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What gasses are responsible for the warming of the earth's surface?

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  1. Carbon Dioxide
  2. Methane
  3. Water vapour.
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What causes the earth's surface to get warm?

Sunlight. The warmth rises into the atmosphere where some is trapped by greenhouse gases. These warm gases then warm the earth's surface again.

Do greenhouse gases warm the air near earth's surface by trapping carbon dioxide?

No, greenhouse gases warm the air near the earth's surface by trapping heat from the warm earth that would otherwise escape into space.
In Science

How does the process of convection helps warm the earth's surface?

The Earth's mantle is a plastic substance which undergoes convection due to the heat of the core. Warm material rises up from near the core to just under the crust. The heat t