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It can have absolutely no affect, a bad affect, or even a good affect. *Deletion and Addition are frameshift: most harmful.
can either have no effect, alter the product of a gene, or prevent the gene from functioning properly or completely
Base substitution is a type of mutation that is least likely to affect the function of the protein corresponding to the gene in which the mutation occurs. Proteins are nit…rogenous organic compounds.
A mutation is caused by a change in genetic or DNA structure. A mutation can effect an organism in many different ways. Mutation from extreme exposure to radiation is horrifyi…ng. The cells become free radicals and the mutation is obvious. Smoking in young adults causes lung cells to mutate. A child can be born with a cleft pallet. A cleft pallet has to be repaired or the organism cannot eat, drink. Plants can mutate, for example in Marijuana plants the mutation of a female into a male due to extreme stress. The female plant thinks it will die, so it turns into a male, the energy focused into manufacturing seeds so it will ensure future propagation. This is an example of something undergoing a mutation to adapt to its environment. Long term mutation could be called evolution. Someone could be born with a mutated arm and could not use it as a result or have it amputated. There are no short necked giraffes because the trees are tall. So on and so forth.
The three types of mutation are deletions, insertions and point mutations. The type of mutation that has no effect on phenotype is point mutation.
It depends what Element it is. Or what its based. There are endless possibilities on mutation. EDIT: Mutation can have almost any effect immaginable. Most of the time mutatio…ns are repaired. A lot of mutations also occur (in multicellular organisms) in non coding regions of the DNA, meaning that they have no effect. Lots of mutations cause cancer. Others cause genetic disease or succeptability to a disease. Some are fatal to a cell. Some are selectively beneficial, such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia. In bacteria, many are fatal or detrimental. Very few mutations are outright beneficial. The only example of this is the mutation that gave bacteria beta-lactamase, which gives them resistance to some antibiotics.
a neutral mutation
A point mutation, in which one nitrogen base in a codon is substituted for another, may have no effect on an organism. This is true if the base substitution does not change th…e amino acid that the codon represents, or if the mutation occurs in a non-critical location in the protein so that the protein's structure is not changed significantly and the protein is still able to function.
It is neither helpful nor harmful./ Recessive mutation
Synonymous mutations. These are mutations that happen in the coding regions of genes that change one nucleotide for another. However, because of redundancy in the genetic code… (where one amino acid may be coded for by more than one nucleotide sequence) the amino acid sequence of the protein isn't altered. Mutations that occur in non-coding, non-control regions of the genome also don't affect phenotype. You may also wish to look at Wikipedia's entry on silent mutations.
One that renders the organism sterile.
Many. Depending on the organism, mutations can cause things like four leaves on a clover, to polydactily or sicle cell anemia. The effects can be good, bad or neutral.
A silent mutation
\n. Most mutations result in death. Those that do not will remain in the population at\n. the same frequency unless they are selected for or against.
Any mutation that enhances the chance of reproduction is beneficial to an organism.
Which type of mutation will probably have a larger effect a point mutation or a frameshift mutation?
Both types of mutation have the potential to cause a large effect. In general, a frameshift mutation is more likely to cause a large effect. This is because it shi…fts the 'reading frame' - so that all of the subsequent codons (groupings of 3 bases that are read to determine which amino acid will be added) will be changed. A point mutation is when a single base is replaced. This can either result in the same amino acid being added to the protein being synthesised (a silent mutation), a different amino acid being added (a missense mutation) or in a STOP codon (a nonsense mutation). If a point mutation causes a premature STOP codon - this is quite likely to have a large effect on the protein.