Tagumpay ng imperyalismo sa burma at sa Singapore?
hindi ko rin alam kaya nga ako nag research eh!
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What are your thoughts on the battle between Gloria and Aleida over their maternal influence on Daya?View Full Interview
Kakapusan - ito ay isang suliraning pang-ekonomiya na tumutukoy sa permanenenteng limitasyon ng mga pinagkukunang yaman,(produkto o kalakal)pang-kabuhayang kalakal. Kakula…ngan -isang suliraning pang-ekonomiya na tumutukoy naman sa pansamantala o panandaliang limitasyon ng pinagkukunang yaman at pang-kabuhayang kalakal. (MORE)
The SA is the abbreviation for the Sturmabteilung. These were the original "storm troopers" who were the strong-arm of Hitler and terrorized the Jewish population and regularl…y fought the Communists in Germany in 1931-33. The SA was a paramilitary organization of the NSDAP - the German Nazi party- and was very important to Hitler's rise to power in the 1930s until they were superseded by the SS. SA troopers were often called "Brownshirts", for the colour of their uniforms, and to distinguish them from the Schutzstaffel (SS), who wore black and brown uniforms. The SS eliminated many of its leaders during the purge that was called "the Night of the Long Knives". The SA was originally founded in 1920 as "Saalschutz" (SS; stewards) to protect meetings of the Nazi party and was originally made up of members of various Freikorps and Bavarian army. It would eventually become the feared SA, a pure goon squad, used for instigated brawls with left-wing rival parties that often developed into brutal street fights. The first stewards were provided by members of the Bavarian Army's 19th Mortar Company through Ernst Röhm's military contacts. It was given the name Sturmabteilung following a public mass rally at the Hofbräuhaus, Munich, on 4 November 1921, described by the Nazis as a mass brawl (Saalschlacht). It received training from the Bavarian military, especially the 7th Pioneer Batallion and the 19th Infantry Regiment. By 1923 the Munich SA alone was 1,150 man strong and was made up of infantry companies and cavalry platoons and their first "military" action took place during the Hitler-Ludendorff Putsch (Beerhall Putsch) of 8/9th November 1923, when 2,000 SA members and prominent Nazis attempted to overthrow the Bavarian government. As a result of this putsch attempt Hitler was arrested and sentenced to five years imprisonment (but only served 9 months). The Nazi party and the SA were also banned (although the ban would be lifted in 1925). In order to get around the ban Röhm founded the Frontbann in May 1924 as a cover for the SA other other paramilitary organisations which had also been banned. By September that year more than 30,000 men had joined the organisation. When the the proscription of the SA and NSDAP was lifted in 1925, the organisation quickly fell apart, with the majority of its members returning to the SA and NSDAP,whilst the reaminder formed the far-right Tannenbergbund, a nationalist organisation opposed to Hindenburg, the German Royal family and Hitler himself. After Hitler's release from Landsberg Prison in 1925 he decided that the SA should become a political militia, whose only role was to provide security at rallies and during electioneering, the SA's leader, Ernst Röhm, on the other hand wanted it to remain a revolutionary, paramilitary force (the original use he had envisaged for it). Due to these disagreements over of the role of the SA, Röhm was sacked by Hitler and went into exile. Control of the SA was given to an ex-Freikorps veteran, Captain Franz Pfeffer von Salomon and Röhm sailed to Bolivia, where he became a military advisor. Over the next 10 years the SA would grow into a formidable military organisation with over 4.5 million members at it height. Its size and the Nazis' general lack of control over the SA and its leaders would eventually lead to what became known as the Night of the Long Knives or the Blood Purge. Another reason for the purge was due to the fact that many members of the SA were genuine socialists, lured to the party and the organisation by the the socialist aspect of the party. One such man was Walter Stennes (1895-1989), the Berlin commandant of the SA. In September 1930 he led a mutiny (Stennes Revolt), accusing Hitler of betraying the Nazi's revolutionary, socialist ideals. This revolt, which was put down with the help of the SA and the police, forced Hitler to take direct command of the SA and send a humiliating request to Röhm to return to Germany as his deputy and restore order. The SA, by now numbering hundreds of thousands (when Röhm returned from exile the SA numbered around 100,000, by the end of 1932, his leadership had caused the number to swell to nearly half a million), again awoke the desire in Röhm to turn it into a revolutionary force, a peoples' army, that would remove the old Prussian establishment. Hitler, aware of Röhm's renewed intentions, began making plans to break the SA leadership once and for all. Hitler could rely on many allies in his quest, not least his own party members, hoping to gain favour with Hitler and further their own career, but also from the establishment, such as the Army, who viewed the SA, now five times larger than the German armed forces, with envy and fear. Röhm's Achilles heel was his homosexuality, which was widely known, and his penchant for appointing his gay friends to high-ranking positions within the SA. The Brownshirts soon became known for their scandalous sexual behaviour. Hitler, who had no strong aversion to homosexuality at the time, was well aware of Röhm's sexual orientation and the scandals within the SA and stated the SA was "not a moral institution for grooming young ladies, but a club for fighters". Röhm's main enemy was his prudish subordinate, and leader of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, who believed homosexuality to be degenerate and wanted it rooted out of German life. Following Hitler's election as German Chancellor in 1933, the SA hoped to complete his grip on power by grabbing control of key government institutions throughout Germany (Hitler headed a coalition government was was still constrained by the other parties). The SA began to run riot in the major cities, kidnapping, torturing and imprisoning rival politicians. Journalist and author Hugh Greene recalled: "When I started work as a journalist in Germany, in the winter of 1933, I saw the stormtroopers in the days of their glory. The strutting bully boys of the streets, in every town and village, sure that they, 4 million strong, were the masters now". Röhm was now at the height of his power and began to push, ever more forcefully for a full-blown (socialist) revolution. The Generals, fearful of his power and the strength of his private army, complained to Hitler and suggested that the SA be combined with the "Stahlhelm" (a paramilitary organisation of ex-soldiers, and the armed wing of the German National People's Party, DNVP) to form a militia under the control of the army. Against all expectations, Röhm agreed, but once the two organisations were united, was able to ensure that the now hugely enlarged SA remained under his control, now totalling 4.5 million men (45 times larger than the German army!). Outwitted, the Generals once again complained to Hitler to do something to curb the growth of the SA. Hitler was reluctant to and instead attempted to cobble together a peace agreement between the army and Röhm. Röhm, however, was contemptuous of Hitler. At a dinner for high-level members of the SA he proclaimed drunkenly: "I have not the slightest intention of keeping this agreement. Hitler is a traitor and at the very least must get out. If we can't get there with him, we'll get there without him!" Viktor Lutze, an SA member who attended the meeting, immediately reported this to Hitler who was still reluctant to act against his old comrade-in-arms. Himmler and Göring, however, were not. The two had been in a long-running quarrel over control of Germany's police forces. Himmler controlled all except that of Prussia, which was controlled by Göring, but both now realised that Röhm and his army was a much greater threat to their political ambitions and so put aside their differences and agreed that Himmler would take over Prussia's police force, including its dreaded Gestapo, and in return Himmler would support Göring's drive to become head of Germany's armed forces, which was being blocked by Röhm. With Himmler now controlling all of Germany's police forces and the SS, he finally had a force large enough to take on the SA. The threat the SA posed was brought home in the summer of 1933, when a Brownshirt was found in the grounds of Hitler's Bavarian residence, the Berghof, with a gun, intending to kill Hitler. Using this isolated incident as an excuse, Göring, Himmler and Heydrich attempted to find evidence that the SA were attempting a putsch against Hitler but could find nothing. Over the course of that year, however Hitler began fomenting a plan of his own. On 10 April 1934, in secret talks with the German generals, Hitler agreed to to curb Röhm's power and the SA in return for their supporting him becoming President when Hindenburg died. On 4 June 1934, still hoping to avoid the use of force against his old comrade, Hitler had a five-hour meeting with Röhm, asking him to scale back the activities of the SA. Röhm agreed and stood the SA down for the summer, while he in turn took a holiday in the spa resort of Bad Wiessee on the German-Austrian border. Pressure on Hitler to deal with the SA continued to grow and, whilst on a state visit to Italy on 16 June 1934, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini urged him to "muzzle" the SA. The following day, Germany's Vice Chancellor von Papen gave a speech criticising the excesses of the Nazi regime (Marburg Speech), a clear attack on the SA. The Nazis were able to prevent its broadcast and publication but this had now brought the matter to the attention of Field Marshall Paul von Hindenburg, the German President, a much more intimidating foe for Hitler. Hindenburg, who had the power to depose the Hitler regime, summoned Hitler on 21 June 1934 and told him that unless he acted immediately against the SA, martial law would be declared and the army used to crush it. Hitler now had no choice. Himmler, Göring and Heydrich immediately began drawing up contingency plans and death lists. In order to maintain the facade of normality, Göring went with Röhm to the wedding of the Berlin commander of the SA, Karl Ernst, who was oblivious to the fact that Göring had already placed his name on the death list. On 27 June 1934, Hitler obtained the support of the armed forces for any action against the SA and the army was put on alert. On 29 June 1934 Hitler, who was in Essen on private business, received a phone call from Himmler, who informed him that the SA were on the streets of Berlin, demonstrating against him (a lie as it turned out). A similar phone call was received from the Bavarian interior minister, that the SA had taken to the streets in Munich, calling for revolution (about 3,000 SA had in fact marched through Munich, after hearing rumours of action against them). As it was, both reports were deliberately exaggerated, with the intention of forcing Hitler to act. Hitler immediately phoned Röhm's adjutant to arrange a meeting the next day. Hitler flew to Munich and early the next morning personally arrested Röhm. Joseph Goebbels then telephoned Göring to say Koilibri (hummingbird), the codename to begin the purge. Röhm and the SA leadership were taken to Stadelheim prison. On direct orders of Hitler, many were shot the same day but still Hitler could not bring himself to order the death of Röhm. This changed the following day, when Röhm was ordered to commit suicide. When he did not comply he was shot by Waffen SS general Theodor Eicke and SS Standartenführer Michel Hans Lippert (Lippert survived the war and was convicted in 1957 of Röhm's murder. The young SA officer, whose wedding Röhm and Göring had attended only a few days earlier, was arrested as he boarded a cruise ship with his bride to go on honeymoon. Believing it to be a sick SS joke, he went along with it and calmly allowed himself to be handcuffed and led away. He was taken to Berlin and was murdered shortly after. It is estimated that during the operation at least 191 people died. Curiously, the next of kin of the murdered SA men were given state pensions between 1000 RM and 1600 RM a month, depending on their seniority. Viktor Lutze, the SA officer who had reported Röhm's treasonous remarks to Hitler, was made commander of what was left of the SA. Lutze was weak-willed and the SA slowly faded away into obscurity, its position taken over by the SS, SD and Gestapo. (MORE)
Nagkakaroon ng polusyon sa tubig Dahil sa mga taong nagtatapon ng mga basura sa ilog , at sa mga canal kaya bumabara ang tubig dito at hndi na makakadaloy ng maayos ang tubig …kaya nagkakaroon ng polusyon sa tubig at ito ay may masamang epekto sa kalusugan ng bawat tao... (MORE)
If you have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), you may need a nasogastric (NG) tube inserted. A nasogastric tube goes through your nose into your stomach and can be used to feed,… give medications, treat bowel obstructions, or pump your stomach. The tube can help your IBS, treating a bowel obstruction by releasing gasses and fluids in your stomach. This also helps your abdomen shrink if it is distended. The NG will be hooked up to a suction machine to suck out the gasses and fluids; this can take several hours or days depending on how much fluid and gasses have to be sucked out. To learn more about these topics, read on.A nasogastric tube is plastic tubing that is inserted into your nose and goes down your esophagus and into your stomach. The tube is used to feed you, treat bowel obstructions, pump your stomach, or administer medication. This procedure takes a few minutes to perform. If you have IBS, an NG tube can help you get rid of an intestinal blockage by releasing gas and fluids in your stomach.The NG tube is hooked up to a suction machine and both the tube and the machine work to bring out the fluid and gas that are stuck in your stomach. This procedure also pushes down the bowel so it's not distended. This will make it easier for the obstruction to go away. You may feel more comfortable after having the tube in, since the painful gasses that were building up have escaped. After having the NG tube in, doctors can treat your bowel obstruction.It depends on how long it takes for the fluids and gasses to be brought out. The process could take from several hours to two or three days. Once the tube is taken out, doctors will either put you on a low-fiber diet until the obstruction clears up by itself or remove the obstruction with surgery. Usually, if your bowel is partially obstructed, the obstruction will clear up on its own. If you have a completely obstructed bowel or it doesn't clear up by itself, surgery is usually the only option.When you have a nasogastric tube put in, it's a very uncomfortable experience. The tube can be difficult to pass through your nose and may hurt going down your throat. When the tube is ready to be inserted, you will be instructed to lie down. Then while the tube is being moved from your nose into your stomach, you will be told to move your head, neck, or parts of your body to help the tube slide down easier. When the tube is being moved into your stomach, you may feel like you want to cough or throw up.When you have IBS, you might require an NG tube to relieve a bowel obstruction. The tube is inserted into your nose and goes down to your stomach. It is hooked up to a suction machine that sucks out the gasses and fluids that are building up in your stomach due to the obstruction. While it is uncomfortable for the time that you are using it, the NG tube will relieve the painful pressure that builds in your abdomen during a bowel obstruction. Keep this article in mind if you need to prepare for NG tube insertion.Doctors or nurses can give you an oral aesthetic to help the tube slide down easier. They can also use a lubricant to help with insertion. This will make it more comfortable for you. (MORE)
Burma, also known as Myanmar, is a country known around the world mostly for its political regime and human-rights issues. Burma, the country's original name, was changed to M…yanmar by the ruling military regime in 1989. The name change has been recognized by the United Nations and by some countries around the world, but others including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada refuse to recognize it in light of the absence of democratic rule. The geography of Burma is characteristic of Southeast Asia. Some of the major geographical features of the country are outlined below.Burma is located in the southeast of the Asian continent. It is not a landlocked country, as it is bordered to its southwest by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Its neighbors are Thailand, Laos, Bangladesh, India, and China. The longest part of its border is shared with China, at 1,358 miles. India also shares a substantial part of the Burmese border, at 909 miles.Burma is the 39th-largest country in the world. It has a mass of 261,228 square miles. Of that mass, 14,335 square miles consist of water. From its north to its south, the greatest distance is 1,300 miles. From east to west, the greatest distance is 580 miles. The country's coastline extends for some 1,650 miles.Burma's terrain varies across the country. The center of the country consists of lowlands, surrounded by mountains to the north, east and west. The northwest of Burma lies on the southeastern edge of the Himalayan Mountains, and the Burmese mountain range found there is known as the Western Yoma. In this range lies the highest peak in the country, Hkakabo Razi, which stands at 19,296 feet. The east of the country is known as the Shan Highlands or Plateau and is again made up of mountains, as is the west, where the Chin Hills and other ranges separate Burma and India. Burma's interior is known as the Central Valley Region, made up of lowlands that are prone to floods. Moving towards the south takes you to the delta lands near the Irrawaddy and Sittang Rivers.Burma's climate is heavily influenced by monsoon weather. There are three main seasons, with the wet season falling between May and October. Annual rainfall in the country ranges from about 34 inches to 197 inches depending on the region, with the coastal and delta regions receiving more precipitation. The dry season is split into two sub-seasons: the dry cold and the dry warm. The cold season runs from November to February, averaging temperatures of 68 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and the warm season from March to April, when the temperatures average 86 to 95 F. The temperatures in the mountains can, however, drop below freezing given the elevation.Burma lies along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, and is neighbored by some well-known Asian countries. The geography of Burma shows that the country lies on the outskirts of the Himalayan Mountain Range, and it is almost completely encircled by its own mountain ranges. Its interior therefore is low and prone to flooding. This is especially so given the monsoon climate of the country, which provides it with its year-round warm temperatures but high amounts of rainfall.The flag used by Burma until 2010 contained a rice plant, one of the country's main exports, and a symbol of the importance of agriculture to the country. (MORE)
If you're thinking about traveling to Singapore, you may have quite a few questions related to money. Figuring out how much a trip to this Asian country costs should include e…xchange rates, which few people think about until the last minute. Accommodation costs, eating out, and activities are just a few of the other related expenses. Here is a look at some of the most frequently asked questions regarding exchanging money, the costs, and Singapore's economy.The unit of currency is the Singapore dollar, locally referred to as the "singdollar," which is made up of 100 cents. Singapore uses 5-cent, 10-cent, 20-cent, 50-cent and $1 coins. Notes come in denominations of $2, $5, $10, $50, $100, $500 and $1,000. Some travelers believe exchanging their American dollars before traveling to Singapore is the best way to go, but it can actually be the most expensive option. Instead, use your debit card at an ATM, which is the least expensive option and usually the most convenient, too. Most ATMs in Singapore accept Visa, MasterCard, and cards with Plus or Cirrus. ATMs can be found in most large shopping centers and MRT stations. The majority of banks charge an average transaction fee of $3 to $5 plus 1 to 3 percent of the withdrawal amount, which usually comes close to the current wholesale exchange rate. Check with your bank before leaving to find out the exact fees.Most establishments in Singapore accept credit and debit cards. There may be some shops where a minimum amount must be charged to a card. Rather than purchase more, you may want to use cash. When buying food at a food court or from a vendor, you most likely need cash. It makes more financial sense to plan out how much you'll need for a period of time and make fewer large withdrawals rather than more frequent withdrawals, which incur more bank fees. You should also plan ahead in order to avoid withdrawing too much and returning home with foreign money that can't be used or has to be converted again, incurring more fees. Do not use a credit card to withdraw cash at an ATM. Instead, use your debit card. Using a credit card may cause you to be charged a number of fees in addition to the exchange rate, as well as interest that usually begins the moment your make the withdrawal.Singapore is arguably Southeast Asia's most expensive destination. Still, compared to the U.S., food and accommodations are fairly inexpensive. When it comes to purchasing electronics, prices are much lower than what you find in America. A three-star hotel with free Wi-Fi runs around $100 per night. There are many hostels throughout Singapore that are much cheaper than this, if that's an option for you. Food is also relatively inexpensive. Generally, you'll pay about two-thirds the price of what you would for a meal in the U.S. There is also a very convenient and affordable metro system that takes you most places in the city, making transportation extremely reasonable, as well.Singapore's economy has been ranked as the most open in the world as well as the least corrupt and the most pro-business. It has low tax rates and one of the highest per-capita gross domestic products in the world. This may be surprising for a tiny island with little in the way of natural resources, but the nation took advantage of its position as a trading crossroads, establishing Singapore as one of the world's largest ports. It is a hub for petroleum and petrochemical refining as well as shipbuilding and repair. The nation has 11 refineries and is currently the world's third-largest petroleum refiner after Rotterdam, Netherlands and Houston, Texas. Due to its economic success, Singapore has one of the highest living standards and home ownership levels in the world. Citizens are guaranteed decent housing as well as health care and high standards of education. Unemployment is at a minimum, and the country continues to import many workers for skilled and unskilled jobs. This has resulted in some travelers making the decision to live there permanently.You may want to get out a little extra cash for tipping, but it isn't as commonplace as it is in the U.S. Upscale hotels and restaurants add a 10 percent service charge. If you want to tip for good service, you should hand cash to the person who served you directly. If your hotel concierge does a special favor for you such as securing reservations that are hard to get, you should tip up to $10 and give bellboys $1 per bag. Tipping taxi drivers isn't a must, but if you do, be sure it's in Singaporean dollars. Something else to keep in mind is that when making any large purchases, you should use a credit card because of the consumer protection you get if you run into any problems.Becoming informed as to what to expect when it comes to money in Singapore is sure to increase the odds of enjoying a better overall travel experience. When budgeting for your trip, don't forget to calculate the extra fees for exchange and the pocket money you may need each day. The more planning you do, the less of a chance you'll have of running into financial difficulties while abroad. While traveling so far from home it's always better to be safe than sorry.The smallest Singapore coin is the $1 Gold Bullion coin, first issued in 2003. Its size is just 7 mm in diameter, and it weights only 0.3 grams. On the other end of the spectrum, the largest Singapore coin is the $25 Silver Proof coin, first issued in 2003. This coin is 65 mm in diameter and weighs 5 ounces. If you happen to hold a $1,000 bill in your hand, you'll see the entire lyrics of the national anthem are printed in microtext on the back. (MORE)
A Singapore Sling is credited to a Hainanese bartender by the name of Ngian Tong Boon. He created the legendary drink around 1915 while working at the elegant and colonial sty…le Raffles Hotel in Singapore. The cocktail didn't rise to instant fame, though it was apparently served in the hotel's Long Bar, frequented by well-loved American writers and movie stars. The recipe has been altered throughout the years, sometimes varying dramatically from the version Boon's family claimed he made. Some recipes call for gin and cherry liqueur as the only spirits whereas others suggest adding Benedictine and bitters. Based on the era that the original Singapore Sling was conceived, fresh ingredients were most likely used and should continue to be used today.Fill a tall glass, highball, or Tom Collin with ice.All all of the ingredients to the glass except the club soda, and mix well.Pour in the club soda and add the orange slice and maraschino cherry to garnish.Tourists still flock to the Raffles Hotel to drink the legendary Singapore Sling in its birth place.The Singapore Sling is a timeless drink that bartenders around the world are equipped to make. Follow these easy steps and you'll be enjoying the same cocktail as all the hotel guests sipping Singapore Slings at the Long Bar. (MORE)
Carrying for baggage is an important part of air travel. Each passenger is allowed to take one bag on board an airplane free of charge; as long as it doesn't exceed 50 pounds.… However, SAS airlines offers a variety of baggage options including, checked, cabin, excess, delayed and special baggage. They also have an online tracking system for delayed luggage. The following list explains more details about SAS Airlines baggage options.All passenger's are allowed to bring one checked bag for free. The type of ticket you hold will determine the maximum weight and number of bags allowed. The ticket type, SAS Go allows one piece of baggage up to 50 pounds. SAS Plus passenger's are allowed two bags up to 50 pounds. SAS Business passengers are able to bring two bags up to 70 pounds.Items that exceed the weight requirements such as, sporting equipment and other large objects must have special arrangements made. Contact the airline in advance to notify them of the special baggage. You will have to provide them with the name of the item and the weight. The information will be noted on your reservation. You will need to pay for the extra baggage at the bag drop located in the terminal.All passengers are allowed to bring one luggage bag with them on board. The luggage bag should not exceed the dimensions of 21.7 inches x 15.7 inches x 7.8 inches. In addition to the free carryon luggage bag, each passenger is allowed a small shoulder bag or laptop bag. This small bag should carry your important documents and valuable items.Special baggage consists of, baby seats, strollers and other large items. If these items exceed the weight limit or the specific flight ticket requirements, an extra fee is charged. Go through check-in first. This is where you will receive tickets for your special baggage. Then you will need to visit the special oversize baggage counter.At times baggage can be delayed or missing. SAS has a unique and helpful system in place to help you track your delayed luggage. The system is called World Tracer; you can access it online at your convenience. Report any baggage delays at the airport. SAS provides an overnight kit to passengers who have delayed baggage. If any further expenses for daily necessities are purchased, keep the receipts to request reimbursement. The airline will reimburse the amount of money based on the time frame the luggage has been delayed.Adhere to SAS airline baggage guidelines and restrictions. Remember to alert the airline in advance when the weight restrictions have been exceeded. Be prepared to pay extra for any items that exceed the restrictions. Make special arrangements for sporting equipment and other large items. If luggage is delayed, notify the airline immediately for assistance. Also track the progress of your baggage through the unique and convenient baggage tracking system.Prohibited items vary from country to country. It's wise to contact the airline directly or go online to their website for a list of prohibited items. If prohibited items are packed in luggage, the airport security and staff will refuse the item and remove it from your baggage. (MORE)
Singapore, an island city- state, is the world's fourth leading financial centre, and its port is one of the five busiest ports in the world. Few cities in Southeast Asia can …boast the vastness of ethnicity as much as Singapore can. (MORE)
naghirap ang mga Filipino at nawala ang kanilang kalayaan,,dahil dito nag alsa ang mga Filipino pero natalo sila dahil wala silang sapat na kaalaman sa digmaan at kulang sila …sa mga armas, (MORE)
EBOLUSYON NG SALAPI SA ATING BANSA Unang barya ay nadiskubre ni Dr. Gilbert Perez na tinawag na Penniform Gold Barter Ring. Spanish Barilla ang unang barya na ginawa sa ating …bansa. El Banco EspaÃ±ol- Filipino de Isabela II ang kauna-unahang bangkong naitatag na nagpalabas ng unang salaping papel na Resos Fuertes. Nagpalabas ang Bangko Sentral noong 1949 ng salaping papel na may halagang 1,2,5,10,20,50 at 100. Sa kasalukuyang mayroon ng 1000,500 at 200 ang ating perang papel. Naging barya naman ang 1,5,10. (MORE)
Lahat na yata ng aspeto sa buhay ng mga Pilipino ay naimpluwensya ng mga Espanyol. Unang-una ang Katolisismong pananampalataya at pagdiriwang ng mga fiesta. Sa edukasyon, pili…t na itinuro ang relihiyon at wikang Espanyol. Kaya kapansin-pansin ang mga hiram na salita gaya ng mesa, taza, tinidor at iba pa. Ang mga pangalan din ng mga Filipino ay pinalitan. Maraming Filipino ngayon ay may apilyidong Espanyol gaya ng Chavez, Zamora, Quezon, Rodriguez, atbp. May impluwensya din ang mga Espanyol sa pananamit at pagluluto. Relihiyon Ang pinakamalaking impluwensyang espanyol sa kulturang Pilipino ay ang kristyanismo. Naging dahilan ito upang tawagin ang pilipinas na "tanging Bansang kristyano sa asya." Maraming kaugaliang panrelihiyon ang natutuhan ng mga Pilipino. Kabilang ditto ang pagdaraos ng kapistahan bilang parangal at pasasalamat sa santong patron. pagkain: natuto ang mga Pilipino na kumain ng tinapay, karne ng baka at tupa, longganisa,sardinas, hamon, at atsara. natutuhan nila ang pag-inom ng kape, tsokolate, at alak. gayundin ang paggamit ng kutsara, tinidor, plato, tasa, baso at serbilyetas. natuto rin silang kumain ng mga halamang pagkain gaya ng mais, patatas, repolyo, kakaw at iba pa. Pananamit: Natutong mag suot ng americana, pantalon at sombrero ang mga lalaki. saya at kamisang maluwang at may mahahabang manggas sa mga babae. nagsusuot na rin ng sapatos, tsinelas, medyas, panwelo at payneta. Musika: Itinuro ng Kastila ang paggamit ng instrumentong pangmusika gaya ng byulin, plawta, alpa,pyano at gitara. likas na mahilig sa musika, nakalikha ang mga Pilipino ng mga instrumentong musikal buhat sa kawayan. bumuo sila ng banda ng musikong bumbong na tumututog sa mga kasayahan. ang organong kawayan na tanyag sa daigdig ay matatagpuan sa Simbahan ng Las Pinas, Metropolitan Manila. ito ay nilikha noong 1818 ni Padre Diego Cerra, isang paring kastila. ang Lupang Hinirang ni Julian Felipe at awiting Sampaguita ni Dolores Paterno ay impluwensyang Kastila. Sayaw: Madali ring natutuhan ng mga Pilipino ang mga sayaw mula sa Espanya tulad ng carinosa, pandango, surtido, La Jota, rigodon, polka at lancero. Sining: Nalinang noong panahon ng mga Kastila ang husay ng mga Pilipino sa larangan ng pagpipinta at iskultura. Tinagurian noon na Ama ng mga Pintor na Pilipino si Damian Domingo na unang pintor na Pilipino. umani ng tagumpay sa mga paligsahang pandaigdig sa pagpipinta sina Juan Luna at Filex Resurreccion Hidalgo. Si Juan Luna ang nagpinta ng Spoliarium at ng Sanduguan. Naging mahusay na mga manlililok ng mag imahen ng mga santong Katoliko ang ilang Pilipino. Si Mariano Madrinan ang tinaguriang Pinakadakilang Iskultor na Pilipino noon. Naging tanyag din sa larangang ito sina Dr.Jose Rizal, Isabelo Tampingco, Cipriano Bacay, Manuael Asuncion, Jose Arevallo at Pelagia Mendoza, ang unang Pilipinang manlililok. (MORE)