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Intellectual Property

Common types of intellectual property include copyrights, trademarks, patents, industrial design rights and trade secrets in some jurisdictions.

Asked in Intellectual Property, Copyright Law

What is the difference between the trademark 'TM' servicemark 'SM' Registered 'R' in the circle and Copyright 'C' in the circle?

TM vs. SM vs. ® vs. © Copyright © laws protect ownership of things like music, writing, artwork, photographs, and other "original works of authorship." Copyright protection is automatic and may last for over 100 years. However, not everything can be copyrighted, and some copyrights expired prior to 1976 laws. The "circle-c" mark has been "optional" since the 1970s, but is properly used with a date and identification of the author/owner. Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, it is a federal crime to remove...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Authors, Poets, and Playwrights

Does an author have to register as a business?

For purposes of protecting intellectual property, no it is not necessary to be registered as a business. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Educational Methods and Theories

What are some examples of intellectual needs?

Intellectual Needs are a desire to learn something. Examples of Intellectual Needs include: someone getting an education for when they are older so they can have a well paid job someone needing a way to keep their mind occupied by doing things like reading a pregnant woman needing to learn how to prepare for a new baby a student who asks a question a baby learning to communicate by listening, then responding to voices and sounds around them a person who has difficulty with verbal communication...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Credit and Debit Cards, Business Accounting and Bookkeeping, Accounts Payable, Patents and Patent Law

Is Patents a credit or debit?

Debit, assuming you're BUYING a patent. Credit, if you have RECEIVED one from another company, or if you have received royalties or other income from one. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Law School, Copyright Law

How does copyright law affect school projects?

in the UK it doesn't count Under US copyright law there is an exemption for "performance or display" of many types of copyrighted works in a non-profit classroom, whether by students or teachers, in addition to the "fair use" defense for other academic purposes. 17 USC §§ 110, 107. In theory, a public school in the USA cannot be sued for damages in federal court, under the Eleventh Amendment of the US Constitution, as it is an "agency of the state". ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Copyright Law

How should you abide by the copyright law?

Respecting copyright law means not copying, altering, distributing, or performing/displaying anything that is not your wholly original work without permission of the copyright holder. The digital age presents many opportunities to violate copyright law, more than the law can keep abreast of, so it's important to understand the intent of the law so you can make a good judgment when the "letter of the law" is unclear. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Patents and Patent Law

Do you patent your greeting card designs?

No, patents only pertain to inventions. "Copyright", on the other hand, protects creative works of original expression, including greeting card designs. Copyright in over 160 countries is free, instantaneous and automatic. If there are inventions included in the greeting card, such as a music player or a recording device, then that portion might be protected by a patent in addition to the copyright of the artistic and literary portions of the card. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Ford, Patents and Patent Law

Does Ford own Cummins patents?

Ford does not own Cummins or Cummins "patents". If they were Cummins patents they would belong to Cummins. Cummins may well license patents from Ford, cross-licensing is common in industry, and there would be nothing unusual in that. Ford did own some Cummins stock in the past, but Cummins is an independent company with plants all over the world. This is a rumor that has circulated for years, partly because of an old internet hoax. Ford does use a Cummins in one...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Definitions, Karl Marx

What is the meaning of Locality?

A surrounding or nearby region
Asked in Intellectual Property, Graduate Degrees, Lawyers, Patents and Patent Law

How many years is patent law school?

There is no specific Patent Law School. However in America once youdo 4 years of Undergrad (Bachelors) and get admitted to a law school of your choice in JD Juris Doctorate Program you will spend four years studying law. In your third year you will be able to select elective courses and you can chose to specialize in by studying IP intellectual property law. Than do some externship to gain exlerience. Patent Law study itself is one semester unless you go into advance...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Sony Playstation 3, Copyright Law

Is DualShock a trademark or copyright owned by Sony?

It is a trademark registered by Sony Japan in 1997.
Asked in Intellectual Property, Definitions

How would you describe a trademark?

Trademarks are used to distinguish one business firm's products from another. Their symbols may be a word or words, name, design, picture, or sound. Trademark rights have an indefinite life, as long as they are being used. Trademarks may optionally be registered in one or more states or with the federal government, provided they are suitable and distinctive within their field. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Business Accounting and Bookkeeping, Financial Statements

Is trademark an intangible asset?

Generally speaking it could be considered so. There are cases, however, where it could have significant impact if the trademark is a very famous one and could be sold or traded as a separate asset. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Radio

Is it legal to record songs from the radio?

I always understood that recording songs off the radio was legal as long as you didn't sell the tapes. This would be the law of the USA, under the Supreme Court decision known as "The Sony" case, with respect to recording TV shows, deemed to be "legal" as a "fair use" for personal time-shifting. In other countries it may not be legal: you would be duplicating the work without a license, which is one of the exclusive rights of the copyright holder....
Asked in Intellectual Property, Blogging

Can you use a brand name in your blog title?

Yes. If the brand name is a registered trade mark, the keys to avoid a copyright infringement lawsuit include: 1. The use of the brand name in the blog is not likely to cause confusion about whether the blog is endorsed or supported by the owner of the brand name. 2. The brand name is not being used in commerce or for any commercial use. 3. The use of the brand name neither blurs nor tarnishes the brand name, nor is...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Copyright Law

What does copyright laws mean?

Copyright law protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works. It can include works such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. It allows an author to control how a work is duplicated, distributed, displayed, performed and who is allowed to create derivatives. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Copyright Law

Which country has the strictest copyright laws?

Most countries' laws are very similar, based on the Berne Convention. The US and several others have extended protection from life + 50 years to life + 70 years for works of a single creator, and some countries have optional formal registration in addition to the automatic protection demanded by Berne. That being said, not all countries are equally conscientious about enforcing their IP laws. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property

What is intellectual?

Intellectual: 1. appealing to or engaging the intellect: intellectual pursuits. 2. of or pertaining to the intellect or its use: intellectual powers. 3.possessing or showing intellect or mental capacity, especially to a high degree: an intellectual person. 4.guided or developed by or relying on the intellect rather than upon emotions or feelings; rational. 5. characterized by or suggesting a predominance of intellect: an intellectual way of speaking. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Copyright Law

How could the copyright law be broken?

Copying, altering, or distributing a protected work without permission of the copyright holder would be an infringement of copyright. ...
Asked in Intellectual Property, Copyright Law

Can fanciful words be trademarked?

Define what you mean by "fanciful" words. Some corporate names and trademarks which contain words or combinations of words can be, and are, trademarked, even though some are strictly made-up 'nonsense' words that are used to 'brand' various products, etc. However, the word or words you use, must be assopciated with something. You can't just make up a word or a phrase, and then copyright or trademark that word or words. The words must be associated with something that has a 'value.' ...
Asked in History, Politics & Society, Intellectual Property, Copyright Law

Is there an expiration date of intellectual rights?

Yes, but it varies between countries, types of IP (copyright, trademark, patent), and sometimes even within those types. In the US, the expiration is required by the Constitution, which specifies the exclusive rights are to be "for limited times." Most copyrights are protected for the life of the author plus 50 years, although some countries (including the US) have extended this to 70 years. Patents are typically good for twenty years, while trademarks can be protected in perpetuity as long as they...