What would you like to do?
Long term effects of nuclear waste?
cancers, birth defects, infertility and mutations i think. wen cells become damages, they repair themselves incorrectly, more often results in cancers..
2 people found this useful
Was this answer useful?
Thanks for the feedback!
There are two basic different forms of nuclear waste. Each has itsown criteria for storage, and these illustrate how long it lasts. Low level waste is not particularly radioa…ctive and may not lastvery long as waste. An example is tritiated water, which can beconsidered nuclear waste at fairly low levels of radioactivity. Inthis form, it can be stored while the tritium decays into stablehelium. Natural tritium is replenished by cosmic rays as quickly asit decays. In storage, however, it is not replenished, and in a fewcenturies, the water that had been nuclear waste will have lesstritium, and be less radioactive, than water found in nature. Thereare other forms of low level waste, but their characteristics arein large degree similar. For spent fuel and similar high level waste, however, the answer isdifferent. I have heard many people talk of this, usually citingsuch numbers as the half life of some isotope. Such a number is notuseful. A more accurate and understandable figure can be based on acriterion put into use by nuclear scientists in Europe, which isthat waste may be considered safe when it has decayed to the pointthat it is no more radioactive than naturally occurring uraniumore. According to this criterion, spent fuel is safe in about6,000,000 years.
Some kinds of radioactive waste, particularly spent fuel from nuclear power plants, will remain dangerous to people for tens of thousands and even hundreds of thousands of yea…rs. For this waste to decay to the point that it has approximately the activity of naturally occurring materials, it will take several million years.
Harmful Effects of Nuclear Wastes:Nuclear wastes usually contain one or more highly radioactive substances. Radioactive nuclear wastes pollute the earth to a dangerous level o…f toxicity. If the nuclear wastes are exposed to underground water, the radiations get absorbed in water and then enter in living beings through food chains. Nuclear wastes emit harmful radiations. These harmful radiations affect the living beings. These harmful radiations damage our tissues, cells and rd blood corpuscles. The nuclear wastes radiations can cause the diseases like cancer, leukemia, etc. Radioactive waste also spreads through water that is used in nuclear reactors. This has a huge effect on the surrounding aquatic life. Waste products from nuclear power stations etc. are becoming a serious problem. Nuclear power plants do require huge amounts of water to cool their reactors. If this hot water is dump into rivers or oceans, thermal pollution may result. The heat can have a harmful effect on aquatic life. To protect the environment, the water must be cooled before it is released. Unfortunately, there is no way of stopping a radioactive nucleus from emitting radiation.
There are different ways of looking at this. And one should be warned that the idea of a half life is not immediately applicable to safety. Knowing the half life, you still ha…ve to do a lot of calculating, more than ordinary people can do in their heads. The government of the United States has said high level waste from nuclear power plants will be safe in about 1,000,000 years. Unfortunately, there is no easily understood explanation of how they came to that number. A much more easily understood number is used in Europe. The standard is that the material is safe when its radioactivity is no more than what comes from naturally occurring ores of uranium. This is easier because it can be calculated with some degree of precision, and the idea of safety is understandable. The number arrived at is 6,000,000 years. To understand this fully, we have to keep in mind what 1,000,000 or 6,000,000 years means. Human history is only 5500 years old. But that history only applies to the places where it existed. Recorded history of most parts the world, including most of Africa, all of North and South America, and much of northern Europe and Asia is less than 1000 years old. It is really hard for anyone to imagine 1,000,000 years or what will happen in that time.
There are plenty of negative effects of long term antibiotic usage or continous antibiotic usage for frequent infections. Bacteria can adapt to be "resist" the killing ability… of the antibiotic and thus become more dangerous. The antibiotic can also kill the normal flora or the "good bacteria" in your gut, which increases the risk of you acquiring a dangerous bacterial strain. One particular such bug that you can acquire is called Clostridium difficile (C. Difficile) and it is extremely hard for doctors to eradicate this bacteria. Long term usage of antibiotics can also be extremely irritating to the stomach and the intestines, causing diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cramps. With certain antibiotics, you can also develop allergies aganist it or have higher risk for other side effects (such as when alcohol is combined with Flagyl or Metronidazole). On the other hand, long term use of antibiotics are required in certain disease states to prevent or treat infections. The treatment of Clostridium difficile (C. Difficile) infection is long term antibiotic therapy until the diarrhea caused by this bacteria's toxin stops and the patient seems to get better. In HIV/AIDS patients, antibiotics are needed to supress bacterial growth that can be life threatning to the patient.
By 'waste' I mean high level waste which is contained in the spent fuel. The behavior of the fission products in reactor fuel is dependent on a number of factors; 1. The yie…ld from fission 2. The effect of neutron capture whilst in operation 3. The half life of the radioactivity 4. The type and energy of the radioactivity Clearly the amount of radiation per unit mass of any radioactive emitter is higher the shorter the half life, but then it decays more quickly than for long lived emitters. Since in practical terms the spent fuel is stored on site for several years at least, half lives of less than 1 year are not so important as those of say tens of years, so these medium life emitters are more important. Two of these are Strontium 90 at 29 years and Caesium 137 at 30 years. In the much longer term, there are seven isotopes identified which will still be active after millions of years: Technetium 99, Tin 126, Selenium 79, Zirconium 93, Caesium 135, Palladium 107, Iodine 129. Caesium 135 for example has a half life of 2.3 million years. Thus effectively you can say it stays dangerous for ever, or as long as humans are likely to exist, but the most dangerous parts will have decayed to only a small proportion of their original activity after a few thousand years. See Wikipedia article 'Long-lived fission products'
depends on the type of waste, that determines its halflife. some waste will be safe in just a few decades, other types will take millions of years. if they would reprocess re…actor nuclear waste so that uranium, plutonium, and other transuranics were recycled as fuel instead of staying in the waste; the remaining waste could be stored in a repository for 100 to 200 years and be safe after that.
The long term effects are businesses are at a low, Loss Of Tourism, Property damage, beach destroyed, Deaths - suffering of family members, Fear, Injuries.
you will eventually become a hunchback you could pinch a nerve either killing or paralyzing you
dudee........You wont see it. Its 10,000 years.
Some of it will last thousands of years
Which type of storage facility is assumed to be safe for long-term storage of nuclear waste products?
illnesses are spread easily as there is a shortage of water and food . therefore, long term effects are illnesses which result in more people dieing ... lifes are destoyed
Nuclear waste is carefully stored and never spread around the environment unless there is a serious accident like at Chernobyl, or resulting from fallout from nuclear we…apon use. At Chernobyl there were reports of vegetation being discolored, but this was due to quite exceptional levels of contamination which have never been remotely approached in the US or W Europe. I'm not aware of reports on atmospheric weapon tests, most of which were in the Soviet Union, so not reported on. More recently of course all nuclear tests have been underground. Most attention has been given to effects on humans, but clearly animals grazing on contaminated land will pick up some radiation. This happened after Chernobyl in countries as far away as the UK and meat from sheep in some areas was banned for quite a long time, though the actual levels were very low, not enough to make the sheep ill, but detectable. Low level discharges from Sellafield fuel processing plant into the Irish Sea have occurred, and the effects are monitored by analysing fish caught nearby, but I'm not aware of any resulting ban on fishing.
If you were to smoke for a long period of time you could develop what is known as Bronchitis and you can also have your arteries narrowed and decrease in size. It's also … known to cause coronary heart disease, stroke, ulcers, respiratory infections, lung cancer (as well as cancer of the larynx, esophagus, bladder, pancreas, stomach, & uterine cervix), emphysema, early menopause, and stillborn & premature children (So heads up don't smoke because your just killing yourself!)
The half-life of the radiation in the rods used in nuclear power plants is 30 years, but under government standards, they are not considered "safe" until they are more than 90…% depleted - nearly 300 years.