Isyu tungkol sa spratly island?

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because it is stated in the Philippine map that spratly islands is in the land zone of the Philippines.Tagalog issue in Spratly Islands
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How did the Philippines claim Spratly and Sabah Islands?

I think the 90% Christian majority of the Philippines understand and share the feelings of the Sabahans. Middle age Filipinos had the felling of connectivity towards the Sabahans for the Philippine history dictates the historical connection and experiences. If Sabah chose to be part of the Philippines, then their interest will be well protected and respected. The Philippine government is the bastion of democracy in Asia and the Filipinos knows it by heart. It is said the majority of the Christian Sabahans are fearful of the mass immigration if Sabah would be integrated to the Philippines, will that fear is unfounded, the Philippine government respect diversity and would surely protect the interest and right of its citizens. Like the Christian Filipino, Christian Sabahans will also enjoy the same, and be protected to the fullest extent of the law. Christian Sabahans should not be fearful to their brother Filipinos; they are the same and have shared the same in time and space. Let lost that fear, look forward for the brighter future! Spartly Island is not completely owned by Philippines the Philippines is only protecting the 9 islands against invaders and one of those island contains oil and gas and the china think it is unfair so they are trying to claim it note: as you can see all Islamic country has a oil (middle east) Philippines is a Islamic country before but it became christian when the Spaniards came and also there are oil and gas in mindanao Philippines that Islam people are protecting it but the government doesnt know this yet

Why do the Philippines claim the Spratly Islands?

Supposedly, the Philippines will not claim the Spratly Islandsbecause it is within the Philippine waters. But other countriesclaim it and those countries claiming it are giants so thePhilippines don't have any other choice than to contest instead ofjust giving an order to move out from the Philippine Territory. The disputed Spratlys are within the Philippine Waters. ThePhilippines is the legal owner of the islands in the Spratlys as itis within the 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone accordingto the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Impormasyon tungkol sa australophitecus?

Tinatayang nabuhay ang Australopithecus mula 5.3 hanggang 1.6 na milyong taon na ang nakakaraan. Ang bungo nito ay may sukat na 430 hanggang 500 cc. Si Raymond Dart ang unang nakatuklas sa kanilang mga bungo.

When does spratly islands discovered?

Rear Admiral Tomas Cloma Sr. (Phil. Navy) discovered an archipelago called kalayaan group of islands a.k.a. spratleys in 1956 and In 1972, they were designated as part of Palawan Province.

Why is Spratly Islands important?

Spratlys islands has a lot of oil. And it has a lot of natural resources. That is why china wants is so badly,they are selfish and they want to own something eventhough it belongs to someone, they will force it. China is a big bully compared to the other countries.. the spratly islands really belongs to philippines...

Tungkol sa compass?

Ang compass ay isang instrumentong ginagamit sa pagtukoy ng direksiyon kung saan ito papunta. .

Is spratly islands part of Philippines?

YES. The Spratlys is within the Philippine Waters. Which Means it is belong to the Philippines The Disputed Spratlys is within the Philippine Waters. The Philippines is the legal owner of the islands in the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) THE PHILIPPINES AND THE ARCHIPELAGIC DOCTRINE Archipelago is defined as a sea or part of a sea studded with islands, often synonymous with island groups, or as a large group of islands in an extensive body of water, such as sea. (De Leon, 1991) In various conferences of the United Nations on the Law of the Sea, the Philippines and other archipelago states proposed that an archipelagic state composed of groups of islands forming a state is a single unit, with the islands and the waters within the baselines as internal waters.By this concept (archipelagic doctrine), an archipelago shall be regarded as a single unit, so that the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the state, subject to its exclusive sovereignty. Despite the opposition of maritime powers, the Philippines and four other states (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Bahamas) got the approval in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea held in Jamaica last December 10, 1982. They were qualified as archipelagic states. The archipelagic doctrine is now incorporated in Chapter IV of the said convention. It legalizes the unity of land, water and people into a single entity The Philippines bolstered the archipelagic principle in defining its territory when it included in Article 1 of the 1987 Constitution the following: "The national territory comprises the Philippine Archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein xxx"; and "The waters around, between and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines." On the strength of these assertions, the Philippines Archipelago is considered as one integrated unit instead of being divided into more than seven thousand islands. The outermost of our archipelago are connected with straight baselines and all waters inside the baselines are considered as internal waters. This makes the large bodies of waters connecting the islands of the archipelago like Mindanao Sea, Sulo Sea and the Sibuyan Sea part of the Philippines as its internal waters, similar to the rivers and lakes found within the islands themselves. The archipelagic principle however is subject to the following limitations: a) respect for the right of the ship and other states to pass through the territorial as well as archipelagic waters b) respect to right of innocent passage c) respect for passage through archipelagic sea lanes subject to the promulgation by local authorities of pertinent rules and regulations. The Philippines & the Spratly Islands History The Philippines as the closest and archipelagic country of the Spratly island with another Five Asian countries claim the Spratly Islands including -- China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei. Disputes among these six parties have led to various minor military skirmishes, the detention of fisherfolk and diplomatic rows in the past three decades. Control of the Spratlys is important since the region is supposed to contain large deposits of oil, gas, hydrocarbon and mineral resources. The islands are also strategically located in the sea lanes for commerce and transport in the South China Sea which is very close to the Palawan Province of the Philippines with a distant less than 200 nautical miles; a bases that Philippines has a legal ground that those islands are part of the Philippines. The Spratlys consist of about 26 islands and islets and 7 groups of rocks in the South China Sea found approximately between the latitude of 4 degrees to 11 degrees 30'N. and longitude 109 degrees 30'E. They have a maritime area of 160,000 square kilometers and an insular area of about 170 hectares. The Spratlys are popular among fishermen. However, they are considered dangerous for commercial navigation. Maps from the early part of the last century have advised seamen to avoid passing through them. Japan explored the Spratlys for military reasons during World War II. The British Admiralty and U.S. Navy have also ordered some top secret missions there. But the U.S. Navy never released the new charts of the Spratlys to civilian authorities. Writer Francois-Xavier Bonnet wonders about the role of the Spratlys during the Vietnam War. In 1933 a Philippine senator protested the French annexation of the Spratlys. A parliamentary committee studied the issue but the U.S. government, which controlled the Philippines at that time, did not take an interest in the matter. In 1946 Vice President Elpidio Quirino claimed the Spratlys on behalf of the Philippine government. A year later, the Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs declared that the "New Southern Islands" previously occupied by Japan during World War II were part of Philippine territory. In 1955 the Philippine military reported that the Spratly island group was of "vital proximity" to the country. The following year, Filipino navigator and businessman Tomas Cloma issued a "proclamation to the whole world" claiming ownership and occupation of the Spratlys. Cloma sent six letters to the government about the need to settle the question of ownership of the islands. The vice president of the Philippines replied in 1957, assuring Cloma that the government "does not regard with indifference the economic exploitation and settlement of these uninhabited and unoccupied islands by Philippine nationals." According to Filipino law professor Haydee Yorac, the Cloma Proclamation was the first assertion of title to the Spratlys after Japan renounced its ownership of the islands in 1951 and 1952. In 1978 President Ferdinand Marcos issued a proclamation declaring ownership of most of the islands in the Spratlys. The area was renamed the Kalayaan (Freedom) Island Group. The proclamation laid the following basis for the Philippine claim: "By virtue of their proximity and as part of the continental margin of the Philippine archipelago"; that "they do not legally belong to any state or nation, but by reason of history; indispensable need, and effective occupation and control established in accordance with international law"; and while other states have laid claims to some of these areas, their claims have lapsed by abandonment and cannot prevail over that of the Philippines on legal, historical, and equitable ground." In 1995 President Fidel Ramos articulated the Philippine position regarding the Spratlys issue. He said "I would like to clarify that the Philippines does not only claim eight islands in the Spratlys but owns all islands and waters in the Spratlys as defined in the presidential decree issued by former President Marcos." Militarization of the Spratlys started in the 1970s. The Philippines sent a military contingent to occupy some of the islands in 1971. After four years, the Philippines had already established a military presence in six islands. Today, the Philippines occupies eight islands in the area. http://betterphils.blogspot.com/2011/04/philippines-spratly-islands-200-nm-eez_19.html =

What is the location of Spratly Islands?

Spratlys Location: Coordinates: 8°38′N 111°55′E It is located in the West Philippine Sea and South China Sea. the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone of the Philippines near Palawan Province said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS

Tungkol sa ibong adarna?

Buod : Sa mapayapang kaharian ng Berbanya, ang taong mahihirap at mayayaman ay nakapagtatamo ng mga pagpapala mula sa kanilang Haring Fernando. Siya ay makatarungan at makatao. Katuwang nya ang kanyang maybahay na si Donya Valeriana sa paglalakad sa kaharian. Sila ay may tatlong anak. Ang panganay ay si Don Pedro, ang ikalawa ay si Don Diego at ang bunso ay si Don Juan. At sila'y Hindi sakim sa kayamanan at kapangyarihan. Isang gabi, habang natutulog ang haring Fernando, nagkaroon sya ng masamang panaginip at sya ay nagkasakit. Ang kanyang panaginip ay tungkol kay Don Juan na sya daw ay inihagis sa isang balong malalim ng dalawang lalaki. Kinabukasan, natigatig ang buong kaharihan sa pagkakasakit ng haring Fernando at kapanglawan ang naranasan ni Donya Valeriana. Tanging lunas lamang sa kanyang karamdaman ay ang awit o ang hiwaga ng Ibong Adarna. Kaya't ipinatawag ng hari ang kanyang tatlong anak na sina Don Pedro, Don Diego, at Don Juan. Naatasan ng hari si Don Pedro na hulihin ang Ibong Adarna na matatagpuan sa Bundok ng Tabor. At sumunod kay Don Pedro ay Si Don Diego. Pagkalipas ng 3 taon, Hindi pa nakbabalik ang 2 prinsipe. Nabahala ang Haring Fernando at isinugo niya ang kanyang bunsong anak na si Don Juan, ngunit Sya ay nagbulay-bulay kung papayagan nya ito baka kasi magkakatotoo ang kanyang masamang Panaginip. Ngunit, napumilit si Don Juan na hanapin ang ibong adarna. Kaya pala Hindi na nakabalik ang dalawang prinsipe dahil wala silang galang, dahil Hindi nila tinulungan ang matandang ketongin nangangailangan ng tulong kaya Hindi rin niya tinulungan ang dalawa, at dahil marahas nilang kinuha ang ibong adarna at Hindi sila nagtagumpay, at dahil nakatulog sila sa awit ng Ibong Adarna at umipot ang Ibong Adarna, napagkit ito sa dalawang prisipe, kaya sila naging bato. Sa paglalakbay ni Don Juan ay nakasalubong niya ng isang matandangKetongin na humihingi sa kanya ng pagkain at dahil sa kabusilakan ng puso ni Don Juan, Ibinigay nya ang pinakahuling tinapay na kanyang baon, at dahil dito, tinulungan ng Ketongin si Don Juan kung papano makukuha ang ibong adarna. Sinabi nito na mayroong isang maliit na bahay kung saan nakatira ang isang ermitanyo na magbibigay sa kanya ng kaalaman kung papano nya matatalos ang pag-huli sa ibong Adarna. At binilin ng matanda na huwag syang makikinig sa nakakaakit na awit ng ibon at huwag syang hihimlay sa isang puno na kaiga-igaya ang anyo. At nagtungo si Don Juan sa bahay ng ermitanyo, pinatuloy naman si Don Juan sa bahay ng ermitanyo at inanyayahang kumain. Nagulat si Don Juan nang makita ang pagkain na inaalok ay ang kanyang tinapay na na ibinigay sa isang ketongin. Kaya't inisip ni Don Juan na ang ermitanyo at ang ketongin ay iisa. Binigyan ng ermitanyo si Don Juan ng pitong dayap, matalim na bahala, at gintong sintas. At kanyang sinabi na tuwing aawit ang ibon, kailangan nya sugatan ang katawan at patakan ng katas ng dayap ang sugat upang di sya makatulog. Kailangan din nyang umiwas kung ang ibon ay umipot pagkatapos umawit ng pitong awit ang ibon. At kapag nahuli nya ang Ibong Adarna, dapat talian nya ito ng gintong sintas na ibinigay sa kanya ng ermitanyo. Sinunod lahat ni Don Juan ang bilin ng ermitanyo, dinakma nya ang I bon at nag tagumpay sya sa pag huli sa Ibong Adarna at dinala nya ito sa ermitanyo at inilagay sa isang awla. Kaya nailigtas rin nya ang kanyang dalawang kapatid. Nang pauwi na silang tatlo, nainggit ang dalawa kay Don Juan at binalak nilang bugbugin si Don Juan sa pag-iimbot na sila ang maparangalan at ito ay nangyari. Kinuha nila kay Don Juan ang ibon upang lumabas na sila ang nakahuli. At bumalik na sila sa palasyo. Samantala si Don Juan ay nawalan ng Malay, sya'y Hindi makahuma at may isang matanda ang tumulong sa kanya. Samantala ayaw umawit ng ibong darna sa palasyo, at nang dumating si Don Juan, biglang umawit ang ibong adarna, at sinabi ng ibong adarna ang ginawa ng dalawang prinsipe kay Don Juan. Nagalit ang hari sa ginawa ng magkapatid at ipinatapon sila ngunit nakiusap si Don Juan na patawarin ang dalawa, at pintawad nga sila ng hari. Nagpasya ang hari na pabantayan ang ibon at maghalinhinan ang kanyang mga anak sa pagbabantay. Pagdating ng gabi, pinakawalan at naparam Nina Don Pedro at Don Diego ang ibon at sinisi nila si Don Jan dahil sya daw ang nagbabantay, at ipinahanap sya ng hari sa kanyang dalawang anak. Natagpuan nila ang kapatid sa Armenya. At isang araw nalinlang nila si Juan at at pinababa sa isang malalim na balon. Dito nakilala ni Juan sina Donya Juana, at Donya Leonora. At iniligtas nya ang mga ito sa kamay ng higante at mga serpiyente. Tinangay Nina Pedro at Diego sina Leonora at Juana, sa kabila ng Hindi Pagsangayon ng mga dilag, at iniwan nila ni Don Juan. Malawak na kapatagan, ilog, at Batis ang binagtas ni Juan. Sa pagkakatulog ni Juan, dumating ang Ibong Adarna at pinukaw nya, sinabi ng ibon na kalimutan na niya si Leonora dahil may Maria Blancang karapatdapat at nag-aangkin kay Don Juan at siya ay matatagpuan sa kaharian ng Reyno de los Crystal na pinamumunuan ng ama ni Maria Blanca na si Haring Salermo. Pinuntahan ni Don Juan ang kaharian ng Reyno de los Crystal at nagulat ito dahil sa sobrang kinang ng mga bagay, at nakilala nya si Maria Blanca. Nagkaibigan sila subalit maraming pagsubok ang dinaanan ni Juan upang makamit nya ang kamay ni Maria Blanca. Si Juan ay nagtagumpay dahil na rin sa tulong ni Maria Blanca na may taglay ng mahiwagang agimat at nabihag nya ang puso ni Maria Blanca. Sila ay nagtungo na sa kaharian ng Berbanya upang maipakilala ni Juan si Maria Blanca sa kanyang mga magulang. Pagdating nila sa palasyo ng Berbanya, ay iniwan muna ni Don Juan sa labas , si Don Juan ay sinalubong ang kanyang mga magulang na galak na galak. Nagkita sina Don Juan at Donya Leonora sa palasyo sila ay nagtitigan at parang naglaho sa isipan ni Don juan si Maria Blanca. Para syang namalikmata kay Leonora at humingi sila ng pahintulot sa Haring Fernando na magpakasal sa lalong madaling panahon. Talos at tatap lahat ni Maria Blanca ang nagaganap. Pinaandar nya ang kanyang mahika at pumasok siya sa loob naparang isang emperatriz. Namangha ang lahat sa kanya, ni si Don juan ay Hindi sya nakilala. Dahil sa akala ni Maria Blanca na pinagtaksilan siya ni Don Juan siya ay Nagalit, nagpamook sina Don Juan at Maria Blanca dala ng biglang silakbo ng damdamin, at ninasa ni Maria Blanca si Don Juan, sa sobrang galit ibinuhos ni Maria Blanca ang tubig sa bote at pinaandar niya muli ang kanyang mahika. Sukat doo'y biglang bumaha sa loob ng palasyo. Ang lahat ay natakot sa patuloy na pagtaas ng tubig. Nagkagulo at ang lahat ay nasindak, sa dahilang baka sila ay malunod. Muling natauhan si Don Juan at nakiusap siya kay Maria Blanca na Pakatiin at patigilin ang pagtaas ng tubig. Nangako si Don Juan na si Maria Blanca ang Kanyang papakasalan. Nabagabag ang kalooban ni Maria Blanca, at sa isang iglap ay parang himala na nawala ang tubig. Ito'y pinakati na ni Maria Blanca. Nang maging maayos ang lahat, minungkahi ni Don Juan sa Hari na Magpakasal na sila ni Maria Blanca, si Don Pedro kay Donya Leonora at si Don Diego kay Donya Juana. Ito naman ay sinangayunan ni Haring Fernando. Ipnakiusap ni Maria Blanca kay Haring Fernando na sana lahat ng biyayang nakaukol kay Don Juan ay Ipag kaloob din kay Don Pedro at Diego , at higit sa lahat ang kanilang kaligayahan kung sila ni Don Juan ay magkakapiling sa Reyno de los Crystal. Ang kahriang iyon ang binigay himatong ng Ibong Adarna kay Don Juan. Ginayak ang kasal ng tatlo at sabay-sabay na ikinasal sila. Pagkatapos ng kasal, nagpaalam na sina Don Juan at Maria Blanca na babalik na sila sa Reyno de los Crystal, at sila'y naglakbay na patungo sa kaharian ng Reyno de los Crystal. Pagdating nila sa Reyno de los Crystal, tinanggap sila ng mga mamamayan bilang bagong Hari at Reyna. Para sa kanilang lahat mananatili sa kanilang alaala ang Ibong Adarna. …..WAKAS….. Mga tauhan: Ang Ibong Adarna si Don Juan, Don Diego, Don Pedro, Haring Fernando, Donya Valeriana, Donya Juana, Donya Maria Blanca, Donya Leonora, Haring Salermo, Matandang Ermitanyo, Lobo, Higante, at mga Serpiyente . Mga tauhan: · Ibong Adarna - ang mahiwagang ibon · Haring Fernando - ama Nina Don Pedro, Diego, at Don Juan · Donya Valeriana - ina Nina Don Pedro, Diego, at Don Juan · Don Pedro - ang panganay na ank ni haring Fernando · Don Diego - ang sumunod kay Don Pedro · Don Juan - ang bunso at ang determinadong anak ni Haring Fernando · Haring Salermo - ama Nina Prisesa Juana at Maria Blanca · Donya Leonora - ang prinsesa na ikinulong sa balon · Donya Juana - ang kapatid ni Donya Leonora · Donya Maria Blanca - ang Prinsesa ng Reyno de los Crystal (Kaharian ng mga Kristal ) · Matandang Ermitanyo - ang Matandang tumulong kay Don Juan Mga Talasalitaan: 1 . kapanglawan - kalungkutan 2. tumok - makapal na damuhan 3. matatalos - malalaman 4. nakakaakit - nakakahalina 5. dinakma - kinuha 6. makahuma - makakilos 7. napagkit - nadikit 8. hiwaga - misteryo 9. nahahapis - nalulungkot 10. maghalinhinan - magpalitan 11. nagtitigan - nagtinginan 12. nabihag - naakit 13. nagpamook - nag-away 14. tatap - alam 15. ninasa - ninais 16. talos - nasaksihan 17. marahas - kilos na padalus-dalos 18. nagtungo - pumunta 19. naparam - nawala 20. pinukaw - ginising 21. pinakati - pinatigil 22. nagbulay-bulay - nag-isip-isip 23. naglaho - nawala 24. tinangay - kinuha 25. nag-aangkin - nagmamay-ari 26. pag-iimbot - paghangad 27. kinang - kislap 28. naatasan - nautusan 29. makamit - makamtan 30. binagtas - nilakbay Gintong Aral: · Maging mabait, at matulungin lalo na sa mga taong nangangailangan. · Maging magalang sa mga taong mas matanda pa sa iyo. · Mahalin ang iyong kapwa lalo na sa iyong kadugo. · Huwag mong saktan ang walang ginagawang masama sa iyo. · Huwag magtaksil o manloko sa iyong kapwa.

What country deserves the Spratly Island?

There are several nations with claims to the Spratly Islands. Chief among them, the Philippines, Vietnam, China and Japan have all claimed at least some portion of this archipelago in the past. Which nation has the better claim is a highly subjective matter, and the answer probably depends largely on one's point of view - and nationality.. For Pilipino bkit nman kasama sa pag pipilian ang Japan At China? Mas Malapit ng Philippines At Vietnam. Pero yung Spratly ha ang lpit nya Sa Palawan Dpat Sa atin yun.

Who discovered spratly island?

Spratly Island is located in the South China Sea. It has an area of15 hectares. The French discovered Spratly Island in April 1930.

What are spratly and sabah islands?

Spratly and Sabah Islands are two territories claimed byPhilippines. Spratly is a group of 52 Islands of which only sevenare occupied by Philippines. Sabah islands are a disputed territorybetween Malaysia and Philippines and are presently occupied byMalaysia.

Why china wants Spratly Islands?

It just recently discovered that spratlys contains huge oil and gas deposit so the China invaded the Philippine waters in the Spratlys and claim it

What kind of island is spratly island?

Spratlys which is within the Philippine Waters is an Archipelago. Group of Islands like what you could see in the Philippines. Philippines and Spratlys basically are 1. The Spratlys is within the Philippine waters and with tropical climate etc.. if you will ask about spratly, your question would be answered by thinking what is the Philippines

Claiming the spratly island is weak?

Yes Absolutely! Because the Spratly Islands is within the Philippine waters and The Philippines is the legal owner of the islands in the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) So other countries who are claiming the spratlys are just wasting money and time because the law of the UNITED Nations will prevail. ANS 2 -Yes, we've all seen how the UN always prevails. -LOL

Did the Phil get the spratly island?

The Philippines don't need to get the spartly islands because it is already in the Philippines as it is in the Philippine waters The Philippines is the legal owner of the islands in the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Who owns the Spratly Islands?

THE HISTORY AND THE UNCLOS ARE THE BASES OF THE CLAIMS OF EACH COUNTRY The Sultanate State of Sulu is the legal owner of the Spratlys Archipelago but since the Sultan Kiram turnover his territorial and proprietary rights of the State to the Republic of the Philippines including the Palawan and the Spratlys in 1960's, then legally it belongs to the Philippines. (see spratlys.i.ph) Archipelagic Bases Under the UN International Laws of Sea, despite the opposition of maritime powers, the Philippines and four other states (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Bahamas) got the approval in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea held in Jamaica last December 10, 1982. They were qualified as archipelagic states. The Spratlys is within Philippines proximity and connected in the Philippines' archipelago with just few kilometres from the province of Palawan of the Philippines, this boost the claim of the Philippines. Other claimants are not archipelagic states and they are far from beyond the limit of the UNCLOS of 200 nautical Miles Exclusive Economic Zone. The Philippines as an archipelagic country & within proximity, it counts merit in administering the Spratlys. UN Convention - International Law of Sea (UNCLOS) bases China argued that there is no word proximity mentioned in the UNCLOS so they insisted that they could claim the Spratlys. Though there is no "proximity" mentioned, the UNCLOS clearly explain the 200 Nautical Miles Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) which is more clear explanation than proximity. Proximity is just to say near but the measurement of 200 Nautical Miles from the base line of the Philippines is not just synonym to proximity but a clear measurement of distance. Under the UNCLOS, it guarantees 200 Nautical Miles Exclusive economic Zone which most part of the Spratlys is just within 200 Nautical Miles Exclusive Economic Zone of the Philippines. This is the strongest bases of the Philippines to say "We owned the West Philippines Sea". Even China is a signatory in these and they even agree with this together with the United Nations. The History as bases of claim Back to Majapahit and Sri Vijaya Empire in year 7000 or 7th century (The ancient kingdom in Indonesia and Malay Archipelago) the territory is extended from the North Borneo, Palawan, and the Spratlys of the Philippines' territory. The Sultanate State of Sulu was established during that regime which area includes Part of Mindanao (Cotabato, Lanao, Zamboanga Peninsula), Basilan, Sulu Sea, and Sulu. During the 14 century or year 1400 the King /Sultan of Brunei give as gift to his cousin Sultan of Sultanate of Sulu the "North Borneo, Palawan and the Spratlys" for helping him to win a battle. The China recognized the Sultanate State of Sulu that includes the North Borneo, Palawan and the Spratlys archipelago. When the Spain invaded the Philippines in year 1621, the sultanate state of Sulu remains un-conquered but portion of the territory was controlled by Spain including the whole Island of Mindanao, and Palawan. When the Britain gives independence to Malaysia, North Borneo is under a lease agreement which is until now is recognized by Malaysia was illegally included reason why the Sultan of Sulu calling the Malaysian Governmet to stop controlling his land "North Borneo" (Sabah) which is also link to Spratlys. The Sultan of Sulu turnover his territorial and proprietary rights of the State to the Republic of the Philippines including the Palawan and the Spratlys in 1960's. The History, the UNCLOS law of Sea, the archipelagic states theory says "The Spratlys is belonged to the Philippines. The Spratlys archipelago At the moment they are administered by the Philippines, but some are claimed by Brunei, Taiwan, China, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia. They comprise less than five square kilometers of land area, spread over more than 400,000 square kilometers of sea. The Spratlys, as they are called, are part of the three archipelagos of the South China Sea, comprising more than 30,000 islands and reefs and which so complicates geography, governance and economics in that region of Southeast Asia. Such small and remote islands have little economic value in themselves, but are important in establishing international boundaries. There are no native islanders but there are rich fishing grounds and initial surveys indicate the islands may contain significant oil and gas. About 45 islands are occupied by relatively small numbers of military forces from the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. Brunei has claimed an *EEZ* in the southeastern part of the Spratlys. *Exclusive Economic Zone, under the law of the sea, an EEZ is a sea zone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. The Disputed Spratlys is within the Philippine Waters. The Philippines is the legal owner of the islands in the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) THE PHILIPPINES AND THE ARCHIPELAGIC DOCTRINE Archipelago is defined as a sea or part of a sea studded with islands, often synonymous with island groups, or as a large group of islands in an extensive body of water, such as sea. (De Leon, 1991) (see spratlys.i.ph) In various conferences of the United Nations on the Law of the Sea, the Philippines and other archipelago states proposed that an archipelagic state composed of groups of islands forming a state is a single unit, with the islands and the waters within the baselines as internal waters. By this concept (archipelagic doctrine), an archipelago shall be regarded as a single unit, so that the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the state, subject to its exclusive sovereignty. Despite the opposition of maritime powers, the Philippines and four other states (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Bahamas) got the approval in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea held in Jamaica last December 10, 1982. They were qualified as archipelagic states. The archipelagic doctrine is now incorporated in Chapter IV of the said convention. It legalizes the unity of land, water and people into a single entity The Philippines bolstered the archipelagic principle in defining its territory when it included in Article 1 of the 1987 Constitution the following: "The national territory comprises the Philippine Archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein xxx"; and "The waters around, between and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines." On the strength of these assertions, the Philippines Archipelago is considered as one integrated unit instead of being divided into more than seven thousand islands. The outermost of our archipelago are connected with straight baselines and all waters inside the baselines are considered as internal waters. This makes the large bodies of waters connecting the islands of the archipelago like Mindanao Sea, Sulo Sea and the Sibuyan Sea part of the Philippines as its internal waters, similar to the rivers and lakes found within the islands themselves. The archipelagic principle however is subject to the following limitations: a) respect for the right of the ship and other states to pass through the territorial as well as archipelagic waters b) respect to right of innocent passage c) respect for passage through archipelagic sea lanes subject to the promulgation by local authorities of pertinent rules and regulations. The Philippines & the Spratly Islands History- Srivijaya Empire in 1400 (The Sultanate State of Sulu) (see spratlys.i.ph) Back to Majapahit and Sri Vijaya Empire in year 7000 or 7th century (The ancient kingdom in Indonesia and Malay Archipelago) the territory is extended from the North Borneo, Palawan, and the Spratlys of the Philippines' territory. The Sultanate State of Sulu was established during that regime which area includes Part of Mindanao (Cotabato, Lanao, Zamboanga Peninsula), Basilan, Sulu Sea, and Sulu. During the 14 century or year 1400 the King /Sultan of Brunei give as gift to his cousin Sultan of Sultanate of Sulu the "North Borneo, Palawan and the Spratlys" for helping him to win a battle. The China recognized the Sultanate State of Sulu that includes the North Borneo, Palawan and the Spratlys archipelago. When the Spain invaded the Philippines in year 1621, the sultanate state of Sulu remains un-conquered but portion of the territory was controlled by Spain including the whole Island of Mindanao, and Palawan. When the Britain gives independence to Malaysia, North Borneo is under a lease agreement which is until now is recognized by Malaysia was illegally included reason why the Sultan of Sulu calling the Malaysian Government to stop controlling his land "North Borneo" (Sabah) which is also link to Spratlys. The Sultan of Sulu turnover his territorial and proprietary rights of the State to the Republic of the Philippines including the Palawan and the Spratlys in 1960's. Spratlys Islands or Kalayaan Island Group is just within the Philippines' proximity and 200 Nautical Miles Exclusive Economic Zone - under the International Laws Sea - UNCLOS. The Philippines as the closest and archipelagic country of the Spratly island with another Five Asian countries claim the Spratly Islands including - China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei. Disputes among these six parties have led to various minor military skirmishes, the detention of fisherfolk and diplomatic rows in the past three decades. Control of the Spratlys is important since the region is supposed to contain large deposits of oil, gas, hydrocarbon and mineral resources. The islands are also strategically located in the sea lanes for commerce and transport in the South China Sea which is very close to the Palawan Province of the Philippines with a distant less than 200 nautical miles; a bases that Philippines has a legal ground that those islands are part of the Philippines. The Spratlys consist of about 26 islands and islets and 7 groups of rocks in the South China Sea found approximately between the latitude of 4 degrees to 11 degrees 30'N. and longitude 109 degrees 30'E. They have a maritime area of 160,000 square kilometers and an insular area of about 170 hectares. The Spratlys are popular among fishermen. However, they are considered dangerous for commercial navigation. Maps from the early part of the last century have advised seamen to avoid passing through them. Japan explored the Spratlys for military reasons during World War II. The British Admiralty and U.S. Navy have also ordered some top secret missions there. But the U.S. Navy never released the new charts of the Spratlys to civilian authorities. Writer Francois-Xavier Bonnet wonders about the role of the Spratlys during the Vietnam War. In 1933 a Philippine senator protested the French annexation of the Spratlys. A parliamentary committee studied the issue but the U.S. government, which controlled the Philippines at that time, did not take an interest in the matter. In 1946 Vice President Elpidio Quirino claimed the Spratlys on behalf of the Philippine government. A year later, the Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs declared that the "New Southern Islands" previously occupied by Japan during World War II were part of Philippine territory. In 1955 the Philippine military reported that the Spratly island group was of "vital proximity" to the country. The following year, Filipino navigator and businessman Tomas Cloma issued a "proclamation to the whole world" claiming ownership and occupation of the Spratlys. Cloma sent six letters to the government about the need to settle the question of ownership of the islands. The vice president of the Philippines replied in 1957, assuring Cloma that the government "does not regard with indifference the economic exploitation and settlement of these uninhabited and unoccupied islands by Philippine nationals." According to Filipino law professor Haydee Yorac, the Cloma Proclamation was the first assertion of title to the Spratlys after Japan renounced its ownership of the islands in 1951 and 1952. In 1978 President Ferdinand Marcos issued a proclamation declaring ownership of most of the islands in the Spratlys. The area was renamed the Kalayaan (Freedom) Island Group. The proclamation laid the following basis for the Philippine claim: "By virtue of their proximity and as part of the continental margin of the Philippine archipelago"; that "they do not legally belong to any state or nation, but by reason of history; indispensable need, and effective occupation and control established in accordance with international law"; and while other states have laid claims to some of these areas, their claims have lapsed by abandonment and cannot prevail over that of the Philippines on legal, historical, and equitable ground." In 1995 President Fidel Ramos articulated the Philippine position regarding the Spratlys issue. He said "I would like to clarify that the Philippines does not only claim eight islands in the south China Sea but owns all islands and waters in the Spratlys as defined in the presidential decree issued by former President Marcos." Militarization of the Spratlys started in the 1970s. The Philippines sent a military contingent to occupy some of the islands in 1971. After four years, the Philippines had already established a military presence in six islands. Today, the Philippines occupies eight islands in the area.

Hakbang sa paglutas ng mga isyu sa pakikipagkapwa?

malulutasan natin ito kung tayo ay makipagkapwa sa kanila ng tama at makinig din naman tayo sa kanilang mga opinyon

Tula tungkol sa hayop?

ang hayop ay isang hayop para sa tao!!!! Don't Copy This!! gawain ko lng iTo.. :)

What country belongs the Spratly Islands?

There is no country belongs to Spratlys but Spratly is belong to the Philippines as it is within the Philippine Waters The Philippines is the legal owner of the islands in the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) THE PHILIPPINES AND THE ARCHIPELAGIC DOCTRINE Archipelago is defined as a sea or part of a sea studded with islands, often synonymous with island groups, or as a large group of islands in an extensive body of water, such as sea. (De Leon, 1991) In various conferences of the United Nations on the Law of the Sea, the Philippines and other archipelago states proposed that an archipelagic state composed of groups of islands forming a state is a single unit, with the islands and the waters within the baselines as internal waters.By this concept (archipelagic doctrine), an archipelago shall be regarded as a single unit, so that the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the state, subject to its exclusive sovereignty. Despite the opposition of maritime powers, the Philippines and four other states (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Bahamas) got the approval in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea held in Jamaica last December 10, 1982. They were qualified as archipelagic states. The archipelagic doctrine is now incorporated in Chapter IV of the said convention. It legalizes the unity of land, water and people into a single entity The Philippines bolstered the archipelagic principle in defining its territory when it included in Article 1 of the 1987 Constitution the following: "The national territory comprises the Philippine Archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein xxx"; and "The waters around, between and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines." On the strength of these assertions, the Philippines Archipelago is considered as one integrated unit instead of being divided into more than seven thousand islands. The outermost of our archipelago are connected with straight baselines and all waters inside the baselines are considered as internal waters. This makes the large bodies of waters connecting the islands of the archipelago like Mindanao Sea, Sulo Sea and the Sibuyan Sea part of the Philippines as its internal waters, similar to the rivers and lakes found within the islands themselves. The archipelagic principle however is subject to the following limitations: a) respect for the right of the ship and other states to pass through the territorial as well as archipelagic waters b) respect to right of innocent passage c) respect for passage through archipelagic sea lanes subject to the promulgation by local authorities of pertinent rules and regulations. The Philippines & the Spratly Islands History The Philippines as the closest and archipelagic country of the Spratly island with another Five Asian countries claim the Spratly Islands including -- China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei. Disputes among these six parties have led to various minor military skirmishes, the detention of fisherfolk and diplomatic rows in the past three decades. Control of the Spratlys is important since the region is supposed to contain large deposits of oil, gas, hydrocarbon and mineral resources. The islands are also strategically located in the sea lanes for commerce and transport in the South China Sea which is very close to the Palawan Province of the Philippines with a distant less than 200 nautical miles; a bases that Philippines has a legal ground that those islands are part of the Philippines. The Spratlys consist of about 26 islands and islets and 7 groups of rocks in the South China Sea found approximately between the latitude of 4 degrees to 11 degrees 30'N. and longitude 109 degrees 30'E. They have a maritime area of 160,000 square kilometers and an insular area of about 170 hectares. The Spratlys are popular among fishermen. However, they are considered dangerous for commercial navigation. Maps from the early part of the last century have advised seamen to avoid passing through them. Japan explored the Spratlys for military reasons during World War II. The British Admiralty and U.S. Navy have also ordered some top secret missions there. But the U.S. Navy never released the new charts of the Spratlys to civilian authorities. Writer Francois-Xavier Bonnet wonders about the role of the Spratlys during the Vietnam War. In 1933 a Philippine senator protested the French annexation of the Spratlys. A parliamentary committee studied the issue but the U.S. government, which controlled the Philippines at that time, did not take an interest in the matter. In 1946 Vice President Elpidio Quirino claimed the Spratlys on behalf of the Philippine government. A year later, the Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs declared that the "New Southern Islands" previously occupied by Japan during World War II were part of Philippine territory. In 1955 the Philippine military reported that the Spratly island group was of "vital proximity" to the country. The following year, Filipino navigator and businessman Tomas Cloma issued a "proclamation to the whole world" claiming ownership and occupation of the Spratlys. Cloma sent six letters to the government about the need to settle the question of ownership of the islands. The vice president of the Philippines replied in 1957, assuring Cloma that the government "does not regard with indifference the economic exploitation and settlement of these uninhabited and unoccupied islands by Philippine nationals." According to Filipino law professor Haydee Yorac, the Cloma Proclamation was the first assertion of title to the Spratlys after Japan renounced its ownership of the islands in 1951 and 1952. In 1978 President Ferdinand Marcos issued a proclamation declaring ownership of most of the islands in the Spratlys. The area was renamed the Kalayaan (Freedom) Island Group. The proclamation laid the following basis for the Philippine claim: "By virtue of their proximity and as part of the continental margin of the Philippine archipelago"; that "they do not legally belong to any state or nation, but by reason of history; indispensable need, and effective occupation and control established in accordance with international law"; and while other states have laid claims to some of these areas, their claims have lapsed by abandonment and cannot prevail over that of the Philippines on legal, historical, and equitable ground." In 1995 President Fidel Ramos articulated the Philippine position regarding the Spratlys issue. He said "I would like to clarify that the Philippines does not only claim eight islands in the Spratlys but owns all islands and waters in the Spratlys as defined in the presidential decree issued by former President Marcos." Militarization of the Spratlys started in the 1970s. The Philippines sent a military contingent to occupy some of the islands in 1971. After four years, the Philippines had already established a military presence in six islands. Today, the Philippines occupies eight islands in the area.

Artikulo tungkol sa kalikasan?

Global Warming sa Pilipinas - (Sulating Pormal) Maraming isyu ang kinakaharap ng ating bansa sa kasalukuyan. Ngunit kung ako'y bibigyan ng pagkakataon na maging bahagi ng mga isyung ito, ang una kong pagtutuunan ng pansin ay ang isyu tungkol sa ating kapaligiran. Ginawa ko ang sanaysay na ito upang mailahad ko ang mga bagay na aking naiisip na kaakibat ng ating kapaligiran sa kasalukuyang panahon. Patuloy na nasisira ang ating kapaligiran, dahilan upang magkaroon ng negatibong pagbabago hindi lamang dito sa ating bansa bagkus pati na rin sa buong sadaigdig. Ang lumalalang sitwasyon ay nagiging dahilan upang magkaroon ng pangyayari na tinatawag na global warming. Ang global warming ay ang pagtaas ng temperature ng ating mga karagatan at atmosphere at ang patuloy na paglala nito. Sinasabi ng mga scientist at mga eksperto na ang dahilan nito ay ang pagsusunog ng mga fossil fuels na nagiging sanhi ng pagkasira ng ozone layer n gating atmosphere. At dahil unti-unting nabubutas ang ozone layer, ang init na galing sa araw o itong tinatawag na sun's rays na mapanganib sa ating kapaligiran kung ito'y direktang makapapasok ay siya na ngang nagyayari sa kasalukuyang panahon. Ang ozone layer ang siyang nagsisilbing taga-sala nito o filter upang hindi ang mga mabubuting sinag lamang ang makapasok sa ating atmosphere. Sa isyu ng global warming, napakahalaga na pagtuunan ng pansin ang mga bagay na nagiging dahilan ng ganitong pangyayari. Alamin, sa abot ng makakaya, ang mga sanhi ng global warming. Sa ganitong paraan, malalaman natin ang mga dahilan ng pagkasira ng ating atmosphere at magagawan natin ng paraan. Maiiwasan natin ang mga gawaing nakapagdudulot ng unti-unting pagkabutas ng ating ozone layer gaya ng pagsusunod ng mga fossil fuels. Hindi lamang sa ating henerasyon maaaring makaapekto ang global warming. Higit na mararamdaman ito ng ating mga anak at kanilang mga pamilya kung hindi natin maaagapan ang pagkasira n gating kapaligiran. Marapat lamang na hanggang maaga ay kumilos tayo upang hindi na lumala pa ang sitwasyon. Kailangan lamang na magkaisa tayo upang masolusyunan natin ang problemang kinakaharap. Malaki ang ambag ng bawat isa sa pagkakaroon ng mabuti at malinis na kapaligiran. Huwag n asana tayong dumagdag pa sa mga taong patuloy ang pagsira sa ating kapaligiran. 2011 Sanaysay sa Filipino. YAN LANG PO :)

Lahat tungkol sa sintaksis?

. Ang pagkakaalam kung paano pinagsasama-samaang mga salita para bumuo ng mga parirala at mga. pangungusap.. . Ito ay may kinalaman sa sistema ng mga tuntunin atmga kategori na siyang batayan ng pagbubuo ng. mga pangungusap.. . Pag-aaral ng straktyur ng mga pangungusap.1a. * binulsa ko ang mabangong panyo1b. * bumulsa ko ang mabangong panyo1c. * Ibinulsa ko ang mabangong panyo..

Mga dahil tungkol sa kasaysayan?

summary o short isang diretso sa mga importanteng nasa wika o pabula,tula at iba pa.

Distances of spratly islands to the claimant?

It is not the issue on the distance. The issue here is the Philippines is bullied by the giants. The spratly is within the Philippine Waters. Since the Giants is planning to invade the Philippines, then they start invading the Spratlys of the Philippines. Well, if you really want to know; . China is 1000 miles away from Spratly of the Philippines . Taiwan is 800 Miles away . Philippines is 163 miles away and withing 200 Nautical Miles Economic zone accoring to UNCLOS . Vietnam more than 200 Miles . Malaysia- Is just within their 200 Miles but overlapping as they enter to the Philippine Waters . Brunei - Expected to have 200 NMEEZ a favor from UNCLOS . Indonesia - Expected to have 200 NMEEZ a favor from UNCLOS Spratlys Location: Coordinates: 8°38′N 111°55′E It is located in the West Philippine Sea and South China Sea. the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone of the Philippines near Palawan Province said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS

Artikulo hinggil sa isyu sa isyu sa pambansang teritoryo na inangkin ng mga dayuhan?

The Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan ( K4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow ) is thepolitical coalition that supported president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo who won the 2004 Philippine presidential elections. It is theremnant of the People Power Coalition that was formed followingthe ascendancy of president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to power.Arroyo is seeking a complete term under this coalition with Sen. Noli de Castro , an independent, yet popular, politician, as herrunning mate. The leading party in this coalition is the ruling Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats (Lakas-CMD), of which Arroyo is a member.Other parties under this coalition are the Liberal Party , the Nationalist People's Coalition , the Nacionalista Party , and the People's Reform Party as well as the Kabalikat ng Mamayang Pilipino . K-4 Senatorial Slate . Name Party Occupation . Robert Barbers . Lakas-CMD . Senator from Surigao del Norte . Rodolfo "Pong" Biazon . Liberal . Senator from Metro Manila and father of Muntinlupa City Cong. Rozzano Ruffino "Ruffy" Biazon .. Pilar Juliana "Pia" Cayetano . Lakas-CMD . Lawyer, Environmentalist and daughter of thelate Senator Renato Cayetano (1998-2003).. Richard Gordon . Lakas-CMD . former Secretary of Tourism and formerChairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority .. Parouk Hussin . Lakas-CMD . former Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao .. Robert Jaworski . Lakas-CMD . Senator from Metro Manila . Manuel Lapid . Lakas-CMD . Governor of Pampanga , movie and TVpersonality. Orlando S. Mercado . Lakas-CMD . former Secretary of National Defense and formerSenator from Metro Manila. John Henry Osmeña . NPC . Senator from Cebu . Manuel Roxas II . Liberal . former Secretary of Trade and Industry andformer Representative from Capiz . He is thegrandson of former President Manuel Roxas andson of former Senator Gerry Roxas .. Ramon Revilla, Jr. . Lakas-CMD . former Chairman of the Optical Media Board(anti- media piracy arm of the government),former Governor of Cavite , movie and TVpersonality. Miriam Defensor-Santiago . PRP . former Senator from Iloilo and PRP 1992 and1998 Presidential nominee (lost to Fidel Ramos and Joseph Estrada respectively). Results The K-4 slate gained 7 out of 12 possible seats in the Senate namely: (in order of votes received) . Manuel Roxas II . Ramon Revilla, Jr. . Richard Gordon . Pilar Juliana Cayetano . Miriam Defensor-Santiago . Manuel Lapid . Rodolfo Biazon See also . Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino ( Coalition of United Filipinos ), the K4's rival coalition in the 2004 national elections . . People Power Coalition , the name of pro-Arroyo coalition in the2001 midterm elections. . Lakas 1998 Senatorial Slate , the pro-administration senatorialslate in the 1998 national elections. . Lakas-Laban Coalition , the name of the pro-Ramos coalition inthe 1995 midterm elections. . Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia © 2001-2006 Wikipedia contributors ( Disclaimer ) This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License . Last updated on Tuesday October 23, 2007 at 06:15:00 PDT (GMT -0700) View this article at Wikipedia.org - Edit this article at Wikipedia.org - Donate to the Wikimedia Foundation . Dictionary.com's Mobile Apps www.dictionary.com/mobileAd-Free, Offline Content, Audio Pronunciation and More! Take Millions of Words With You Everywhere. Download Now! Ad. Search another word or see magsaliksik tungkol sa isyu ng spratlyat sabah island on Dictionary | Thesaurus | Spanish.

Tungkol sa kabihasnang Phoenician?

KABIHASNANG PHOENICIANS Lipunan at Kultura . Rasshamra - nakatuklas ng kultura at panitikan ng mga Phoenician . magaling mangopya sa ibang tao . nakagawa ng magandang klase ng mga produkto tulad ng bronse, mga armas, pandigmaang karwahe. mga kasangkapan at mga palayok na gawa sa ginto at pilak atbp. . "misyonero ng sibilisasyon"-dala ang kanilang kultura kahit saan magpunta . "dakilang marino"=magaling sa paglalayag pangniisda at kalakalan Ekonomiya . magaling na negosyante at mangangalakal . Purple Dye/Lilac na kinuha sa isdang Murex pinangkukulay sa telang lino . maganda ang kanilang mga produkto na gawa mula sa ginto,bronse at pilak . Nakapagtatag sila ng kolonya = gawing istasyon=pinagkukunan ng mga materyales . nakarating sila sa Cyprus = bronse . Spain= mga mineral . gaul=balat at katad . baltic=amber . Britain=mineral . paggawa ng sasakyang pandagat . ibang istasyon gades Africa at Carthage Pag Unlad . kalidad ng mga produkto . pagtatag ng mga kolonya . malaki at matatag na sasakyan pandagat . bihasa sa paglalayag at pangangalakal sa ibayong dagat Pag Bagsak . mahina sa pamahalaan at sandatahang lakas Ambag . konsepto ng kolonya = ginagawang istasyon para sa kalakalan= . ang alphabet = unang titik ang alpha at ikalawa ang bhet nakabatay ito sa systema ng alphabeto natin sa kasalukuyan . sila ang gumawa ng mga barko

What country owns the Sabah and Spratly islands?

According to my extensive research, NO ONE own the Spratly Islands, but the Chinese dynasty during year 200 AD claim it and saying those part of the Island are belongs to them. In addition, Chinese dynasty named this island "Nansha Island." This island was not Spratly back since 1791 Captain Spratle name under his name. For sure, China never own Spratley Island, but more relatively (but not really, its close) own Philippine government..

Teksto tungkol sa teknolohiya?

Ang tekstong teknolohiya ay tekstong may kinalaman sa teknolohiya..halimbawa,sanaysay pra sa bgong gadget ngayong 2012.

Balagtasan tungkol sa wika at kalikasan?

nabalitaan ko pala yung paburito mong isaw tingnan mo yang mukha mo mukang bumbilya ng ilaw.hahahaha...wasak..

Impormasyon tungkol sa maranao?

ang mangyan o Mayan ay nakatira sa bulubundukin! karaniwan din silang matatagpuan sa mga cave! pango ang kanilang ilong,maitim,katamtaman ang taas at curly ang buhok! magaling silang magluto!at mahilig sa maanghang! matatagpuan sila sa parteng ibaba ng mindanao!! -

Talumpati tungkol sa kalikasan?

kalikasan ?masasabi pa ba nating LIkas ito kung usok dito , usokdoon ? wala na ang bukid na sinasaka ni itay noon . wala na angtaniman ng puno ni inay ngayon puro strakturang walang nagawa kundimagbigay ng problema sa kalikasan . kailan ? saan ? paano tayobabangon ??

Mga tula tungkol sa edukasyon?

Kailangan ng edukasyon ng buong bayan Ng mga isyu at usaping pangkalikasan Sa gayo'y mamulat ang maraming mamamayan Na ang kalikasan pala'y dapat alagaan. Tayong mga dumadalo dito sa Kamayan Iba't ibang kuru-kuro'y nagbabahaginan Sa mga isyu'y marami tayong natutunan Sa mga nagtalakay na makakalikasan. Kaya nga't sa ating pag-uwi sa ating bahay Ibahagi ito sa mga mahal sa buhay Sa mga kumpare, kaibigan, kapitbahay Ito sa kalikasan ay maganda nang alay. Kaya't pakahusayan natin ang edukasyon Hinggil sa kalikasan at gawin itong misyon Upang maraming masa'y matuto sa paglaon At malaki nang ambag ito para sa nasyon.

Tula tungkol sa kalikasan?

ang tulkol sa kalikasan maganda at mainam na tingnan ngunit may mas maganda pa dito sa palawan bow

Talata tungkol sa guro?

The phrase Talata tungkol sa guro in Filipino is translated as"write a paragraph about teachers" in English.

Sanaysay tungkol sa kalikasan?

Ang ating kalikasan ngayon ay masyado ng madumi kaya itoy nagdudulot sa atin ng problema at sakit sa ating kalusugan. Lalo na kapag umuulan ang ilang lugar sa metro manila ay lumulubog sa baha, masyadong madumi ang kapaligiran dahil sa kapabayaan ng mamamayan.

Magsaliksik tungkol sa alpabetong filipino?

tae ka noh bat ku sasabihin matapos akong maghanap ng 331 books with 503 pages na walang pahinga tapos ikaw sa isang iglap sasabihin ko na agad-agad tanga

What country owns spratly islands?

Spratly Islands (not Spartly) are claimed by Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Taiwan, Philippines and Brunei. One of the Spratly Island known as Spratly Island (proper) or Truong Sa Island is owned by Vietnam .

Talumpati tungkol sa kapayapaan?

halimbawa: ang kapayapaan ay mahalaga para sa ating mga tao, pero bakit palagi itong nasisira,nawawasak.Mga kamag-aral na gaya ko,hinihikayat ko kayu na pangalagaan natin ang ating kapayapaan posted: pasilabanjusmae

Who should own the Spratly islands and why?

The Disputed Spratlys is within the Philippine Waters. The Philippines is the legal owner of the islands in the Spratlys as it is within 200 Nautical Mile Exclusive Economic Zone said United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) THE PHILIPPINES AND THE ARCHIPELAGIC DOCTRINE Archipelago is defined as a sea or part of a sea studded with islands, often synonymous with island groups, or as a large group of islands in an extensive body of water, such as sea. (De Leon, 1991) In various conferences of the United Nations on the Law of the Sea, the Philippines and other archipelago states proposed that an archipelagic state composed of groups of islands forming a state is a single unit, with the islands and the waters within the baselines as internal waters.By this concept (archipelagic doctrine), an archipelago shall be regarded as a single unit, so that the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the state, subject to its exclusive sovereignty. Despite the opposition of maritime powers, the Philippines and four other states (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Bahamas) got the approval in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea held in Jamaica last December 10, 1982. They were qualified as archipelagic states. The archipelagic doctrine is now incorporated in Chapter IV of the said convention. It legalizes the unity of land, water and people into a single entity The Philippines bolstered the archipelagic principle in defining its territory when it included in Article 1 of the 1987 Constitution the following: "The national territory comprises the Philippine Archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein xxx"; and "The waters around, between and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines." On the strength of these assertions, the Philippines Archipelago is considered as one integrated unit instead of being divided into more than seven thousand islands. The outermost of our archipelago are connected with straight baselines and all waters inside the baselines are considered as internal waters. This makes the large bodies of waters connecting the islands of the archipelago like Mindanao Sea, Sulo Sea and the Sibuyan Sea part of the Philippines as its internal waters, similar to the rivers and lakes found within the islands themselves. The archipelagic principle however is subject to the following limitations: a) respect for the right of the ship and other states to pass through the territorial as well as archipelagic waters b) respect to right of innocent passage c) respect for passage through archipelagic sea lanes subject to the promulgation by local authorities of pertinent rules and regulations. The Philippines & the Spratly Islands History The Philippines as the closest and archipelagic country of the Spratly island with another Five Asian countries claim the Spratly Islands including -- China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei. Disputes among these six parties have led to various minor military skirmishes, the detention of fisherfolk and diplomatic rows in the past three decades. Control of the Spratlys is important since the region is supposed to contain large deposits of oil, gas, hydrocarbon and mineral resources. The islands are also strategically located in the sea lanes for commerce and transport in the South China Sea which is very close to the Palawan Province of the Philippines with a distant less than 200 nautical miles; a bases that Philippines has a legal ground that those islands are part of the Philippines. The Spratlys consist of about 26 islands and islets and 7 groups of rocks in the South China Sea found approximately between the latitude of 4 degrees to 11 degrees 30'N. and longitude 109 degrees 30'E. They have a maritime area of 160,000 square kilometers and an insular area of about 170 hectares. The Spratlys are popular among fishermen. However, they are considered dangerous for commercial navigation. Maps from the early part of the last century have advised seamen to avoid passing through them. Japan explored the Spratlys for military reasons during World War II. The British Admiralty and U.S. Navy have also ordered some top secret missions there. But the U.S. Navy never released the new charts of the Spratlys to civilian authorities. Writer Francois-Xavier Bonnet wonders about the role of the Spratlys during the Vietnam War. In 1933 a Philippine senator protested the French annexation of the Spratlys. A parliamentary committee studied the issue but the U.S. government, which controlled the Philippines at that time, did not take an interest in the matter. In 1946 Vice President Elpidio Quirino claimed the Spratlys on behalf of the Philippine government. A year later, the Philippine Secretary of Foreign Affairs declared that the "New Southern Islands" previously occupied by Japan during World War II were part of Philippine territory. In 1955 the Philippine military reported that the Spratly island group was of "vital proximity" to the country. The following year, Filipino navigator and businessman Tomas Cloma issued a "proclamation to the whole world" claiming ownership and occupation of the Spratlys. Cloma sent six letters to the government about the need to settle the question of ownership of the islands. The vice president of the Philippines replied in 1957, assuring Cloma that the government "does not regard with indifference the economic exploitation and settlement of these uninhabited and unoccupied islands by Philippine nationals." According to Filipino law professor Haydee Yorac, the Cloma Proclamation was the first assertion of title to the Spratlys after Japan renounced its ownership of the islands in 1951 and 1952. In 1978 President Ferdinand Marcos issued a proclamation declaring ownership of most of the islands in the Spratlys. The area was renamed the Kalayaan (Freedom) Island Group. The proclamation laid the following basis for the Philippine claim: "By virtue of their proximity and as part of the continental margin of the Philippine archipelago"; that "they do not legally belong to any state or nation, but by reason of history; indispensable need, and effective occupation and control established in accordance with international law"; and while other states have laid claims to some of these areas, their claims have lapsed by abandonment and cannot prevail over that of the Philippines on legal, historical, and equitable ground." In 1995 President Fidel Ramos articulated the Philippine position regarding the Spratlys issue. He said "I would like to clarify that the Philippines does not only claim eight islands in the Spratlys but owns all islands and waters in the Spratlys as defined in the presidential decree issued by former President Marcos." Militarization of the Spratlys started in the 1970s. The Philippines sent a military contingent to occupy some of the islands in 1971. After four years, the Philippines had already established a military presence in six islands. Today, the Philippines occupies eight islands in the area.

Who own the spratly island?

The owner of spratly island is Philippines,spratly island is near in Palawan,Philippines so Vietnam is not the owner of spratly island...........sorry Vietnam :)

Talumpati tungkol sa pag ibig?

pag magmamahal ka, magtira ka, wag mo ibuhos lahat, kasi bandang huli, ikaw rin ang masasaktan.=(

Tungkol sa Wikang Pambansa?

Ang pambansang wika ay isang wika (o diyalekto) na natatanging kinakatawan ang pambansang pagkilanlan ng isang lahi at/o bansa. Ginagamit ang isang pambansang wika sa politikal at legal na diskurso at tinatatalaga ng pamahalaan ng isang bansa. Isang layunin ng pagkakaroon ng isang wikang pambansa ang pagpapalaganap ng pagkakaisang pambansa, ang pagkakaroon ng heograpiko at politikal na pagkakapatiran, at maging ang pagkakaroon ng isang sumasagisag na pambansang wika ng isang bansa. Unang sumibol ang diwa ng pagkakaroon ng isang wikang pambansa sa Pilipinas noong balik-tanawin ni Manuel Quezon noong 1925 ang isang damdamin ng pagkabigo ng pambansang bayaning si Jose Rizal, nang hindi nito magawa ng huling makipag-ugnayan sa isang kababayang babae habang nasa isang bangka patungong Europa. [2]

Tula tungkol sa math?

Math can be a wondrous rhyme. Makes students go round and round all the time. You can design equations to make shapes. Them or you can memorize like an ape. Sometimes you can monkey a solution. This may cause a revolution. But there really is no absolution. Someone will always want to see the proof And then will discover it was a spoof. Then comes the day to put it on the board Using old-fashioned chalk for the lord. The prof will check for glitches And look for funny variable switches. Maybe you're lucky and maybe you're not. But if you aren't you'll be on the spot. So kiddies, learn your calculus well Or else the prof could be your bell.

Kwento tungkol sa mga engkanto?

sa aming bayan sa binagonan naroon si mercidita siya ay isang engkantada. bawat taong lumalait sa kanya ay pinaglalaruan niya joke lang sabi ni crystah kaso Hindi naniniwala si mercidita kaya Hindi niya ito tintantanan

Salawikain tungkol sa nutrisyon?

ang pagkain ng gulay di dapat piliin , hikayatin ang mga bata na ito ay kainin

How big are the Spratly Islands?

The Spratly Islands are a group of more than 750 reefs, islets, atolls, cays and islands in the South China Sea. They comprise of less than four square kilometers of land area spread over more than 425,000 square kilometers of sea

What is the basis of Philippines in claiming spratly islands?

The Philippines base their claims of sovereignty over the Spratlys on the issues of res nullius . The definition of res nullius is "A thing which has no owner or A thing which has been abandoned by its owner is as much res nullius as if it had never belonged to any one

Why many countries are claiming the Spratly islands?

because it is an island full of natural resources and natural Resources are very important

Is there a human being who live in Spratly Island?

Hydrocarbons There are multiple reasons why the neighboring nations would be interested in the Spratly Islands. In 1968 oil was discovered in the region. The Geology and Mineral Resources Ministry of the People's Republic of China (PRC) has estimated that the Spratly area holds oil and natural gas reserves of 17.7 billion tons (1.60 × 10 10 kg), as compared to the 13 billion tons (1.17 × 10 10 kg) held by Kuwait , placing it as the fourth largest reserve bed in the world. These large reserves assisted in intensifying the situation and propelled the territorial claims of the neighboring countries. In 1968, the Philippines started to take their claims more seriously and stationed troops on three islands which had been claimed by the adventurer Tomas Cloma as part of Freedomland . [1] In 1973 Vietnamese troops were stationed on five islands. [2] On 11 March 1976, the first major Philippine oil discovery occurred off the coast of Palawan , near the Spratly Islands territory, and these oil fields now account for fifteen percent of all petroleum consumed in the Philippines. In 1992, the PRC and Vietnam granted oil exploration contracts to U.S. oil companies that covered overlapping areas in the Spratlys. In May 1992, the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) and Crestone Energy (a U.S. company based in Denver, Colorado ) signed a cooperation contract for the joint exploration of the Wan'an Bei-21 block, a 25,155 km² section of the southwestern South China Sea that includes Spratly Island areas. Part of the Crestone's contract covered Vietnam's blocks 133 and 134, where PetroVietnam, PetroStar Energy(USA) and ConocoPhillips Vietnam Exploration & Production, a unit of ConocoPhillips , agreed to evaluate prospects in April 1992. This led to a confrontation between China and Vietnam, with each demanding that the other cancel its contract. Commercial fishing An additional motive is the region's role as one of the world's most productive areas for commercial fishing. In 1988, for example, the South China Sea accounted for eight percent of the total world catch, a figure which has certainly risen. The PRC has predicted that the South China Sea holds combined fishing and oil and gas resources worth one trillion dollars. There have already been numerous clashes between the PRC, the Philippines and other nations over "foreign" fishing vessels in its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and the media regularly report the arrest of Chinese fishermen. In 1984, Brunei established an exclusive fishing zone encompassing Louisa Reef in the southeastern Spratly Islands. [3] Commercial shipping The region is also one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. During the 1980s, at least two hundred and seventy ships passed through the Spratly Islands region each day, and currently more than half of the world's supertanker traffic, by tonnage, passes through the region's waters every year. Tanker traffic through the South China Sea is over three times greater than through the Suez Canal and five times more than through the Panama Canal ; twenty five percent of the world's crude oil passes through the South China Sea. Confrontations and other incidents There have been occasional naval clashes over the Spratly Islands. In 1988, China and Vietnam clashed at sea over possession of Johnson Reef in the Spratlys. Chinese gunboats sank Vietnamese transport ships supporting a landing party of Vietnamese soldiers. 64 Vietnamese soldiers were killed. [4] On May 23, 2011, Philippine President Benigno Aquino III warned the Chinese defense minister of a possible arms race in the region if tensions worsened over disputes in the South China Sea. Aquino said he told visiting Chinese Defense Minister Liang Guanglie in their meeting that such an arms race could result if there were more encounters in the disputed and potentially oil-rich Spratly islands. The Philippines warned China that it might increase its military capabilities. [5] Extended continental shelf claims The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) procedure for countries with coastlines to submit claims for their continental shelf to be extended beyond 200 nautical miles of their shores brought the spotlight back to the South China Sea and Spratly Islands in May 2009. [6] Two such submissions were made - one by Vietnam for a claim over the northern portion of the sea which included the Paracel Islands , and another jointly by Vietnam and Malaysia for a joint claim over a "defined area" in the middle of the sea between the two countries which included part of the Spratly Islands. Brunei, a potential claimant, has not submitted such a claim but had provided preliminary information to the United Nations notifying it of its intention to claim a continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from its shores. [7] China immediately issued protests over the two submissions and called on the United Nations not to consider them. It also issued a stern warning to countries not to claim the islands which it said were its sovereign territory. [8] Moves towards resolution Diplomatic moves Following a 1995 dispute between China and the Philippines, an ASEAN -brokered agreement was reached between the PRC and ASEAN member nations whereby one country would inform the other of any military movement within the disputed territory and that there would be no further construction. The agreement was promptly violated by China and Malaysia. Claiming storm damage, seven Chinese naval vessels entered the area to repair "fishing shelters" in Panganiban Reef. Malaysia erected a structure on Investigator Shoal and landed at Rizal Reef. In response the Philippines lodged formal protests, demanded the removal of the structures, increased naval patrols in Kalayaan and issued invitations to American politicians to inspect the PRC bases by plane. The Philippine senate also debated to send troops and navy forces to attempt the invasion in the islands. In the early 21st century, the situation is improving. China recently held talks with ASEAN countries aimed at realizing a proposal for a free trade area between the ten countries involved. China and ASEAN have also been engaged in talks to create a code of conduct aimed at easing tensions in the disputed islands. In November 2002, a Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea was signed. [9] The parties explicitly undertook in this declaration, "to resolve their territorial and jurisdictional disputes by peaceful means, without resorting to the threat or use of force, through friendly consultations and negotiations by sovereign states directly concerned,". [9] The declaration eases tensions, but falls short of a legally binding code of conduct. [ citation needed ] Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea 2002 This declaration [10] was signed by the 10 foreign ministers of ASEAN countries and China on 4 November 2002 in Phnom Penh where the signatory countries pledged to resolve their sovereignty disputes in a peaceful manner, without resorting to the use of force and through direct negotiations among the countries concerned. The parties also undertook to exercise self-restraint with activities that would complicate or escalate disputes and affect peace and stability, including refraining from inhabiting on the presently uninhabited islands, reefs, shoals, cays, and other features. In the interim, the parties pledged to carry out confidence building measures, such as by holding dialogues and exchange of views as appropriate between their defense and military officials; ensuring just and humane treatment of all persons who are in danger or distress; notifying on a voluntary basis other Parties concerned of any impending joint/combined military exercise; and exchanging, on a voluntary basis, relevant information. The Parties may also explore or undertake cooperative activities such as marine environmental protection; marine scientific research; safety of navigation and communication at sea; search and rescue operation; and combating transnational crime, including but not limited to trafficking in illicit drugs, piracy and armed robbery at sea, and illegal traffic in arms. United States intervention United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced on July 23, 2010 in Vietnam that the U.S. had a "national interest in... respect for international law in the South China Sea" and supported a regional solution to the dispute. This was seen as a victory for Vietnam, [11] because Vietnam had been seeking to negotiate the status of the Paracels multilaterally through forums like ASEAN, while China prefers bilateral negotiations. [12] "Small country" claimants such the Philippines were "secretly pleased... to have a friend in court", i.e. the United States, an opinion in the The Manila Times claimed, despite the Philippine Government criticizing the intervention. [13] Chinese foreign minister Yang Jiechi said that Vietnam's invitation to the United States to mediate was "an attack on China". [14] Various claims . Map of various countries occupying the Spratly Islands. Brunei . This section requires expansion .. Brunei claims the part of the South China Seas nearest to it as part of its continental shelf and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). In 1984, Brunei declared an EEZ encompassing the above-water islets it claims in Louisa Reef . [3] [15] Brunei does not practice military control in the area. Basis of Brunei's claim Brunei's claims to the reef are based on the Law of the Sea . [16] It states that the southern part of the Spratly Chain is actually a part of its continental shelf and therefore a part of its territory and resources. [17] Malaysia . This section requires expansion .. Malaysia has militarily occupied three islands that it considers to be within its continental shelf. Swallow Reef ( Layang Layang ) has been turned into an island through land reclamation and hosts a dive resort. The Malaysian military currently occupies Ardasier Reef ( Terumbu Ubi ), Mariveles Reef ( Terumbu Mantanani ) and Swallow Reef ( Terumbu Layang or Pulau Layang Layang ). [15] Basis of Malaysia's claim . This section requires expansion .. Malaysia's claims are based upon the continental shelf principle, and have clearly defined coordinates. This argument still requires that the islands were res nullius , though. [18] [15] People's Republic of China and Republic of China (Taiwan) The People's Republic of China (PRC) claim all of the Spratly Islands as part of China and had a historical naval presence. Recently, they have had a profound military impact on the area.. Map of the South China Sea Islands , by Ministry of the Interior, ROC, 1947.. The Republic of China (ROC), which ruled mainland China before 1949 and has been confined to Taiwan since 1949, also claims all of the Spratly Islands. Today, the People's Liberation Army and the Republic of China Armed Forces are both stationed in several islands, including the largest, Taiping Island - occupied by ROC. From 1932 to 1935, the ROC continued to include the territory in its administrative area through the Map Compilation Committee. When France claimed nine islands of the territory in 1933, it immediately encountered a revolt from Chinese fishermen and a protest from the Republic of China government in Nanking . Although China continued to claim the islands, the Second Sino-Japanese war drew its attention for the meantime from 1937 onwards. After the second world war, China reclaimed sovereignty over the islands through post World War II arrangements based on various treaties of the Allied Powers [19] and China built a stone marker on the island. In 1947, the ROC government renamed 159 islands in the area and published the Map of the South China Sea Islands . The ROC was the first government to establish a physical presence in the Spratly Islands. It has occupied Taiping Island , the largest island in the Spratlys, constantly since 1956. [20] . In 1958, North Vietnamese Prime Minister Phạm Văn Đồng sent a formal note to Zhou Enlai .. In 1958, the People's Republic of China, having taken over mainland China and having left the Republic of China with control over Taiwan, Penghu , Kinmen , Matsu , and some outlying islands, issued a declaration of a 12 nautical mile limit territorial waters that encompassed the Spratly Islands. North Vietnam 's prime minister, Phạm Văn Đồng , sent a formal note to PRC's Premier Zhou Enlai to recognize these claims; and stated that the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) respects the decision on the 12 nautical mile limit territorial waters, although South Vietnam continued to claim sovereignty over the islands. Basis for PRC's and ROC's claims The PRC and ROC base their claims on the belief that the islands have been an integral part of China for nearly two thousand years and that neighboring countries and European Powers took advantage of China's poor condition and diversity to impinge on its sovereignty. China claims to have discovered the islands in the Han Dynasty in 2 BC. The islands were claimed to have been marked on maps compiled during the time of Eastern Han Dynasty and Eastern Wu (one of the Three Kingdoms ). Since the Yuan Dynasty in the 12th century, several islands that may be the Spratlys have been labeled as Chinese territory, [21] followed by the Ming Dynasty [22] and the Qing Dynasty from the 13th to 19th Century. [23] In 1755, [24] [25] archaeological surveys the remains of Chinese pottery and coins have been found in the islands and are cited as proof for the PRC claim. [26] In addition, the PRC's military presence ensures a tangible claim to other potential challengers of sovereignty over at least those inhabited areas. Criticisms to the PRC's and ROC's claims Surveying an area without establishing a civilization there or a military garrison does not hold the same political weight as staking an official claim. However, the PRC's claim to the Spratly Islands is grounded in the philosophy that since they were present there first they rightly have sovereignty. Many of these claims to sovereignty come directly from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China . There is also doubt as to whether these sources state a claim of sovereignty or simply mention the Spratlys alongside other foreign lands. Claims of pottery being found are mostly shipwrecked treasure from Chinese galleons that sailed through the area and did not necessarily come from anyone who inhabited or even visited the islands. [26] The Philippines The Philippines base their claims of sovereignty over the Spratlys on the issues of Res nullius and geography. The Philippines contend their claim was Res nullius as there was no effective sovereignty over the islands until the 1930s when France and then Japan acquired the islands. When Japan renounced their sovereignty over the islands according to the San Francisco Treaty , there was a relinquishment of the right to the islands without any special beneficiary. Therefore, argue the Philippines, the islands became Res nullius and available for annexation. This is an anachronistic claim however, because the Philippines did not register these claims until the 1970s. In 1956, a private Filipino citizen, Tomas Cloma , unilaterally declared a state on 53 features in the South China Sea, calling it "Freedomland". As the Republic of China moved to occupy the main island in response, Cloma sold his claim to the Philippine government, which annexed ( de jure ) the islands in 1978, calling them Kalayaan . On June 11, 1978, President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines issued Presidential decree No. 1596, declaring the Spratly Islands (referred to therein as the Kalayaan Island Group) as Philippine territory. [27] The Philippine claim to Kalayaan on a geographical basis can be summarized using the assertion that Kalayaan is distinct from other island groups in the South China Sea, because of the size of the biggest island in the Kalayaan group. [ citation needed ] A second argument used by the Philippines regarding their geographical claim over the Spratlys is that all the islands claimed by the Philippines lie within its 200- mile Exclusive Economic Zone according to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea . This argument still requires that the islands were res nullius , though. [28] The Philippines also argue, under maritime law that the People's Republic of China can not extend its baseline claims to the Spratlys because the PRC is not an archipelagic state. Vietnam Vietnam's response to China's claim is that Chinese records on Qianli Changsha and Wanli Shitang are in fact records about non-Chinese territories. [29] For example, Qianli Changsha and Wanli Shitang were referred to in the ancient Chinese texts Ling Wai Dai Da [30] and Zhu Fan Zhi [31] as being in the Sea of Jiaozhi, Jiaozhi being the old name for a Chinese province in modern day northern Vietnam (Giao Chỉ), or as writings on foreign countries. Vietnam's view is that the Chinese records do not constitute the declaration and exercise of sovereignty and that China did not declare sovereignty over the Spratlys until after World War II. On the other hand, Vietnam claims the Spratlys based on international law on declaring and exercising sovereignty.. A European colonial map depicting the islands as Vietnamese territory.. Vietnam People's Navy 's soldiers marching on Spratly island. Vietnamese claims that it has occupied the Spratley and the Paracel islands at least since the 17th century, when they were not under the sovereignty of any state, and that they exercised sovereignty over the two archipelagos continuously and peacefully until they were invaded by Chinese armed forces. [32] In Phủ Biên Tạp Lục (Miscellaneous Records of Pacification in the Border Area) by the scholar Lê Quý Đôn , Hoàng Sa ( Paracel Islands ), and Trường Sa (Spratly Islands) were defined as belonging to Quảng Ngãi District. In Đại Nam Nhất Thống Toàn Đồ (Dai Nam Unified Map), an atlas of Vietnam completed in 1838, Trường Sa was shown as Vietnamese territory. [ citation needed ] Vietnam had conducted many geographical and resource surveys of the islands. [ citation needed ] The results of these surveys have been recorded in Vietnamese literature and history published since the 17th century. After the treaty signed with the Nguyễn Dynasty , France represented Vietnam in international affairs and exercised sovereignty over the islands. [ citation needed ] The Cairo Declaration , drafted by the Allies and China towards the end of World War II, listed the territories that the Allies intended to strip from Japan and return to China. Despite China being among the authors of the declaration, this list did not include the Spratlys. [ citation needed ] Vietnam's response to China's claim that the Cairo Declaration somehow recognized the latter's sovereignty over the Spratlys is that this claim has no basis in fact. At the San Francisco Conference on the peace treaty with Japan, the Soviet Union proposed that the Paracels and Spratlys be recognized as belonging to China. This proposal was rejected by an overwhelming majority of the delegates. On July 7, 1951, Tran Van Huu, head of the Bảo Đại Government's delegation to the conference declared that the Paracels and Spratlys were part of Vietnamese territory. This declaration met with no challenge from the 51 representatives at the conference. [ citation needed ] The text of the Treaty of San Francisco listed the Spratlys as not part of the list of territories to be returned to China. [33] After the French left, the Vietnamese government exercised sovereignty over the islands. [ dubious - discuss ] Up to the end of the Vietnam War the army of the South Vietnamese still held military control over the majority of the Spratly islands. After the Vietnam War , the unified Vietnam SRV (Socialist Republic of Vietnam) continued to claim the Spratly islands as an integral part of Vietnam, accordingly the Phan Van Dong DRV notice to the PRC in 1958 had not ceded the ROV and consequently the SRV claims, hence that Notice became of no effect on the ROV/SRV rights. Vietnam currently occupies 31 islands. They are organized as a district of Khanh Hoa Province . At the 12th National Assembly Election held early in Trường Sa, the people and soldiers also voted for their local district government for the first time. For the first time, Trường Sa is organized like a normal inland district, with a townlet (thị trấn Trường Sa) and two communes (xã Sinh Tồn, xã Song Tử Tây). Forty nine people were elected to the communes' people's councils. Tabular listing of features showing country possessions Occupied features A feature is occupied by a country if one of the following is true: . Soldiers and/or civilian citizens of a country are present in the feature, either by building structures over the feature to house the citizens (most features are of this type) or by manning a ship anchored over the feature (Philippine-occupied Irving Reef is of this type). . Regularly visited by soldiers of a country, not necessarily having soldiers present in it 24 hours. These features must lie near (within 9 miles (14 km)) a feature occupied by the country in the way of the first condition. Presence of structures is not necessary. This is the case of Philippine-occupied Flat Island and Lankiam Cay where soldiers stationed at Nanshan Island and Loaita Island respectively, regularly visit on a daily basis. The effective visible distance of horizon from a 15 meter (typical large structure) height above sea-level is 9 miles (14 km). This makes features occupied by the second condition to be also labeled as "occupied" since they can be guarded far away. However not all features within the 9-mile (14 km) radius can be considered as absolutely occupied . This is especially true for features that lie between and within 9 miles (14 km) of two or more features occupied by different countries. (See Virtually Occupied or Controlled table)

Sanaysay tungkol sa kaibigan?

Ano nga ba ang tunay na kahulugan ng salitang kaibigan? Para sa akin maraming ibig sabihin ng kaibigan, kaibigan sa kasiyahan lang or sa gimmick lang, kaibigan kapag may kailangan lang sayo, kaibigan lang sa tsismisan, kaibigan lang na may makakasama at makaka-usap, kaibigan lang siya kapag may nakukuha sayo. Yan lang ang mga halimbawa ng salitang kaibigan. Sa tingin ninyo ba masasabi mo na agad na kaibigan kapag bago palang kayo magka-kilala?. Para sa akin ang tunay na kaibigan ay ang taong nasa likuran mo sa oras ng kagipitan, taong mahihingahan mo sa oras na may problema ka at feeling depress ka, at siya ang taong magpapalakas ng iyong loob at susuporta sa iyo kahit sa anong bagay. Yun ang matatawag kong tunay na kaibigan, yung tanggap ka kahit ano ka at kahit ano meron ka, yung kahit anong mangyari nandiyan siya sa likod mo, siya rin yung taong hindi mag-aatubiling magsasabi sayo kung tama ba o mali na ang ginagawa mo , taong tutulong sayo na hindi mag-hihintay na ano mang kapalit, taong maiiyakan mo, taong masasabihan mo ng kahit anong sekreto mo, taong I maitetreasured mo habang ika'y nabubuhay, at kahit anong pag-subok ang dumating sayo nandiyan siya hindi ka niya iiwan. Kapag ganyan ang taong kaibigan mo masasabi mo na siya ang tunay mong kaibigan. Naaalala ko tulo'y ang isa kong kaibigan, siya ang kaisa-isang tao na naging kaibigan ko nung time na down na down ako siya yung taong nasa likuran ko nag-papalakas ng aking loob, taong nagtuturo sa akin, taong tumutulong sa akin sa aking kagipitan, taong itinuring akong parang isang kapatid hindi lang isang kaibigan, masyadong malalim ang aming pinag-samahan bilang mag-kaibigan, kapag nag-kakasakit ako siya ang nag-aalaga sa akin siya ang taong itinuring kong para kong isang kapatid na babae, sa kanya ko naramdaman ang pag-aalaga ng isang nakakatandang kapatid na babae, napakabait niyang tao hindi lang sa kaibigan niya kundi pati na rin sa kanyang pamilya .marami ring mga pag-subok din ang dumating sa aming buhay, at maraming pagsubok din ang dumating sa aming dalawa bilang pag-kakaibigan, siya ang iniodolo ko sa isang kaibigan dahil siya ang taong tumutulong na hindi nag-hihintay ng anumang kapalit, Masaya siya na nakakatulong sa ibang tao at sa kanyang mga pamilya, siya ang taong kahit wala siya basta maibigay niya sa kanyang kaibigan at sa kanyang pamilya ay Masaya na siya, siya ang taong may napaka simpleng personalidad. Sampung taon na rin ang nakakalipas na kami'y magkahiwalay at malayo sa isa't isa", subalit ang aming pag-hihiwalay ay hindi naging hadlang para maputol ang aming pag-kakaibigan, marami naring unos ang dumating sa kanyang buhay pero nanatili pa rin siyang matatag at lumalaban para sa kanyang pamilya. Matagal tagal na ring panahon na kami'y malayo sa isa't isa katulad ng sabi ko hindi naging hadlang ang aming pag-hihiwalay hanggang ngayun ay nariyan pa rin siya na nag-aalala sa akin, nagpapalakas ng aking loob, at gumagawa ng paraan upang kami'y makapag-usap. Binabalik ko naman ang mga kabutihan na ibinigay niya sa akin, nagtutulungan kami, at nandito pa rin kami nagsasabi ng mga pangyayari sa aming buhay. At dahil na rin sa sobrang hirap sa ating bansa umalis siya, nag-trabaho bilang care giver sa Cyprus, na kahit masakit sa kanyang kalooban na mag-alaga ng ibang tao kesa mag-alaga sa kanyang sariling ina ay tinitiis niya yun, nakikipag sapalaran siya upang mabigyan ng magandang buhay ang kanyang pamilya at mga kapatid, napakabait niyang tao walang katulad, nagsasakrispisyo, lumalaban, nag-titiis na malayo sa kanyang pamilya para lang mabigyan ng magandang buhay ang kanyang pamilya, kung iisipin mo napakahirap ng kanyang sitwasyun nasa bahay lang nag-aalaga ng 2 matanda at malayo sila sa kabihasnan, kaya ang ginagawa ko lahat ng sinusulat ko ay ipinapadala ko sa kanya upang maibsan ng kahit konti ang kanyang kalungkutan, kapag siya'y tumatawag puro nalang pag-hingi ng pasensya ang iyong maririnig, pasensya na dahil bihira siya makatawag , at humihingi siya ng pasensya dahil hindi daw niya mabayaran ang mga tulong ko sa kanya, isa lang ang sinasabi ko sa kanya wala siya dapat ihingi ng pasensya dahil binabalik ko lang ang mga kabutihan na ginawa niya sa akin, at isa pa ang pag-kakaibigan ay hindi nag-bibilangan kung ano at mag-kano naitulong mo sa kanya. Para sa akin sa panahon ngayun napakahirap na makahanap ng totoong tao na maitretreasured mo habang ika'y nabubuhay, totoong kaibigan mo na nandiyan sa tabi mo sa hirap o ginhawa, sa lungkot at saya, at naaalala ko pa ang kantang " kung tayo'y matanda na sana'y di tayo mag-bago" nakakatuwa kasi para naman kaming 2 taong nag-iibigan dahil yan ang lagi niya kinakanta at sabi niya sa akin pagmarinig ko raw yang kanta na yan ay para ko na rin siya kasama. Munti ko lang hiling na kahit nasa malayo na siya sana'y lagi siyang patnubayan ng poong may kapal, lagi siyang maging matatag. Kaya ang aming pag-kakaibigan ay hindi mawawala habang ako'y nabubuhay.