1790 on the 'Surprize', a ship transporting convicts toAustralia....
South Australia was the only state in Australia that did not use convict labour. Once convicts were given a free pardon, however, some of them chose to settle in South Australia to start their new life.
it was a tough jorney but it was seccessful
Answer . Depends on when you are talking about. I'm from England, where they can be notoriously cruel bastards, which is why I escaped, but up until as late as the 1960s men who were "hard" cases and done serious crimes (serious crimes usually involve poor people stealing from the wealthy, did you...
The voyage of the First Fleet ended when the ships arrived at Port Jackson (now Sydney) on 26 January 1788.
There were several reasons why the British Government decided toestablish a colony in Australia for several reasons, using theFirst Fleet of convicts and officers in order to do so. Conditions in England in the 18th century were tough: theindustrial revolution had removed many people's...
I think they are like monkeys. They probally do go in colonies.
The first Australian settlers were the indigenous people known as the Aborigines, who were believed to have arrived from the Asian continental land mass thousands of years ago.. The first white settlers were convicts and officers from England, who arrived on the First Fleet in 1788.
they were fighting the british!
In October 1786, Phillip was appointed Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. Captain Arthur Phillip was Governor of the colony of New South Wales, the first settlement of Europeans on Australian soil. He was a practical and forward-thinking man who suggested...
This was William Buckley. Buckley was a member of the first group of convicts to attempt the first settlement at Sorrento, on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria. Buckley escaped from custody on 27 December 1803. After unsuccessfully trying to live on his own, he sought the help of the Aborigines,...
The first ever recorded person to find Australia was Willem Jansz/Janszoon, a Dutchman who was seeking new trade routes and trade associates. He became the first recorded European to step foot on Australia's shores on the western shore of Cape York Peninsula, on 26 February 1606.
The convicts literally built the colony. They constructed the buildings, roads and bridges and quarried the stone for building as well as cutting down the trees. They established the first farms and crops, and tended the livestock. Some convicts were assigned as servants or tradesmen to free...
The first colony was established in Australia on 26 January 1788, at Port Jackson.
When the fleet was rounding Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), the fleet was hit by one of the most violent storms it had faced that far. Another was faced before reaching Table Bay (now Cape Town) in the Cape of Good Hope.
The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787. It arrived at their first stop, Tenerife in the Canary Islands, off the north west coast of Africa on 3 June 1797 , where it stopped for a week. The next port was Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, where the fleet arrived on 4 August 1797 and...
The answer is obviously supposed to be 1788 , but this would be incorrect. The First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 18 January 1788 (not 26 January) but did not stay there. Captain Arthur Phillip noted that Botany Bay was unsuitable for settlement, so he moved the First Fleet further north to ...
Most certainly. The convicts of the First Fleet were very quickly set to work clearing trees, tilling the soil and getting the first crops started. The convicts were very hard to motivate, being reluctant to work in the Australian heat and humidity, and with tools that constantly broke, but they...
The British decided to send the First Fleet to New South Wales for the following reasons: 1. To expand the British empire, and prevent the French from gaining a foothold in the Australian continent or in that part of the Pacific. 2. The continent had natural resources and raw materials which...
No, The people that arrived in Australia in the first fleet nearly starved to death. Australia was very strange for the people of the First Fleet. When the first European settlers arrived in Australia, they found a hot, humid country. The bushland was thick and unlike anything they had at home -...
Elizabeth MacArthur lived from August 14, 1766 to February 9, 1850.  She helped to create wool with her knowledge of selecting and  breeding of rams and wool washing.
William Wentworth did not discover the Blue Mountains. These mountains were known from the time of the first European settlement in Australia, and had prevented Sydney from expanding as a colony, because they could not be crossed. William Wentworth was one of the first men to successfully cross the...
They weren't sea explorers. Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth were explorers who crossed the Blue Mountains for the first time.
Problems of the First Fleet included: diseases such as dysentery and scurvylack of rations once the ships left the ports and fresh supplies ran lowseasickness among the convicts, most of whom had never been at sea
The convicts of the First Fleet were initially not housed anywhere,but slept out in the open, as Australia's climate was very warm.Tents were soon erected, and gradually, over time, these gave wayto makeshift lean-tos and basic slab huts.
The oldest person was Thomas Niggadress who as the ripe old age of  67
There were 180 female convicts on the First Fleet.
did Arthur phillip live in eglan
In 1829, Captain Charles Fremantle was sent to take formal possession of the remainder of New Holland which had not already been claimed for Britain under the territory of New South Wales. This was so that the French could not make a claim on the land. There had already been some French exploration...
The following landmarks and natural features are named after Captain Arthur Phillip: . Port Phillip Bay . Phillip Island in Victoria . Phillip Island near Norfolk Island
As near as can be determined from records, it is believed that a total of around 162,000 convicts came to Australia, from the time of the First Fleet in 1788 until the cessation of transportation with the final shipload of convicts to Western Australia in 1868.
Punishments of Australian convicts included: . flogging, often with the cat o' nine tails . loss and/or reduction of rations . solitary confinement . hard labour
Common illnesses included dysentery, typhoid and cholera.
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There was no Captain of the Second Fleet of convicts to Australia, just skippers for each of the individual ships. This was because the Second Fleet was not placed under government command, but was contracted out to private shipowners and businesses.
The First Fleet convicts were taken to New South Wales. Specifically, the First Fleet was headed for Botany Bay, although ultimately it ended up in Port Jackson.
Governor Lachlan Macquarie was in Australia from the end of December 1809 until 15 February 1822. This was just over twelve years.
It is a group of insects all together.
According to the website First Fleet Fellowship, there were 44  sheep on board the First Fleet.
The First Fleet ship, the Charlotte , reached Botany Bay on 18 January 1788 but, with the rest of the First Fleet was moced to Port Jackson, arriving on 26 January 1788.
John Macarthur is often regarded as the Father of Australia's sheep industry. He was a man with a great deal of influence in colonial Australia, and it was he who arranged for the first Merino sheep to be brought to Australia from Spain. The first Spanish Merino sheep were brought to Australia in...
Arthur Phillip lived in Sydney, in Port Jackson.
The morgue, the autoclaves, the showers, the hospital and the view.
yes , of the portuguese
They needed to go over the blue mountains
The smallest ship of the First Fleet was the H.M.S. Supply. It  weighed 170 tons and was 70 feet long.
The First Fleet was the first fleet of eleven ships which arrived in Australia in January 1788, carrying convicts, officers, marines and their families. They arrived at Port Jackson, now known as Sydney, New South Wales, to establish a convict colony. The First Fleet was the result of very...
Thailand is not a colony ><
It depended on which fleet the convicts travelled on. The convicts  on the First Fleet were given the following rations:   five pounds of bread a week  three pounds of salted beef  1.5 pounds of salted pork  1.5 pints of peas  one pint of oatmeal  4.5 ounces of butter  half a pound of...
Tasmania or back then it was known as Van Diemens Land.
The First Fleet arrived in Australia in 1788. The ships landed at Botany Bay, but immediately moved north to Port Jackson, arriving there on 26 January 1788.
John Stuart Mill died on May 8, 1873 at the age of 66.
  Carelessly
The First Fleet had a widespread and lasting impact on the  Aborigines. The first of these was the misunderstandings that  resulted in hostilities between the whites and the Aborigines.    At first the Aborigines regarded the strange white men in large  ships as ghosts, possibly ghosts of...
The First Fleet landed in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788. However,  as Botany Bay was unsuitable for establlshing a new colony for a  variety of reasons, the fleet moved to Port Jackson, where they  settled, on 26 January 1788.    N.B. The First Fleet, which transported convicts to Australia,...
because australia is better then all of the other places.
Arthur Phillip did not have "friendship" with the indigenous people as, like so many others after him, there were times when cultural misunderstandings erupted into violence. To that end, Phillip sought to capture several Aborigines whom he hoped would be able to be mediators between the white and...
For a map showing the route of the Arthur Phillip's voyage on the First Fleet, see the related link.
John Batman died on the 6th of May 1839.
No. The following ships were those in the First Fleet: HMS Sirius - Gun Supply Ship HMS Supply - Gun Supply Ship The Borrowdale The Fishburn Golden Grove Lady Penrhyn Prince of Wales Scarborough Charlotte The Friendship The Alexander