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A registered trademark is one in which the owner has filed registration papers (and fees, samples, declarations, etc) with a state or federal agency, stating who owns the bran…d, what the brand is used for, and when it was first used for that. This permits others with ideas for similar brands or products to quickly find out who is already using what. If a trademark has a federal registration then you may see the optional circle-R mark on it "�". If it is a state registration, you will not see that �, but may see TM or sm (service mark) on the product or advertising. A trademark owner who has not registered it may have a valid right to prevent others from using the trademark, but will have a more difficult time of proving ownership and that the others are violating his exclusive rights. A trademark or trade mark is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by a business to uniquely identify its products and services to consumers, and to distinguish its products or services from those of other businesses. A trademark is a type of industrial property which is distinct from other forms of intellectual property. You may not copy a trademark onto your own similar products, whether or not the trademark is registered. Conventionally, a trademark comprises a name, word, phrase, logo, symbol, design, image, or a combination of these elements. There is also a range of non-conventional trademarks comprising marks which do not fall into these standard categories, including distinctive colors and sounds. A similar notion of "trade dress" may apply to an entire operation, such as a golf-course layout, or the style of a restaurant chain. The term trademark is also used informally to refer to any distinguishing attribute by which an individual is readily identified, particularly the well known characteristics of celebrities. Such trademarks can be a style of haircut (Elvis Presley's distinctive ducktail), articles of clothing or accessories (Liberace's flamboyant costumes and jewelry or Elton John's oversize sunglasses), facial hair (Groucho Marx's mustache), or even breast size (Dolly Parton and Pamela Anderson).
Co.A uses a trademark in its name but does not register in the Fed Register but Co.B gets a federal registration of the same brand and has the official R can it force Co. A to cease using the name?
The first user wins If company A used the trademark on its products before company B did, then it doesn't matter if B later gets a registration; they cannot stop …someone who had used the same brand earlier. However, if company B had been using the brand longer, but never bothered to register it until A came along, then B has the superior rights. Trademark rights start from the moment you first use the brand in association with marketing your products or your services. You can also obtain provisional protection by filing a federal application for "intent to use" a trademark. Anyone who starts using a similar mark after your filing date can be forced to stop, once your registration is granted. Sometimes competing brands interfere with each other during or after the registration process. If you believe someone is registering a similar brand in a way that will harm you, there is a mechanism to "oppose" an application or even "cancel" the registration, since it should not have been issued. Alternatively, there is a way to have "concurrent use" of the same trademark by different owners.
No. In the U.S. you get "common-law" rights in a trademark the moment it is first used in commerce in association with your goods or services, but only in the market where you… have used it. This means you can use state or federal law to stop infringers. However, a state or federal registration is a valuable tool that can greatly expand your rights and make your trademark easier to enforce. When you see (tm) or (sm) it means the trademark is not registered, ® (circle-R) means it is.
No, but you may use the superscript "TM".
As a general rule, a trademark registration cannot be changed during renewal if it EXPANDS the scope of the goods or services. Under US laws, you are required to delete good…s or services that you no longer offer, as trademarks only apply to "goods and services" actually in commerce. Rules for individual US state trademark registration renewals may be somewhat different.
There are numerous benefits to having a federal trademark registration: It gives you national priority for that brand on the registered goods or services and related business…es;Federal registration prevents others with similar brands from registering - the examiners will automatically reject "confusingly similar" brands;You have more inherent clout when sending preliminary "cease and desist" letters;Your registration shows up in any preliminary search by others in the process of selecting a brand;The information in the registration clearly states your date of priority, making proof of priority less subjective;You are allowed to use ® on your brand;Federal courts are more receptive to your infringement claims;Increased chances of obtaining damage awards in federal courts;Ability to prevent others from importing infringing articles;Federal registration provides the basis for international expansion using Madrid Protocols or otherwise leveraging your federal registration;
Yes, if they are likely to be used in trade separate from the book. There are many Harry Potter trademarks, for example.
A trademark is a mark used in trade, such as a business or product name, logo, or slogan. Although trademarks are protected by common law, registration is available. A registe…red trademark is one that has been registered with the government of the country in which business is being conducted.
The term of a federal trademark registration is ten years, with ten-year renewal terms.
Once the availability of the proposed trademark has been certified, applications and related artwork are filed with the U.S. Patent Office.
An organization or individual wishing to use a slogan, logo, or business name (a "mark") in commerce may wish to register it.
That depends upon where you are registering it and whether your application faces any opposition by the examiners or by possible competitors. For example, in many US states,… a trademark registration is $50 or $100 per class of goods or services. In the USPTO it would be $275 per class. Additional protection under the Madrid Protocol would be available for an added cost for each country. An "opposition" action could result in thousands of dollars in attorney fees to fight it. Trademark registration is completely optional in the USA, UK, Canada, Australia and a few other countries.
If it is your own or you have a license, yes. For example, something originally conceived as a decorative element may become part of a logo.
It is not in the USPTO primary registry, but may still be protected by common law.
It's easier to take action against others using the name fraudulently.
A street can be given any name that the jurisdiction that controls the area wants to give to it. Now, the trademark owner could, in theory, object to it but it would usually b…e considered free advertising. Use Google Maps to look up 1696 Maryland 100, Hanover, MD and if you switch to the street view of the off-ramp, you'll see the sign showing that it is the exit for Coca-Cola Drive. (I was there once; it's a short street and despite what you might think, does not have a bottling plant there,)
The term of a US federal trademark registration is ten years, with ten-year renewal terms. However, an affidavit of actual use is required between 5 and 6 years after the re…gistration is first issued, or the registration will be automatically canceled well before it qualifies for renewal.