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Australian Colonial Settlement

Arrival of the first fleet, establishment of the colonies, and the period up to Federation in 1901.

Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

When was Arthur Phillip born?

Arthur Phillip, the British Naval Captain who brought the First Fleet of convicts to Australia, was born on 11 October 1738. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

Did Captain Arthur Phillip have a brother?

Possibly. Captain Arthur Phillip had a sister, Rebecca, born in 1737, and it is said that he was the "second son", though no information appears to be available on the first son. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

Why was the First Fleet so important?

The First Fleet was important, or rather significant, because it brought the first permanent European settlers to Australia. The ships of the First Fleet brought the original convict settlers, together with the officers, marines and their families. These people established the first colony in Australia. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What is the size of Sirius the ship in the first fleet?

The H.M.S. Sirius, flagship of the First Fleet, weighed 540 tons. The Sirius had a length of 30 metres, a breadth of 10 metres, depth was 4 metres and the height of her mainmast above the deck was 32 metres. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What did the first fleet do after they landed?

The convicts of the First Fleet were very quickly set to work clearing trees, tilling the soil and getting the first crops started. The convicts were very hard to motivate, being reluctant to work in the Australian heat and humidity, and with tools that constantly broke, but they were expected to work hard. They were also set construction projects, as there were no roads, bridges or buildings. Some convicts were assigned as servants or tradespeople to the free settlers who also came. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

When did the first fleet leave Rio de Janeiro?

The First Fleet left Rio De Janeiro on 3 September 1787.
Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

When was Captain Arthur Phillip born?

Captain Arthur Phillip (also known variously as Admiral and/or Governor) was born in London, England on 11 October 1738. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

How was Australia governed after the first fleet arrived?

Different areas of Australia were settled at different times, and each of these was called a colony. Each colony was governed by a Governor, who acted under orders from England, although a certain amount of discretionary freedom was permitted in law-making. Colonies developed first at Sydney, followed by Newcastle (still part of New South Wales), then further in the south at Van Diemen's Land (Hobart, in Tasmania), north in Brisbane (Moreton Bay), in the west at Perth, and finally south at Melbourne...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What did the convicts on the First Fleet eat?

The food eaten by convicts was a portion of that allotted to the marines and seamen, who were to be given the following rations: seven pounds of bread a week four pounds of salted beef two pounds of salted pork two pints of peas three pints of oatmeal six ounces of butter three-quarters of a pound of cheese half a pint of vinegar three and a half pints of rum a pound of fresh bread or, when that ran out, a long-lasting "hardtack" bread made from barley An...
Asked in Goats and Sheep, Australian Colonial Settlement

Why was John MacArthur so famous?

He first introduced Merino sheep to Australia Additional information: John Macarthur is famous as he is often considered the Father of Australia's sheep industry. He was a man with a great deal of influence in colonial Australia, and it was he who arranged for the first Merino sheep to be brought to Australia from Spain. The first Spanish Merino sheep were brought to Australia in 1796. This type of Merino was a tough sheep which could handle Australia's extreme conditions. There had been...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What did the ships carry on the First Fleet?

The ships of the First Fleet carried convicts, officers and marines, and some of the marines'/officers' families, as well as necessary supplies for starting a new colony. Each of the ships had a specific role: HMS Sirius - the flagship HMS Supply - the supply ship The Alexander - transport and the biggest ship The Borrowdale - storeship The Charlotte - transport The Fishburn - storeship The Friendship - transport Golden Grove - storeship Lady Penrhyn - transport Prince of Wales - transport Scarborough - transport Some ships carried supplies while...
Asked in Law & Legal Issues, Australian Colonial Settlement

What ship did Captain Arthur Phillip sail on in the First Fleet?

Captain Arthur Phillip was initially on the HMS Sirius, which was the leading ship of the First Fleet. In November 1787, a month after leaving the Cape of Good Hope, he transferred to the HMS Supply, leaving the Sirius under his second-in-command, Captain John Hunter. The Supply was a smaller and faster ship, so as the Fleet rounded Van Diemen's Land, Phillip forged ahead to form an advance party with the Alexander, Scarborough and Friendship. ...
Asked in Australian Colonial Settlement

Did Greenway get to Australia by the Lady Penryn?

No. The Lady Penrhyn was one of the ships of the First Fleet. Famous convict architect Francis Greenway was not on any of the ships of the First Fleet. He arrived in Sydney on the transport General Hewitt in February 1814, 26 years after the First Fleet. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

How many ships were there in the First Fleet?

There were 11 ships in the First Fleet which transported convicts to Australia. They were: HMS Sirius - the flagship HMS Supply - the supply ship The Borrowdale - storeship The Fishburn - storeship Golden Grove - storeship Lady Penrhyn - transport Prince of Wales - transport Scarborough - transport The Charlotte - transport The Friendship - transport The Alexander - transport and the biggest ship ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

How did the First Fleet change things?

It began the British colonisation of the Australian continent and the dispossession of the Aboriginal people ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

Who was the famous botanist who accompanied the First Fleet?

No "famous" botanist accompanied the First Fleet. Famous botanist Sir Joseph Banks accompanied James Cook on the Endeavour when Cook became the first European to chart the eastern coast of Australia. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What were the names of the First Fleet's ships?

The ships of the First Fleet included: HMS Sirius - the flagship HMS Supply - armed storeship The Alexander - transport and the biggest ship The Borrowdale - storeship The Charlotte - transport The Fishburn - storeship The Friendship - transport Golden Grove - storeship Lady Penrhyn - transport Prince of Wales - transport Scarborough - transport ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

Where did John Caesar operate?

Australa's first bushranger, John 'Black' Caesar, operated solely around Sydney Cove, stealing from outlying cottages. At that stage, no other area of Australia had yet been colonised. ...
Asked in Books and Literature, New York City, Australian Colonial Settlement, Rosa Parks

What Henry James novel shares its name with a Manhattan park?

"Washington Square" (without the "the" in the original answer) The Washington Square, published in 1880. ...
Asked in Australian Colonial Settlement

Why did Britain first use Australia for convicts?

Conditions in England in the 18th century were tough: the industrial revolution had made it harder for people to earn an honest wage as simpler tasks were replaced by machine labour. Unemployment rose, and consequently, so did crime, especially the theft of basic necessities such as food and clothing. The authorities elected to clamp down heavily on people for minor penalties, hoping to stem the tide of rising crime. The British prison system was soon full to overflowing, and a new place had...
Asked in History of Maritime, Australian Colonial Settlement, James Cook, Walt Whitman

Who was captain of HMS captain in 1760?

Answer It depends on the date.John Amherst was captain during the campaign in Newfoudland,but switched in March 1760 to 'The Arrogant' Horatio Nelson was also the captain of HMS Captain but I'm not sure of when. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What were the ships of the first fleet called?

There were 11 ships in the First Fleet which transported convicts to Australia. They were: HMS Sirius - the flagship HMS Supply - the supply ship The Borrowdale - storeship The Fishburn - storeship Golden Grove - storeship Lady Penrhyn - transport Prince of Wales - transport Scarborough - transport The Charlotte - transport The Friendship - transport The Alexander - transport and the biggest ship ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

How many animals came to Australia on the First Fleet?

The First Fleet contained the following animals: 18 Turkeys 29 Geese 35 Ducks 122 Fowls 87 Chickens Kittens Puppies 4 Mares 2 Stallions 4 Cows 1 Bull 1 Bull Calf 44 Sheep 19 Goats 32 Hogs 5 Rabbits Gov. Phillip's Greyhounds Rev. Johnson's Cats Some of these came from England; others, such as most of the stock animals, were purchased from ports along the way. See the related link below for the source. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

Why did the British establish a colony in Australia?

The British decided to establish a colony in Australia for several reasons. The main reason was to solve the problem of Britain's overcrowded prisons (a consequence of the Industrial Revolution) by establishing a new penal colony in a land which showed promise for eventually becoming self-supporting. Britain had been sending their excess prisoners to North America, but the American War of Independence put a stop to the practice. Following this, the English were no longer able to transport surplus prisoners who couldn't legally...