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Has any US Supreme Court Justice ever been elected President of the US?
William Howard Taft was elected President in 1908, and served a single term in the White House, from 1909-1913. He was later appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, which he presided over from 1921 until 1930.
Taft is the only person who was both President and Chief Justice of the United States.
Taft is the only person who was both President and Chief Justice of the United States.
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No one. US Supreme Court justices are not elected by popular vote; they are nominated by the President, then must be confirmed by a simple majority of the Senate. For more i…nformation, see Related Questions, below.
US Supreme Court justices are not elected, they are appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate.
No. President Andrew Johnson nominated Henry Stanbery to the seat vacated by John Catron, after Catron's death in 1865. The Senate tabled the nomination, then eliminated C…atron's former position on the bench, leaving the Supreme Court with eight justices, in order to prevent Johnson from appointing a someone to the Court. Johnson was a Democrat from the Confederate state of Tennessee. He himself opposed secession, thus Lincoln placed him on the Presidential ticket in 1864.
No, the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court is appointed by the President and confirmed (or rejected) by the Senate, just like the Associate Justices.
US Supreme Court justices are not elected. They are appointed by the President and approved (or rejected) by a simple majority vote of the Senate.
Because elected court justices are far more likely to fall under the influence of popular opinion; rule of law is what they are supposed to be ruling on. Beyond that, we want …the decisions of that court to be grounded in the Constitution, not in popular opinion. If Supreme Court justices were subject to election, then those who made unpopular but correct rulings would be subject to replacement. These are undoubtedly some of the problems the Framers anticipated when they wrote the Constitution. They were also careful to make sure neither the President nor Senate had complete control over the appointment process to discourage abuse of power and help maintain the independence of the Judicial Branch. Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 "[The President] shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law: but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments." For more detail on this subject, see Related Questions, below.
Yes and no. The only justice ever removed involuntarily from the Supreme Court was John Rutledge, whose recess appointment (an appointment where the "advice and consent" of th…e Senate is deferred until the next session) as Chief Justice was rejected because the Senate was concerned about his mental status. He officially served only from July 1, 1795 - December 28, 1795. Supreme Court justices can also be impeached, if they commit "high crimes and misdemeanors," which would include any serious legal infraction (not traffic tickets) or ethics violation. Impeachment is a two-step process; the impeachment phase is similar to a Grand Jury hearing, where charges (called "articles of impeachment") are presented and the House of Representatives determines whether the evidence is sufficient to warrant a trial. If the House vote passes by a simple majority, the defendant is "impeached," and proceeds to trial in the Senate. The Senate trial, while analogous to a criminal trial, only convenes for the purpose of determining whether a Justice (or other officeholder) should be removed from office on the basis of the evidence presented at impeachment. The Senate must return a 2/3 Super Majority for conviction. Only one Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase (one of the signatories to the Declaration of Independence), has ever been impeached. The House of Representatives accused Chase of letting his Federalist political leanings affect his rulings, and served him with eight articles of impeachment in late 1804. The Senate acquitted him of all charges in 1805, establishing the right of the judiciary to independent opinion. Chase continued on the Court until his death in June 1811. Abe Fortas, who served on the Supreme Court from 1965-1969, was almost impeached due to a tax and financial scandal involving Wall Street financier, Louis Wolfson. Fortas was a Lyndon Johnson appointment. When the new President, Richard Nixon, learned of the scandal, he reportedly said Fortas should be "off of there," referring to the Supreme Court. The House of Representatives had already taken preliminary steps toward impeachment. Chief Justice Earl Warren urged Justice Fortas to resign, to save the reputation of the Court. Fortas resisted at first, but eventually told other members of the Court he was stepping down to avoid damaging his wife's legal career. Later, he admitted another reason for leaving the Court was to save his friend, William O. Douglas, who was also under investigation for judicial impropriety. The House of Representatives finally concluded Douglas had committed no impeachable offenses and dropped the investigation.
Yes. Justice Samuel Chase was impeached by the House of Representatives in 1804, but was acquitted at his Senate trial in early 1805. Chase is the only US Supreme Court justic…e to have been impeached, but a few have had close calls. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
None. William Howard Taft served both as President and Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, but he was President first, from 1909-1913. President Warren G. Harding later nom…inated Taft as Chief Justice of the United States (Supreme Court), where he served from 1921-1930. Charles Evans Hughes resigned from the Supreme Court to run for President in 1916, but he was not Chief Justice and he was not elected President. He later returned to the supreme court as the Chief Justice. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
Not while he (or she) is in office, but after his term of office expires, yes. Only one former US President has gone on to serve on the Supreme Court: William Howard Taft was …Chief Justice from 1921-1930. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
President George Washington appointed the 10th US Supreme Court justice, Oliver Ellsworth, to succeed John Rutledge as Chief Justice in 1796. Rutledge had been made Chief Just…ice as a "recess appointment" in July 1795, while Congress was on break, and his confirmation was not considered until fall. On December 15, 1795, the Senate rejected John Rutledge's appointment by a vote of 14-10. President Washington then nominated a highly respected Federalist, Oliver Ellsworth, who received unanimous approval from the Senate. Chief Justice Ellsworth presided over the Court until 1800, when President John Adams, concerned the aging Chief Justice would be replaced by a member of incoming President Thomas Jefferson's political party, asked him to resign. Ellsworth was succeeded by Chief Justice John Marshall in February 1801.
The first US President who didn't nominate a US Supreme Court justice was William Henry Harrison, who only lived one month beyond his inauguration (March 4, 1841 - April 4, 18…41).
Sonia Sotomayor Yes. On May 26, 2009, President Obama nominated Justice Sonia Sotomayor to replace Justice David H. Souter, who retired at the end of June 2009. On August 6…, 2009, the US Senate confirmed Sotomayor's nomination by a vote of 68-31, making her the 111th US Supreme Court Justice. Although the vote was split along party lines, the unanimous Democratic endorsement was joined by nine Republicans and both Senate Independents. Associate Justice Sotomayor took the Constitutional and Judicial Oaths of Office on August 8, 2009. Elena Kagan President Obama nominated US Solicitor General Elena Kagan on May 9, 2010, to succeed Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens, who retired from the Court on June 29. The Senate Judiciary Committee recommended Kagan's by a vote of 13-6; she was confirmed by a full Senate vote of 63-37 on Thursday, August 5, 2010. Kagan, who is the fourth woman to join the US Supreme Court, will also increase the female census on the bench to three for the first time in history. She is expected to take the Oaths of Office on August 7, 2010.
What Supreme Court justice was appointed by the US President who has been out of office the longest?
President Gerald Ford appointed Justice John Paul Stevens in 1975. For more information, see Related Questions, below.
The Supreme Court can not elect a president. In 2000. the Supreme did rule against a Florida court case that demanded another recount of the presidential ballots and let stand…. the results certified by the Florida Secretary of State These electoral votes from Florida did tip the election to Bush. If the court had ruled in favor of another recount. nobody knows what the recount might have shown.
US Supreme Court justices are appointed. Article 2 Section 2 of the US Constitution provides that Supreme Court Justices are appointed by the President with the Advice and C…onsent of the Senate. US Supreme Court Justices are nominated by the current President, presented to the Senate Judiciary Committee for investigation, then accepted or rejected by the US Senate. If a nominee receives a simple majority (51) of the votes, then he or she is commissioned as a Supreme Court Justice. This is a lifetime appointment, and is served until such time as the Justice retires, resigns, dies or is impeached by the House of Representative and tried by the Senate.
Not exactly. "Preside" means "to be in charge of," and that responsibility falls to the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court or, in his (or her) absence, the Senior Associate Ju…stice (justice who has served on the court longest). All Supreme Court justices are assigned one or more Circuits over which they have responsibility for emergency orders, per federal law (18 USC § 42): "The Chief Justice of the United States and the associate justices of the Supreme Court shall from time to time be allotted as circuit justices among the circuits by order of the Supreme Court. "The Chief Justice may make such allotments in vacation. A justice may be assigned to more than one circuit, and two or more justices may be assigned to the same circuit." The justices do not preside over the Circuits, however. US District Courts typically seat only one judge per case to preside over the Court; the US Court of Appeals Circuit Courts typically provide for appellate review by a three-judge panel, with one of the three presiding over the panel.