Long term effects of nuclear waste?
cancers, birth defects, infertility and mutations i think. wen cells become damages, they repair themselves incorrectly, more often results in cancers..
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Many different birth defects and lukemia.
Harmful Effects of Nuclear Wastes: Nuclear wastes usually contain one or more highly radioactive substances. Radioactive nuclear wastes pollute the earth to a dangerous level… of toxicity. If the nuclear wastes are exposed to underground water, the radiations get absorbed in water and then enter in living beings through food chains. Nuclear wastes emit harmful radiations. These harmful radiations affect the living beings. These harmful radiations damage our tissues, cells and rd blood corpuscles. The nuclear wastes radiations can cause the diseases like cancer, leukemia, etc. Radioactive waste also spreads through water that is used in nuclear reactors. This has a huge effect on the surrounding aquatic life. Waste products from nuclear power stations etc. are becoming a serious problem. Nuclear power plants do require huge amounts of water to cool their reactors. If this hot water is dump into rivers or oceans, thermal pollution may result. The heat can have a harmful effect on aquatic life. To protect the environment, the water must be cooled before it is released. Unfortunately, there is no way of stopping a radioactive nucleus from emitting radiation.
Nuclear waste is good.
Should Nuclear Power continue to be developed to meet global demands when there is no long term solution to storage of nuclear wastes?
This is a disadvantage of nuclear power. But there are even more disadvantages for coal or natural gas power generation. The technology will come to figure out what to do the …waste.
Most of us, and that includes virtually everyone in North America and Western Europe, have suffered no damage from nuclear power, and provided the industry is well run and rad…ioactive waste is well handled in the future, that should continue to be true. As you probably know, a very bad disaster happened in the Ukraine at Chernobyl, and some people who worked at the plant died, and others who lived nearby received high radiation doses. That sort of accident is totally unacceptable and everyone in the industry, designers and operators, is dedicated to not allowing something like that again. The major worry now is probably from terrorism, and we must stop any attempt to damage nuclear plants. But to imply as you do that all of us may suffer from nuclear power is in my opinion quite wrong.
There are two basic different forms of nuclear waste. Each has itsown criteria for storage, and these illustrate how long it lasts. Low level waste is not particularly radioa…ctive and may not lastvery long as waste. An example is tritiated water, which can beconsidered nuclear waste at fairly low levels of radioactivity. Inthis form, it can be stored while the tritium decays into stablehelium. Natural tritium is replenished by cosmic rays as quickly asit decays. In storage, however, it is not replenished, and in a fewcenturies, the water that had been nuclear waste will have lesstritium, and be less radioactive, than water found in nature. Thereare other forms of low level waste, but their characteristics arein large degree similar. For spent fuel and similar high level waste, however, the answer isdifferent. I have heard many people talk of this, usually citingsuch numbers as the half life of some isotope. Such a number is notuseful. A more accurate and understandable figure can be based on acriterion put into use by nuclear scientists in Europe, which isthat waste may be considered safe when it has decayed to the pointthat it is no more radioactive than naturally occurring uraniumore. According to this criterion, spent fuel is safe in about6,000,000 years.
Some of it will last thousands of years
Nuclear waste is carefully stored and never spread around the environment unless there is a serious accident like at Chernobyl, or resulting from fallout from nuclear weapon u…se. At Chernobyl there were reports of vegetation being discolored, but this was due to quite exceptional levels of contamination which have never been remotely approached in the US or W Europe. I'm not aware of reports on atmospheric weapon tests, most of which were in the Soviet Union, so not reported on. More recently of course all nuclear tests have been underground. Most attention has been given to effects on humans, but clearly animals grazing on contaminated land will pick up some radiation. This happened after Chernobyl in countries as far away as the UK and meat from sheep in some areas was banned for quite a long time, though the actual levels were very low, not enough to make the sheep ill, but detectable. Low level discharges from Sellafield fuel processing plant into the Irish Sea have occurred, and the effects are monitored by analysing fish caught nearby, but I'm not aware of any resulting ban on fishing.
long term it may elevate long term cancer risks
i need this for science so someone answer this please.
If it is properly contained and isolated none however it can be a horible invasive poison if it is allowed to get out of controll.
Well, it is poisonous, and radioactive- which can cause radiation sickness and cancer. Basically, it can kill people, animals, and plants. For a long time.
In Japan in WW2
Rebuilding the land destroyed is the effect that has the longer term.
The nuclear waste releases a gas called radioactivity. If this is not handled, then it can kill a lot of people. . Radioactivity is not a gas, it is a form of radiant ener…gy. Gamma radiation is just very high energy light, and the others are composed of various subatomic particles.
That depends on the waste. Different materials have a different length of time and the more waste you have the longer it will take. you have to know the half life of the mater…ial and how much you have. Need to find what level of radioactivity you are considering to be a "safe level" and what the maximum amount of your material you can have and still be below that level. After that you simply find how many times you need to divide the mass of your material by 2 to get it below the max "safe" amount and multiply the half life of that material by the number of times you divided by 2. Most Radio active waste can stick around for many many years.
In most countries, nuclear power generation and other applications of radioactive materials started before plans for the disposal of the resulting radioactive waste were well …developed. As waste arose, it was most frequently stored in various types of engineered containment on the surface and at sites to which access was controlled. Research and development work on waste disposal has shown that, in principle, all types of radioactive waste can be disposed of in a manner that provides protection for the health and safety of people and the environment. For high level and long lived radioactive waste, the consensus of the waste management experts internationally is that disposal in deep underground engineered facilities - geological disposal - is the best option that is currently available or likely to be available in the foreseeable future. This option is under investigation in most countries with significant amounts of such waste, and two countries have now made formal Government decisions to go ahead with facilities for the disposal of high level waste. The IAEA has issued a report of international experts who reviewed the issue of long-term storage and disposal of radioactive waste.