How was the harsh condition reaching the Oregon Trail?
Very harsh. Pioneer journals describe crossing flooded rivers and having whole wagons getting washed down river and how they lost everything. They write about the sickness, death, and heat. How, when going over the mountain passes, the wagons would go over a cliff and they would loose family members and all of their stuff. That they would bury their dead along the trail and hope it was deep enough so animals wouldn't dig up the bodies. Of the fear of Indian attacks, of getting lost, of death of a child, of having enough food, weather conditions, and anything else. One woman writes about her husband dying on the trail leaving her with 6 children and a newborn baby. She keeps going, looses her wagon in the mountains pass, and when she and her children finally arrive in Oregon they are in rags, hungry, and on foot. We can't even imagine what these people when through.
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Many Settlers moving to Oregon country and other western areas followed the 2,000 mile long Oregon Trail, which stretched from places such as Independence, Missouri, or Council Bluffs, Iowa, west into Oregon Country
The Oregon Trail was the trail leading out of Independence Missourito the Oregon Territory ending mainly in the Willamette Valley, thetrail was started shortly after the Civil War in the 1860s. = actually, the first wagon came in 1843
Dangers faced While Traveling The Oregon Trail- The Weather was one of these dangers... -Thunderstorms -Hailstones -High winds -Tornadoes -Lightning and other trouble was the diseases- -Scurvy -Famine -Cholera -Head lice. there were also diseases -Wild animals Had t…o watch out for Native Americans also thirst and starvation was a problem in the old tiring times (MORE)
Dangers on the Oregon trail consist of A: Native Americans attacking for revenge on the pioneers B: Any wild animals such as bison herds C: And thieves will attack for food and supplies D: drowning from river crossings E: illness such as cholera F. freezing from snowstorms H: starvation
Many people on the oregon trail either died of starvation and/or dehydration or became very ill. Even still, there were many people who made it safely
not enough supplys, wagons broke, indians, animals runnin away, had to walk oh a 2,000 mile journey to there destination.
Towns such as Boise ID, Portland OR, Salt Lake City UT and LincolnNE were on the Oregon Trail.
Harsh conditions are conditions that humans would have a hard time living in or not be able to live in.
Food: 200 pounds of bread (including flour and crackers) 100 pounds of bacon 12 pounds of coffee 12 pounds of sugar From 1 to 5 pounds tea From 10 to 50 pounds rice From 1/2 to 2 bushels beans From 1/2 to 2 bushels dried fruit From 1/2 to 5 pounds saleratus Cloth…es: 2 front button flannel overshirts 2 wool undershirts 2 pairs of thick cotton drawers 4 pairs of wool socks 2 pairs of cotton socks 4 colored handkerchiefs 2 pairs of sturdy shoes for walking 1 coat and overcoat 1 pair of boots and shoes for hosemen Other: 3 towels 1 poncho 1 broad brimmed hat of soft felt 1 comb & brush 2 toothbrushes 1 pound of castile soap 3 pounds of bar soap for laundry 1 belt knife and small whetstone From 5 to 50 pounds soap (MORE)
They had snake bites,Cholera ( a disease),small pox, measles,mumps.Cholera is the most dangerous one of all it could attack you at breakfast and you'll be in the grave yard by noon.
They form an endospore. An endospore is a thick cell wall that helps protect them. Endospores enable bacteria to lie dormant for extended periods of time when the environment is unfavorable (such as extreme temperatures, radiation, extreme pH levels, extreme pressures and harmful chemical agents)…. Then, when the environment becomes more favorable, the endospore can reactivate itself to the vegetative state. (MORE)
With the help of endospores, or thick-walled structures that help the bacteria survive harsh conditions..
People wanted to go west and settle there. Some went west to get rich, by usually finding gold.
Like the Oregon trail the California trail was a long overland route for those who wished to move west. They both followed the same river valley's and trails for most of the trip until they arrived in Idaho, Wyoming or Utah, where they would turn off and go to their respective destinations. Both wer…e popular from the early 1840's until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. As you probably guessed, they were both similar in length, both being roughly 2,000 miles long. (MORE)
The Oregon Trail is a 2,170-mile (3,490km)historic east-west, large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trailthat connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon.
The Oregon Trail did not start at Indianapolis. It started at any of several "jumping off" points on the shores of the Mississippi River. Common starting places included St. Joseph, which had the furthest west train service of any trains in the 1840s. From that point travelers would start riding hor…ses, mules, oxen and/or wagons to get to Independence and Kansas City, Missouri, on the western side of Missouri state. (MORE)
The Oregon Trail led to the Willamette Valley of Oregon . The Oregon Trail was a dirt wagon road that went from St. Louis, Missouri, up the Mississippi along the banks of the the Mississippi River to the Missouri. It went to the North Platt. From there it went through South Pass on through Idaho t…o the Columbia River and from there, along the banks of the Columbia to the Willamette Valley of Oregon. (MORE)
Some came in order to trap otter due to their valuable pelts. Most were farmers but men of many trades (i.e. blacksmithing, carpentry etc.) also settled in Oregon country. .
Girls wore dresses and had their hair in braids. The moms had theirhair in buns. Young boys wore pants and shirts.
Most people brought their own food like beans, rice, wheat and corn( mostly non-perishable foods or dried foods). Sometimes theyfished or had to slaughter their own cattle.
No, the Oregon Trail began in the 1830s and 1840s. By the 1880s, the Oregon Trail had long since ended.
The trip took from 4 to 6 months. Travelers had to wait long enoughthat they avoided the spring rains and floods, but soon enough thatthey did not get snowstorms in late summer or early fall. Yes themountains could get very cold.
The Oregon Trail was very hard; people would walk for most of the day, and there weren't very many opportunities for fun. To entertain themselves, people would talk, sing, or do other things they could do while walking. At night, they would sometimes sit down to write letters, chit-chat, play cards,… play music, eat, or play other games. Children would usually ride in the wagons, though sometimes they came out and played games like tag or jump-rope. They would have to keep up with the adults, though, so they could not just run whereever they wanted. Families would sometimes travel with their pets, usually dogs, so they would sometimes play with them. There was really very little time to rest, though. Even at the end of the day, there were lots of chores to do----washing or mending the clothing, cooking, getting water or food, performing maintenence on the wagons, and caring for livestock. It was very tedious and exhausting, not much fun at all. About 1 in 10 people did not even survive the trip----it was that dangerous to follow the trail across the continent. (MORE)
The Oregon Trail was slowly established starting around 1811 until 1840 or so. It was established by traders and fur trappers, and when it began, it could only be traveled by horseback or on foot. By the year 1836, part of the trail had been cleared and widened, and the first wagon trains were us…ing it. Work was done to clear more of the trail and it eventually reached Willamette Valley, Oregon. Improvements made the trail both safer and faster each year. The trail was used by an estimated 350,000 settlers from the 1830s through 1869. Then the railroad came, allowing faster travel, and the trail quickly declined. (MORE)
The Oregon Trail was the main overland route from the Midwest tothe West Coast, used most heavily between the 1840's and 1869 whenthe transcontinental railway was completed. This was a difficult,2,000 mile trek that took 4 - 6 months to complete.
The 2000 mile route took anywhere from 4 to 6 months to travel depending upon how the person was traveling.
Some slept in the wagons. Others slept on the ground in between thewagons and the fire pits.
Great Migration of 1843 In what was dubbed "The Great Migration of 1843" or the "Wagon Train of 1843",   an estimated 700 to 1000 emigrants left for Oregon. They were led initially by John Gantt, a former U.S. Army Captain and fur trader who was contracted to guide the train to Fort Hal…l for $1 per person. The winter before, Marcus Whitman had made a brutal mid-winter trip from Oregon to St. Louis to appeal a decision by his Mission backers to abandon several of the Oregon missions. He joined the wagon train at the Platte River for the return trip. When the pioneers were told at Fort Hall by agents from the Hudson's Bay Company that they should abandon their wagons there and use pack animals the rest of the way, Whitman disagreed and volunteered to lead the wagons to Oregon. He believed the wagon trains were large enough that they could build whatever road improvements they needed to make the trip with their wagons. The biggest obstacle they faced was in the Blue Mountains of Oregon where they had to cut and clear a trail through heavy timber. The wagons were stopped at The Dalles , Oregon by the lack of a road around Mount Hood . The wagons had to be disassembled and floated down the treacherous Columbia River and the animals herded over the rough Lolo trail to get by Mt. Hood. Nearly all of the settlers in the 1843 wagon trains arrived in the Willamette Valley by early October. A passable wagon trail now existed from the Missouri River to The Dalles. In 1846, the Barlow Road was completed around Mount Hood, providing a rough but completely passable wagon trail from the Missouri river to the Willamette Valley: about 2,000 miles. Oregon Country In 1843, settlers of the Willamette Valley drafted the Organic Laws of Oregon organizing land claims within the Oregon Country. Married couples were granted at no cost (except for the requirement to work and improve the land) up to 640 acres (2.6 km 2 ), and unmarried settlers could claim 320 acres (1.3 km 2 ). As the group was a provisional government with no authority, these claims were not valid under United States or British law, but they were eventually honored by the United States in the Donation Land Act of 1850. The Donation Land Act provided for married settlers to be granted 320 acres (1.3 km 2 ) and unmarried settlers 160 acres (0.65 km 2 ). Following the expiration of the act in 1854 the land was no longer free but cost $1.25 per acre ($3.09/hectare) with a limit of 320 acres (1.3 km 2 )-the same as most other unimproved government land. Later emigration and uses of the trail Overall it is estimated that over 400,000 pioneers used the Oregon Trail and its three primary off-shoots, the California , Bozeman , and Mormon Trails . The trail was still in use during the Civil War , but traffic declined after 1855 when the Panama Railroad across the Isthmus of Panama was completed. Paddle wheel steamships and sailing ships, often heavily subsidized to carry the mail, provided rapid transport to and from the east coast and New Orleans , Louisiana, to and from Panama to ports in California and Oregon. Over the years many ferries were established to help get across the many rivers on the path of the Oregon Trail. Multiple ferries were established on the Missouri River, Kansas River , Little Blue River , Elkhorn River , Loup River , Platte River , South Platte River , North Platte River , Laramie River , Green River , Bear River , two crossings of the Snake River , John Day River , Deschutes River , Columbia River , as well as many other smaller streams. During peak immigration periods several ferries on any given river often competed for pioneer dollars. These ferries significantly increased speed and safety for Oregon Trail travelers. They increased the cost of traveling the trail by roughly $30.00 per wagon but increased the speed of the transit from about 160-170 days in 1843 to 120-140 days in 1860. Ferries also helped prevent death by drowning at river crossings.  In April 1859, an expedition of U.S. Corp of Topographical Engineers led by Captain James H. Simpson left Camp Floyd ( Utah ) to establish an army supply route across the Great Basin to the eastern slope of the Sierras . Upon return in early August, Simpson reported that he had surveyed the Central Overland Route from Camp Floyd (Utah) to Genoa, Nevada . This route went through central Nevada (roughly where U.S. Route 50 goes today) and was about 280 miles shorter than the 'standard' Humboldt River California trail route.  The Central Route in Nevada The Army improved the trail for use by wagons and stagecoaches in 1859 and 1860. Starting in 1860, the American Civil War closed the heavily subsidized Butterfield Overland Mail stage Southern Route through the deserts of the American Southwest. In 1860-1861 the Pony Express , employing riders traveling on horseback day and night with relay stations about every ten miles to supply fresh horses, was established from St. Joseph, Missouri , to Sacramento, California . The Pony Express built many of their eastern stations along the Oregon/California/Mormon/Bozeman trails and many of their western stations along the very sparsely settled Central Route across Utah and Nevada.  The Pony Express delivered mail summer and winter in roughly ten days from the midwest to California. In 1861 John Butterfield , who since 1858 had been using the Butterfield Overland Mail, also switched to the Central Route to avoid traveling through hostile territories during the American Civil War . George Chorpenning immediately realized the value of this more direct route, and shifted his existing mail and passenger line along with their stations from the " Northern Route " along the Humboldt River . In 1861 the Transcontinental Telegraph also laid its lines alongside the Central Overland Route . Several stage lines were set up carrying mail and passengers that traversed much of the route of the original Oregon Trail to Fort Bridger and from there over the Central Overland Route to California. By traveling day and night with many stations and changes of teams (and extensive mail subsidies) these stages could get passengers and mail from the midwest to California in about 25-28 days. These combined stage and Pony Express stations along the Oregon Trail and Central Route across Utah and Nevada were joined by the First Transcontinental Telegraph stations and telegraph line which followed much the same route in 1861 from Carson City, Nevada to Salt Lake City , Utah. The Pony Express folded in 1861 as they failed to receive an expected mail contract from the U.S. government and the telegraph filled the need for rapid east-west communication. This combination wagon/stagecoach/pony express/telegraph line route is labeled the Pony Express National Historic Trail on the National Trail Map.  From Salt Lake City the telegraph line followed much of the Mormon/California/Oregon trails to Omaha, Nebraska. After the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed in 1869 all the telegraph lines usually followed the railroad tracks as the required relay stations and telegraph lines were much easier to maintain alongside the tracks. Telegraph lines to unpopulated areas were largely abandoned. As the years passed the Oregon Trail became a heavily used corridor from the Missouri River to the Columbia river. Offshoots of the trail continued to grow as gold and silver discoveries, farming, lumbering, ranching, and business opportunities resulted in much more traffic to many areas. Traffic became two-directional as towns were established along the trail. By 1870 the population in the states served by the Oregon Trail and its offshoots increased by about 350,000 over their 1860 census levels. With the exception of most of the 180,000 population increase in California, most of these people living away from the coast traveled over parts of the Oregon trail and its many extensions and cutoffs to get to their new residences. Even before the famous Texas cattle drives after the Civil War, the trail was being used to drive herds of thousands of cattle, horses, sheep, and goats from the midwest to various towns and cities along the trails. According to studies by trail historian John Unruh the livestock may have been as plentiful or more plentiful than the immigrants in many years.  In 1852 there was even records of a 1,500 turkey drive from Illinois to California.  The main reason for this livestock traffic was the large cost discrepancy between livestock in the midwest and at the end of the trail in California, Oregon, or Montana. They could often be bought in the midwest for about 1/3 to 1/10 what they would fetch at the end of the trail. Large losses could occur and the drovers would still make significant profit. As the emigrant travel on the trail declined in later years and after livestock ranches were established at many places along the trail large herds of animals often were driven along part of the trail to get to and from markets. Trail decline The first transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, providing faster, safer, and usually cheaper travel east and west (the journey took seven days and cost as little as $65).  Some emigrants continued to use the trail well into the 1890s, and modern highways and railroads eventually paralleled large portions of the trail, including U.S. Highway 26 , Interstate 84 in Oregon and Idaho and Interstate 80 in Nebraska. Contemporary interest in the overland trek has prompted the states and federal government to preserve landmarks on the trail including wagon ruts, buildings, and "registers" where emigrants carved their names. Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries there have been a number of re-enactments of the trek with participants wearing period garments and traveling by wagon. Emigrants Estimated California Oregon Mormon Trail Emigrants  . Year . Oregon . California . Utah . Total . 1834-39 . 20. â. â. 20. 1840 . 13. â. â. 13. 1841 . 24. 34. â. 58. 1842 . 125. â. â. 125. 1843 . 875. 38. â. 913. 1844 . 1,475. 53. â. 1,528. 1845 . 2,500. 260. â. 2,760. 1846 . 1,200. 1,500. â. 2,700. 1847 . 4,000. 450. 2,200. 6,650. 1848 . 1,300. 400. 2,400. 4,100. Total . 11,512 . 2,735 . 4,600 . 18,847 . 1849 . 450. 25,000. 1,500. 26,950. 1850 . 6,000. 44,000. 2,500. 52,500. 1851 . 3,600. 1,100. 1,500. 6,200. 1852 . 10,000. 50,000. 10,000. 70,000. 1853 . 7,500. 20,000. 8,000. 35,500. 1854 . 6,000. 12,000. 3,200. 21,200. 1855 . 500. 1,500. 4,700. 6,700. 1856 . 1,000. 8,000. 2,400. 11,400. 1857 . 1,500. 4,000. 1,300. 6,800. 1858 . 1,500. 6,000. 150. 7,650. 1859 . 2,000. 17,000. 1,400. 20,400. 1860 . 1,500. 9,000. 1,600. 12,100. Total . 53,000 . 200,300 . 43,000 . 296,300 . 1834-60 . Oregon . California . Utah  . Total  . 1861 . â. â. 3,148. 5,000. 1862 . â. â. 5,244. 5,000. 1863 . â. â. 4,760. 10,000. 1864 . â. â. 2,626. 10,000. 1865 . â. â. 690. 20,000. 1866 . â. â. 3,299. 25,000. 1867 . â. â. 700. 25,000. 1868 . â. â. 4,285. 25,000. Total . 80,000 . 250,000 . 70,000 . 400,000 . 1834-67 . Oregon . California . Utah . Total . Some of the trail statistics for the early years were recorded by the U.S. Army at Fort Laramie, Wyoming, from about 1849 to 1855. None of these original statistical records have been found-the Army lost them or destroyed them. There are only some partial written copies of the Army records and notes recorded in several diaries. Emigration to California spiked considerably with the 1849 gold rush . Following the discovery of gold, California remained the destination of choice for most emigrants on the trail up to 1860, with almost 200,000 people traveling there between 1849 and 1860. Travel diminished after 1860 as the Civil War caused considerable disruptions on the trail. Many of the people on the trail in 1861-1863 were fleeing the war and its attendant drafts in both the south and the north. Trail historian Merrill J. Mattes  has estimated the number of emigrants for 1861-1867 given in the total column of the above table. But these estimates may well be low since they only amount to an extra 125,000 people, and the 1870 census shows that over 200,000 additional people (ignoring most of California's population increase which had an excellent sea and rail connections across Panama by then) showed up in all the states served by the California/Oregon/Mormon/Bozeman Trail(s) and its offshoots. Mormon emigration records after 1860 are reasonably accurate as newspaper and other accounts in Salt Lake City give most of the names of emigrants arriving each year from 1847 to 1868.  Gold and silver strikes in Colorado, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada and Montana caused a considerable increase in people using the trails, often in directions different than the original trail users. Though the numbers are significant in the context of the times, far more people chose to remain at home in the 31 states. Between 1840 and 1860, the population of the United States rose by 14 million, yet only about 300,000 decided to make the trip. Many that went were between the ages 12 and 24. Between 1860 and 1870 the U.S. population increased by seven million, with about 350,000 of this increase being in the Western states. Many were discouraged by the cost, effort and danger of the trip. Western scout Kit Carson reputedly said, "The cowards never started and the weak died on the way." According to several sources 3-10% of t Western census data Census Population of western States  . State . 1870 . 1860 . Difference . California . 560,247. 379,994. 180,253. Nevada . 42,491. 6,857. 35,634. Oregon . 90,923. 52,465. 38,458. Colorado  . 39,684. 34,277. 5,407. Idaho  . 14,990. â. 14,990. Montana  . 20,595. â. 20,595. Utah  . 86,789. 40,273. 46,516. Washington  . 23,955. 11,594. 12,361. Wyoming  . 9,118. â. 9,118. Totals . 888,792 . 525,460 . 363,332 . These census numbers show a 363,000 population increase in the western states and territories between 1860 and 1870. Some of this increase is because of a high birth rate in the western states and territories but most is from emigrants moving from the east to the west and new immigration from Europe. Much of the increase in California and Oregon is from emigration by ship as there were fast and reasonably low cost transportation via east and west coast steamships and the Panama Railroad after 1855. The census numbers imply at least 200,000 emigrants (or more) used some variation of the California/Oregon/Mormon/Bozeman trails to get to their new homes between 1860 and 1870. Costs The cost of traveling over the Oregon Trail and its extensions varied from nothing to a few hundred dollars per person. Women seldom went alone. The cheapest way was to hire on to help drive the wagons or herds, allowing one to make the trip for nearly nothing or even make a small profit. Those with capital could often buy livestock in the midwest and drive the stock to California or Oregon for profit. About 60-80% of the travelers were farmers and as such already owned a wagon, livestock team, and many of the necessary supplies. This lowered the cost of the trip to about $50 per person for food and other items. Families planned the trip months in advance and made many of the extra clothing and other items needed. Individuals buying most of the needed items would end up spending between $150-$200 per person.  As the trail matured, additional costs for ferries and toll roads were thought to have been about $30 per wagon.  Deaths Oregon-California-Mormon Trail Deaths  . Cause . Estimated deaths . Disease. 6,000-12,500. Indian attack. 3,000-4,500. Freezing. 300-500. Run overs. 200-500. Drownings. 200-500. Shootings. 200-500. Miscellaneous. 200-500. Scurvy. 300-500. Totals . 9,400-21,000 . The route west was arduous and with many dangers, but the number of deaths on the trail is not known with any precision; there are only wildly varying estimates. Estimating is difficult because of the common practice of burying people in unmarked graves that were intentionally disguised to avoid them being dug up by animals or Indians. Graves were often put in the middle of a trail and then run over by the livestock to make them difficult to find. Disease was the main killer of trail travelers; cholera killed up to 3% of all travelers in the epidemic years from 1849 to 1855. Indian attacks increased significantly after 1860 when most of the army troops were withdrawn and miners and ranchers began fanning out all over the country, often encroaching on Indian territory. Increased attacks along the Humboldt led to most travelers taking the Central Nevada Route . The Goodall cutoff was developed in Idaho in 1862 which kept Oregon bound travelers away from much of the Indian trouble nearer the Snake River. Other trails were developed that traveled further along the South Platte to avoid local Indian hot spots. Other common causes of death included hypothermia , drowning in river crossings, getting run over by wagons, and accidental gun deaths. Drownings probably peaked in 1849 and 1850 when young impatient and pushy men were the predominant population on the trail. Later more family groups started traveling as well as many more ferries and bridges were being put in, and fording a dangerous river became much less common and dangerous. Surprisingly few people were taught to swim in this era. Being run over was a major cause of death, despite the wagons only averaging 2-3 miles per hour. The wagons could not easily be stopped, and people, particularly children, were often trying to get on and off the wagons while they were moving-not always successfully. Another hazard was a dress getting caught in the wheels and pulling the person under. Accidental shootings declined significantly after Fort Laramie as people became more familiar with their weapons and often just left them in their wagons. Carrying around a ten pound rifle all day soon became tedious and usually unnecessary as the perceived Indian threat faded and hunting opportunities receded. A significant number of travelers were suffering from scurvy by the end of their trips. Their typical flour and salted pork/bacon diet had very little vitamin C in it. The diet in the mining camps was also typically low in fresh vegetables and fruit, which indirectly led to early deaths of many of the inhabitants. Some believe that scurvy deaths may have rivaled cholera as a killer, with most deaths occurring after the victim reached California.  Many understood the importance of a diet that included fresh vegetables and fruit, and how to prevent scurvy was common knowledge in some circles but far from universally known or taught. Chinese travelers with their insistence on many vegetables in their diet fared much better. [ citation needed ] Miscellaneous deaths included deaths by homicides, lightning strikes, childbirth, stampedes, snake bites, flash floods, falling trees, and kicks by animals. According to an evaluation by John Unruh,  a 4% death rate or 16,000 out of 400,000 total pioneers on all trails may have died on the trail. (MORE)
They either wanted better freedom there or they wanted the land Hope i helped Some people walked simply because they couldn't afford to buy a wagon, ox (or mule) team and all the supplies. It cost about $ 600 to $800 which was a lot of money. Some jobs at that time only paid $4 or $5 a week so …by the time the person paid for their food and lodgings, there wasn't much left to save. So walking was affordable. (MORE)
Of course! There are many, Oregon City, The Dalles, La Grande, Troutdale, John Day, Hood River....
Beacuse in many places, due to the geography of the area, there was only one way to go, so all trails followed the same route. Also it was the only established route with trading posts and supplies available.
The pioneers arrived in the oregon territory in september or october. It took 6 months to get to the oregon teritory
A variety of incentives led people to attempt the 2,000 mile journey west. Many in the 1840s sought a new beginning following a widespread economic depression in the late 1830s. Some hoped to escape the political strife preceding and during the Civil War. A few settlers had patriotic motives, to ens…ure American possession of territory jointly claimed by the U.S. and Great Britain in the Northwest, or occupied by Mexico in the Southwest. Some religious groups wished to establish missions and communities. Some moved to join family members. Many emigrants made the trip seeking adventure and new opportunities. The majority of emigrants had as their main reason either land or gold. In Oregon, various land acts, most notably the Donation Land Act of 1850, provided free land, up to 320 or 640 acres, to settlers. The discovery of gold in California in 1848 lured nearly 150,000 people west over the trail in five years. New gold discoveries in Oregon, Idaho, Colorado, and other western states led continuing migrations of fortune seekers to all regions of western America. (MORE)
The trail followed by Mormon pioneers mostly paralleled the Oregon Trail, at times merged with it, and at a few points diverged completely from it. The reason for following the general course of the Oregon trail was primarily because it had been mapped out by traders and trappers several years prior… to their own exodus from Nauvoo, Ill. However, because of the adversarial relationship between the Mormons and many immigrants from both Illinois and Missouri (where an "extermination order" was still in effect at that time), the Mormon immigrants opted to follow a course that also followed the Platte river, but on the opposite side from most Oregon-bound parties. (MORE)
the cheyenne indians were a key tribe that many settlers payed to have them help the settlers cross the river. the cheyenne also were a key trading tribe in the months near the end
people moved because they wanted to search for gold. they also wanted religous freedom and a better life.
Life was very hard. At the start the land was flat and everyone was still fresh, but as the trip went along things got harder. They were going 2400 miles across land that was a combination of prairie , mountains, and deserts. Each had their own problems. They faced awful storms, floods, loosing fami…ly members and friends to the various diseases and accidents. Some lost everything in mountain passes or in flooded rivers. Most of the women and children walked the entire way. Today the prairie in some places is still pretty much the way they found it with bugs, heat, and winds blowing all day every day. They were brave stubborn people who put everything on a small wagon, left family, and left on a six month trip to a place they only heard about. The one thing it was NOT was boring. (MORE)
Mostly unneeded food was thrown out along the Oregon trail, once the settlers moving west realized they had over packed...
so the travelers have a water source to drink from, bathe, wash, catch fish, etc.
it was vey difficult because food supply was running out and they had very little survival supplies if your reading this your a kid who found out answers .com has vey little to offer
think about the Native Americans and also look at the deaths and hardships the pioneers faced
The Oregon Trail was designed as a passageway for settlers who were moving West with the Great Expansion. The trail ran from the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers through the harsh terrain of the northern Rockies. It was originally laid out by fur trappers and traders who trapped beaver (primarily) in… the waterways of the north and northwest, and was quite impassable in the early years. Later it became a more and more reliable route for those on horseback and those who were emigrating with their families by covered wagon to populate the West. (MORE)
because the people traveling on it didn't actually count on dying and they thought that life would be better in the western united states. land was cheaper, there was supposedly gold, ect
No, the Oregon Trail was used by people moving to settle in Oregon later in the Nineteenth Century. It didn't exist yet when Lewis and Clark surveyed the land the United States gained in the Louisiana Purchase. In fact, the Oregon Territory was not even a part of the Louisiana Purchase.
The upper middle and higher class fled to another country. Everyone below found a hiding spot or were sent to concentration camps __ Not all upper and middle class fled. Many were rounded up and sent to concentration camps as well. Those that did manage to flee, usually went to other European coun…tries. As the Nazis moved in, they ran out of places to go. Many countries simply refused to allow them to migrate to their countries so they too were rounded up and sent to camps as well. (MORE)
There are a number of bacteria that DO survive in harsh environments be it pH or temperature extremes or an environment that is very salty. Bacteria that don't survive in harsh conditions usually lose cell wall integrity and break apart, or lose all their intercellular fluid and shrivel up.
Is it true that There were many obstacles on the Oregon trail including harsh conditions disease and occasional conflicts with Native Americans?
Yes, and then some. Some wagons had to be abandoned because of broken axles, as sad reminders of the trail's hardships. The threat of attack by wolves and/or bears was not much of a nuisance, compared to the dangers of high-water ford locations and the possibility of an early winter arriving while t…hreading the mountain passes. (MORE)
Weather conditions do not have to be harsh to be adverse, they just have to be different than what they are at the present town. Adverse in a sense means opposite of.
The Mormon Trail and Oregon Trail followed essentially the same route until western Wyoming, where they split to head to Utah and Oregon. (really, it was the same trail, but they would often travel on opposite sides of the river or a few hundred feet apart so there was no competition over resource…s) They were both equally fast, since there were no speed limits and both followed the same geographic route, however since Oregon is farther away it usually took longer to get there. Really when it comes down to it though, how fast you got to your destination just depended on how you were traveling. A large wagon train might take months to travel the length of the trail, but a single rider on a good horse could take just a week or two, regardless of whether they were going to Utah or Oregon. (MORE)
The Oregon Trail went to the Willamette valley, where there wasvery good farm land. There was no farm land at the ocean!