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What is the difference between a centralized and decentralized organization?
Centralized Versus Decentralized: The terms "centralized" and "decentralized" are important management concept. Often, they are used to refer to the distribution of auth…ority and decision making with in an organization. Centralized Organizations: They are firms in which all the major decisions are made at the top of the organization hierarchy. In such organization, people at the top are in control of day-to-day operations. In the year when founder Henry ford was running the Ford Motor Company, the auto manufacturer was a very centralized organization. Every key decision -and many less important ones was made directly by Mr. Ford. For example, he insisted on approving all purchase order within the firm, a task that most CEOs of his stature delegated to subordinates. Today, Ford Motor Company is run quite differently than it was during its early years when Henry Ford was there, but many businesses (especially smaller ones) are still run in highly centralized manners. Decentralized organization: In such organizations responsibility for key decision is distributed as far down in the management hierarchy as is prudently possible. One of the advantages of decentralization is that it gives lower-level managers substantial practice at making decision in preparation is that for moving up the management hierarchy.
Distributed database is one logical database which is spread out over multiple sites, connected by network. It behaves as it were a single database. Decentralized databases a…re a group of independent databases spead out over different locations. They are not connected and do not share updates between each other.
A centralized government puts all power and responsibility in the hands of one person. This type of government works best in a small nation, where a small government wou…ld be more efficent. A decentralized government spreads the responsibility and power among more people. This type of government works best in a large nation.
Centralized maintenance means that those charged with maintaining equipment, buildings, grounds and many more. it have a common supervisor so that the company does not w…aste time or money on duplication or working at cross purposes. Centralized organizations are those that workers are not involved in devision making while decentralized organization are those which involve their workers in decision making. Decentralized maintenance function can produce quicker respond time and allow workers to become more familir with the problems of a particular section of the plant. For centralized maintenance, in the creation of a number of small unit tense to reduce the flexibility of the maintenance system as a whole.
The difference between a centralized and a decentralized system of organization is that in a centralized structure all the decision making and authority are focused on the top… tier of management. These few people are the ones that dictate company policy and make all the crucial decisions. A decentralized system, on the other hand, delegates authority throughout the organization and to all levels of management. Very often the methods used will depend on a variety of influences such as the size of the company and if it is scattered in a variety of places rather than all under one roof. In a huge organization with many diversifications, like General Motors, for example, there is more likely to be evidence of a decentralized system because it would be impossible and impractical for only a handful of people to ensure that every aspect of the operation was covered. Advantages of centralization include an organization's ability to be able to keep a tight grip on all aspects of the business. In a smaller business where centralization is possible, there is less chance that employees will be unaware of what is expected and what the common goals are because there is such a tight grip on all aspects of the organization from management. An advantage of decentralization is that there tends to be faster decision making and an ability to adapt to the demographic area of production. It also means that lower level managers have the opportunity to gain valuable experience and develop more fully because there is more room to grow.
In a centralised system, everything comes back to a Central (Single) Server. Replicas (Images) may be created from the master system. (Best example: A regular Client Server ne…twork in offices) In a decentralized system, there is no one Central server. There would be many servers but they would be programmed to synchronize synchronize regularly. (Example: Ideally a network of a company that is extremely large would be decentralized. Not sure of any particular example. Internet also qualifies as a decentralized network although not a pure decentralized network)
Basis | Delegation of Authority | Decentralisation / Nature | Delegation is individual. It usually involves two persons, i.e., supervisor and subordinate. | Decentralis…ation is totalistic in nature. It involves delegation from top management to the department or the division of sectional level. / Control | Control rests with supervisor. | All powers are given to concerned departments. / Compulsion | It is compulsory. | It is not compulsory. / Purpose | The purpose of delegation is the multiplication of manager. | The purpose of the decentralisation is to increase subordinate's role in the organisation. / Withdrawal of Authority | Withdrawal of authority is easy. | Withdrawal of authority is difficult. / Suitable | It is suitable to all organisations. | It is suitable to only big organisations. / Relationship | Delegation establishes superior-subordinate relationship. | Decentralisation is a step towards creation of semi-autonomous units. / Responsibility | In this, responsibility cannot be delegated. | In decentralisation, responsibility can be delegated.
The 2nd amendment gives the right to bear arms. The 2nd amendment is part of the Constitution which means it's more of a "centralized" power. Different states have imposed… different regulations on gun control but states still have to meet guidelines made by the federal government. It's like gay marriage; some states have made it legal and some states haven't. It's the same with gun control.
centralized management is done within a small headquarters,all or most of the authorized decision makers within an organization are located in the same office. Decentralized m…anagement is when decision makers are distributed and work in different areas, whether it being across a country or across national boarders.
Centralized organizations are led by an individual who often has a good idea of the company's goals and missions. Decentralized organizations have many decision makers who… each bring their individual knowledge and skills to create solutions to problems.
This explain a situation where office work or services are done at a central point of the organization under the controlled of superior. Decentralized office service otherwi…se known as departmentalization, this is where office services are done at various department of the organization.
centralized filing system records are placed in one main location in the business.decentrlized system each department has it own records close at hand.
Delegation is the assignment to another person the authority and accountability for carrying out specific activities Empowerment is assigning the complete ownership… of the activity In a decentralized organization, considerable authority and accounatbility are passed down the organizational hierarchy vijayarajan
"Concept of centralization and decentralization in an organization?"
In economics, centralization involves allocating someone (or a company) to be wholly responsible for certain tasks. For example, allocation of bread in centralized economies. … Decentralisation is taking power away from the person/company who is supposed to perform these tasks, and allowing free-market economies to form.