What bombs were dropped from japan?
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/>August 6th 1945 - Hiroshima August 9th - Nagasaki There was too much cloud-cover for them to target Tokyo. 6 August 1945
\n. \n Answer \n. \nHiroshima was bombed by B-29 'Enola Gay' and Nagasaki was bombed by B-29 'Bock's Car'.\n. \n Answer \n. \nThey were not carrier-borne (you're thinking of the Tokyo fire-bombing from carrier-borne B-24s). The atomic bomb sorties were flown from the island of Tinian.…\n. \n Answer \n. \nOver 3½ years of direct U.S. involvement in World War II, approximately 400,000 American lives had been lost, roughly half of them incurred in the war against Japan. In the months prior to the bombings, the Battle of Okinawa resulted in an estimated 50,000150,000 civilian deaths, 100,000125,000 Japanese or Okinawan military or conscript deaths and over 72,000 American casualties. A commonly provided justification for the bombings is that an invasion of the Japanese mainland was expected to result in casualties many times greater than in Okinawa. \n. \nU.S. President Harry S. Truman, who was unaware of the Manhattan Project until Franklin Roosevelt's death, made the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. His stated intention in ordering the bombings was to bring about a quick resolution of the war by inflicting destruction, and instilling fear of further destruction, that was sufficient to cause Japan to surrender. \n. \nHistorians today have come to the conclusion that it really wasn't all about Japan, but a warning to Russia (then a threat) as to what the U.S. was capable of doing and would do it. (MORE)
The Atomic Bombs were dropped on Japan to end WWII without invadingthe Japanese main islands. Invading would have resulted in amassive loss of life on both sides. This is a very controversialsubject with valid arguments for and against invasion presented byeach side. After firebombing 67 Japanese ci…ties, on July 26, 1945, the UScalled for Japan to surrender with the Potsdam Declaration . Japan ignored that request. Then on August 6,the US dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, and on August 9, onNagasaki. Six days later, on August 15, Japan announced surrenderand Truman issued an order to stop atomic bombing unless hepersonally authorized more. On August 18 another bomb arrived inSan Francisco to be flown over to Tinnian by Colonel Tibbets butwas returned to Los Alamos (this probably could have been droppedaround August 25), then on September 2, 1945 Japan signed the Instrument of Surrender , ending the war(Germany had signed an Instrument of Surrender on May 7, 1945). (MORE)
Hundreds of thousands of bombs were dropped on Japan. Only twoatomic bombs were dropped. As in all warfare, bombing is designedto destroy the enemy's ability to resist.
Simple answer: To force a surrender. Japan had attacked sovereign nations in Asia and the Pacific and had coordinated their efforts with the German aggression in Europe in hopes that the Allies would be incapable of fighting on two fronts. The Allies pushed back and eventually surrounded Japan, pr…eventing imports and causing serious problems for the Japanese people. Even after the Allies had destroyed the Japanese fighting abilities, the emperor and his generals refused to surrender. They realized that they had lost, but wanted to rebuild their military and try again, just as Germany had "tried again" following WW1, resulting in the war in Europe. The emperor and his generals knew that the Allies were hesitant to invade Japan because estimates were that approximately 1 million Allied soldiers would have lost their lives, and that those soldiers would hesitate to fight against Japanese citizens who were willing to face rifles and bayonets, armed with nothing more than pitchforks and swords. But the Allies refused to allow anything less than an unconditional surrender, and when the emperor refused, the first bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. The emperor still refused, even after a warning that a second bomb would be dropped. The emperor finally agreed to a surrender after the bombing of Nagasaki, but even then, the emperor had to consider it for several days. Allied resources had been depleted, everyone was exhausted from fighting a long war, and the Atomic bombs were actually more humane than starving the people of Japan and sending in soldiers who would face peasants with pitchforks. It was the only way the Allies could force the Japanese to surrender. Unfortunately, there have been far too many people who want to re-write history. (MORE)
The US and Japan had been at war for several years, Japan having started it. Japan has refused to surrender. After two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan, they surrendered.
Answer . The US was responsible for this action. Japan was responsible in that they had attacked the US Fleet at Pearl Harbor and had failed to heed the call for them to surrender.
Answer . A bomb? Try hundreds! They wished to take control of vast portions of the Pacific and the single biggest threat to stopping them was the US Navy in Pearl Harbor.
Since the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the US entered the second world war. It was a long and bloody war. The bombs helped to reduce the number of death of service men and ended the war quickly.
Richard Rhodes book The Making of the Atomic Bomb explainsthis very clearly. Basically Little Boy used a gun to fire two subcriticalpieces of 80% enriched Uranium-235 one inside the other making asingle supercritical piece while Fatman used shapedcharges to crush one subcritical piece of Plut…onium-239 until itbecame dense enough to become supercritical. RADAR fusing was usedon both to set the burst altitude. Everything was packaged in largefreefall gravity bomb casings with fins to stabilize the fall. (MORE)
The materials were made in various places across theUS, the main two are Oak Ridge, TN and Hanford, WA. . The parts were mostly handmade at Los Alamos, NM and crated inkits for shipment. . Final assembly was on the island of Tinian in the pacific.
It was the US plane Enola Gay who dropped the first bomb but it is unknown whether or not they dropped the second.
yes because then the japanize army would not of surrendered and the consquense would of bean more deaths and then the war still wouldn't be over
US. If you want a more specific answer ask a more specific question, like "Who were the bombarders that dropped the atomic bombs on Japan?".
No. I don't know if the US had Embassy personnel in Japan in WW2, but there were few if any US citizens in Japan in 1945 before the end of WW2.
the effect is that a lot of innocent people died. but japan killed a lot of our people
august 6th and august 9th, 1945. Note that it took TWO atomic bombs to convince the Japs to surrender. They thought the USA had many more available, but actually we did not. . The third bomb was ready on August 18th, four days after the surrender and 20 more were already scheduled for production …and delivery in 1945: 3 in September, 3 in October, 7 in November, and 7 in December. All 21 additional bombs were MK-3 Fatman type with their production rate limited only by rate of production of fissile material, the increase in November and December to 7 bombs a month was due to a planned change from a pure Plutonium-239 core to a composite Plutonium-239/Uranium-235 core. Source: Chuck Hansen's work Swords of Armageddon . Declassified documents from FOIA requests. (MORE)
The atom bomb was dropped in Japan because we wanted to put Japan out of WW2. More precisely, we dropped 2 bombs. We dropped them on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. After that, Japan surrendered.
For hours after the attack the Japanese government did not even know for sure what had happened. Radio and telegraph communications with Hiroshima had suddenly ended at 8:16 a.m., and vague reports of some sort of large explosion had begun to filter in, but the Japanese high command knew that no lar…ge-scale air raid had taken place over the city and that there were no large stores of explosives there. Eventually a Japanese staff officer was dispatched by plane to survey the city from overhead, and while he was still nearly 100 miles away from the city he began to report on a huge cloud of smoke that hung over it. The first confirmation of exactly what had happened came only sixteen hours later with the announcement of the bombing by the United States. Relief workers from outside the city eventually began to arrive and the situation stabilized somewhat. Power in undamaged areas of the city was even restored on August 7th, with limited rail service resuming the following day. Several days after the blast, however, medical staff began to recognize the first symptoms of radiation sickness among the survivors. Soon the death rate actually began to climb again as patients who had appeared to be recovering began suffering from this strange new illness. Deaths from radiation sickness did not peak until three to four weeks after the attacks and did not taper off until seven to eight weeks after the attack. Long-range health dangers associated with radiation exposure, such as an increased danger of cancer, would linger for the rest of the victims' lives, as would the psychological effects of the attack. (MORE)
Japan had dropped a bomb on Oregon in hopes of causing a major set back in the American timber industry and causing much of West America like California, Oregon and Washington state to suffer a major blow in it's economics because much of Northwest America is made of trees, the Japanese plan that bo…mbed Oregon had dropped an incendiary in the forest, The bomb did not catch fire to any trees and the plan had failed. (MORE)
The Empire of Japan was given an ultimatum outlining it's surrender at the end of world War II under executive order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman. The declaration stated that if the party did not surrender, the Allies would be forced to attack Japan, resulting in "the inevitable and complete de…struction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland". The Japanese government declined to acknowledge it, using the "kill with silence" method, which assumed declination. Truman then decided to drop the bombs, his stated intention in ordering the bombings was to bring about a quick resolution of the war by inflicting destruction and instilling fear of further destruction in sufficient strength to cause Japan to surrender. ---- A primary reason behind the use of the Atomic bombs was the fear that invasion of the main Japanese home islands would result in massive US casualties. Estimates drawn from the casualties sustained at Iwo Jima and Okinawa were that up to a half-million US casualties could be expected in a 6-10 month battle. In addition, it was expected that 10-15 million Japanese would be killed. The atomic bomb was seen as a way to shock the Japanese into a surrender, avoiding the necessity of an invasion, and, ironically, saving many lives, both American and Japanese. A secondary reason was to end the war in the Pacific before the Soviet Union entered the war against the Japanese. Post-war political maneuvering was already occurring between the former Allies, and Truman was acutely aware of the brewing power conflict with the U.S.S.R. The use of the bomb to force a quick Japanese surrender was seen as a way to limit Soviet influence in Japan and Asia. Additionally, it was a political statement to curb Soviet aggression (as in "Don't mess with America, we have this Super Weapon"). (MORE)
In the hopes of ending WWII, the USA dropped two atomic bombs on Japan; the first on Hiroshima on 6 Aug, 1945 and the second on Aug 9, 1945. Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945.
There is no true answer to this question. Any answer you get will only be an opinion not fact. Do you think it was right to sacrifice all of the life in the bombing? Or was it okay to let Japan invade the US? Millions of Americans or hundred-thousand of Japanese people.
The main (and the most publicly announced) reason was to induce Japan to surrender, so that the US would not have to lose more lives in an invasion. There were other major considerations, as well: -- Avoiding the destruction of Japan : the Japanese had already suffered thousands of deaths from US b…ombings, and millions more would die in assaults on the home islands. -- Testing the effects of the bombs as weapons : there were tests that could not be made given their value and the limited supply of bombs. -- Warning the Soviet Union: the armies of the USSR had a numerical and logistical advantage, and many military planners suspected they had aims to seize control of Europe after the war. The Soviets, however, had already begun to steal nuclear secrets from the US to develop their own bombs. (MORE)
For Truman, the choice whether or not to usethe atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life. WhenHarry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, heknew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity. Thecapacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it woul…dinvolve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known. On Aug. 9,1945, three days after the bombing of Hiroshima, the United Statesdropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki. After thebombing, Japan accepted the Potsdam terms and unconditionallysurrendered to the United States on Aug. 14, a day known as Victoryin Japan, or V-J, Day. It marked the end of World War II. In May1943, the U.S. was planning to use the bomb not on Germany butJapan. The following September, the U.S. and British leaders agreedto use the bomb against Japan. It was a terrible thing to do butwar has nothing good and we didn't start it. (MORE)
yes, 2 in fact, 2 atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, making Japan surrender completely in WW2
After two Atomic Bombs were dropped in japan over onehundered thousand people died and japan surrendered.
The Germans did not drop an atomic bomb on Japan or on anyone. It was the US which dropped two atomic bombs on Japan (specifically on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki) in 1945.
The devastation to their country was too great for them to continue being able to fund and support a war.
To prevent further attacks on America and to destroy weapon manufacturers and vehicles in Nagasaki. They also did it to test the capabilities of the Atomic Bomb that they had just made. It was somewhat of an experiment with a excuse and a reason.
there are some pow camps in japan (prisoner of war). but i think they were some were else. the atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima
Because that's who they were fighting at the time. It would have been silly to drop it in, say, Germany, which had already surrendered, or Italy, which was on the same side by that point in the war, or Canada, which had ALWAYS been on the Allied side. More seriously, it was dropped to avoid a large…-scale invasion of the Japanese islands, which was at the time considered the only other means of reaching the Allied goal of unconditional surrender and would have resulted in FAR greater casualties, most of them Japanese civilians, and most likely also in Japan being divided in the same way that Germany turned into the BRD and the DDR. (MORE)
Not very big by todays standards but made more effective by their delivery method. Hiroshima was a gun type Uranium 235, 12-15 thousand tons (equivalent TNT) or 50-63 Terra Joules (TJ) and Nagasaki was an implosion type Plutonium 239, 20-22 thousand tons (equivalent TNT) or 84-92 TJ. Both were ai…r burst bombs, maximizing destruction whilst minimizing fallout. (MORE)
Japan dropped a lot of bombs on the US Pacific Fleet in Hawaii to try to destroy the ships and aircraft of the fleet. Japan had been invading China since 1937 and to try to stop them the USA imposed embargoes on imports to Japan including oil and steel. The government of Japan was a mainly militar…y government which resented US involvement and decided to destroy the local forces of the US, Britain and Holland and take the mineral wealth of the region for themselves. (MORE)
No, the Japanese military did not drop any bombs on the USA after the atomic bombs were used on Japan. The bombs and pending invasion by the Soviets and the Americans (and allies) motivated the Emperor Hirohito to surrender to the Allied Forces.
1. USA needed to demonstrate its power and to examine the power ofnuclear weapon. 2. It was the fastest and easiest way to end war with Japan. From Source: Weber, Mark "Was Hiroshima Necessary? Why the AtomicBombings could have been avoided" The Journal of Historical Review , May-June 1997 (Vol. 1…6, No.3), pages 4-11. In April and May 1945, Japan made three attempts through neutralSweden and Portugal to bring the war to a peaceful end. On April 7,acting Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu met with Swedishambassador Widon Bagge in Tokyo, asking him "to ascertain whatpeace terms the United States and Britain had in mind." But heemphasized that unconditional surrender was unacceptable, and that"the Emperor must not be touched." Bagge relayed the message to theUnited States, but Secretary of State Stettinius told the USAmbassador in Sweden to "show no interest or take any initiative inpursuit of the matter." Similar Japanese peace signals throughPortugal, on May 7, and again through Sweden, on the 10th, provedsimilarly fruitless. By mid-June, six members of Japan's Supreme War Council hadsecretly charged Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo with the task ofapproaching Soviet Russia's leaders "with a view to terminating thewar if possible by September." On June 22 the Emperor called ameeting of the Supreme War Council, which included the PrimeMinister, the Foreign Minister, and the leading military figures."We have heard enough of this determination of yours to fight tothe last soldiers," said Emperor Hirohito. "We wish that you,leaders of Japan, will strive now to study the ways and the meansto conclude the war. In doing so, try not to be bound by thedecisions you have made in the past." By early July the US had intercepted messages from Togo to theJapanese ambassador in Moscow, Naotake Sato, showing that theEmperor himself was taking a personal hand in the peace effort, andhad directed that the Soviet Union be asked to help end the war. USofficials also knew that the key obstacle to ending the war wasAmerican insistence on "unconditional surrender," a demand thatprecluded any negotiations. The Japanese were willing to acceptnearly everything, except turning over their semi-divine Emperor.Heir of a 2,600-year-old dynasty, Hirohito was regarded by hispeople as a "living god" who personified the nation. (Until theAugust 15 radio broadcast of his surrender announcement, theJapanese people had never heard his voice.) Japanese particularlyfeared that the Americans would humiliate the Emperor, and evenexecute him as a war criminal. On July 12, Hirohito summoned Fumimaro Konoye, who had served asprime minister in 1940-41. Explaining that "it will be necessary toterminate the war without delay," the Emperor said that he wishedKonoye to secure peace with the Americans and British through theSoviets. As Prince Konoye later recalled, the Emperor instructedhim "to secure peace at any price, notwithstanding its severity." The next day, July 13, Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo wiredambassador Naotake Sato in Moscow: "See [Soviet foreign minister]Molotov before his departure for Potsdam ... Convey His Majesty'sstrong desire to secure a termination of the war ... Unconditionalsurrender is the only obstacle to peace ..." On July 17, another intercepted Japanese message revealed thatalthough Japan's leaders felt that the unconditional surrenderformula involved an unacceptable dishonor, they were convinced that"the demands of the times" made Soviet mediation to terminate thewar absolutely essential. Further diplomatic messages indicatedthat the only condition asked by the Japanese was preservation of"our form of government." The only "difficult point," a July 25message disclosed, "is the ... formality of unconditionalsurrender." Summarizing the messages between Togo and Sato, US navalintelligence said that Japan's leaders, "though still balking atthe term unconditional surrender," recognized that the war waslost, and had reached the point where they have "no objection tothe restoration of peace on the basis of the  AtlanticCharter." These messages, said Assistant Secretary of the NavyLewis Strauss, "indeed stipulated only that the integrity of theJapanese Royal Family be preserved." Navy Secretary James Forrestal termed the intercepted messages"real evidence of a Japanese desire to get out of the war." "Withthe interception of these messages," notes historian Alperovitz (p.177), "there could no longer be any real doubt as to the Japaneseintentions; the maneuvers were overt and explicit and, most of all,official acts. Koichi Kido, Japan's Lord Privy Seal and a closeadvisor to the Emperor, later affirmed: "Our decision to seek a wayout of this war, was made in early June before any atomic bomb hadbeen dropped and Russia had not entered the war. It was already ourdecision." In spite of this, on July 26 the leaders of the United States andBritain issued the Potsdam declaration, which included this grimultimatum: "We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim nowthe unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces and toprovide proper and adequate assurance of good faith in such action.The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction." Commenting on this draconian either-or proclamation, Britishhistorian J.F.C. Fuller wrote: "Not a word was said about theEmperor, because it would be unacceptable to the propaganda-fedAmerican masses." ( AMilitary History of the Western World , p. 675.) America's leaders understood Japan's desperate position: theJapanese were willing to end the war on any terms, as long as theEmperor was not molested. If the US leadership had not insisted onunconditional surrender -- that is, if they had made clear awillingness to permit the Emperor to remain in place -- theJapanese very likely would have surrendered immediately, thussaving many thousands of lives. The sad irony is that, as it actually turned out, the Americanleaders decided anyway to retain the Emperor as a symbol ofauthority and continuity. They realized, correctly, that Hirohitowas useful as a figurehead prop for their own occupation authorityin postwar Japan. On August 6, 1945, the world dramatically entered the atomic age:without either warning or precedent, an American plane dropped asingle nuclear bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Theexplosion utterly destroyed more than four square miles of the citycenter. About 90,000 people were killed immediately; another 40,000were injured, many of whom died in protracted agony from radiationsickness. Three days later, a second atomic strike on the city ofNagasaki killed some 37,000 people and injured another 43,000.Together the two bombs eventually killed an estimated 200,000Japanese civilians. (MORE)
no only blacks did . no the US dropped 2 on Japan. Japan has never had nuclear weapons.
Yes. (1) Japan deserved it after killing 30 million people in Asia, and raping numerous women. (2) Japan was ready to go on a suicidal mission so they can take down as many American and Allied troops as possible. It probably would take a few million more lives to conquer Japan. (3) Internation…al public law is useless. It is prone to exploitation by the cunning and ruthless, e.g. Nazi Germany and Japan, who could care less about whether their wars were legal. For efficiency, it is better that Japan get bombed. (4) Nuclear bomb is a bomb after all. Its mass destruction nature doesn't change its fundamental nature of a "bomb." In war times, opposing countries may bomb each other. i.e. no big deal. (MORE)
The second - of two - atomic bombs dropped on Japan was dropped on August 9th, 1945 on Nagasaki.
MK-1, Little Boy, Uranium Gun Bomb, Hiroshima, August 6, 1945 . MK-3, Fatman, Plutonium Implosion Bomb, Nagasaki, August 9. 1945 . MK-3, unnamed, Plutonium Implosion Bomb, not delivered because Japan had already surrendered on August 14, 1945, was ready in San Francisco, CA on August 18, 1945 to b…e ferried by Colonel Paul Tibbets to Tinian for delivery to Japan. Bomb was returned to Los Alamos. The U.S. had a production schedule that would have allowed 20 more fission bombs to be dropped on Japan by the end of 1945, if necessary. It went as follows: . 3 - MK-3, unnamed, Plutonium Implosion Bombs, September . 3 - MK-3, unnamed, Plutonium Implosion Bombs, October . 7 - MK-3 Mod 1 or MK-4, unnamed, Composite Plutonium/Uranium Implosion Bombs, November . 7 - MK-3 Mod 1 or MK-4, unnamed, Composite Plutonium/Uranium Implosion Bombs, December (MORE)
We shall never know because they were dropped and we know the impact of the bombs.
President Truman stated that he needed to end the war and collpse Japan's means to make war ever again.. //Truman was not President at the time of the Japanese bombings. Franklin Delano Roosavelt was in office, from 1933 through 1945.//.
As it turned out, the first was dropped on Hiroshima, and the second on Nagasaki. When the B-29's took off from Tinian, they had one target city, and two alternates, for weather considerations. Hiroshima was an initial target city, Nagasaki was a second choice, which they did not know until they got… a late weather bulletin in flight. (MORE)
They were dropped from airplanes-- B-29 bombers. The bombers flewalone so they would not attract attention and have Japanesefighters zooming up to try to shoot them down. The bombers were uphigh. I think the atomic bombs had small parachutes attached tothem to slow their fall and give the airplanes …extra time to getaway. I think the bombs were triggered to detonate when theyreached a certain height a few thousand feet above the ground--this would cause more damage then to have the bombs actually hitthe ground first and then blow up. Neither of the bombs dropped on Japan hadparachutes , they were freefall gravity bombs withRADAR fuses set for about 1500 feet altitude. The B-29s flew to thetarget as a group of 3: bomber, instrumentation, and photographyplanes. Some of the instruments deployed by the instrumentationplane used parachutes. The photography plane stayed at a safedistance. The bomber plane dropped the bomb then performed a sharpdiving turn maneuver (that actually exceeded the designstress limits of the B-29) to gain enough speed to run away toa safe distance (estimated to be at least 9 miles) beforedetonation. These shots were as much tests of experimental devicesas they were uses of powerful weapons. About a dozen "pumpkin" bombs, conventional bombs having the sameweight, size, and drop characteristics as the Fatman atomic bombbut impact fuses instead of RADAR fuses were dropped in identical 3plane practice missions, starting in late July. Besides giving thecrews practice, this gave the Japanese air defence forcesexperience with these insignificant attacks causing themto reduce their tendency to scramble fighters against the realattack when it came. (MORE)
In World War 2 Japan never did drop any sort of atomic or nuclear bomb on U.S. soil - they did, however, destroy much of the Navy's Pacific Fleet during the early morning attack of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. It was a massive air strike of fighter and torpedo bomber planes that killed 2,335 se…rvicemen and 68 civilians and wounded 1178 people. (MORE)
there were two nuclear bombs they dropped on Japan, which were called Little Boy and Fat Boy
The United States. The US Army-Air Force dropped atomic weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Hiroshima bomb was dropped by a plane called the Enola Gay , piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, on 6 August 1945. The Nagasaki bombing occurred on 9 August 1945. Again, the bomb… was delivered by the Enola Gay , this time piloted by Maj. Charles Sweeney. These two bombings represent the only use of nuclear weapons during war, and brought about the surrender of the Japanese Empire, thereby ending World War II. (MORE)
The plane that dropped the first Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima was a Boeing B-29 called The Enola Gay. The plane that dropped the second Atomic Bomb was a B-29 bomber called The Bockscar.
Lots of people died. Japan surrendered to the Allied forces shortly thereafter. The world entered the nuclear age, and the fear of nuclear war became widespread. And many other things.
Simply, the Japanese did not surrender unconditionally after thefirst atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.