What are the 13 tribes Muslim in Mindanao?

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Mga Tribu ng Mindanao:
♦ Maranao
♦ T'boli or Tiboli
♦ Tausug
♦ Badyao
♦ Subanen
♦ Cuyunon
♦ Bagobo
♦ Yakan


Additional: Butuanon, Surigaonon, Kamayo, Tasaday
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What native American tribe inhabited the 13 original colonies?

Answer . Many tribes inhabited the area where the 13 colonies was. Here is a partial list: Penobscot, Passmaquoddy, Pequot, Mohegan, Narragansett, Iroquois (Six Nations: Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca), Tuscarora.

Anu-ano ang mga 13 tribo ng Muslim sa Mindanao?

!3 Muslim tribes: -yakan -tausug -badjao -ilanun (iranun) -Jama Mapun -Kalagan -Kalibugan Maguindanao -maranao -molbog -palawani -sama -sangil The thirteen (13) tribes as described constitute the original aborigine of the Island. They were all the inhabitants of the Uranen Kingdom. They were subdivide into tribes during the arrival of the Shariffs. They identified and called according to their place of origin and culture. Description of the tribes enumerated above The Sangil (Sangir in Iranun version) was the original inhabitant of Sangil Island. They subject to sultanate through marraige affinity. Sultan Muhammad Barahaman (Abdulrahman in Arab version) married the Sangir Princess named Karani Basing. Therefrom Sangir tribe subject and join the Moro as a nation. The Sama (Samar in Iranun version) was the people who accompanied Shariff Kabunsuan on his voyage from Sultanate of Johore to Mindanaw. They were caught by a strong storm in their voyage going Mindanaw direction. Some of them were perished, some of them docked at the present province of Tawi-tawi. They become a part of the Moro nation. Sama or Samar is divided into two: Samar Balangingi, and Samar Lawan. Palawani was a group of people from the Iranun Bay who migrated going west direction. They found Palawan Island and inhabited the southern part of the Island. They called the Island Palawan because of its mountainous topography. The name of their tribe Palawani derived from the word Palaw (mountain). Mranaw refers to the group of people from Iranun Bay who adventured the Island going north direction. They found and inhabited the Unayan (Butig). Mranaw was derived from word Ranaw which means lake. Mranaw means people of the lake. Maguindanaon refers to the group of people from Iranun Bay who inhabited the marshy portion of the present site of Cotabato. Magauindanaon was derived from the two word maginged and danaw which means people of the marshy. Iranun by origin was one of the oldest existing nations of the world. It was the nationality of the people of the Uranen Kingdom of the ancient past. It was dismantled and distroyed by colonization. Thus it becomes a mother of all moro tribes in the Philippines including Tiduray, Subanen, Kalagan, Blaan, Manobo, and other highlander tribes. Iranun occupies and inhabited the coastal areas which stretched from Tagalook Bay to Sibugay Bay (Moro Gulf of the Modern time). Thus Iranun means people of the sea coast. Some called people of the sea. Shariff Kabunsuan married Princess Angintabu, an Iranun Princess. Kalagan refers to the group of people who inhabited the present site of Davaw. They were original Tagalook people who move north direction. They found the wide plain land of Davaw suited for agriculture and fishing inductries. They derived their name Kalagan from a word kalag which means wide. In the later centiries, they intermarraige with the Sangir people. They are the first inhabitants of Davaw region. Yakan refers to the people who migrated from Sultanate of Johore who accompanied Shariff Kabunsuan with Sama people. They inhabited Basilan Island. They become the first inhabitants of Basilan. Badjao refers to the group of people who accompanied Shariff Kabunsuan from Sultanate of Johore to Mindanaw. After reaching the present Island of Tawi-tawi they had been separated with the Shariff due to strong storm. Therefrom they dwells the inter coastal areas of the Islands in West Mindanaw. They had been seasoned to live in the sea with their their boats. Kalbugan ( Kulibugan in some version) refers to trhe group people inhabited the seacoast of Sabala Ragat sa Sedepan (Zamboanga Norte). Their dialect or language use id composed of three and more dialects. (Tausug, Sama, Tagalog, Palawani, Yakan, Iranun and even Mranaw). Out of these composition of dialects used, they called themselves Kalbuganen or Ikulebuganen. Its name Kalbugan (Kulibugan) was derived from this concept. Jama Mapun refers to the group of people who migrated from Celebes and be able to found and inhabited Cagayan de Tawi-tawi. They are the smallest number among Muslim Moro. Their origin was one of the Polynesian nations. Malbog refers to a name of place somewhere in Masbate. They called Imalboganen. They leaved their place due to volcano eruption. Imalboganen was one of the descendants of Datu Sumakwel of Panay. They are sporadically found in the Province of Palawan, Sulu Peninsula, and Zamboanga Peninsula. Tausog refers to the group of people who inhabited the Island of Sulu. Their origin was of one of the Polynesian nations who migrated and established villages in the Island. They were intermarriage with the Buranen people of the Island. They were Islamized during the arrival of the first Muslim missionary named Tuan Mashaikha was refornced by the series of comings of the other Muslim missionries. Tausog as word was derived from two words tao and suog which literally means brave or strong man. Tausog is one of the most civilized Muslim group in the Philippines. p>!3 Muslim tribes: -yakan -tausug -badjao -ilanun (iranun) -Jama Mapun -Kalagan -Kalibugan Maguindanao -maranao -molbog -palawani -sama -sangil The thirteen (13) tribes as described constitute the original aborigine of the Island. They were all the inhabitants of the Uranen Kingdom. They were subdivide into tribes during the arrival of the Shariffs. They identified and called according to their place of origin and culture. Description of the tribes enumerated above The Sangil (Sangir in Iranun version) was the original inhabitant of Sangil Island. They subject to sultanate through marraige affinity. Sultan Muhammad Barahaman (Abdulrahman in Arab version) married the Sangir Princess named Karani Basing. Therefrom Sangir tribe subject and join the Moro as a nation. The Sama (Samar in Iranun version) was the people who accompanied Shariff Kabunsuan on his voyage from Sultanate of Johore to Mindanaw. They were caught by a strong storm in their voyage going Mindanaw direction. Some of them were perished, some of them docked at the present province of Tawi-tawi. They become a part of the Moro nation. Sama or Samar is divided into two: Samar Balangingi, and Samar Lawan. Palawani was a group of people from the Iranun Bay who migrated going west direction. They found Palawan Island and inhabited the southern part of the Island. They called the Island Palawan because of its mountainous topography. The name of their tribe Palawani derived from the word Palaw (mountain). Mranaw refers to the group of people from Iranun Bay who adventured the Island going north direction. They found and inhabited the Unayan (Butig). Mranaw was derived from word Ranaw which means lake. Mranaw means people of the lake. Maguindanaon refers to the group of people from Iranun Bay who inhabited the marshy portion of the present site of Cotabato. Magauindanaon was derived from the two word maginged and danaw which means people of the marshy. Iranun by origin was one of the oldest existing nations of the world. It was the nationality of the people of the Uranen Kingdom of the ancient past. It was dismantled and distroyed by colonization. Thus it becomes a mother of all moro tribes in the Philippines including Tiduray, Subanen, Kalagan, Blaan, Manobo, and other highlander tribes. Iranun occupies and inhabited the coastal areas which stretched from Tagalook Bay to Sibugay Bay (Moro Gulf of the Modern time). Thus Iranun means people of the sea coast. Some called people of the sea. Shariff Kabunsuan married Princess Angintabu, an Iranun Princess. Kalagan refers to the group of people who inhabited the present site of Davaw. They were original Tagalook people who move north direction. They found the wide plain land of Davaw suited for agriculture and fishing inductries. They derived their name Kalagan from a word kalag which means wide. In the later centiries, they intermarraige with the Sangir people. They are the first inhabitants of Davaw region. Yakan refers to the people who migrated from Sultanate of Johore who accompanied Shariff Kabunsuan with Sama people. They inhabited Basilan Island. They become the first inhabitants of Basilan. Badjao refers to the group of people who accompanied Shariff Kabunsuan from Sultanate of Johore to Mindanaw. After reaching the present Island of Tawi-tawi they had been separated with the Shariff due to strong storm. Therefrom they dwells the inter coastal areas of the Islands in West Mindanaw. They had been seasoned to live in the sea with their their boats. Kalbugan (Kulibugan in some version) refers to trhe group people inhabited the seacoast of Sabala Ragat sa Sedepan (Zamboanga Norte). Their dialect or language use id composed of three and more dialects. (Tausug, Sama, Tagalog, Palawani, Yakan, Iranun and even Mranaw). Out of these composition of dialects used, they called themselves Kalbuganen or Ikulebuganen. Its name Kalbugan (Kulibugan) was derived from this concept. Jama Mapun refers to the group of people who migrated from Celebes and be able to found and inhabited Cagayan de Tawi-tawi. They are the smallest number among Muslim Moro. Their origin was one of the Polynesian nations. Malbog refers to a name of place somewhere in Masbate. They called Imalboganen. They leaved their place due to volcano eruption. Imalboganen was one of the descendants of Datu Sumakwel of Panay. They are sporadically found in the Province of Palawan, Sulu Peninsula, and Zamboanga Peninsula. Tausog refers to the group of people who inhabited the Island of Sulu. Their origin was of one of the Polynesian nations who migrated and established villages in the Island. They were intermarriage with the Buranen people of the Island. They were Islamized during the arrival of the first Muslim missionary named Tuan Mashaikha was refornced by the series of comings of the other Muslim missionries. Tausog as word was derived from two words tao and suog which literally means brave or strong man. Tausog is one of the most civilized Muslim group in the Philippines. Mranaw, Maguindanaon or Islanganen, Kalagan, Tiduray, and Subanen were originally belonged to Iranun (Moro) nation. Other tribes which belonged to the Iranun (Moro) nation are: Tboli, Blaan, Manobo, Bagobo, Davawnon, Cagayanon, and Hiligaynon. Generally, all tribes or nation which were existing and enjoying self-rule before the coming of the Spaniards are called Iranun. The Muslim groups in the Philippines was originally belonged to two groups: Taga Lupa Suog, and Iranun. Iranun in later centuries splited into many groupd of tribes. The biggest is Maranaw among the Iranun nation. Other traditions among Iranuns said that Sama, Yakan, and Badjao sprang these nationality. They only separated through the agers of time and civilization. They were all the companions of Shariff Kabunsuan who migrated from Johore to Mindanaw and Sulu. Brief Historical Facts (Iranun Premier) How the term Moro derived? The term Moro was derived from the word Moores. They were the group of people whom the Spaniards encountered in field combat during the heights of their colonization campaign. When the Spaniards extended their colonial campaign going east of the globe, they found out a group of people who have the same ability in field combat with that of the Moores. Later, it was adopted describing the native inhabitants of the Island. Therefore the origin of the term Moro was a foreign word. What was the original nationality of the Moores (Moro)? Historical facts and records shows that Iranun was the original nationality of the native inhabitants. Tarsila tells that Shariff Aulia, the first Muslim missionry who arrived in the Island married Rinalaut, an Iranun lady. They begot Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol. In the following generation, Shariff Kabunsuan arrived. He married an Iranun named Princess Angintabu, a daughter of Makaapen. Where the Iranun civilization started or originated? According to the Iranun tarsila, Iranun as nation was one of the oldest existing nations in the world. It sprang from Karingke-Karibang Line of Descent. The Karingke and Karibang offspring was intermarraige with the people of Malay in origin, probably from the Sri Vishaya Empire. Out of this breed line of descent, a group of people sprang into existence. Their leader was Rajah Urangguwan. Later this generation become and developed into a nation and state called Uranen Kingdom. The nationality of its people called Iranun. Modern authorities in history traced back the date in 1190. Why they were Iranun? Long time before (prehistoric period), the present coastal areas of the the present Iranun Bay (Illana Bay) within the Moro Gulf had no flat land surface. The constant flow of rivers and creeks from the mountains to the coastal areas, and volcanic eruptions little-by-little a flat land surface developed. There was a gradual formation of flat land surface as seen today (the present topograhy). Modern science described and illustrated as a result of sedimentary formation and residual remains forms the low and flat land surface in the coastal areas. The vernacular called it IRA which means remains. The suffix nun means people. Thus it forms a word or term IRANUN which means people living the residual remains in the coastal areas. In its socio-political meaning and interpretation, Iranun means people who inhabited along the coastal areas from Tagalook Bay to Sibugay Bay. The first seat of government of the Uranen Kingdom was in Tbok, a barangay of Malabang, Lanao del sur along coastal area of the municipality. Who were the heirs of the Uranen Kingdom? After the death of the Rajah Urangguwan, the founder of the Kingdom, his heirs named: Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol divided and established their own political unit. Makaapen had stayed foot and remained in the seat of government at Tbok. The area of responsibility of Tbok starts from Malabang River to Zamboanga Peninsula and and all in land places embraces thereof. Tbok was his seat of government. Dungklang moved going east direction. He established his political unit at Magulaling, Balabagan, Lanao del Sur in now a days. He extended his political sovereignty up to Ranaw region including the Tagoloan (now Cagayan and Misamis Oriental). Magulaling was his seat of government. Maraguia moved going south direction. He established his political unit in Slangan (now Cotabato City). The area of responsibility of Slangan embraces generally the present Cotabato City, some part of Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat provinces. Slangan was his seat of government. Budtol moved going upper stream through Slangan. He established his political unit at Buayan. He extended his political sovereignty up to Davao region including Agusan Provinces, and part of North Cotabato Province. These four ancient political divisions last until the arrival of Shariff kabunsuan in the succeding decades (1475). What was the relation of Uranen Kingdom with other ancient Kingdoms? Relation has many interpretations and connotations. The inquiry is perhaps inviting the respondent to socio-cultural and political relations of Uranen Kingdom to other ancient kingdoms. Uranen Kingdom has four social classes of people. They were: Pendatu (Noble and Ruling Class), Dumato (Commoners), Endatuan (followers), and Uripin (Slaves). This social class was common to all ancient Kingdoms and Sovereigns. Uranen Kingdom had its diplomats with other ancient Kingdoms. They had been confederated to each other( Aninipay Kingdom, Maktan Kingdom, Sugbu Kingdom, and Batangan Kingdom). They shared the same cultrure and tradition, and practiced the same source livelihood and economy. What was the nationality of the ancient neigboring kingdoms? Uranen Kingdom and its neigboring Kingdoms as enumerated has the same nationality. They shared the same and common nationality. Their inhabitants and people were all Iranuns. Characteristics of the Iranun Iranun as people was very friendly, courteous, helpful, humble, kind, loyal, courageous and brave. It is a promise-fulfilling nation. They considered promise as sacred statement which should be fulfilled. Western writers have wrong description. Iranun was not and never be a bandits and pirates people. The truth was that when colonization and aggression of the Spaniards and other foreign ancient super powers, Iranun had strongly and vehemently repulsed and defended their sovereignty as an independent state and nation. The established and adopted a counter strategy against the invaders. They launched a heavy counter-offensive. War had been declared to all aggressors, colonizers and invaders regardless of nationality or origin. It was a fact and normal in time war that there was a spoil of war (prisoners of war), and collateral damages. Normally, the victorious groups would brought back to their place of the origin all spoils of (prisoners of war). Therefore, the description of the western writers and historians were not true. Tradition of the Iranun The tradition of the Iranun started from the ancient times. Iranun considered tradition as a guide of all humanistic and political undrtakings. Tradition is something established and inherited. Hereditary Political leader in Iranun tradition is inherited. After the father death or disability, the eldest son assumed the authority. In some cases, a daughter of the deceased datu assumes the authority (the deceased datu has no son). Kapagidala In time the present ruling family has no qualified successor, the authority to rule shall be transfered to other ruling family with the same decendancy ( saka lukes in Iranun version). The application of this practice shall be applied again-and-again on succession issue. The Prince Apparent class among the ruling group shall assume the authority in time of no qualified in the Sultan or King or Rajah Clan. Qualification or Criteria in Choosing the Ruler There are four major areas, namely: Bansawan (ruling and noble class), Nunawan Knowledgeable), Artawan (Brave, Strong, and Courageous)and Rupawan (wealth). Eldest Council Iranun has its Council of Elders to resolve issues especially on politics (succession of leader). Its names varies from principality to principality. Its name is peculiar to a certain principality. In the case of the Slangan Principality, its Council of Elders was: Datu Sa Kaludan, Maharaja Edenda, Ambaharaja, and Maharajalaila. In Subpangan Principality, its Council of Elders was: Maharajalaila, Kastiri, Ambaharaja, and Matuaharaja. In Balabagan Principality, its Council of Elders was: Iramangen (Ampawa Clan), Imagulalingen (Ambaharaja Clan), Ibungabungen (Imragaten Clan), and Ibaroyen (Amidumpaw Clan). Justices Iranun has its own justice system. Datu Kali is the chief justice. The Datu Kali is asssisted by Kali a Datu, and Tuan a Datu. The major source of rendering decision was taken from the Holy Qur-an, Hadeeth, Qiyas, the Tradional Sources called Radawan and Ghalib ko Enged. Enthronement Ceremony The sultan or raja or king shall be enthroned with the presence of the Council of Elders. The ceremony is usually held in the Royal Court or Turugan in vernacular dialect. The in-coming sultan shall step foot to the white soil, a symbol of confirment. The Chairman of the Council of Elders shall announce and proclaim the in-coming sultan. The cannons and other forms of guns shall be blown, an honor-sign (Hudyat ng parangal). Fiest shall follow. What is white soil or earth? White soil or earth-soil is just an expression connoting sign of royalty. The soil which has been refered was a soil which was carried over by the Shariffs. The tradition among Iranuns say that every enthronement ceremony, the in-coming sultan should step foot as one of the symbols of true line of descent. In Maguindanao Sultanate, the Tabunaway Clan is the authorized clan to get the white soil from the Tantawan Cave. Tradition says that the white soil is being guarded by a big snake. Only representative from Tabunaway Clan whome the snake vows its head. In Balabagan Sultanate, the Amidumpaw Clan is the authorized clan to get the white soil from Magulaling Cave. The wiki has posted twenty (20) questions which are all fucosed on Mindanaw. These questions contribute much to the issue Moro Nation. What is Mindanaw? Mindanaw is the second largest island in the Philippines of now a days. Historically, Mindanaw is one of the historical Islands in Asia. Mindanaw was included in the ancient map of the world. This connotes that Mindanaw was once upon a time a civilized state with distinguished inhabitants. Modern authorities in history called Mindanaw a Land of Promise of the Orient Seas. What was the original name of Mindanaw? Mindanaw is composed of two words which has different meanings. It were joined together to connotes a place. Min is an Arabic term which means from (one of the eight parts of speech (preposition). Danaw is an Iranun term which means shallow water which flown from water system. Some linguistic authorities translated as marsh. The two terms formed a single word which traditionally and culturally defined or described as a place whom tradition and culture among Iranuns (Moro) were structured; and later on it flown to different neigboring nations and states. What is the difference between Maguindanaw and Mindanaw? The two words are used interchangeably. Some says Maguindanaw is also Mindanaw. They have the same connotation. Some says that they have different connotation. Let us examine which of the two comes first. Traditional leaders among Iranuns used the term Maguindanaw to described the political territory(s) under controlled and influenced of Sultan Kudarat. It was a sovereign state and nation. On the other hand, Mindanaw came to existence during the early years of the Americal regime in the Philippines (1902). They corruptly used the word Maguindanaw to mean the entire Mindanaw Island of now a days. Therefore, the difference is that Maguindanaw is the ancient name of Mindanaw; and Mindanaw of now a days is a colonized term of ancient in origin. They connote the same place. Where was the original place called Mindanaw? Iranun tradition says that the present site of Cotabato City was the original Mindanaw as called by the westerners where development was gradually spread over the entire Island. Iranun tradition says that Mindanaw and Slangan are identical. What is lumad in Mindanaw? Historically and politically, lumad refers to the native inhabitants of the Island who were existing as a nation long period of time before the coming of the Spaniards. The Spaniards called the natives as Moores. Later on Moores was corruptly used as Moro as an identity of the natives. Historically and culturally, Moro and lumad are one or single or identical to each other. What is Panitikan in Mindanaw? Panitikan is a tagalog or Filipino term for literature. Mindanaw is one of the most richest state of the world in terms of literature. Mindanaw literature is described as one of the oldest literature in the world. Darangan was one of the most ascribed literatures among the Iranuns (Moro). Darangan was identified as the most civilized generation or stage of development of the Uranen Kingdom. Benbaran was the seat of government. It was ruled by Tuminaman sa Rugong A Pasandalan A Murog. Bantugen, the hero and over-all command of the federal district, Daranda, chief, Sangkarayar Miniken; Mabaning, advocate general; Lumuday sa Barat, chief, Bakuludan sa Waki; Sumilalaw Sulog, chief, Saglayan ko Regen; Batara Managda, chief, Da Madiar sa Linog; Mapalala Magaug, chief, Saulaya sa Seleg; Pindulunan sa Ragat, chief, Batara si Tundugen; Sadurog ko Marandang, chief, Rinawraw Tubpaan; , Madaramba Kalinan, chief, Ayuon Ka Lumbatan; and Princess Lawanen was most adored princess of their time. Bugabong a Kumara was another state of the Darangen Period. Benbaran and Bungbong a Kumara were competing states of their time. Princess Gandingan was the lady ruler. Sarbaka Kilaten was one of the districts of Bugabong A Kumara; and the same time its capital, and Baklayan Puregen as its summer capital. How tribe had come to its use and existence? Long time before the coming of the Spaniards to the East Nations, Mindanaw was a sovereign state. It has people, government, and laws. Iranun was its nationality. Sometimes in 1190 Shariff Aulia arrived. Shariff Kabunsuan followed in 1475. Those who did not accept and embrace the religious mission of the Shariffs went far away from their original villages where they exercised their sovereignty. Among the identified were the Tiduray of the Kutawato Region, Subanen of the Samboangan-Sibugay Peninsula, and Kalagan of the Tagalook (Dabaw) Region. These three group of natives became the mother and origin of all highlanders. Those who accepted and embraced the religious mission of the Shariffs stayed foot in their villages. They are the present native Muslims. The term tribe was unknown during the early history of the Island. In 1521, Magellan came, arrived and started invading the Islands of the Philippines of now a days. They started introducing some concepts which caused disunity among the natives. In 1898, the Americans took over, they continue colonizing the natives. Many words and concepts were introduced and later on amplified to destroyed the original culture, tradition, beliefs and others. It was the start of using the term tribe. Iranun, the original nationality of the natives was fragmented and chopped into many subgroups. Thus, the birth of the tribes in Mindanaw. How tribes had been baptized or named? Tribes had been called or baptized on the following manner: (a) according to the topography of the place (b) according to the culture or belief of the group (c) according to their complexion (d) adoption (e) named in honor and memory of a certain personality (f) according to its location (g) according to its founder ( h) according to climate or weather condition (i) according to other form of creations like birds, animals, trees, rivers, lakes, marsh and others. What are the tribes in Mindanaw? Originally and by tradition, there is only one or single tribe in Mindanaw. It is Moro as popularly known and used in the present days. The colonizers (Spaniards and Americans) were the archetics of the birth of the term tribe as we know today. Iranun auithorities in tarsila classified tribes in Mindanaw into two; namely: Muslim Moro and Non Muslim Moro. The identified Muslim Moro are: Iranun, the original tribe (nation), Mranaw, Maguindanawon, Tausog (Sulog), Sama, Jama Mapun, Yakan, Badjaw, Kalagan, Kalibugan or Kulibugan, Malbog, Palawani, and Sangil (Sangir in Iranun version). The non Muslim Moro are: Tiduray, Subanen, Blaan (Biran in some version), Tboli, Bagobo, Manobo, other tribes are affiliated with major non Muslim Moro tribes. However, many of the non Miuslims Moro have embraced and accepted Islam as an ideology way back 1960 up to the present. According to survey, more or less ten (10) non Muslims Moro who are embracing Islam everyday throughout Mindanaw. Who were the datus of Mindanaw? The term datu is a general term which means and connotes traditional leadership. It is inherited. Royal titles such as sultan (surutan in other version), rajah, emperor, king, and other titles which connotes royalty are termed and called datu. Royal titles are peculiar. States and nations vary on the royal title being used or adopted. In Mindanaw Ragat or Pagilidan, Ranaw), and Sulo; sultan is usually used to identified the leader. Traditionally, datu has multifunctions and authority. The datu is an executive, legislator, and judicial. He is also the commander- in-chief of the armed forces of his state. The datus in Mindanaw claim their royal descendancy from Shariff-Iranun Core of Descent Line. Authorities in tarsila narrated that datus a traditional leader officially started from Sultan Mohammad Dipatuan Kudarat. By succession and descending order the following were officially enthroned: Kudarat, Dundang, Barahaman, Kuda, Malinog, Batua, Manamir, Bunglo, Kibad, Kawasa, Makakua, Untong, Pablo, Mastura, Ismael, and Guiwan. What is the difference from dumato and datu? Dumato and datu are sometimes used interchangeably. However, the two are different in category and descent of origin. The former was descendent from Shariff-Iranun Core of Descent Line. The latter was descended from the four rajahs namely: Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol. The dumato are datu by origin. However, by traditional arrangement, they can not be enthroned as sultan (executive), but they can arrange the process of selection of the next sultan. They can be a judge or legislator. They have a slave and other properties like the sultan. Therefore, the dumato clan under traditional socio-political concept of community possessed a quality comparable to the noble class but they can not be a national or central leader. They can lead their own respective communities. For analogy purposes, they are the local leaders of now a days. What is the difference among settlers, lumad and Moro? Settlers are group of people from different neigboring places such as Visayas, Luzon, Borneo, Singapore and other places who migrated and established their residence to Mindanaw after the declaration or approval of Torens Law which declared that entire Philippine Archepilago is a public land. Before or prior to the declaration of the Torens Law Mindanaw was a dominated and settled by the Moro as a nation. Therefore, settlers are not original inhabitants of Mindanaw. They are new occupants of Mindanaw. On the other hand, lumad and Moro are the same. Lumad means native inhabitants, likewise, Moro connotes original inhabitants of Mindanaw. Who were the datus of Mindanaw? Traditional concept of datu goes along with the socio-political structure and social class of the community. Datu is a general term which connotes leader. During the traditional observance of leadership, datu may be expressed in term of Sultan, Emperor, Rajah, King and Prince. Its usage varies on the different states and nations. In Mindanaw, during the ancient or prehistoric period, the term rajah has been used to refer a leader until the arrival of Shariff Kabunsuan. The term Sultan or Surutan has been used after the arrival of Shariff Kabunsuan. Sultan Kudarat was the first leader who used the title Sultan (Surutan). Datu is a hereditary title. It (Datu) started from the ancient socio-political structure adopted during the Uranen Kingdom, led by Rajah Urangguwan; the first known organized political structure among Iranuns based in Tbok of the Iranun Bay (Illana Bay). This political structure flourished until the arrival of Shariff Aulia, the first Arab missionary who landed the Island. The Shariff married the daughter of the Rajah named Princess Rinalaut, the first known royal nuptials or wedding ceremony according to Iranun tarsila. They begot the four rajahs: Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol. Princess Angintabu, the daughter of Makaapen was married Shariff Kabunsuan sometimes in 1476. Out these wedlock, whom Sultan Kudarat descended. Therefore, the datus of Mindanaw were descended from the four (4) rajahs. The datus of Ranaw up to Tagoloan (Misamis Oriental) was descended from Rajah Dungklang. The datus in the coastal areas (along the Iranun Bay) were descended from Makaapen. The datus in Kutawato- Maguindanaw areas were descended from Rajah Maraguia. The datus in Upper River Stream up to Bukidnoon-Davaw areas were descended from Rajah Budtol. What are the present political subdivision of Mindanaw? There are six political regions in Mindanaw. They are: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Sulu, Tawi-tawi, Basilan, Maguindnao, Lanao del Sur and Marawi City; Region 09 (Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga City, Isabela City and Pagadian City; Region 10 (Bukidnoon, Camiguin, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Occidental, Tangub City, Dapitan City, Ginggoog City, Oroquita City, Cagayan de Oro City, and Iligan City; Region 11 (Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Davao City, Digos City, Island Garden City of Samal and Tagum City; Region 12 (Cotabato City, Kidapawan City, Koronadal City, General Santos City, Tacurong City, South cotabato, North Cotabato Sarangani, and Sultan Kudarat; and Caraga Autonomous Region (Surigao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Tandag Sity, Butuan City, Prosperidad City, and Surigao City. Mranaw, Maguindanaon or Islanganen, Kalagan, Tiduray, and Subanen were originally belonged to Iranun (Moro) nation. Other tribes which belonged to the Iranun (Moro) nation are: Tboli, Blaan, Manobo, Bagobo, Davawnon, Cagayanon, and Hiligaynon. Generally, all tribes or nation which were existing and enjoying self-rule before the coming of the Spaniards are called Iranun. The Muslim groups in the Philippines was originally belonged to two groups: Taga Lupa Suog, and Iranun. Iranun in later centuries splited into many groupd of tribes. The biggest is Maranaw among the Iranun nation. Other traditions among Iranuns said that Sama, Yakan, and Badjao sprang these nationality. They only separated through the agers of time and civilization. They were all the companions of Shariff Kabunsuan who migrated from Johore to Mindanaw and Sulu. Brief Historical Facts (Iranun Premier) How the term Moro derived? The term Moro was derived from the word Moores. They were the group of people whom the Spaniards encountered in field combat during the heights of their colonization campaign. When the Spaniards extended their colonial campaign going east of the globe, they found out a group of people who have the same ability in field combat with that of the Moores. Later, it was adopted describing the native inhabitants of the Island. Therefore the origin of the term Moro was a foreign word. What was the original nationality of the Moores (Moro)? Historical facts and records shows that Iranun was the original nationality of the native inhabitants. Tarsila tells that Shariff Aulia, the first Muslim missionry who arrived in the Island married Rinalaut, an Iranun lady. They begot Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol. In the following generation, Shariff Kabunsuan arrived. He married an Iranun named Princess Angintabu, a daughter of Makaapen. Where the Iranun civilization started or originated? According to the Iranun tarsila, Iranun as nation was one of the oldest existing nations in the world. It sprang from Karingke-Karibang Line of Descent. The Karingke and Karibang offspring was intermarraige with the people of Malay in origin, probably from the Sri Vishaya Empire. Out of this breed line of descent, a group of people sprang into existence. Their leader was Rajah Urangguwan. Later this generation become and developed into a nation and state called Uranen Kingdom. The nationality of its people called Iranun. Modern authorities in history traced back the date in 1190. Why they were Iranun? Long time before (prehistoric period), the present coastal areas of the the present Iranun Bay (Illana Bay) within the Moro Gulf had no flat land surface. The constant flow of rivers and creeks from the mountains to the coastal areas, and volcanic eruptions little-by-little a flat land surface developed. There was a gradual formation of flat land surface as seen today (the present topograhy). Modern science described and illustrated as a result of sedimentary formation and residual remains forms the low and flat land surface in the coastal areas. The vernacular called it IRA which means remains. The suffix nun means people. Thus it forms a word or term IRANUN which means people living the residual remains in the coastal areas. In its socio-political meaning and interpretation, Iranun means people who inhabited along the coastal areas from Tagalook Bay to Sibugay Bay. The first seat of government of the Uranen Kingdom was in Tbok, a barangay of Malabang, Lanao del sur along coastal area of the municipality. Who were the heirs of the Uranen Kingdom? After the death of the Rajah Urangguwan, the founder of the Kingdom, his heirs named: Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol divided and established their own political unit. Makaapen had stayed foot and remained in the seat of government at Tbok. The area of responsibility of Tbok starts from Malabang River to Zamboanga Peninsula and and all in land places embraces thereof. Tbok was his seat of government. Dungklang moved going east direction. He established his political unit at Magulaling, Balabagan, Lanao del Sur in now a days. He extended his political sovereignty up to Ranaw region including the Tagoloan (now Cagayan and Misamis Oriental). Magulaling was his seat of government. Maraguia moved going south direction. He established his political unit in Slangan (now Cotabato City). The area of responsibility of Slangan embraces generally the present Cotabato City, some part of Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat provinces. Slangan was his seat of government. Budtol moved going upper stream through Slangan. He established his political unit at Buayan. He extended his political sovereignty up to Davao region including Agusan Provinces, and part of North Cotabato Province. These four ancient political divisions last until the arrival of Shariff kabunsuan in the succeding decades (1475). What was the relation of Uranen Kingdom with other ancient Kingdoms? Relation has many interpretations and connotations. The inquiry is perhaps inviting the respondent to socio-cultural and political relations of Uranen Kingdom to other ancient kingdoms. Uranen Kingdom has four social classes of people. They were: Pendatu (Noble and Ruling Class), Dumato (Commoners), Endatuan (followers), and Uripin (Slaves). This social class was common to all ancient Kingdoms and Sovereigns. Uranen Kingdom had its diplomats with other ancient Kingdoms. They had been confederated to each other( Aninipay Kingdom, Maktan Kingdom, Sugbu Kingdom, and Batangan Kingdom). They shared the same cultrure and tradition, and practiced the same source livelihood and economy. What was the nationality of the ancient neigboring kingdoms? Uranen Kingdom and its neigboring Kingdoms as enumerated has the same nationality. They shared the same and common nationality. Their inhabitants and people were all Iranuns. Characteristics of the Iranun Iranun as people was very friendly, courteous, helpful, humble, kind, loyal, courageous and brave. It is a promise-fulfilling nation. They considered promise as sacred statement which should be fulfilled. Western writers have wrong description. Iranun was not and never be a bandits and pirates people. The truth was that when colonization and aggression of the Spaniards and other foreign ancient super powers, Iranun had strongly and vehemently repulsed and defended their sovereignty as an independent state and nation. The established and adopted a counter strategy against the invaders. They launched a heavy counter-offensive. War had been declared to all aggressors, colonizers and invaders regardless of nationality or origin. It was a fact and normal in time war that there was a spoil of war (prisoners of war), and collateral damages. Normally, the victorious groups would brought back to their place of the origin all spoils of (prisoners of war). Therefore, the description of the western writers and historians were not true. Tradition of the Iranun The tradition of the Iranun started from the ancient times. Iranun considered tradition as a guide of all humanistic and political undrtakings. Tradition is something established and inherited. Hereditary Political leader in Iranun tradition is inherited. After the father death or disability, the eldest son assumed the authority. In some cases, a daughter of the deceased datu assumes the authority (the deceased datu has no son). Kapagidala In time the present ruling family has no qualified successor, the authority to rule shall be transfered to other ruling family with the same decendancy ( saka lukes in Iranun version). The application of this practice shall be applied again-and-again on succession issue. The Prince Apparent class among the ruling group shall assume the authority in time of no qualified in the Sultan or King or Rajah Clan. Qualification or Criteria in Choosing the Ruler There are four major areas, namely: Bansawan (ruling and noble class), Nunawan Knowledgeable), Artawan (Brave, Strong, and Courageous)and Rupawan (wealth). Eldest Council Iranun has its Council of Elders to resolve issues especially on politics (succession of leader). Its names varies from principality to principality. Its name is peculiar to a certain principality. In the case of the Slangan Principality, its Council of Elders was: Datu Sa Kaludan, Maharaja Edenda, Ambaharaja, and Maharajalaila. In Subpangan Principality, its Council of Elders was: Maharajalaila, Kastiri, Ambaharaja, and Matuaharaja. In Balabagan Principality, its Council of Elders was: Iramangen (Ampawa Clan), Imagulalingen (Ambaharaja Clan), Ibungabungen (Imragaten Clan), and Ibaroyen (Amidumpaw Clan). Justices Iranun has its own justice system. Datu Kali is the chief justice. The Datu Kali is asssisted by Kali a Datu, and Tuan a Datu. The major source of rendering decision was taken from the Holy Qur-an, Hadeeth, Qiyas, the Tradional Sources called Radawan and Ghalib ko Enged. Enthronement Ceremony The sultan or raja or king shall be enthroned with the presence of the Council of Elders. The ceremony is usually held in the Royal Court or Turugan in vernacular dialect. The in-coming sultan shall step foot to the white soil, a symbol of confirment. The Chairman of the Council of Elders shall announce and proclaim the in-coming sultan. The cannons and other forms of guns shall be blown, an honor-sign (Hudyat ng parangal). Fiest shall follow. What is white soil or earth? White soil or earth-soil is just an expression connoting sign of royalty. The soil which has been refered was a soil which was carried over by the Shariffs. The tradition among Iranuns say that every enthronement ceremony, the in-coming sultan should step foot as one of the symbols of true line of descent. In Maguindanao Sultanate, the Tabunaway Clan is the authorized clan to get the white soil from the Tantawan Cave. Tradition says that the white soil is being guarded by a big snake. Only representative from Tabunaway Clan whome the snake vows its head. In Balabagan Sultanate, the Amidumpaw Clan is the authorized clan to get the white soil from Magulaling Cave. The wiki has posted twenty (20) questions which are all fucosed on Mindanaw. These questions contribute much to the issue Moro Nation. What is Mindanaw? Mindanaw is the second largest island in the Philippines of now a days. Historically, Mindanaw is one of the historical Islands in Asia. Mindanaw was included in the ancient map of the world. This connotes that Mindanaw was once upon a time a civilized state with distinguished inhabitants. Modern authorities in history called Mindanaw a Land of Promise of the Orient Seas. What was the original name of Mindanaw? Mindanaw is composed of two words which has different meanings. It were joined together to connotes a place. Min is an Arabic term which means from (one of the eight parts of speech (preposition). Danaw is an Iranun term which means shallow water which flown from water system. Some linguistic authorities translated as marsh. The two terms formed a single word which traditionally and culturally defined or described as a place whom tradition and culture among Iranuns (Moro) were structured; and later on it flown to different neigboring nations and states. What is the difference between Maguindanaw and Mindanaw? The two words are used interchangeably. Some says Maguindanaw is also Mindanaw. They have the same connotation. Some says that they have different connotation. Let us examine which of the two comes first. Traditional leaders among Iranuns used the term Maguindanaw to described the political territory(s) under controlled and influenced of Sultan Kudarat. It was a sovereign state and nation. On the other hand, Mindanaw came to existence during the early years of the Americal regime in the Philippines (1902). They corruptly used the word Maguindanaw to mean the entire Mindanaw Island of now a days. Therefore, the difference is that Maguindanaw is the ancient name of Mindanaw; and Mindanaw of now a days is a colonized term of ancient in origin. They connote the same place. Where was the original place called Mindanaw? Iranun tradition says that the present site of Cotabato City was the original Mindanaw as called by the westerners where development was gradually spread over the entire Island. Iranun tradition says that Mindanaw and Slangan are identical. What is lumad in Mindanaw? Historically and politically, lumad refers to the native inhabitants of the Island who were existing as a nation long period of time before the coming of the Spaniards. The Spaniards called the natives as Moores. Later on Moores was corruptly used as Moro as an identity of the natives. Historically and culturally, Moro and lumad are one or single or identical to each other. What is Panitikan in Mindanaw? Panitikan is a tagalog or Filipino term for literature. Mindanaw is one of the most richest state of the world in terms of literature. Mindanaw literature is described as one of the oldest literature in the world. Darangan was one of the most ascribed literatures among the Iranuns (Moro). Darangan was identified as the most civilized generation or stage of development of the Uranen Kingdom. Benbaran was the seat of government. It was ruled by Tuminaman sa Rugong A Pasandalan A Murog. Bantugen, the hero and over-all command of the federal district, Daranda, chief, Sangkarayar Miniken; Mabaning, advocate general; Lumuday sa Barat, chief, Bakuludan sa Waki; Sumilalaw Sulog, chief, Saglayan ko Regen; Batara Managda, chief, Da Madiar sa Linog; Mapalala Magaug, chief, Saulaya sa Seleg; Pindulunan sa Ragat, chief, Batara si Tundugen; Sadurog ko Marandang, chief, Rinawraw Tubpaan; , Madaramba Kalinan, chief, Ayuon Ka Lumbatan; and Princess Lawanen was most adored princess of their time. Bugabong a Kumara was another state of the Darangen Period. Benbaran and Bungbong a Kumara were competing states of their time. Princess Gandingan was the lady ruler. Sarbaka Kilaten was one of the districts of Bugabong A Kumara; and the same time its capital, and Baklayan Puregen as its summer capital. How tribe had come to its use and existence? Long time before the coming of the Spaniards to the East Nations, Mindanaw was a sovereign state. It has people, government, and laws. Iranun was its nationality. Sometimes in 1190 Shariff Aulia arrived. Shariff Kabunsuan followed in 1475. Those who did not accept and embrace the religious mission of the Shariffs went far away from their original villages where they exercised their sovereignty. Among the identified were the Tiduray of the Kutawato Region, Subanen of the Samboangan-Sibugay Peninsula, and Kalagan of the Tagalook (Dabaw) Region. These three group of natives became the mother and origin of all highlanders. Those who accepted and embraced the religious mission of the Shariffs stayed foot in their villages. They are the present native Muslims. The term tribe was unknown during the early history of the Island. In 1521, Magellan came, arrived and started invading the Islands of the Philippines of now a days. They started introducing some concepts which caused disunity among the natives. In 1898, the Americans took over, they continue colonizing the natives. Many words and concepts were introduced and later on amplified to destroyed the original culture, tradition, beliefs and others. It was the start of using the term tribe. Iranun, the original nationality of the natives was fragmented and chopped into many subgroups. Thus, the birth of the tribes in Mindanaw. How tribes had been baptized or named? Tribes had been called or baptized on the following manner: (a) according to the topography of the place (b) according to the culture or belief of the group (c) according to their complexion (d) adoption (e) named in honor and memory of a certain personality (f) according to its location (g) according to its founder ( h) according to climate or weather condition (i) according to other form of creations like birds, animals, trees, rivers, lakes, marsh and others. What are the tribes in Mindanaw? Originally and by tradition, there is only one or single tribe in Mindanaw. It is Moro as popularly known and used in the present days. The colonizers (Spaniards and Americans) were the archetics of the birth of the term tribe as we know today. Iranun auithorities in tarsila classified tribes in Mindanaw into two; namely: Muslim Moro and Non Muslim Moro. The identified Muslim Moro are: Iranun, the original tribe (nation), Mranaw, Maguindanawon, Tausog (Sulog), Sama, Jama Mapun, Yakan, Badjaw, Kalagan, Kalibugan or Kulibugan, Malbog, Palawani, and Sangil (Sangir in Iranun version). The non Muslim Moro are: Tiduray, Subanen, Blaan (Biran in some version), Tboli, Bagobo, Manobo, other tribes are affiliated with major non Muslim Moro tribes. However, many of the non Miuslims Moro have embraced and accepted Islam as an ideology way back 1960 up to the present. According to survey, more or less ten (10) non Muslims Moro who are embracing Islam everyday throughout Mindanaw. Who were the datus of Mindanaw? The term datu is a general term which means and connotes traditional leadership. It is inherited. Royal titles such as sultan (surutan in other version), rajah, emperor, king, and other titles which connotes royalty are termed and called datu. Royal titles are peculiar. States and nations vary on the royal title being used or adopted. In Mindanaw Ragat or Pagilidan, Ranaw), and Sulo; sultan is usually used to identified the leader. Traditionally, datu has multifunctions and authority. The datu is an executive, legislator, and judicial. He is also the commander- in-chief of the armed forces of his state. The datus in Mindanaw claim their royal descendancy from Shariff-Iranun Core of Descent Line. Authorities in tarsila narrated that datus a traditional leader officially started from Sultan Mohammad Dipatuan Kudarat. By succession and descending order the following were officially enthroned: Kudarat, Dundang, Barahaman, Kuda, Malinog, Batua, Manamir, Bunglo, Kibad, Kawasa, Makakua, Untong, Pablo, Mastura, Ismael, and Guiwan. What is the difference from dumato and datu? Dumato and datu are sometimes used interchangeably. However, the two are different in category and descent of origin. The former was descendent from Shariff-Iranun Core of Descent Line. The latter was descended from the four rajahs namely: Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol. The dumato are datu by origin. However, by traditional arrangement, they can not be enthroned as sultan (executive), but they can arrange the process of selection of the next sultan. They can be a judge or legislator. They have a slave and other properties like the sultan. Therefore, the dumato clan under traditional socio-political concept of community possessed a quality comparable to the noble class but they can not be a national or central leader. They can lead their own respective communities. For analogy purposes, they are the local leaders of now a days. What is the difference among settlers, lumad and Moro? Settlers are group of people from different neigboring places such as Visayas, Luzon, Borneo, Singapore and other places who migrated and established their residence to Mindanaw after the declaration or approval of Torens Law which declared that entire Philippine Archepilago is a public land. Before or prior to the declaration of the Torens Law Mindanaw was a dominated and settled by the Moro as a nation. Therefore, settlers are not original inhabitants of Mindanaw. They are new occupants of Mindanaw. On the other hand, lumad and Moro are the same. Lumad means native inhabitants, likewise, Moro connotes original inhabitants of Mindanaw. Who were the datus of Mindanaw? Traditional concept of datu goes along with the socio-political structure and social class of the community. Datu is a general term which connotes leader. During the traditional observance of leadership, datu may be expressed in term of Sultan, Emperor, Rajah, King and Prince. Its usage varies on the different states and nations. In Mindanaw, during the ancient or prehistoric period, the term rajah has been used to refer a leader until the arrival of Shariff Kabunsuan. The term Sultan or Surutan has been used after the arrival of Shariff Kabunsuan. Sultan Kudarat was the first leader who used the title Sultan (Surutan). Datu is a hereditary title. It (Datu) started from the ancient socio-political structure adopted during the Uranen Kingdom, led by Rajah Urangguwan; the first known organized political structure among Iranuns based in Tbok of the Iranun Bay (Illana Bay). This political structure flourished until the arrival of Shariff Aulia, the first Arab missionary who landed the Island. The Shariff married the daughter of the Rajah named Princess Rinalaut, the first known royal nuptials or wedding ceremony according to Iranun tarsila. They begot the four rajahs: Makaapen, Dungklang, Maraguia, and Budtol. Princess Angintabu, the daughter of Makaapen was married Shariff Kabunsuan sometimes in 1476. Out these wedlock, whom Sultan Kudarat descended. Therefore, the datus of Mindanaw were descended from the four (4) rajahs. The datus of Ranaw up to Tagoloan (Misamis Oriental) was descended from Rajah Dungklang. The datus in the coastal areas (along the Iranun Bay) were descended from Makaapen. The datus in Kutawato- Maguindanaw areas were descended from Rajah Maraguia. The datus in Upper River Stream up to Bukidnoon-Davaw areas were descended from Rajah Budtol. What are the present political subdivision of Mindanaw? There are six political regions in Mindanaw. They are: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Sulu, Tawi-tawi, Basilan, Maguindnao, Lanao del Sur and Marawi City; Region 09 (Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga City, Isabela City and Pagadian City); Region 10 (Bukidnoon, Camiguin, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Occidental, Tangub City, Dapitan City, Ginggoog City, Oroquita City, Cagayan de Oro City, and Iligan City); Region 11 (Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Davao City, Digos City, Island Garden City of Samal and Tagum City); Region 12 (Cotabato City, Kidapawan City, Koronadal City, General Santos City, Tacurong City, South cotabato, North Cotabato Sarangani, and Sultan Kudarat); and Caraga Autonomous Region (Surigao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Dinagat, Tandag City, Butuan City, Prosperidad City, and Surigao City).

Why is Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao Philippines an autonomous region?

\nit is because the Muslims want to govern their own region for they already want to govern it for heir own\n

What is the history of mindanao?

mindanao-is a combination of two words: min and dana-o. as the words evolves like for example telescope. telescope derived from tele & scope which means far & see. likewise, the words mindanao refers to "min" is a higaonon dialect which means "what is familiar in the particular place. And dana-o is a higaonon dialect also that refers to a certain confine place. "min" became a prefix for referring a place or a residence in the area and dana-o means there or here. for example, if the plenty of the place is durian (dulian in bisaya) that place will be called MINDULIAN; TUNGAS-means uphill will be called mintungas; if i win-means da-ug in bisaya they call me MINDA-UG; LAYAS (ESCAPED)-MINLAYAS; du-aw means visit-mindu-aw; dagko-growth it will become mindagko; and so on. DANA-O also refers to brown small silent men living particular place in a cluster and later on it became a named of the people living in the island of MINDANAO as the time passes by. Just like LUZON, previously it was lusong-a wooden mortar used to pound rice.

Was the Cherokee tribe mostly Muslim?

My name is Mahir Abdal-Razzaaq El and I am a Cherokee Blackfoot American Indian who is Muslim. I am known as Eagle Sun Walker. I serve as a Pipe Carrier Warrior for the Northeastern Band of Cherokee Indians in New York City. There are other Muslims in our group. For the most part, not many people are aware of the Native American contact with Islam that began over one thousand years ago by some of the early Muslim travelers who visited us. Some of these Muslim travelers ended up living among our people. For most Muslims and non-Muslims of today, this type of information is unknown and has never been mentioned in any of the history books. There are many documents, treaties, legislation and resolutions that were passed between 1600s and 1800s that show that Muslims were in fact here and were very active in the comunities in which they lived. Treaties such as Peace and Friendship that was signed on the Delaware River in the year 1787 bear the signatures of Abdel-Khak and Muhammad Ibn Abdullah. This treaty details our continued right to exist as a community in the areas of commerce, maritime shipping, current form of government at that time which was in accordance with Islam. According to a federal court case from the Continental Congress, we help put the breath of life in to the newly framed constitution. All of the documents are presently in the National Archives as well as the Library of Congress. If you have access to records in the state of South Carolina, read the Moors Sundry Act of 1790. In a future article, Inshallah, I will go in to more details about the various tribes, their languages; in which some are influenced by Arabic, Persian, Hebrew words. Almost all of the tribes vocabulary include the word Allah. The traditional dress code for Indian women includes the kimah and long dresses. For men, standard fare is turbans and long tops that come down to the knees. If you were to look at any of the old books on Cherokee clothing up until the time of 1832, you will see the men wearing turbans and the women wearing long head coverings. The last Cherokee chief who had a Muslim name was Ramadhan Ibn Wati of the Cherokees in 1866. Cities across the United States and Canada bear names that are of Indian and Islamic derivation. Have you ever wondered what the name Tallahassee means? It means that He Allah will deliver you sometime in the future. . Article Taken from: MESSAGE, July 1996 (Copyrights Message Magazine as long as proper acknowledgement has been stated, it can be reproduced) http://islamworld.net/docs/rim.html

Muslim royalty in mindanao?

a artifacts..............like "okir","pako-rabong","sari-manok"and "naga".. thats ill know that what can you find in the mindanao.......,,,,

What are the dances from Mindanao?

The dances, particularly of the Maguindanao, the Maranao, and the Tausug, are largely ceremonial and are often accompanied by percussion instruments such as gongs and drums. The presence of Indian influences, introduced no doubt by Hinduized Malays, is prominent in the dance called Kandingan, a Tausug wedding dance; in the Lanao dance Singkil, performed in the presence of the Maranao royal family; in the Sagayan, a Maranao and Maguindanao war dance recalling the exploits of the great Muslim warrior Bantugan; in the Pangalay, performed with expressive hand movements in varied versions among the Tausog, Badjao and Samal; in the Tahing Baila, a Yakan dance for a bountiful fish catch; and in the Lunsay, a popular Jama Mapun community song-and-dance number performed during wedding celebrations.

How long did it take the Muslim tribes to go from nomads to being a civilization?

If the definition of civilisation is the development of cities, then Islam actually began in the cities of Mecca and Medina, in the 7th century CE. Of course, there were nomads, just as there are today, but many Arabs were city dwellers. Arabia was not a unified nation when Muhammad began to spread Islam, and personal allegiances were to one's tribe, more than to a city ruler or king. Islam was the catalyst to unify the nation and reduce the importance of tribal loyalties.

What is a tribe?

A tribe is a group of families that have a leader and work in a community. They usually have a herd of animals such as cattle or goat.

Mindanao folk song?

1. Buyayang buyayang (Zamboanga) 2. Ayaw Kang Magtangis (Tausog, ARMM) 3. Nihma Arri (Sulu and Tawi Tawi)

Produkto sa mindanao?

Ang mga produkto sa Mindanao ay mga goma, mais, abaca, mangosteen, kamoteng-kahoy, saging, palay, durian, marang, niyog, bakawan, suha, isda, yellow-fin, tuna, mackerel, agar-agar, pinggan, trey, suklay, at sariwang bulaklak.

What are the products of mindanao?

Mindanao is home to the biggest pineapple plantation (Del Monte Corporation and Dole Phils), tomatoes, Bananas (Stanfilco), in Bukidnon, the logging business is thriving,so lumber is plentiful, sugarcane plantation of Zubiri and Fortich are so wide, hence there are lots of sugarcane and sugar products, corn, rice and much more. In Davao, it's known for durian and abaca.

What is the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao?

The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao is one of the administrative regions of the Philippines. It has five provinces and one city. Its provinces are: . Sulu . Maguindanao . Lanao del Sur . Tawi-Tawi . Basilan . Its lone city is Marawi City.

What was a tribe then?

A tribe is a group of people for example, a family, a group, or mabe just lots of familys living together.

Kalagan tribe in mindanao?

one of the 13 Muslim tribes of mindanao partiicularly living in the davao gulf, tagum city davao city, davao del norte, davao del sur, davao oriental, compostella valley province, panabo city and each has sultan of four major parts of davao gulf the 1. davao city, 2. davao oriental, 3. davao del sur, 4. davao del norte and each sultan are related with each other they are claiming to be called Kagan rather to be called as kalagan

Who discovered mindanao?

Mindanao is one of the Philippines' largest islands. The Tasadaypeople discovered the island. They are the indigenous people whobelong to the Lumad group.

Why do Muslims want to separate Mindanao from Philippines?

\nYou know, they are greedy as hell. They want to separate so that they could focused more on terrorism without interfering from the Christian dominated Philippines. Do you know that MILF those fighters in Mindanao had a linked to ALQUIADA Network.

What is the significance of the number 13 to Jewish people for example the thirteenth Tribe?

The Talmud mentions that the Divine attributes of mercy (Exodus 34:6-7) are thirteen in number. You should note that the tribes never are counted as thirteen. Jacob had twelve sons; and they are the twelve tribes (Genesis, end of ch. 35); and when Joseph is honored by having his two sons counted as two tribes (ibid. ch. 48), in those contexts Levi is not counted (such as in Numbers ch. 1 and 13). Levi was honored with special status (Numbers ch. 2-3)

What are the 13 tribes of Muslims in mindanao?

panimusan - southern palawan mulbog - balabac island jamamapun - cagayan de sulu sama'a - tawi tawi tausug - jolo yakan - basilan bajao - entire sulu archipelago kalibugan - zamboanga peninsula maranao - people of the lake lanao norte/sur maguindanao - cotabato jagir - sarangani kalagan - davao

Indigenous art in Muslim mindanao?

Well some of the examples of the indigenous art of Muslim mindanao are writen below: decorative Muslim art-sarimanok maranao betel nut container maranao vessel bilaan knives well hope that help a lot!!

What tribe of Muslims hate Americans?

Muslims never hate Americans. Many Muslims live in the US and have good relations with the Americans. They all cooperate together and share responsibilities in the American society. However, Muslims don't like the American foreign policy that is biased against their needs and aspirations, biased just for the benefit of Us and Israel own interests and benefits. Refer to related question below.

Example of tourist spots in autonomous region in Muslim mindanao?

Datu Andal AmpatuanMansion , Kutawato Cave , Ampatuan Mansion , Datu Zaldy AmpatuanMansion , Kutabato Caves , Takumi Butai Memorial Shrine

How did Muslims deal with the plague in the 13 century?

I don't know specific answer to query, but general advice from the Prophet Muhammed PBUH is that anyone finding himself in epidemic afflicted area (s)he should stay where (s)he is (not leave area and spread epidemic) nor travel to an affected area if (s)he's away from the region (and expose themselves to disease risk).

Ano ang tunay na sanhi ng kaguluhan sa pagitan ng Muslim at kristiyano sa mindanao?

dahil ito sa walang pagkakaisa , magkaiba ang pinaniniwalaan at parehong ayaw magpakumbaba o magkaunawaan na lamang.

Picture of indigenous art of Muslim mindanao?

You can find these pictures online. Doing a quick image search isthe best way to go about doing this.

What is is farther moon or mindanao?

Here is the information needed to answer that question: -- No point on earth can be farther than about 12,500 miles from you. -- No point on the moon can be closer than about 238,000 miles from you.

Is Mindanao a city or a country?

Mindanao is neither a city nor a country. It is one of the three biggest islands in the Philippines. The two other islands being LUZON and VISAYAS.

Who are the settlers of mindanao?

(migrants groups, mostly christian) 1. Tagalog 2. Ilonggo 3. Ilocano 4. Cebuano\ Boholano 5. Kapampangan 6. Chavacano 7. Bikol 8. Waray 9. Other migrants group

How do you achieve peace and order in Mindanao?

actually follow through with the requirements of the constitution and remove religion from every aspect of the political sphere. Politicians with direct financial ties to the Catholic Church or who espouse Catholicism in their role as democratically appointed representatives of a secular nation need to be removed from office (at the very least), fined, publicly humiliated and jailed. . from this new, secular position the government will be be able to negotiate for the Filipinos in the region (rather than the Muslims). . the government needs to make educational and economic reform their number one priority in securing a sustainable future for the people of Mindanao . environmental considerations must be a priority for the future stability region.

Why were the mountain tribes and the Mindanao areas spared of Spanish colonization?

One of the main reasons why Spain colonized the Philippines was because they weren't united as a country. Based on what I have read, the Mindanao areas already had their own religion (known as Islam) before the Spaniards came and this religion, I think, made them more united than the other areas of the Philippines. Their unity spared them from Spanish colonization. :)

Who discover Mindanao?

=Antonia Bolongaita discovered Mindanao at the age of 53. It was a black, muddy flammable liquid that had bursted out in her backyard.

Which of the 13 colonies were named after local Native American tribes?

None of them were actually named for tribes, the first to be named for anythingnative American was Kentucky. Kentucky is an Iriquois word (Ken-tah-ten) meaning land of tomorrow.

Can a 13 year old muslim girl date an non-muslim boy?

No, she can't. Any sexual acts (oral or intercourse sex) outside marriage is strictly forbidden per Islam teachings and rules. The other important point is the Muslim girl is entitled to get married with only a Muslim boy. It is not allowed for a Muslim girl to get married with a non Muslim boy unless he converts to Islam.

What is the distance of luzon from mindanao in the Philippines?

Shortest driving distance from lower luzon to upper mindanao =525 km . Longest driving distance from upper luzon to lower mindanao =2350 km Thus: 525 to 2350 km = 325 to 1640 miles

Who was the last sultan of mindanao?

The 25th Sultan of Mindanao (Maguindanao) Al Marhum Yang Maha Mulliah Seri Paduka Hajji Datu Amir Bin Muhammad Baraguir

What are the tradition in mindanao?

Tangina Naman Dito Oh!! Ako Nga Nagtatanong Sa Inyo Kau Pa Magtatanong Sakin ! Putapeteng Mga toh! At Higit Sa Laht Ipapasagot Pa Sau !! Gagu !

What is the History of Kalagan Tribe of Mindanao?

Kalagans is literally known as the people of the shore in Davaogulf and Davao gulf also was known as the Kagan lake. They refferedto called them as "KAGAN" rather than Kalagan because they believethat this was the original word of their tribe. They were Islamizedin the middle of 15th century by the Sharrifs from Maguindano andSulu who have a good relation and a barter trade of the Datus andKalagan people. They are fishermens, farmers and they controlledthe river key around the Davao Gulf. Their cultures is similar totheir neighbor tribes, Mandaya and Mansaka and their dress code ismost the same with the Maguindanaons and Tausugs. They believemagic as their tradition and medication purposes and also even theywere already muslims, other Kalagans continued practicing their oldpre-islamic tradition as related to the animist.

What is the indigenous art of Muslim mindanao?

This type of music is largely retained and practiced by about 10 percent of the population concentrated mainly in the South of the Philippines. In Mindanao and Sulu, two musical and cultural traditions may be noted -- the Islamic, consisting of such groups as the Maguindanao, Maranao, Yakan, Tausog and Samal, and the pre-Islamic which is composed of the Bagobo, Manobo, Bukidnon, Tagakaolo, Bilaan, Mansaka, Subanon and Mandaya, among others..

Why is Mindanao called a land of promise?

because its full of promise mindanao called the land of promise because the person want to came in mindanao coz they might think that they have their future living in this certain place.

Where the name mindanao came?

Mindanao is named after the Maguindanaons who constituted the largest Sultanate historically, and evidence from maps made during the 17th and 18th centuries suggests that the name was used to refer to the island by natives at the time. Evidence of human occupation dates back tens of thousands of years. In prehistoric times the Negrito people arrived. Sometime around 1500 BCAustronesian peoples spread throughout the Philippines and far beyond.

What is the name of tourist spot in mindanao?

There are many tourist spots in Mindanao and among the popular ones are Mt Apo, Crocodile Farm, Philippine Eagle Conservation Center in Davao. Dapitan is also a popular tourist spot town because the Philippines national hero Dr Jose Rizal was exiled there. Another popular tourist spot is Camiguin Island and their Underground Cemetery. When it comes to resort, Samal Island in Davao is popular among tourists.

Do anacondas live in the Philippines Mindanao?

No. Anacondas are native to the South American continent. They inhabit the lush rain forests of the Amazon river in countries like Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay etc. They live in Swamps, Marshes and slow moving streams in the Amazon & Orinoco river basins. They prefer dense vegetation where they can easily sneak up on unsuspecting prey and hunt them.

Why Mindanao is land of promise?

Mindanao is the called the land of promise of which means that it is a land capable of greater heights or development. With the resources and a pinch of ingenuity from the locals, it becomes a land of great opportunities.

What are arts and crafts in mindanao?

Arts and crafts in Mindanao consist of bright colors and includeclothing, paintings, and decorative weaves. Art highlights dailyliving in Mindanao.

What is the life of a 13 year old Muslim boy like?

he should be having fun if he is in UK or USA. Or if he lives in Muslim country than he would been a married man.

Do Muslim belong to schedule tribe?

I don't know what exactly you want to ask or what you mean by scheduled tribe. Anyhow, let me tell you that all human beings are the off-spring of Hazrat Adam (AS) and Hazrat Eve (AS). They have been created by Almighty God, and He loves them all. To Him only the righteous, chaste, poise, and truthful people enjoy superiority. To Him there is no difference or preference according to caste, color or country. As for as the Muslims are concerned, they have 57 independent countries. Trace the History and you will find they once ruled over about 2/3 areas of the world. The Muslim Empire was more civilized than the European or American nations.

What country is mindanao in?

Mindanao is one of the 7,107 islands located in the country of the Philippines. The largest city on the island is Davao City, with a population of over 21 million.

What are the release dates for 7th Heaven - 1996 The Tribes That Bind 3-13?

7th Heaven - 1996 The Tribes That Bind 3-13 was released on: USA: 25 January 1999 Belgium: 2011

What are the release dates for Medical Investigation - 2004 Tribe 1-13?

Medical Investigation - 2004 Tribe 1-13 was released on: USA: 14 January 2005 Germany: 4 April 2006 Hungary: 12 November 2006

What are the release dates for Frontline - 1983 Muslims 20-13?

Frontline - 1983 Muslims 20-13 was released on: USA: May 2002 USA: 9 May 2002