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Centralized Versus Decentralized: The terms "centralized" and "decentralized" are important management concept. Often, they are used to refer to the distribution of auth…ority and decision making with in an organization. Centralized Organizations: They are firms in which all the major decisions are made at the top of the organization hierarchy. In such organization, people at the top are in control of day-to-day operations. In the year when founder Henry ford was running the Ford Motor Company, the auto manufacturer was a very centralized organization. Every key decision -and many less important ones was made directly by Mr. Ford. For example, he insisted on approving all purchase order within the firm, a task that most CEOs of his stature delegated to subordinates. Today, Ford Motor Company is run quite differently than it was during its early years when Henry Ford was there, but many businesses (especially smaller ones) are still run in highly centralized manners. Decentralized organization: In such organizations responsibility for key decision is distributed as far down in the management hierarchy as is prudently possible. One of the advantages of decentralization is that it gives lower-level managers substantial practice at making decision in preparation is that for moving up the management hierarchy.
"Concept of centralization and decentralization in an organization?"
In economics, centralization involves allocating someone (or a company) to be wholly responsible for certain tasks. For example, allocation of bread in centralized economies. … Decentralisation is taking power away from the person/company who is supposed to perform these tasks, and allowing free-market economies to form.
Centralized billing is performed by a group or department in a central location to an organization. Decentralized billing is where various individuals have the responsib…ility to bill for their product or services from field locations. There are advantages and disadvantages of both types of billing methods. Centralized billing offers control of the workflow, easier to manage from a corporate perspective and easier for metric purposes (depending on your industry). Decentralized billing is often best used in situations where billing is complex and technical in nature. Billing information is closer to the work being performed and thus Q&A is faster (and hopefully more accurate) in a decentralized environment.
Centralized organizations are led by an individual who often has a good idea of the company's goals and missions. Decentralized organizations have many decision makers who… each bring their individual knowledge and skills to create solutions to problems.
The difference between a centralized and a decentralized system of organization is that in a centralized structure all the decision making and authority are focused on the top… tier of management. These few people are the ones that dictate company policy and make all the crucial decisions. A decentralized system, on the other hand, delegates authority throughout the organization and to all levels of management. Very often the methods used will depend on a variety of influences such as the size of the company and if it is scattered in a variety of places rather than all under one roof. In a huge organization with many diversifications, like General Motors, for example, there is more likely to be evidence of a decentralized system because it would be impossible and impractical for only a handful of people to ensure that every aspect of the operation was covered. Advantages of centralization include an organization's ability to be able to keep a tight grip on all aspects of the business. In a smaller business where centralization is possible, there is less chance that employees will be unaware of what is expected and what the common goals are because there is such a tight grip on all aspects of the organization from management. An advantage of decentralization is that there tends to be faster decision making and an ability to adapt to the demographic area of production. It also means that lower level managers have the opportunity to gain valuable experience and develop more fully because there is more room to grow.
A centralized government puts all power and responsibility in the hands of one person. This type of government works best in a small nation, where a small government wou…ld be more efficent. A decentralized government spreads the responsibility and power among more people. This type of government works best in a large nation.
Centralized maintenance means that those charged with maintaining equipment, buildings, grounds and many more. it have a common supervisor so that the company does not w…aste time or money on duplication or working at cross purposes. Centralized organizations are those that workers are not involved in devision making while decentralized organization are those which involve their workers in decision making. Decentralized maintenance function can produce quicker respond time and allow workers to become more familir with the problems of a particular section of the plant. For centralized maintenance, in the creation of a number of small unit tense to reduce the flexibility of the maintenance system as a whole.
centralized filing system records are placed in one main location in the business.decentrlized system each department has it own records close at hand.
What is the difference between a decentralized capitalist system and a centralized socialist system?
Imbeciles are usually in charge in both situations! Thus, very little difference! Laugh! Ron
Centralisation is bringing various government offices and departments into a close area. A capital city in most countries is where the government runs from. Power is centralis…ed there. Even within a capital city, the government departments and buildings are often in just one part of the city. It's convenient for running a government, when people from different departments have to meet each other regularly. Some places spread things around a bit more. They have the various functions of government located in different parts of the country. It could be something simple like an office that deals with medical claims as part of the department health, right up to the head office of a department being based in some regional town or city. That is what is known as decentralisation. It spreads the jobs around the country and helps bring employment and more people to live in some places, which is good, but it makes running the government a little bit more difficult. Most countries have all the key elements of government in the capital city and some of the lesser functions operating from other places. So they are mainly centralised.
centralized management is done within a small headquarters,all or most of the authorized decision makers within an organization are located in the same office. Decentralized m…anagement is when decision makers are distributed and work in different areas, whether it being across a country or across national boarders.
between centralized and decentralized payroll
In Labor Unions
Centralized collective bargain structure is usually done from one place, a decentralized collective bargain is usually done at different designated levels.
Its production techniques are decentralized in that a lot of outsourcing occurs. However, decision-making I suggest is centralized
In a centralised system, everything comes back to a Central (Single) Server. Replicas (Images) may be created from the master system. (Best example: A regular Client Server ne…twork in offices) In a decentralized system, there is no one Central server. There would be many servers but they would be programmed to synchronize synchronize regularly. (Example: Ideally a network of a company that is extremely large would be decentralized. Not sure of any particular example. Internet also qualifies as a decentralized network although not a pure decentralized network)
A centralized database contains all the data tables in one place which all users access. A decentralized database creates copies of the database design in different areas …and any given copy contains only that data which is relevant to its particular users.