Is Werner Von Braun a war criminal?

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It would be difficult to find a better example than Wernher von Braun of the impact of a society' s choices on the moral behavior of an individual. Von Braun repeatedly visited the Dora-Mittelwerk facility in the Harz Mountains near Nordhausen, where concentration camp laborers were forced to assemble V-2 ballistic missiles under deplorable conditions that resulted in staggering mortality.(1) It has been estimated that ~20,000 workers died in V-2 production, as contrasted with the comparatively minuscule 2,541 (documented) people who died from the use of the V-2 as a weapon during World War II.(2) Von Braun acknowledged, in writing, that he personally selected workers for Mittelwerk from camp inmates at Buchenwald, who he described as in 'pitiful shape,' and he acknowledged that by 1944 he was aware that many of the slave laborers at Mittelwerk had been executed, that many others had succumbed to malnourishment and dysentery, and that the environment at Mittelwerk was "repulsive."(3) Under the proper definition of the term, von Braun was not a war criminal, per se, (4) but it is hard to argue that he was not a party to 'crimes against humanity' as defined today by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Explanatory Memorandum. (5) After immigrating to the US under the auspices of Operation Paperclip, von Braun became a US citizen and led a life that might best be described as mirroring the morality of his new masters. Aside from modest amounts of work on the exploitation of space as a (thermonuclear) weapons delivery platform, the vast body of his career was focused on efforts to colonize space. (6) Arguably, not unlike most men (consider the Milgram Experiment), von Braun was a moral chameleon who behaved as was needed to advance his own interests and survival; in his case the conquest of space. While there is evidence that he was not indifferent to the human suffering and murderous exploitation he observed at Mittelwerk (7), there is even more evidence that he was unwilling to take any action, direct or indirect, to change the status quo, or even to withdraw from participation in the Nazi rocket development program (incapacitating illness is always a viable excuse). Throughout his long career his only recorded incidents of insubordination or disobedience to orders are those that occurred when the interests of his prime directive, the exploration of space, conflicted with those of his masters. Notable examples are his disobedience of direct orders to destroy remaining V-2s as well as all drawings and documentation pertaining to the German rocketry program in the closing days of WWII, his forging of (contrary) orders to move him and his team into Allied hands (8), and his collaboration with Army General John Medaris who headed the US Army Ballistic Missile Agency in Huntsville, AL (again in direct violation of orders) to assemble and secrete a Redstone launch vehicle and its satellite payload (the Jupiter-C, a modified Redstone intercontinental ballistic missile that launched America's first satellite, the Explorer probe) in anticipation of the failure of the US Vanguard effort to orbit an 'artificial moon.'(9) In short, he appears to have been committed to the realization of space flight at any cost. This may rightly be considered as unforgivable, but it should be remembered that countless others in human history have participated in such atrocities with nothing more grandiose at stake than the prospect of a better job, a little more money, higher standing in the community, or simply because they enjoyed the power and authority that accompanied their execrably inhumane jobs. Had humanity chosen to pursue space flight, instead of war and genocide, von Braun would almost certainly have been the man for the job; and a model citizen and untarnished hero in the bargain. 1) Jaroff, Leon (2002-03-26). 'The Rocket Man's Dark Side.' Time. onhttp://www.time.com/time/columnist/jaroff/article/0,9565,220201,00.html Retrieved: 05-23-2009. 2) Neufeld, MJ. The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era. The Free Press, New York, 1995. 3) "Excerpts from "Power to Explore"". MSFC History Office. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/vonbraun/excerpts.html. Retrieved: 05-23-2009. 4) Fourth Geneva Convention "relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War" (first adopted in 1949, based on parts of the 1907 Hague Convention IV) 5) Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, opened for signature 17 July 1998, [2002] ATS 15 (entered into force 1 July 2002), UN Doc A/CONF 183/9: 6) Neufeld, MJ. Von Braun: Dreamer of Space, Engineer of War, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2007. ISBN 978-0-307-26292-9 7) 'Biography of Wernher Von Braun.' MSFC History Office. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/vonbraun/bio.html. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Library/Giants/vonBraun/. Retrieved: 05-23-2009. 8) Cadbury, Deborah (2005). "Space Race". BBC Worldwide Limited. ISBN 0-00-721299-2. 9) Brzezinski, M. Red Moon Rising: Sputnik and the Hidden Rivalries that Ignited the Space Age, Times Books, New York, 2007.
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Who is Wernher Von Braun?

Wernher Von Braun is a nazi SS who invent V2 (rocket) to kill thousand British during WW2 and he was man who help the first man to get on the moon.

What did Wernher von Braun do in World War 2?

He lead the design team that built rockets for Germany, the most famous ones being the V1 and V2, the "Vergeltungswaffe", a flying bomb that was extensively used against English targets.

Who was Werner von Braun?

Best-known German rocket scientist and later master-mind of such Nasa projects as the Redstone, Jupiter, and of course the Saturn V of Apollo fame.

Why did Wernher Von Braun come to the US?

Even as a teenager, Von Braun wanted to build a rocket to sendpeople into space. He decided that the USA was the place mostlikely to result in being able to do so.

Who is Herman von braun?

I believe you are thinking of Werner Von Braun, German Rocket scientist. Herman, is of course , a popular German name- means ( Nobleman or Army Man) Heer-Mann, or Herr-Man- sir, gentleman-man.) Mein Herr, you have got the wrong Von Braun. Herman Goering headed the Luftwaffe as Reichsmarschall- a ran (MORE)

Was Wernher Von Braun a Nazi?

Yes, he was a member of the Nazi Party from 1937 to 1945, an SS applicant from 1933 to 1934, and an SS officer from 1940 to 1945. His ideological commitment was not deep, but his memberships are incontestable.. Michael J. Neufeld

Where was Wernher Von Braun?

Wernher Von Braun lived in Germany and helped the Nazis during World War 2 make V-2 bombs. After the war he moved to the U.S. where he worked in NASA and his Saturn V-5 rocket helped the first men land on the moon.

Which astronomical instrument did Wernher Von Braun use?

In a sense he did not design any, but did adapt a wrist watch so it could be used- with reversed printing, to track the shadow of ascending rockets in conjunction with a Maritime Sextant ( Navigational instrument) the observer took a sighting on the ascending rocket and made the appropriate notation (MORE)

How did von Braun end up in the US?

Von Braun was brought to the US as part of Operation Paper Clip, which brought German scientists to the US, initially without their families, as part of the beginning of the Cold War confrontation between the US and the USSR.

Where did von braun live?

In Berlin and at various Missile bases of the Army (Heer) and Luftwaffe ( AF) after the war he settled down at Hunstville, Alabama, near the US Missile establishment there.

Who is Professor Von Braun?

Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr [1] von Braun (March 23, 1912 - June 16, 1977), a German rocket physicist and astronautics engineer, became one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Germany and the United States . Wernher von Braun is sometimes said to be (MORE)

What did werner von bruan do?

Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 - June 16, 1977), a German rocket physicist and astronautics engineer, became one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Germany and the United States. Wernher von Braun was probably the preeminent rocket (MORE)

What was Eva braun role in the war?

She was Adolf Hitler's mistress. She killed herself along side of Hitler when he did when it was evident that the Germans were going to lose the war.

Is Warner Von Braun a war criminal?

No, he is/was not. People often confuse those forced into the Nazi party in order to survive with those that purposely joined and endorsed their activities. There is some controversy on much he knew or ignored during his stay in Peeneemunde (sp?). Most people who actually knew him believe he was so (MORE)

When did Wernher von Braun invent the rocket?

Wernher von Braun did not invent the rocket. From historical records it was more than likely the Chinese who invented the rocket. For information about the V-2 see related questions.

Who Murdered Werner Von Croy?

It was at the last cut scenes that Karel actually murdered Von Croy but before Lara was on the run from the French police. He was thought at first that he was shot however Karel removed elements from his body that helped to hopefully revive the cubiculum Nephili AKA The Sleeper.

What did Werner von Braun make?

Von Braun, before being "employed" by NASA to help design the Apollo spacecrafts, worked in Germany under Hitler. He made (designed) the V2 Rocket, which was used somewhat extensively in WW2, especially during the terror-bombings of London.

How old is Werner von Blomberg?

Werner von Blomberg was born on September 2, 1878 and died on March 14, 1946. Werner von Blomberg would have been 67 years old at the time of death or 136 years old today.

How old is Wernher von Braun?

Wernher von Braun was born on March 23, 1912 and died on June 16, 1977. Wernher von Braun would have been 65 years old at the time of death or 103 years old today.

Did Dr.wernher Von Braun develop?

Dr. Wernher Von Braun helped develop the V2 rocket missile and later helped the Americans use it as a Paperclip scientist at White Sands Missile Range. HEe also was a pioneer in rocket technology.

When did von braun build v2 rocket?

Engineering work for the A4 rocket (Braun's technical name forproject) was finished on 1939 September 30, funding and actualconstruction of test engines began soon after. Testing of therocket engine began in 1941, and, by 1942, full rocket tests began.The first successful launch of an A4 was on 1942 (MORE)

How old is Werner von Trapp?

Werner von Trapp was born on December 21, 1915 and died on October 11, 2007. Werner von Trapp would have been 91 years old at the time of death or 99 years old today.

How old is Ernst Werner von Siemens?

Ernst Werner von Siemens was born on December 13, 1816 and died on December 6, 1892. Ernst Werner von Siemens would have been 75 years old at the time of death or 198 years old today.

Why did Wernher von Braun die?

Because, in 1977, pancreatic cancer was pretty much a deathsentence. Even today, only a small fraction of people who get thistype of cancer live for more than five years after diagnosis.

When did Werner Von Braun create his first V-2 rocket?

Von Braun referred to his rocket as the A-4; it was not called aV-2 till 1944 November. The first test of the A-4 was on 1942 March18; the first successful test (an actual launch into space) was on1942 October 3. Technical problems were still rampant until 1944April. It was not until the summer of 1 (MORE)

How many people can sit in the Von Braun Center?

The Von Brawn Center has a maximum seating capacity of 10,000 people. It was built in 1975 but has went through extensive renovations over the years. It was renamed the Von Brawn Center in 1997, and is located in Huntsville Alabama.

What was Wernher Von Braun famous for?

There are many things that Wernher Von Braun was famous for. Wernher Von Braun was famous for being a German rocket scientist who worked on rockets that went to the moon.

What has the author Werner von Held written?

Werner von Held has written: 'Eine verallgemeinerte Phrasenstrukturgrammatik mit einem Satzanalyse-Algorithmus' -- subject(s): Algorithms, Comparative and general Grammar, Mathematical linguistics, Syntax 'Eine verallgemainert Phrasenstrukturgrammatik mit einem Satzanalyse-Algorithmus'

What has the author Werner Kurt Braun written?

Werner Kurt Braun has written: 'Is the war over?' -- subject(s): Prisoners of war, Germany, Military life, Germany. Luftwaffe, World War, 1939-1945, German Personal narratives, Women, Biography, Antiaircraft artillery operations

What has the author Joachim Von Braun written?

Joachim Von Braun has written: 'Nontraditional export crops in Guatemala' -- subject(s): Agricultural laborers, Exports, Farms, Small, Food supply, Household surveys, Small Farms, Vegetable trade 'The effects of food price and subsidy policies on Egyptian agriculture' -- subject(s): Food prices, (MORE)