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When were Saint Peter and Saint Paul born?
According to Acts 22:3, St. Paul was born in the city of Tarsus, in the province of Cilicia. So his birthplace was in the modern-day province of Mersin, in southern Turkey.
The apostle Paul (Saul) was from the tribe of Benjamin. (Philippians 3:4-5) In Romans 11:1: "I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israel…ite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin." Paul was from the tribe of Benjamin. Philippians 3 versus 1 through 4. Philippians 3:5 (ASV) 5 circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee;
St. Peter because he was directly commissioned by Jesus to assume the mantel of leader of the early Christian community. In this regard, Simon Peter was referred to as the Big… Fisherman, harking back to Jesus' words in calling Peter, "Follow me and I will make you a fisher of men." St. Paul because he was the Apostle to the Gentiles and did much to evangelize and establish the early Christian churches throughout Asia Minor in the 1st Century CE. Both suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Nero at Rome.
The Apostle Paul was born a Jew in Tarsus, as Saul, a Roman citizen, about the same time of Christ's birth. He was met on the Road to Damascus c. 34 AD, in a blinding li…ght, by the risen Christ, who asked Saul why He was persecuting Him. Saul had sought to destroy Christianity, but was converted by Christ, whom He served the remainder of his life to c. 67 AD. Christ ultimately named him Paul after he was called as a missionary to the Gentiles.
Paul was the great Apostle to the Gentiles. Next to Jesus, Paul was the person most responsible for the spread of Christianity. More than any human being, it was Paul who turn…ed a religion full of Jews into a religion made up mostly of non-Jews. He took the story of Jesus on the road for approximately 10,000 miles and wrote over one-fourth of the New Testament. Paul Hebrew name was Saul and this name is always used in Acts until his miraculous visitation by Jesus on the road to Damascus (Acts 9). This visitation left him blind. According to the Bible, the Holy Spirit visited Paul and returned his sight, which then led Paul as a new convert to spread the message of Jesus and establish Christianity throughout the world -at least the parts he could reach in a lifetime. As a Jewish Pharisee, Prior to this visitation, Saul was an outspoken opponent of Jesus who persecuted Christians. Paul became the perfect ambassador for Christianity and was able to bridge the gap among Jews, Romans and Greeks. He had been raised strictly in Judaism; he spoke fluent Greek; and he was a Roman citizen. He was also educated in Greek literature and thought and could, therefore, express the doctrines and teachings of Jesus to the Gentiles. As a Roman citizen, he had certain freedoms that allowed him to travel and continue the work that Jesus began. Paul managed to bring his message to areas of the world that Jesus never reached, such as Turkey (then known as Asia Minor) and Greece. According to the scriptures, in particular the Book of Acts in the New Testament, Paul made three major trips during his life: Palestine and Antioch (Syria) Thessalonica (ancient Macedonia) Philippi and then on to Corinth and Turkey (Asia Minor) However, it wasn't long before authorities caught on to Paul and his continuing Christian teaching. Upon his return to Jerusalem, after he opened a church in Ephesus (a city in the country we now call Turkey), Jewish authorities arrested Paul, fearing an uprising of Jesus' followers and the possible undermining of Judaism. Paul appealed his case to Rome, where he spent the rest of his life awaiting trial. In A.D. 64, His Character: His intensity about life was matched by his faith and love for Jesus Christ His Sorrow: The memory of his hatred of Christians and his sanctioning of their punishment, floggings and murder. His Triumph: Paul spread the gospel to the gentiles; he was a chosen vessel of the Lord to bear His name before Gentiles, kings, and the children of Israel. Key Scriptures: Acts 8;9 and Paul's letters Attributes: Beneficially, he held three fundamentals of the world's philosophy of that day-Greek culture, Roman citizenship, and Hebrew religion
St. Peter devoted his time to evangelizing primarily the Jewish people while Paul worked with the Gentiles (non-Jews).
Peter, a disciple of Jesus Christ, was the "cornerstone" of the Christian church. Peter and the other disciples carried on the ministry of Jesus by telling all the peopl…e that they encountered about how Jesus was the Messiah.
St. Peter Canisius is the patron saint of the Catholic press, of Germany and of writers of catechisms.
St. Peter was a fisherman himself until Our Lord made him a fisher of men.
St. Peter (died ca. 65) is traditionally considered to be the head of Jesus' 12 Apostles and the first bishop of Rome.
A: In Mark's Gospel (1:16) Jesus was walking by the Sea of Galilee and saw Simon (Peter) and Andrew fishing. He called them to follow him and he would make them fishers of men…. In John's Gospel, Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist, and followed Jesus (1:37). Andrew went and found his brother Simon (Peter) and brought him to Jesus. Answer:Peter was first introduced to Jesus by his brother Andrew (John 1:40-42). Soon after, as Andrew and Peter were fishing, Jesus called them to follow him (Matthew 4:18-20).
In his own epistles, Paul only referred to Peter incidentally, seeming at times to regard him as the assistant to James, who seemed to be the leader of the Jerusalem church, …and at other times as a minor nuisance who opposed his plans to allow gentiles equal membership of his church without the need to be circumcised. Acts of the Apostles was written half a century later by an unknown author whom the second-century Church Fathers thought likely to be Paul's companion, Luke, because of his apparent knowledge of the mission of Paul. An important, well disguised theme of Acts is the primacy of St Peter over St Paul, so it does draw them together in a number of subtle comparisons, even when those comparisons are in widely separated chapters. If a previously unknown miracle was attributed to Paul, then quite comparable miracles were also associated with Peter, and the miracles associated with Paul were always less impressive those associated with Peter. According to Acts, Paul's first miraculous cure was improbably similar to Peter's first cure. In both cases, a man who had been lame since birth was immediately cured by being commanded to stand and walk. Peter's first miracle cure was performed in the name of Jesus, at the Temple, where the faithful saw the healed beggar praising God, and was the opportunity for some outstanding proselytising. Paul's first cure was clumsy and without apparent purpose, given that Paul did not tell the man about Jesus and he was even mistaken for a pagan god. In an even more difficult challenge, Peter resurrected Tabitha, a good woman and a disciple, who was certainly dead and her body had already been washed. This miracle became known throughout Joppa and, as a result, many were converted. Paul also resuscitated a young man who foolishly fell asleep in an upper storey window and fell to the ground. There is some uncertainty as to whether the young man was really dead when Paul intervened to revive him, and the miracle did not present an opportunity to convert unbelievers. Peter and Paul were also capable of malevolent miracles. In an apparent miracle, Paul blinded Elymas (Bar-Jesus) the sorcerer, for trying to frustrate his attempts to convert Sergius Paulus. But Peter was to be feared more than Paul. A certain man named Ananias sold a possession and gave only some of the proceeds to Peter, who believed that the church was entitled to all the money. Peter realised the deceit immediately and Ananias fell dead. Later, Peter told Ananias' wife she would also die, because she repeated the deceit. The two slayings were carried out with almost no effort on Peter's part, whereas Paul could only blind Elymas for a season, and to do this had to wave his hand across his victim's face. According to Acts, Peter was released from prison twice by angels, who in one case accompanied Peter from the prison. There was no doubt about the extent of divine assistance Peter received in his escapes. Paul was released from prison by a timely earthquake that arguably need not have been of divine origin, and furthermore he did not make good his escape. According to Paul's own account, he took it upon himself to preach to the Gentiles and even rebuked Peter in Antioch for refusing to eat with the Gentiles. Compare this to Acts chapters 10 and 11, where Peter experienced a miraculous vision and was visited by the Holy Ghost, giving him a sign to bring Gentiles into the Church. In that account, Peter defended his actions in choosing to eat with the Gentiles and asserted that the Church must preach to the Gentiles. In the Acts account, Paul was carefully excluded from the company when these important decisions were made. So, St Peter and St Paul are referred together and in opposition in Acts of the Apostles in order to show second-century Christians who was really, in its author's opinion, the most important apostle.
In the modern Roman Catholic Church there is only one way to achieve "official sainthood" -- canonization. However, this was not always the case. Before 950 AD, there were two… ways that one could achieve official sainthood: through martyrdom and through the public acclamation of the faithful. The date recognized by the Roman Catholic Church for the martyrdom of St. Paul is 67 AD with no month or day specified. Thus, 67 AD is the date for his official recognition as a saint. The 29th of June is the day that has been chosen to observe the martyrdom of Paul. June 29 is the day his official sainthood is celebrated.
Saint Peter was one of the original apostles. He was originally a fisherman named Simon. He denied that he knew Jesus when Jesus' enemies questioned him. He was one of the… apostles who spread Christianity internationally. He wrote letters that are now part of the New Testament. He was crucified. Catholics believe that he was the first pope. "Peter" means "rock". Jesus said that "on this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it"
Peter felt that Gentiles could not become Christians unless they werefirst converted to Judaism and followed Judaic law. This included menhaving to be circumcised. Paul disagr…eed with this. Finally they came toan agreement that Gentiles did not have to become Jews and could bebaptized directly. They were only to abstain from any pagan practicesthey might have had in the past.
St Peter's Basilica, Vatican, Italy
Peter and Paul were saints only in the New Testament meaning of the word. Canonization by the church does not make anyone a saint except in the eyes of man. In the New Testa…ment the Greek word hagios , is used of believers in Christ it does not mean people of exceptional holiness, or to those who, having died, were characterized by exceptional acts of "saintliness." See especially 2Th_1:10, where "His saints" are also described as "them that believed," i.e., the whole number of the redeemed.