What are the languages spoken throughout the world?

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You've asked a very broad and general question so it's quite difficult to answer. There are countless countries and islands in the world and more than twice as many languages - some official, some not.

Find below a list of languages spoken throughout the world that I have managed to find in Wikipedia - not the most reliable of source, mind you.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_languages_by_name)

  1. Abanyom (Bantu)
  2. Abaza (Northwest Caucasian)
  3. Abenaki (Algonquian)
  4. Abkhaz or Abkhazian (Northwest Caucasian)
  5. Abujmaria (Dravidian)
  6. Acehnese (Malayo-Polynesian)
  7. Adamorobe Sign Language (Signing)
  8. Adele (Kwa)
  9. Adyghe (Northwest Caucasian)
  10. Afar (Cushitic)
  11. Afrikaans (Germanic)
  12. Afro-Seminole Creole (English-based creole)
  13. Aimaq or Barbari (Iranian)
  14. Aini (Turkic)
  15. Ainu (language isolate)
  16. Akan (Kwa)
  17. Akawaio (Carib)
  18. Akkadian (Semitic) (extinct)
  19. Aklanon (Malayo-Polynesian)
  20. Albanian (Indo-European)
  21. Aleut (Eskimo-Aleut)
  22. Algonquin (Algonquian)
  23. Alemán Coloneiro (Germanic)
  24. Alsatian (Germanic)
  25. Altay (Turkic)
  26. Alutor (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
  27. American Sign Language (Signing)
  28. Amharic (Semitic)
  29. Amorite (Semitic) (extinct)
  30. Anglo-Saxon or Old English (Germanic)
  31. Amdang (Nilo-Saharan)
  32. Ammonite (Semitic) (extinct)
  33. Andalusian (Romance)
  34. Angaur (Malayo-Polynesian)
  35. Angika (Indo-Aryan)
  36. Anyin (Volta-Congo)
  37. Ao (Tibeto-Burman)
  38. A-Pucikwar (Andamanese)
  39. Arabic (Semitic)
  40. Aragonese (Romance)
  41. Aramaic (Semitic)
  42. Are (Malayo-Polynesian)
  43. Argobba (Semitic)
  44. Aromanian or Macedo-Romanian (Romance)
  45. Armenian (Indo-European)
  46. Arvanitic (Indo-European)
  47. Ashkenazi Hebrew (Semitic)
  48. Ashkun (Indo-Iranian)
  49. Assamese (Indo-Iranian)
  50. Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
  51. Ateso or Teso (Nilotic)
  52. Asi (Malayo-Polynesian)
  53. Asturian (Romance)
  54. Ati (Malayo-Polynesian)
  55. Auslan (Signing)
  56. Avar (Northeast Caucasian)
  57. Avestan (Indo-Iranian)
  58. Awadhi (Indo-Iranian)
  59. Aymara (Aymaran)
  60. Azerbaijani (Turkic)
 
  1. Badaga (Dravidian)
  2. Badeshi (Indo-Iranian)
  3. Bahnar (Austroasiatic)
  4. Bajelani (Indo-Iranian)
  5. Balinese (Malayo-Polynesian)
  6. Balochi (Indo-Iranian)
  7. Balti (Tibeto-Burman)
  8. Bambara or Bamanankan (Mande)
  9. Banjar (Malayo-Polynesian)
  10. Banyumasan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  11. Basaa (Bantu)
  12. Bashkir (Turkic)
  13. Basque (Isolated)
  14. Batak Dairi (Malayo-Polynesian)
  15. Batak Karo (Malayo-Polynesian)
  16. Batak Mandailing (Malayo-Polynesian)
  17. Batak Simalungun (Malayo-Polynesian)
  18. Batak Toba (Malayo-Polynesian)
  19. Bateri (Indo-Iranian language)
  20. Bats (North Caucasian)
  21. Bavarian (Germanic)
  22. Beja (Cushitic)
  23. Belarusian (Slavic)
  24. Belhare (Tibeto-Burman)
  25. Bellari (Dravidian)
  26. Berta (Nilo-Saharan)
  27. Bemba (Bantu)
  28. Bengali (Indo-Aryan)
  29. Bengali Sign language (Sign languages)
  30. Bezhta (Northeast Caucasian)
  31. Beothuk (unclassified) (extinct)
  32. Berber (Afro-Asiatic)
  33. Bete (Niger-Congo)
  34. Bété (Niger-Congo)
  35. Bhili (Indo-Aryan)
  36. Bhojpuri (Indo-Aryan)
  37. Bijil Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
  38. Bikol (Malayo-Polynesian)
  39. Bikya or Furu (Bantu)
  40. Bissa (Mande)
  41. Blackfoot (Algonquian)
  42. Boholano (Malayo-Polynesian)
  43. Bohtan Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
  44. Bolgar (unclassified) (extinct)
  45. Bonan or Paoan (Mongolic)
  46. Bororo (Bororoan)
  47. Bosnian (Slavic)
  48. Brahui (Dravidian)
  49. Breton (Celtic)
  50. British Sign Language (Signing)
  51. Bua (Niger-Congo)
  52. Buginese (Malayo-Polynesian)
  53. Bukusu (Bantu)
  54. Bulgarian (Slavic)
  55. Bunjevac (Slavic)
  56. Burmese (Tibeto-Burman)
  57. Burushaski (language isolate)
  58. Buryat (Mongolic)
 C
  1. Caluyanon or Caluyanun (Malayo-Polynesian)
  2. Camunic (unclassified) (extinct)
  3. Cantonese (Sinitic)
  4. Carian (Anatolian) (extinct)
  5. Catawba (Siouan) (extinct)
  6. Catalan (Romance)
  7. Cayuga (Iroquoian)
  8. Cebuano (Malayo-Polynesian)
  9. Chabacano or Chavacano (Creole)
  10. Chaga or Kichagga (Bantu)
  11. Chagatai (Turkic) (extinct)
  12. Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
  13. Chamorro (Malayo-Polynesian)
  14. Chaouia or Tachawit (Berber)
  15. Chechen (Northeast Caucasian)
  16. Chemakum (Chimakuan) (extinct)
  17. Chenchu (Dravidian)
  18. Chenoua (Berber)
  19. Cherokee (Iroquoian)
  20. Cheyenne (Algonquian)
  21. Chhattisgarhi (Indo-Aryan)
  22. Chickasaw (Muskogean)
  23. Chintang or Chhintang (Tibeto-Burman)
  24. Chilcotin (Athabaskan)
  25. Chinese (Sinitic)
  26. Chiricahua or Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache (Athabaskan)
  27. Chichewa or Nyanja (Bantu)
  28. Chipewyan (Athabaskan)
  29. Chittagonian (Indo-Aryan)
  30. Choctaw (Muskogean)
  31. Chorasmian or Khwarezmian (Iranian)
  32. Chukchi or Chukot (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
  33. Chulym (Turkic)
  34. Church Slavonic (Slavic)
  35. Chuukese or Trukese (Malayo-Polynesian)
  36. Chuvash (Turkic)
  37. Cocoma or Cocama (Tupian)
  38. Cocopa (Hokan)
  39. Coeur d'Alene (Salishan)
  40. Comorian (Bantu)
  41. Coptic (Egyptian) (extinct, liturgical language)
  42. Cornish (Celtic) (revived)
  43. Corsican (Romance)
  44. Cree (Algonquian)
  45. Crimean Tatar or Crimean Turkish (Turkic)
  46. Croatian (Slavic)
  47. Cuman (Turkic) (extinct)
  48. Cumbric (Celtic) (extinct)
  49. Curonian (Baltic) (extinct)
  50. Cuyonon (Malayo-Polynesian)
  51. Czech (Slavic)
 D
  1. Dacian (Indo-European) (extinct)
  2. Dagbani (Gur)
  3. Dahlik (Semitic)
  4. Dalecarlian (Germanic)
  5. Dalmatian (Romance) (extinct)
  6. Dameli (Indo-Aryan)
  7. Danish (Germanic)
  8. Dargin (Northeast Caucasian)
  9. Dari (Zoroastrian) (Iranian)
  10. Dari-Persian (Iranian)
  11. Darkhat (Mongolic)
  12. Daur or Dagur (Mongolic)
  13. Dena'ina or Tanaina (Athapaskan)
  14. Dhatki (Indo-Aryan)
  15. Dhivehi or Maldivian (Indo-Aryan)
  16. Dida (Volta-Congo)
  17. Dioula or Jula (Mande)
  18. Dogri (Indo-Aryan)
  19. Dogrib or Tli Cho (Athapaskan)
  20. Dolgan (Turkic)
  21. Domaaki or Dumaki (Indo-Aryan)
  22. Dongxiang or Santa (Mongolic)
  23. Duala (Bantu)
  24. Dungan (Sinitic)
  25. Dutch (Germanic)
  26. Dzhidi or Judeo-Persian (Iranian)
  27. Dzongkha (Tibeto-Burman)
 E
  1. Eastern Yugur (Mongolic)
  2. Eblaite (Semitic) (extinct)
  3. Edomite (Semitic) (extinct)
  4. Egyptian (Afro-Asiatic) (extinct)
  5. Egyptian Arabic (Semitic)
  6. Ekoti (Bantu)
  7. Elamite (isolated) (extinct)
  8. Endegen (Semitic)
  9. Enets or Yenisey Samoyed (Samoyedic)
  10. English (Germanic)
  11. Ennemor or Inor (Semitic)
  12. Erzya (Finno-Ugric)
  13. Esperanto (planned language)
  14. Estonian (Finno-Ugric)
  15. Etruscan (Tyrsenian) (extinct)
  16. Even (Altaic)
  17. Evenk or Evenki (Altaic)
  18. Ewe (Volta-Congo)
  19. Eyak (Na-Dené)
 F
  1. Faeroese (Germanic)
  2. Fang (Bantu)
  3. Fars (Iranian)
  4. Fijian (Malayo-Polynesian)
  5. Filipino (Malayo-Polynesian)
  6. Finnish (Finno-Ugric)
  7. Finnish Sign Language (Signing)
  8. Flemish language (Belgium)
  9. Fon (Volta-Congo)
  10. Franco-Provençal or Arpitan (Romance)
  11. French (Romance)
  12. French Sign Language (Signing)
  13. Frisian, North (Germanic)
  14. Frisian, Saterland (Germanic)
  15. Frisian, West (Germanic)
  16. Friulian (Romance)
  17. Fula or Fulfulde or Fulani (Atlantic)
  18. Fur (Nilo-Saharan)
 G
  1. Ga (Volta-Congo)
  2. Gadaba (Dravidian)
  3. Gafat (Semitic) (extinct)
  4. Gagauz (Turkic)
  5. Galician (Romance)
  6. Gan (Sinitic)
  7. Gangte (Tibeto-Burman)
  8. Garhwali (Indo-Aryan)
  9. Gaulish (Celtic) (extinct)
  10. Gayo (Malayo-Polynesian)
  11. Gazi (Iranian)
  12. Ge'ez (Semitic) (extinct)
  13. Gen or Gẽ or Mina (Volta-Congo)
  14. Georgian (South Caucasian)
  15. German (Germanic)
  16. German Sign Language (Signing)
  17. Ghomara (Berber) (extinct)
  18. Gikuyu or Kikuyu (Bantu)
  19. Gilbertese or Kiribati (Malayo-Polynesian)
  20. Gileki (Iranian)
  21. Goaria (Indo-Aryan)
  22. Gondi (Dravidian)
  23. Gothic (Germanic) (extinct)
  24. Gawar-Bati or Gowari or Narsati (Indo-Aryan)
  25. Grangali or Gelangali (Indo-Aryan)
  26. Greek (Indo-European)
  27. Guanche (Berber) (extinct)
  28. Guaraní (Tupian)
  29. Gujarati (Indo-Aryan)
  30. Gula Iro or Kulaal (Volta-Congo)
  31. Gullah or Sea Island Creole English (English-based creole)
  32. Gusii (Bantu)
  33. Gwichʼin (Athabaskan)
 H
  1. Hadramautic (Semitic) (extinct)
  2. Hadza or Hatsa (Khoisan)
  3. Haida or Masset (Na-Dené)
  4. Haitian Creole (French-based creole)
  5. Hakka (Sinitic)
  6. Hän (Athabaskan)
  7. Harari (Semitic)
  8. Harauti (Indo-Aryan)
  9. Harsusi (Semitic)
  10. Haryanavi or Haryani or Bangru (Indo-Aryan) (a dialect of Hindi)
  11. Harzani (Iranian)
  12. Hattic (unclassified, possibly Northwest Caucasian) (extinct)
  13. Hausa (Afro-Asiatic)
  14. Havasupai or Upland Yuman (Hokan)
  15. Hawaiian (Malayo-Polynesian)
  16. Hawaii Pidgin Sign Language (Signing)
  17. Hazaragi (Iranian) (a dialect of Persian)
  18. Hebrew (Semitic)
  19. Herero (Bantu)
  20. Hértevin (Semitic)
  21. Hiligaynon or Ilonggo (Malayo-Polynesian)
  22. Hindi (Indo-Aryan)
  23. Hinukh (Northeast Caucasian)
  24. Hiri Motu (Motu-based Pidgin)
  25. Hittite (Anatolian) (extinct)
  26. Hixkaryana (Carib)
  27. Hmong (Hmong Mien)
  28. Ho (Austroasiatic)
  29. Hobyót (Semitic)
  30. Hopi (Uto-Aztecan
  31. Hulaulá (Semitic)
  32. Hungarian (Finno-Ugric)
  33. Hurrian (Hurro-Urartian) (extinct)
  34. Hutterite German (Germanic)
 I Main article: List of languages by name: I

  1. Ibibio (Volta-Congo)
  2. Iban (Malayo-Polynesian)
  3. Ibanag (Malayo-Polynesian)
  4. Icelandic (Germanic)
  5. Igbo or Ibo or Biafra (Volta-Congo)
  6. Ikalanga or Kalanga (Bantu)
  7. Ili Turki (Turkic)
  8. Illinois (Algonquian) (extinct)
  9. Ilokano or Ilocano (Malayo-Polynesian)
  10. Inari Sami (Finno-Ugric)
  11. Indonesian (Malayo-Polynesian)
  12. Ingrian or Izhorian (Finno-Ugric)
  13. Ingush (Northeast Caucasian)
  14. Inuktitut (Eskimo-Aleut)
  15. Inupiaq (Eskimo-Aleut)
  16. Inuvialuktun (Eskimo-Aleut)
  17. Iraqw (Cushitic)
  18. Irish or Irish Gaelic (Celtic)
  19. Irish Sign Language (Signing)
  20. Irula (Dravidian)
  21. Isan or Northeastern Thai (Kradai)
  22. Istro-Romanian (Romance)
  23. Italian (Romance)
  24. Itelmen or Kamchadal (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
 J Main article: List of languages by name: J

  1. Jacaltec or Jakalteko (Mayan)
  2. Jalaa (unclassified, possibly Niger-Congo)
  3. Japanese (isolated, possibly Altaic)
  4. Jaqaru (Aymaran)
  5. Jarai (Malayo-Polynesian)
  6. Javanese (Malayo-Polynesian)
  7. Jibbali or Shehri (Semitic)
  8. Jicarilla Apache (Athabaskan)
  9. Juang (Austro-Asiatic)
  10. Judeo-Aramaic (Semitic) (extinct)
  11. Jurchen (Tungusic) (extinct)
 K Main article: List of languages by name: K

  1. Kabardian (Northwest Caucasian)
  2. Kabyle (Berber)
  3. Kachin or Jingpo (Tibeto-Burman)
  4. Kalaallisut or Greenlandic (Eskimo-Aleut)
  5. Kalami or Gawri or Dirwali (Indo-Aryan)
  6. Kalasha (Indo-Aryan)
  7. Kalmyk or Oirat (Mongolic)
  8. Kalto or Nahali (Indo-Aryan)
  9. Kamas (Samoyedic) (extinct)
  10. Kankanai or Kankanaey (Malayo-Polynesian)
  11. Kannada (Dravidian)
  12. Kaonde or Chikaonde (Bantu)
  13. Kapampangan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  14. Karachay-Balkar (Turkic)
  15. Karagas (Turkic)
  16. Karaim (Turkic)
  17. Karakalpak (Turkic)
  18. Karelian (Finno-Ugric)
  19. Kashmiri (Indo-Aryan)
  20. Kashubian (Slavic)
  21. Kawi (Malayo-Polynesian) (extinct)
  22. Kazakh (Turkic)
  23. Kemi Sami (Finno-Ugric) (extinct)
  24. Kensiu (Austro-Asiatic)
  25. Kerek (Paleosiberian)
  26. Ket (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
  27. Khakas (Turkic)
  28. Khalaj (Turkic)
  29. Kham or Sheshi (Tibeto-Burman)
  30. Khandeshi (Indo-Aryan)
  31. Khanty or Ostyak (Finno-Ugric)
  32. Khasi (Austro-Asiatic)
  33. Khazar (probably Turkic) (extinct)
  34. Khirwar (Dravidian)
  35. Khmer (Austro-Asiatic)
  36. Khmu (Austro-Asiatic)
  37. Khowar (Indo-Aryan)
  38. Khunsari (Iranian)
  39. Kildin Sami (Baltic-Finnic)
  40. Kimatuumbi (Bantu)
  41. Kinaray-a or Hiraya (Malayo-Polynesian)
  42. Kinyarwanda (Bantu)
  43. Kirombo (Bantu)
  44. Kirundi (Bantu)
  45. Kivunjo (Bantu)
  46. Klallam or Clallam (Salishan)
  47. Kodava Takk or Kodagu or Coorgi (Dravidian)
  48. Kohistani or Khili (Indo-Aryan)
  49. Kolami (Dravidian)
  50. Komi or Komi-Zyrian (Finno-Ugric)
  51. Konda (Trans-New Guinea)
  52. Konkani (Indo-Aryan)
  53. Kongo or Kikongo (Bantu)
  54. Koraga (Dravidian)
  55. Korandje (Nilo-Saharan)
  56. Korean (isolated)
  57. Korku (Austro-Asiatic)
  58. Korowai (Trans-New Guinea)
  59. Korwa (Austro-Asiatic)
  60. Koryak (Chukotko-Kamchatkan)
  61. Kosraean (Malayo-Polynesian)
  62. Kota (Dravidian)
  63. Koyra Chiini or Western Songhay (Nilo-Saharan)
  64. Koy Sanjaq Surat (Semitic)
  65. Koya (Dravidian)
  66. Krymchak or Judeo-Crimean Tatar (Turkic)
  67. Kujarge (unclassified, perhaps Chadic)
  68. Kui (Dravidian)
  69. Kumauni (Indo-Aryan)
  70. Kumyk (Turkic)
  71. Kumzari (Iranian)
  72. ǃKung (Khoisan)
  73. Kurdish (Iranian)
  74. Kurukh or Kurux (Dravidian)
  75. Kurumba (Dravidian)
  76. Kusunda (Tibeto-Burman) (extinct)
  77. Kutenai or Kootenay or Ktunaxa (isolated)
  78. Kuvi (Dravidian)
  79. Kwanyama or Ovambo (Bantu)
  80. Kxoe (Khoisan)
  81. Kyrgyz or Kirghiz (Turkic)
 L Main article: List of languages by name: L

  1. Laal (unclassified)
  2. Ladakhi (Tibeto-Burman)
  3. Ladin (Romance)
  4. Ladino or Judeo-Spanish (Romance)
  5. Lakota or Lakhota or Teton (Siouan)
  6. Lambadi or Lamani or Banjari (Indo-Aryan)
  7. Lao or Laotian (Kradai)
  8. Latin (Romance) (liturgical language)
  9. Latvian (Baltic)
  10. Laz or Lazuri (South Caucasian)
  11. Lenape or Unami or Delaware (Algonquian) (extinct)
  12. Leonese (Romance)
  13. Lepontic (Celtic) (extinct)
  14. Lezgi or Agul (Northeast Caucasian)
  15. Ligbi or Ligby (Mande)
  16. Limburgish (Germanic)
  17. Lingala (Bantu)
  18. Lipan Apache (Athabascan)
  19. Lisan al-Dawat (Indo-Aryan)
  20. Lishana Deni (Semitic)
  21. Lishanid Noshan or Lishana Didan (Semitic)
  22. Lithuanian (Baltic)
  23. Livonian or Liv (Finno-Ugric)
  24. Lombard (Romance)
  25. Lotha (Tibeto-Burman)
  26. Low German or Low Saxon or Plattdeutsch (Germanic)
  27. Lower Sorbian (Slavic)
  28. Lozi or Silozi (Bantu)
  29. Ludic or Ludian (Finno-Ugric)
  30. Luganda (Bantu)
  31. Lunda or Chilunda (Bantu)
  32. Luri (Iranian)
  33. Lushootseed (Salishan)
  34. Lusoga or Soga (Bantu)
  35. Luvale (Bantu)
  36. Luwati (Indo-Iranian)
  37. Luwian or Luvian (Anatolian) (extinct)
  38. Luxembourgish (Germanic)
  39. Lycian (Anatolian) (extinct)
  40. Lydian (Anatolian) (extinct)
 M Main article: List of languages by name: M
  1. Macedonian (Slavic)
  2. Macedonian, Ancient (Proto-Greek) (extinct)
  3. Magadhi (Indo-Aryan)
  4. Maguindanao (Malayo-Polynesian)
  5. Mahican (Algonquian) (extinct)
  6. Mahl (Indo-Aryan)
  7. Maithili (Indo-Aryan)
  8. Makasar (Malayo-Polynesian)
  9. Makhuwa or Makua (Bantu)
  10. Makhuwa-Meetto (Bantu)
  11. Malagasy (Malayo-Polynesian)
  12. Malay (Malayo-Polynesian)
  13. Malayalam (Dravidian)
  14. Malaysian Sign Language (Signing)
  15. Maltese (Semitic)
  16. Malto or Sauria Paharia (Dravidian)
  17. Malvi or Malavi or Ujjaini (Indo-Aryan)
  18. Mam (Mayan)
  19. Manchurian (Tungusic)
  20. Manda (Dravidian)
  21. Mandaic (Semitic)
  22. Mandarin (Sinitic)
  23. Mandinka (Niger-Congo)
  24. Mansi or Vogul (Finno-Ugric)
  25. Manx (Celtic)
  26. Manyika (Bantu)
  27. Maori (Malayo-Polynesian)
  28. Mapudungun or Mapuche (isolated)
  29. Maragoli (Bantu)
  30. Maranao (Malayo-Polynesian)
  31. Marathi (Indo-Aryan)
  32. Mari or Cheremis (Finno-Ugric)
  33. Maria (Dravidian)
  34. Marquesan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  35. Marshallese or Ebon (Malayo-Polynesian)
  36. Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (Signing)
  37. Masaba (Bantu)
  38. Masbatenyo or Minasbate (Malayo-Polynesian
  39. Meitei or Manipuri or Meithei (Tibeto-Burman)
  40. Mesqan or Masqan (Semitic)
  41. Mator (Samoyedic) (extinct)
  42. Mauritian Creole or Morisyen (French-based creole)
  43. Maya (Mayan)
  44. Mazandarani or Tabari(Iranian)
  45. Meänkieli or Tornedalen Finnish (Finno-Ugric)
  46. Megleno-Romanian (Romance)
  47. Megrelian or Mingrelian (South Caucasian)
  48. Mehri or Mahri (Semitic)
  49. Menominee (Algonquian)
  50. Mentawai (Malayo-Polynesian)
  51. Meroitic (unclassified, maybe Nilo-Saharan or isolated)
  52. Merya (Finno-Ugric) (extinct)
  53. Mescalero Apache (Athabaskan)
  54. Mesmes (Semitic) (extinct)
  55. Messapian (Indo-European (extinct)
  56. Meru or Kimeru (Bantu)
  57. Miami (Algonquian) (extinct)
  58. Michif (mixed, French and Cree based)
  59. Middle Dutch (Germanic) (extinct)
  60. Middle English (Germanic) (extinct)
  61. Middle French (Romance) (extinct)
  62. Middle High German (Germanic) (extinct)
  63. Middle Persian or Pahlavi (Iranian) (extinct)
  64. Mikasuki or Miccosukee (Muskogean)
  65. Mi'kmaq or Micmac (Algonquian)
  66. Minaean (Semitic) (extinct)
  67. Minangkabau (Malayo-Polynesian)
  68. Mirandese (Romance)
  69. Mlahsô or Suryoyo (Semitic) (extinct)
  70. Moabite (Semitic) (extinct)
  71. Mobilian Jargon (pidgin, Choctaw and French based)
  72. Moghol (Mongolic)
  73. Mohawk (Iroquoian)
  74. Mohegan (Algonquian) (extinct)
  75. Moksha (Finno-Ugric)
  76. Molengue (Bantu)
  77. Mon (Austro-Asiatic)
  78. Mongolian (Mongolic)
  79. Mono (Volta-Congo)
  80. Mono (Uto-Aztecan)
  81. Mono (Malayo-Polynesian)
  82. Montagnais (Algonquian)
  83. Montenegrin (Slavic)
  84. Motu (Malayo-Polynesian)
  85. Mpre (unclassified, perhaps Niger-Congo or isolated) (extinct)
  86. Muher (Semitic)
  87. Mukha-Dora or Nuka (unclassified)
  88. Mundari (Austro-Asiatic)
  89. Munji (Iranian)
  90. Murcian (Murcian)
  91. Muria (Dravidian)
  92. Muromian (Finno-Ugric) (extinct)
  93. Murut (Malayo-Polynesian)
  Main article: List of languages by name: NContentsTop · 0-9 · A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  1. Nafaanra (Volta-Congo)
  2. Nagarchal (Dravidian)
  3. Nahuatl (Uto-Aztecan)
  4. Naiki (Dravidian)
  5. Nama (Khoisan)
  6. Nanai (Tungusic)
  7. Natanzi (Iranian)
  8. Nauruan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  9. Navajo or Navaho (Na-Dené)
  10. Nayini or Biyabanak (Iranian)
  11. Ndau or Southeast Shona (Bantu)
  12. Ndebele (Bantu)
  13. Ndonga (Bantu)
  14. Neapolitan (Romance)
  15. Negidal (Tungusic)
  16. Nenets or Yurak (Samoyedic)
  17. Nepal Bhasa or Newari (Tibeto-Burman)
  18. Nepali (Indo-Aryan)
  19. New Zealand Sign Language (Signing)
  20. Nihali or Nahali (isolated)
  21. Nganasan or Tavgi (Samoyedic)
  22. Ngumba (Bantu)
  23. Nheengatu or Geral or Modern Tupí (Tupian)
  24. Nias
  25. Nicaraguan Sign Language (Signing)
  26. Nicola (Athabaskan languages) (extinct)
  27. Niellim (Volta-Congo)
  28. Nigerian Pidgin (pidgin, English-based)
  29. Nisenan (Penutian) (Maiduan)
  30. Niuean or Niue (Malayo-Polynesian)
  31. Nivkh or Gilyak (isolated)
  32. Nogai (Turkic)
  33. Norfuk or Norfolk or Pitcairn-Norfolk (cant, English-Tahitian based)
  34. Norman or Norman-French (Romance)
  35. Norn (Germanic) (extinct)
  36. Northern Sami (Finno-Ugric)
  37. Northern Sotho or Sepedi (Bantu)
  38. Northern Straits Salish) (Salishan)
  39. Northern Yukaghir (Yukaghir)
  40. Norwegian (Bokmål, Nynorsk, Riksmål) (Germanic)
  41. Nuer (Nilotic)
  42. Nuxálk or Bella Coola (Salishan)
  43. Nyabwa (Volta-Congo)
  44. Nyah Kur (Austro-Asiatic)
  45. Nyangumarta (Pama-Nyungan)
  46. Nyoro (Bantu)
  47. Nǀu (Khoisan)
 O Main article: List of languages by name: O
  1. Occitan or Provençal (Romance)
  2. Ojibwe or Ojibwa or Chippewa (Algonquian)
  3. Old Church Slavonic (Slavic) (extinct, liturgical language)
  4. Old English or Anglo-Saxon (Germanic) (extinct)
  5. Old French (Romance) (extinct)
  6. Old French Sign Language (Signing) (extinct)
  7. Old High German (Germanic) (extinct)
  8. Old Norse (Germanic) (extinct)
  9. Old Nubian language (Nilo-Saharan) (extinct)
  10. Old Persian (Iranian) (extinct)
  11. Old Prussian (Baltic) (extinct)
  12. Old Saxon (Germanic) (extinct)
  13. Old South Arabic (Semitic) (extinct)
  14. Old Tupi or Tupinamba (Tupian) (extinct)
  15. Olonets Karelian or Liv or Livvi (Finno-Ugric)
  16. Omagua (Tupian)
  17. Ongota (Afro-Asiatic)
  18. Oriya (Indo-Aryan)
  19. Ormuri (Iranian)
  20. Oroch (Tungusic)
  21. Orok (Tungusic)
  22. Oromo or Afaan Oromoo (Cushitic)
  23. Oropom (unclassified) (extinct)
  24. Ossetic or Ossetian (Iranian)
  25. Ottoman Turkish (Turkic) (extinct)
  Main article: List of languages by name: P

  1. Páez or Nasa Yuwe (isolated)
  2. Palaic (Anatolian) (extinct)
  3. Palauan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  4. Pali (Indo-Aryan) (extinct)
  5. Pangasinan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  6. Papiamento or Papiamentu (Portuguese-based creole)
  7. Parachi (Iranian)
  8. Parauk (Austro-Asiatic)
  9. Parji or Duruwa (Dravidian)
  10. Parya (Indo-Aryan)
  11. Pashto or Pushto or Pashtu (Iranian)
  12. Passamaquoddy or Maliseet-Passamaquoddy or Malecite-Passamaquoddy (Algonquian)
  13. Pecheneg (Turkic) (extinct)
  14. Pemon or Pemong (Cariban)
  15. Pengo (Dravidian)
  16. Pennacook (Algonquian)
  17. Pennsylvania Dutch or Pennsylvania German (Germanic)
  18. Pentlatch or Puntlatch (Salishan) (extinct)
  19. Persian or Farsi (Iranian)
  20. Phalura (Indo-Aryan)
  21. Phoenician (Semitic) (extinct)
  22. Phrygian (Indo-European) (extinct)
  23. Phuthi (Bantu)
  24. Picard (Romance)
  25. Pictish (Celtic) (extinct)
  26. Pirahã (Mura)
  27. Pisidian (Anatolian) (extinct)
  28. Plautdietsch or Mennonite Low German (Germanic)
  29. Polabian (Slavic) (extinct)
  30. Polish (Slavic)
  31. Portuguese (Romance)
  32. Pothohari or Pahari-Potwari (Indo-Aryan)
  33. Potiguara (Tupian) (extinct)
  34. Pradhan or Pardhan (Dravidian)
  35. Prakrit (Indo-Aryan) (extinct)
  36. Proto-Indo-European (Indo-European) (extinct)
  37. Puelche (isolated)
  38. Puma (Tibeto-Burman)
  39. Punjabi or Panjabi or Gurmukhi (Indo-Aryan)
 Q Main article: List of languages by name: Q

  1. Qashqai or Ghashghai (Turkic)
  2. Qatabanian (Semitic) (extinct)
  3. Quebec Sign Language (Signing)
  4. Quechua (Quechuan)
 R Main article: List of languages by name: R

  1. Rajasthani (Indo-Aryan)
  2. Ratagnon or Datagnon or Latagnun (Malayo-Polynesian)
  3. Réunion Creole or Bourbonnais (French-based creole)
  4. Romanian (Romance)
  5. Romansh or Rhaeto-Romance (Romance)
  6. Romany (Indo-Iranian)
  7. Romblomanon (Malayo-Polynesian)
  8. Rotokas (East Papuan)
  9. Runyankole language or Nyankore (Bantu)
  10. Russenorsk (Russian-Norwegian pidgin) (extinct)
  11. Russian (Slavic)
  12. Russian Sign Language (Signing)
  13. Ruthenian or Rusyn or Carpathian (Slavic)
  Main article: List of languages by name: S

  1. Sabaean (Semitic) (extinct)
  2. Salar (Turkic)
  3. Samaritan Hebrew (Semitic) (extinct)
  4. Samoan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  5. Sandawe (Khoisan)
  6. Sangisari or Sangesari (Iranian)
  7. Sanglechi-Ishkashimi (Iranian)
  8. Sango (Ngbandi-based creole)
  9. Sanskrit (Indo-Aryan) (liturgical language)
  10. Santali (Austro-Asiatic)
  11. Sara (Malayo-Polynesian)
  12. Saramaccan (English-based creole)
  13. Sardinian (Romance)
  14. Sarikoli (Iranian)
  15. Saurashtra or Sourashtra (Indo-Aryan)
  16. Savara (Dravidian)
  17. Savi (Indo-Aryan)
  18. Sawai (Malayo-Polynesian)
  19. Scots or Ulster Scots or Hiberno-Scots or Ullans (Germanic)
  20. Scots Gaelic or Scottish Gaelic or Gaidhlig or Gaelic (Celtic)
  21. Selangor Sign Language (Signing)
  22. Selkup or Ostyak Samoyed (Samoyedic)
  23. Selonian (Baltic) (extinct)
  24. Semnani (Iranian)
  25. Senaya (Semitic)
  26. Sened (Berber) (extinct)
  27. Senhaja de Srair (Berber) (extinct)
  28. Sephardi Hebrew (Semitic)
  29. Serbian (Slavic)
  30. Serbo-Croatian (Slavic)
  31. Sesotho (Bantu)
  32. Seto or Setu (Finno-Ugric)
  33. Seychellois Creole (French-based creole)
  34. Shahrudi (Iranian)
  35. Shimaore (Bantu)
  36. Shina (Indo-Aryan)
  37. Shona (Bantu)
  38. Shor (Turkic)
  39. Shughni (Iranian)
  40. Shumashti (Indo-Aryan)
  41. Shuswap (Salishan)
  42. Sicilian (Romance)
  43. Sidamo (Cushitic)
  44. Sidetic (Anatolian) (extinct)
  45. Sika (Malayo-Polynesian)
  46. Silesian (Slavic)
  47. Silt'e or Selti or East Gurage (Semitic)
  48. Sindhi (Indo-Aryan)
  49. Sinhalese (Indo-Aryan)
  50. Sioux (Siouan)
  51. Siraiki or Seraiki or Southern Punjabi (Indo-Aryan)
  52. Sivandi (Iranian)
  53. Skolt Sami (Finno-Ugric)
  54. Slavey (Athabaskan)
  55. Slovak (Slavic)
  56. Slovene or Slovenian (Slavic)
  57. Soddo or Kistane (Semitic)
  58. Soi (Iranian)
  59. Somali (Cushitic)
  60. Sonjo or Temi (Bantu)
  61. Sonsorolese or Sonsorol (Malayo-Polynesian)
  62. Soqotri (Semitic)
  63. Sora (Austro-Asiatic)
  64. Sorbian, Lower (Slavic)
  65. Sorbian, Upper (Slavic)
  66. Sourashtra (Indo-Aryan)
  67. Southern Sami (Finno-Ugric)
  68. South Estonian (Finno-Ugric)
  69. Southern Yukaghir or Tundra Yukaghir (Yukaghir)
  70. Spanish (Romance)
  71. Sranan Tongo (English-based creole)
  72. St'at'imcets or Lillooet (Salishan)
  73. Sucite or Sìcìté Sénoufo (Volta-Congo)
  74. Suba (Bantu)
  75. Sudovian or Yotvingian (Baltic) (extinct)
  76. Sumerian (isolated) (extinct)
  77. Sundanese (Malayo-Polynesian)
  78. Supyire or Supyire Senoufo (Volta-Congo)
  79. Surigaonon (Malayo-Polynesian)
  80. Susu (Niger-Congo)
  81. Svan (South Caucasian)
  82. Swahili (Bantu)
  83. Swati or Swazi or Siswati or Seswati (Bantu)
  84. Swedish (Germanic)
  85. Syriac (Semitic)
 T Main article: List of languages by name: T

  1. Tabasaran or Tabassaran (Northeast Caucasian)
  2. Tachelhit (Berber)
  3. Tagalog (Malayo-Polynesian)
  4. Tahitian (Malayo-Polynesian)
  5. Taiwanese Sign Language (Signing)
  6. Tajik (Iranian)
  7. Takestani (Iranian)
  8. Talysh (Iranian)
  9. Tamil (Dravidian)
  10. Tanacross (Athabaskan)
  11. Tangut or Xixia (Tibeto-Burman) (extinct)
  12. Tarifit or Rifi or Riff Berber (Berber)
  13. Tat or Tati (Iranian)
  14. Tatar (Turkic)
  15. Tausug (Malayo-Polynesian)
  16. Tehuelche (Chon)
  17. Telugu (Dravidian)
  18. Temiar or Northern Sakai (Austro-Asiatic)
  19. Tetum (Malayo-Polynesian)
  20. Tepehua language (Totonacan)
  21. Tepehuán language (Uto-Aztecan))
  22. Thai (Kradai)
  23. Tharu (Indo-Aryan)
  24. Thracian (Indo-European) (extinct)
  25. Tibetan (Tibeto-Burman)
  26. Tigre or Xasa (Semitic)
  27. Tigrinya (Semitic)
  28. Tillamook (Salishan) (extinct)
  29. Tirahi (Indo-Aryan)
  30. Tiv (Volta-Congo)
  31. Tlingit (Na-Dené)
  32. Tobian (Malayo-Polynesian)
  33. Tocharian A and B (Indo-European) (extinct)
  34. Toda (Dravidian)
  35. Tok Pisin (English-based creole)
  36. Tokelauan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  37. Tonga (Bantu)
  38. Tongan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  39. Tongva (Uto-Aztecan) (extinct)
  40. Torwali or Turvali (Indo-Aryan)
  41. Tregami (Indo-Aryan)
  42. Tsat (Malayo-Polynesian)
  43. Tsez or Dido (Northeast Caucasian)
  44. Tshiluba or Luba-Kasai or Luba-Lulua (Bantu)
  45. Tsimshian (Penutian)
  46. Tsonga (Bantu)
  47. Tswana or Setswana (Bantu)
  48. Tu or Monguor (Mongolic)
  49. Tuareg languages or Tamasheq (Berber)
  50. Tulu (Dravidian)
  51. Tumbuka (Bantu)
  52. Tupiniquim (Tupian)
  53. Turkish (Turkic)
  54. Turkmen (Turkic)
  55. Turoyo (Semitic)
  56. Tuvaluan (Malayo-Polynesian)
  57. Tuvan Tuvin or Tyvan (Turkic)
 U
  1. Ubykh (Northwest Caucasian) (extinct)
  2. Udihe or Ude or Udege (Tungusic)
  3. Udmurt or Votyak (Finno-Ugric)
  4. Ugaritic (Semitic) (extinct)
  5. Ukrainian (Slavic)
  6. Ulbare (Semitic)
  7. Ulch or Olcha (Tungusic)
  8. Unserdeutsch or Rabaul Creole German (German-based creole)
  9. Upper Sorbian (Slavic)
  10. Urdu (Pakistani)
  11. Uripiv (Malayo-Polynesian)
  12. Urum (Turkic)
  13. Ute (Uto-Aztecan)
  14. Uyghur or Uigur (Turkic)
  15. Uzbek (Turkic)
 V
  1. Vafsi (Iranian)
  2. Valencian (Romance)
  3. Valencian Sign Language (Signing)
  4. Vasi-vari or Prasuni (Indo-Aryan)
  5. Venda or Tshivenda (Bantu)
  6. Venetian (Romance)
  7. Veps (Finno-Ugric)
  8. Vietnamese (Austro-Asiatic)
  9. Võro (Finno-Ugric)
  10. Votic or Votian (Finno-Ugric)
 W
  1. Waddar (Dravidian)
  2. Waigali or Kalasha-Ala (Indo-Aryan)
  3. Waima or Roro (Malayo-Polynesian)
  4. Wakhi (Iranian)
  5. Walloon (Romance)
  6. Waneci (Iranian)
  7. Wapishana or Aruma (Arawakan)
  8. Waray-Waray or Binisaya (Malayo-Polynesian)
  9. Washo (Hokan)
  10. Welsh (Celtic)
  11. Western Neo-Aramaic (Semitic)
  12. Weyto (unclassified, probably Afro-Asiatic) (extinct)
  13. Wolane (Silt'e) (Semitic)
  14. Wolof (Niger-Congo)
  15. Wotapuri-Katarqalai (Indo-Aryan)
  16. Wu (Sinitic)
 X
  1. ǀXam (Khoisan) (extinct)
  2. Xhosa (Bantu)
  3. Xiang (Sinitic)
  4. Xibe or Sibo (Tungusic)
  5. Xipaya (Tupian)
  6. ǃXóõ (Khoisan)
  7. Xokó (unclassified) (extinct)
  8. Xukurú (unclassified) (extinct)
 Y
  1. Yaaku language
  2. Yaeyama language
  3. Yakut
  4. Yankunytjatjara language
  5. Yanomami
  6. Yanyuwa language
  7. Yapese
  8. Yaqui language
  9. Yauma language (Bantu)
  10. Yavapai language
  11. Yazdi (Iranian)
  12. Yemenite Hebrew language (Semitic)
  13. Yeni language
  14. Yevanic language
  15. Yi language
  16. Yiddish (Germanic)
  17. Yogur (also known as Yoghur, (Mongolic) Sarï Uyghur, and (Mongolic) Yellow Uyghur, Mongolic)
  18. Yokutsan languages
  19. Yonaguni language
  20. Yorùbá language
  21. Yucatec Maya language
  22. Yucatec Maya Sign Language (Signing)
  23. Yuchi language
  24. Yugur (also known as Yughur, (Turkic) Sarïgh Uyghur, and (Turkic) Yellow Uyghur, Turkic)
  25. Yukaghir languages
  26. Yupik language (Eskimo-Aleut)
  27. Yurats language
  28. Yurok language
 Z
  1. Záparo (Saparoan)
  2. Zapotec (Oto-Manguean)
  3. Zazaki (Iranian)
  4. Zhuang (Kradai)
  5. Zoque (Mixe-Zoquean)
  6. Zulu (Niger-Congo) (Bantu)
  7. Zuñi or Zuni (isolated)
  8. Zway or Zay (Semitic)
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