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Australian Colonial Settlement

Parent Category: History of Australia
Arrival of the first fleet, establishment of the colonies, and the period up to Federation in 1901.
Of Magellan's fleet only Vittoria completed the voyage. Concepcion, Trinidad and Santiago were lost,and San Antonio deserted and turned back.
The First Fleet made three stops on the way from Portsmouth,England to New South Wales. From Portsmouth, Britain to Tenerife in the Canary Islands , offthe north western coast of Africa. From the Canary Islands, the Fleet passed the Cape Verde Islands,off the west coast of Africa, but strong winds...
The commander of the First Fleet was Captain Arthur Phillip .
convict labor was used for everything that needed labor,fromlaoding boat, clearing feilds.working on roads al the way upservants in homes
The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England, in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. The journey took 8 months.
Australia was colonised with the arrival of the First Fleet fromBritain, on 26 January 1788. The convicts and officers of the First Fleet arrived at thelocation they were meant to settle, Botany Bay, on 18 January 1788.However, due to the bay not being as promising as they had been ledto believe,...
The First Fleet travelled from Portsmouth, England to Santa Cruz, Tenerife in the Canary islands. After that, it journeyed to Rio de Janeiro and on to Cape Town. It sailed along the southern part of the Australian continent, around Van Diemen's Land to Botany Bay. Botany bay proved unsuitable for...
Thanks to Captain Arthur Phillip, the convicts on the First Fleetwere subjected to better conditions than convicts of subsequentfleets. Phillip was, in fact, harsher in his discipline with themarines and sailors than he was with the convicts. He was concernedat all times for the convicts' health,...
At first, there were no buildings, so the convicts ate and slept out in the open. Once tents were erected, they had some shelter, but huts were not built for many months. They lived at Port Jackson, the site where Sydney now stands.
Tasmania began as a penal colony at Risdon Cove on the Derwent River in 1803 to offset British concerns over the presence of French explorers. A year later it was moved to its current location at Sullivan's Cove. The name Hobart Town was adopted by the colony in June 1804, after Lord Hobart the...
The convicts did not have fun. They were only permitted short stints of exercise by walking around on the upper deck occasionally. The officers had fun, sad to say, by choosing convict women to be their prostitutes for the night.
The flagship of the first fleet was HMS Sirius.
Captain Arthur Philip was the first governor of the colony of New South Wales, the site of the first European settlement in Australia.
The First Fleet brought a variety of items needed to start a newsettlement, such as seed, farm implements, and farm animals.Unfortunately, a large portion of the seed brought from Englandwent mouldy or was eaten by rats on the long voyage, or simplycouldn't grow in the hot, humid Australian climate....
Tasmania was initially a colony of Britain, established in 1856. In1901, it was incorporated into the Commonwealth of Australia, alongwith five other colonies.
The Rt Hon Earl Beauchamp KG KCMG PC
A number of convicts on the First Fleet died from diseases such as dysentery and typhoid.
From the point of view of an imperialist, colonies are regions that the mother country can exploit for their natural resources, military significance or sources of cheap labor. It also allows for a place for citizens of the mother country to move into should the mother country become over-populated....
well actually, the first fleet has 11 ships so it dependst on how many sails on each ship
After Botany Bay was rejected as a suitable site for settlement, the First Fleet then header some eight kilometres north to Port Jackson , the site where Sydney now stands.
Early Australian governor Lachlan Macquarie was born on the Isle of Mull in the Hebrides islands of Scotland.
There were 11 ships in the First Fleet which transported convicts to Australia. They were: . HMS Sirius - the flagship . HMS Supply - the supply ship . The Borrowdale - storeship . The Fishburn - storeship . Golden Grove - storeship . Lady Penrhyn - transport . Prince of Wales -...
Convicts were convicted criminals. They had to serve a period of seven, fourteen or twenty-one years, or "the term of their natural life". They had few rights; few possessions of their own; had to abide by the rules of the people guarding them; had to do the work they were told to do and work for...
No, it was used by explorer Captain James Cook two decades earlier.
Conditions in England in the 18th century were tough: the Industrial Revolution had made it harder for people to earn an honest wage as simpler tasks were replaced by machine labour. A single machine, whether it be a sewing machine or a plough used in farming, could replace numerous people. As a...
The only known inhabitants of the Australian continent prior to theFirst Fleet were the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people,and there is no way to determine the population of these indigenouspeople at that time. Estimates suggest the population was anywherebetween 300,000 and one million. ...
Yes. After they sent prisinors into australia, they kept on sending almost everyone struck by the 'industrial revolution'.
Captain Arthur Phillip was an excellent choice of leader for the First Fleet. He had a strong background in the Royal Navy, and had served on ship at war with France in the West Indies and Mediterranean Sea. He had a reputation for strong discipline and effective leadership. His biggest problem was...
Australia was originally ignored by Britain, as William Dampier, the first Englishman to set foot on Australia's shores, declared it an absolutely miserable place. However, when James Cook travelled to the South Pacific in 1770, he saw the eastern coast, not the west coast as Dampier had seen. He...
Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet landed in Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788.
Lachlan Macquarie was appointed Governor of the New South Wales colony in 1808, but he only arrived to take up his position in 1810. He remained Governor until 1821.
The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787 . From there, they travelled to Tenerife in the Canary Islands, off the north west coast of Africa, arriving there on 3 June and leaving on 10 June 1787 . Their next port was Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, arriving there on 5 August...
Yes Arthur Phillip did have a wife and 1 son William Phillip
Governor Lachlan Macquarie founded the Bank of New South Wales as the first bank in Australia, establishing it in Sydney on 8 April 1817.
Lachlan Macquarie was Governor of the New South Wales colony from 1810 to 1821. With his military training and vision for organisation and discipline, Macquarie was an ideal candidate to restore order to the colony, following the Rum Rebellion against deposed Governor William Bligh. He was a strong...
The second landfall of the First Fleet was on 26 January 1788. Now,26 January is celebrated as Australia Day, to remember the day themen and women of the First Fleet came ashore. Thefirst landfall was when the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 18January 1788. At this time, Captain Arthur...
The town of Arltunga was named after a subgroup of the central Australian Arrente Aborigines.
Each time the First Fleet stopped, it was to purchase more provisions and stock animals to get the new colony started once they arrived in New South Wales.
Australia was very strange for the people of the First Fleet. When the first European settlers arrived in Australia, they found a hot, humid country. The bushland was thick and unlike anything they had at home - instead of green, grassy hills and green trees, they found rocky terrain and strange,...
The Supply was the smallest ship of the fleet. It was only 170 tons and 70 feet long, and carried just 50 people.
The First Fleet was made up of eleven ships which arrived inAustralia in January 1788, carrying convicts, officers, marines andtheir families. They arrived at Port Jackson, now known as Sydney,New South Wales, to establish a convict colony. The ships of the First Fleet included: HMS Sirius - the...
Stops made by the First Fleet were not occasions to "visit" otherports, but rather, necessary to resupply. The First Fleet made three stops along its route to top upsupplies: Tenerife in the Canary Islands Rio de Janeiro Cape Town .
Melbourne was settled by a native born Australian John Batman, who actually started a settlement "illegally". Batman wished to open up new pastureland and promote the growth of the colonies. He applied for land in the Westernport Bay area of southern Australia, now Victoria, but was refused his...
In 1803, the British Government instructed Lieutenant-Governor David Collins to establish a settlement on the southern coast of Australia. This was largely planned as a deterrent to French settlement. Although Britain had claimed the east coast of Australia under the name of New South Wales, the...
The First Fleet mostly transported convicts from England, along with the officers and marines who guarded them. Naturally, rations and stock animals were also transported.
Little is known about the dimensions of the Scarborough, but it was quite large, weighing 430 tons.
William Lawson - born 2 June 1774. He was the son of Scottishparents. There is little information recorded about his childhood,but he was trained as a surveyor. . William Charles Wentworth - believed to have been born around26 July 1790 on the 'Surprize', a ship transporting convicts toAustralia....
South Australia was the only state in Australia that did not use convict labour. Once convicts were given a free pardon, however, some of them chose to settle in South Australia to start their new life.
it was a tough jorney but it was seccessful
The journey of the First Fleet from England to New South Wales was about 8 months. The ships could not carry enough supplies for everyone for that amount of time, which is why the First Fleet made three stops between England and NSW. Rio de Janeiro was a thriving port, and well stocked with rations ...
Answer . Depends on when you are talking about. I'm from England, where they can be notoriously cruel bastards, which is why I escaped, but up until as late as the 1960s men who were "hard" cases and done serious crimes (serious crimes usually involve poor people stealing from the wealthy, did you...
William Lawson, together with William Wentworth and Gregory Blaxland, was the first explorer to successfully cross Australia's Blue Mountains, enabling expansion of the new colony to the west. Previous attempts by other explorers had been made, but they always ended with the exploration parties...
The First Fleet did not stay at Botany Bay due to four main reasons: . The soil was hard and difficult to dig. There were concerns it would not be adequate for growing crops. . There was no easily accessible fresh water supply. . The trees were smaller and spindly and not suitable for use in...
For a map of the route of the First Fleet, see the related link.
The voyage of the First Fleet ended when the ships arrived at Port Jackson (now Sydney) on 26 January 1788.
There were several reasons why the British Government decided toestablish a colony in Australia for several reasons, using theFirst Fleet of convicts and officers in order to do so. Conditions in England in the 18th century were tough: theindustrial revolution had removed many people's...
Timber frames, daub & wattle walls, with timber shingles for roofing.
I think they are like monkeys. They probally do go in colonies.
The first Australian settlers were the indigenous people known as the Aborigines, who were believed to have arrived from the Asian continental land mass thousands of years ago.. The first white settlers were convicts and officers from England, who arrived on the First Fleet in 1788.
they were fighting the british!
In October 1786, Phillip was appointed Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. Captain Arthur Phillip was Governor of the colony of New South Wales, the first settlement of Europeans on Australian soil. He was a practical and forward-thinking man who suggested...
This was William Buckley. Buckley was a member of the first group of convicts to attempt the first settlement at Sorrento, on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria. Buckley escaped from custody on 27 December 1803. After unsuccessfully trying to live on his own, he sought the help of the Aborigines,...
Convicts to Australia were transported for seven years, fourteen years, twenty-one years or the term of their natural life.
Captain John Hunter was second in command on the First Fleet, after Captain Arthur Phillip.
Captain Arthur Phillip achieved a great deal as first Governor of Australia. He would have achieved more, and sooner, had the British authorities listened to his voice of experience. Phillip was a practical man who suggested that convicts with experience in farming, building and crafts be included...
becausse captain cook had already ben there and poluted the water. The ground wasn't smooth at all and it was hard to sleep on.
No. The First Fleet consisted of convicts, officers, marines and, in some cases, their families, and some free settlers.
When the First Fleet arrived, the first dwellings they had were just tents. The first buildings to be constructed were single storey wooden barracks.
South Australia is the only Australian state or colony with no history of convict settlement.
The first ever recorded person to find Australia was Willem Jansz/Janszoon, a Dutchman who was seeking new trade routes and trade associates. He became the first recorded European to step foot on Australia's shores on the western shore of Cape York Peninsula, on 26 February 1606.
Captain Arthur Phillip travelled to Australia with the First Fleet to oversee the establishment of the convict colony in New South Wales. He had been appointed Governor of the colony.
Given that there was a total of around 160,000 convicts transported to Australia between 1788 and 1868, it is impossible to list all of their names. The related link below provides a list of searchable databases for convicts who were transported.
Victoria has always been part of Australia. However, it was originally part of New South Wales. The New South Wales Legislative Council passed legislation to formalise Victoria's separation on 1 July 1851.
The convicts literally built the colony. They constructed the buildings, roads and bridges and quarried the stone for building as well as cutting down the trees. They established the first farms and crops, and tended the livestock. Some convicts were assigned as servants or tradesmen to free...
Nothing went wrong on the First Fleet. . It successfully completed the eight month journey from England to Australia. . There were fewer deaths on this fleet than on either the second or third fleets. . Attempted escapes were thwarted. . Necessary supplies were secured at ports along the way.
The first colony was established in Australia on 26 January 1788, at Port Jackson.
Australia was never a colony, Australia is a federation of states (former colonies) that oficialy started in 1901.
he was in charge of 200 ships, one of them was the HMS sirius
There is not a lot of information available on all the ships of the First Fleet. The following list gives some of the known dimensions. . The Alexander - 452 tons, 114 ft long and 31 ft at the beam . The Borrowdale - 375 tons, 75 ft long and 22 ft at the beam . The Charlotte - 335 tons, 105 ft long...
When the fleet was rounding Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), the fleet was hit by one of the most violent storms it had faced that far. Another was faced before reaching Table Bay (now Cape Town) in the Cape of Good Hope.
Exploration of inland Australia began the year the First Fleetarrived, in 1788. The explorers gradually expanded theirexplorations west across the Great Dividing Range through theensuing decades, spreading out further and further. The last of themajor explorations occurred with the likes of Forrest...
The English authorities were the ones who made this decision.
To convince people that you are not totally ignorant about Australian history.
The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England, on 13 May 1787. It arrived at their first stop, Tenerife in the Canary Islands, off the north west coast of Africa on 3 June 1797 , where it stopped for a week. The next port was Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, where the fleet arrived on 4 August 1797 and...
The answer is obviously supposed to be 1788 , but this would be incorrect. The First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 18 January 1788 (not 26 January) but did not stay there. Captain Arthur Phillip noted that Botany Bay was unsuitable for settlement, so he moved the First Fleet further north to ...
Most certainly. The convicts of the First Fleet were very quickly set to work clearing trees, tilling the soil and getting the first crops started. The convicts were very hard to motivate, being reluctant to work in the Australian heat and humidity, and with tools that constantly broke, but they...
The British decided to send the First Fleet to New South Wales for the following reasons: 1. To expand the British empire, and prevent the French from gaining a foothold in the Australian continent or in that part of the Pacific. 2. The continent had natural resources and raw materials which...
The convicts who came to Australia in the First Fleet committed a variety of crimes, from simple pick-pocketing to petty theft and larger scale crimes. Those committed of fraud and assault were also sent on the First Fleet, and there were some political rebels, particularly in later fleets. There...
No, The people that arrived in Australia in the first fleet nearly starved to death. . Australia was very strange for the people of the First Fleet. When the first European settlers arrived in Australia, they found a hot, humid country. The bushland was thick and unlike anything they had at home -...