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Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul June 29
St. Peter because he was directly commissioned by Jesus to assume the mantel of leader of the early Christian community. In this regard, Simon Peter was referred to as the Big… Fisherman, harking back to Jesus' words in calling Peter, "Follow me and I will make you a fisher of men." St. Paul because he was the Apostle to the Gentiles and did much to evangelize and establish the early Christian churches throughout Asia Minor in the 1st Century CE. Both suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Nero at Rome.
According to Acts 22:3, St. Paul was born in the city of Tarsus, in the province of Cilicia. So his birthplace was in the modern-day province of Mersin, in southern Turkey.
It is believed that Saint Paul was born in 5 A.D. in what is now Turkey. He died in 67 A.D., in what is likely Rome today.
The Apostle Paul was born a Jew in Tarsus, as Saul, a Roman citizen, about the same time of Christ's birth. He was met on the Road to Damascus c. 34 AD, in a blinding li…ght, by the risen Christ, who asked Saul why He was persecuting Him. Saul had sought to destroy Christianity, but was converted by Christ, whom He served the remainder of his life to c. 67 AD. Christ ultimately named him Paul after he was called as a missionary to the Gentiles.
This depends as you could be talking about either St. Peter or St. Paul, both of whom are believed to be buried in Rome. St. Peter, by tradition, is buried under the main alta…r of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, where the Holy Pontiff celebrates Solemn Mass, and St. Paul is said, as of only about a decade ago, to be buried under the main altar of St. Paul Outside the Walls, also in Rome. Sidenote- some may disagree that Rome, which I speak of as including Vatican City, is not actually Vatican City. This is true.
Saint Peter's Basilica is larger than Saint Paul's.
The apostle Paul (Saul) was from the tribe of Benjamin. (Philippians 3:4-5) In Romans 11:1: "I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israel…ite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin." Paul was from the tribe of Benjamin. Philippians 3 versus 1 through 4. Philippians 3:5 (ASV) 5 circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee;
They are, like Saints Cosmas and Damien, often grouped together, but they are not "co-saints" just grouped together because of their importance as early disciples.
Peter felt that Gentiles could not become Christians unless they werefirst converted to Judaism and followed Judaic law. This included menhaving to be circumcised. Paul disagr…eed with this. Finally they came toan agreement that Gentiles did not have to become Jews and could bebaptized directly. They were only to abstain from any pagan practicesthey might have had in the past.
Catholic Answer It is a Solemnity, not a feast (Solemnity ranks higher than a feast and contains a Gloria and a Creed). The Solemnity of Peter and Paul, Apostles falls on the …29th of June each year. Both a principal patrons of Rome and are mentioned in the Roman Canon. Peter was martyred in Rome in 64, Paul in 67. The earliest record of this date for the Solemnity is in the Depositio Martyrum (258). From the Order of Prayer in the Liturgy of the Hours and Celebration of the Eucharist 2010
St. Peter devoted his time to evangelizing primarily the Jewish people while Paul worked with the Gentiles (non-Jews).
In his own epistles, Paul only referred to Peter incidentally, seeming at times to regard him as the assistant to James, who seemed to be the leader of the Jerusalem church, …and at other times as a minor nuisance who opposed his plans to allow gentiles equal membership of his church without the need to be circumcised. Acts of the Apostles was written half a century later by an unknown author whom the second-century Church Fathers thought likely to be Paul's companion, Luke, because of his apparent knowledge of the mission of Paul. An important, well disguised theme of Acts is the primacy of St Peter over St Paul, so it does draw them together in a number of subtle comparisons, even when those comparisons are in widely separated chapters. If a previously unknown miracle was attributed to Paul, then quite comparable miracles were also associated with Peter, and the miracles associated with Paul were always less impressive those associated with Peter. According to Acts, Paul's first miraculous cure was improbably similar to Peter's first cure. In both cases, a man who had been lame since birth was immediately cured by being commanded to stand and walk. Peter's first miracle cure was performed in the name of Jesus, at the Temple, where the faithful saw the healed beggar praising God, and was the opportunity for some outstanding proselytising. Paul's first cure was clumsy and without apparent purpose, given that Paul did not tell the man about Jesus and he was even mistaken for a pagan god. In an even more difficult challenge, Peter resurrected Tabitha, a good woman and a disciple, who was certainly dead and her body had already been washed. This miracle became known throughout Joppa and, as a result, many were converted. Paul also resuscitated a young man who foolishly fell asleep in an upper storey window and fell to the ground. There is some uncertainty as to whether the young man was really dead when Paul intervened to revive him, and the miracle did not present an opportunity to convert unbelievers. Peter and Paul were also capable of malevolent miracles. In an apparent miracle, Paul blinded Elymas (Bar-Jesus) the sorcerer, for trying to frustrate his attempts to convert Sergius Paulus. But Peter was to be feared more than Paul. A certain man named Ananias sold a possession and gave only some of the proceeds to Peter, who believed that the church was entitled to all the money. Peter realised the deceit immediately and Ananias fell dead. Later, Peter told Ananias' wife she would also die, because she repeated the deceit. The two slayings were carried out with almost no effort on Peter's part, whereas Paul could only blind Elymas for a season, and to do this had to wave his hand across his victim's face. According to Acts, Peter was released from prison twice by angels, who in one case accompanied Peter from the prison. There was no doubt about the extent of divine assistance Peter received in his escapes. Paul was released from prison by a timely earthquake that arguably need not have been of divine origin, and furthermore he did not make good his escape. According to Paul's own account, he took it upon himself to preach to the Gentiles and even rebuked Peter in Antioch for refusing to eat with the Gentiles. Compare this to Acts chapters 10 and 11, where Peter experienced a miraculous vision and was visited by the Holy Ghost, giving him a sign to bring Gentiles into the Church. In that account, Peter defended his actions in choosing to eat with the Gentiles and asserted that the Church must preach to the Gentiles. In the Acts account, Paul was carefully excluded from the company when these important decisions were made. So, St Peter and St Paul are referred together and in opposition in Acts of the Apostles in order to show second-century Christians who was really, in its author's opinion, the most important apostle.
Peter and Paul were saints only in the New Testament meaning of the word. Canonization by the church does not make anyone a saint except in the eyes of man. In the New Testa…ment the Greek word hagios , is used of believers in Christ it does not mean people of exceptional holiness, or to those who, having died, were characterized by exceptional acts of "saintliness." See especially 2Th_1:10, where "His saints" are also described as "them that believed," i.e., the whole number of the redeemed.
He was probably born in the town of Bethsaida near the Sea of Galilee.
Generally, yes. However, they did have their differences at times andthe arguments could become quite heated. They always settled differencespeacefully and Paul always deferre…d to Peter as the head of the Church.