Who discovered svalbard?
William Barentz discovered it in 1596 (with the Dutch), though it may have been visited centuries prior by Scandinavians.
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It is certainly true that, when reading the UNAIDS statistics, Svalbard seems to stand out as having no reported cases of HIV and AIDS; but this probably is not as strange as it may at first seem.. What isolated statistical facts like this fail tell you is that Svalbard is an isolated Arctic archip…elago with a population of only around 2,400 people (a large proportion of whom are only temporary residents, with a permanent residence elsewhere in Norway or Russia).. Even if Svalbard had exactly the same prevalence of HIV as the rest of Norway (of which it is a part), then you would statistically only expect to find less than one person there who was living with HIV.. If just one person there became infected with HIV, then Svalbard would suddenly stand out as having a higher prevalence of HIV than the rest of Norway.. You may also want to consider whether or not a person with a chronically weakened immune system would actually choose to live permanently in a remote place with very limited medical facilities, average summer teperatures of just 5 degrees Celsius (41 degrees Fahrenheit) and where most employment opportunities are in the physically demanding industries of coal mining and fishing. I certainly would not. (MORE)
The capital city of Svalbard (archipelago in Norway) is the town of Longyearbyen. (pop. 2000)
Svalbard is located far north of the ARCTIC circle about 600 miles from the north pole. it is in Norway territory and u can fly from oslo or tromso. it is at the north east of Greenland and almost due north of Norway longyearbyen is the capital of spitsbergen which is 1 of 3 islands to make up t…he svalbard islands. inhabitants is about 2000+ (MORE)
Svalbard is so cold because it is inside the Arctic Circle, with along winter period (and very short days in winter).
Svalbard is a fantastic place because its a great place for scientists and its the farthest north inhabited place ever. There are also loads of polar bears.
Currently, Norway owns Svalbard. They have the same currency, the same language, and the same geography.
Svalbard is (in my opinion) an amazing place. Why? Well because it holds so many features in which are extraordinary such as, Northern lights, Seed vault and painted houses. It is also very cold (Because it is inside the Arctic Circle) Hope that helped :)
The currency in Svalbard is the Norwegian krone (NOK). The officiallanguage is Norwegian and the 2012 estimated population is 2,642.
Svalbard has sea ice in winter, and glaciers all the year round,but it is also warmed by the North Atlantic Drift, a warm currentthat continues from the Gulf Stream. Global warming may change the movement, direction and temperatureof the ocean currents, so any change will mean colder temperaturesfo…r Svalbard, at least for a while. If the North Atlantic Drift continues to warm the islands then thesea ice will disappear, forcing polar bears to hunt on land, or tomove north, closer to the pole. (MORE)
Svalbard is believed to have been discovered as early as the 12th century. The islands were used for fishing, whaling, hunting, etc. Svalbard was first indisputably discovered by the Dutchman Willem Barentsz in 1596. The archipelago would then be settled by the Danish, Dutch, English, French, Norweg…ians, and Russians. Americans later started establishing bases in Svalbard, but most interests were bought by the Norwegians during World War I. The first talks of sovereignty of Svalbard occurred in 1910, but was interrupted by WWI. But when the war ended, the Svalbard Treaty was created during the Paris Peace Conference (1920), signing sovereignty over to Norway. Since then, the islands have been an integral part of Norway, and not a dependency or territory, but a region. (MORE)
Some animals that live in Svalbard are polar bears and arctic foxes. These animals can suffer cold conditions and suit Svalbards surroundings! Other animals live their as well! unicorns The previous user got the answer wrong. Animals include, reindeer, polar bears, gannets, ptarmigans, whales, arct…ic foxes, snowy owls and NO penguins. Well the only animals i know that are in Svalbard are the polar bear and the arctic fox. (MORE)
Summers in Svalbard are extremely cool, but not bitterly cold. Temperatures are actually quite predictable and are typically in the 40's in the day and 30's at night. It rarely makes it into the 50's, though this is occurring more these days (The High Arctic is warming more than anywhere on the glob…e). I don't believe it has ever reached 60 degrees, at least at Longyearbyen. But it is also relatively immune to incursions of cold air that would bring snow and extended subfreezing temperatures due to being surrounded by water. Even so far north, there simply is not a source of cold air to do this when there are 24 hours of daylight to heat the surface, however weakly. Otherwise, conditions tend to be cloudy and somewhat windy, with frequent light rain. (MORE)
None whatsoever are grown, it is too cold. The tallest trees are less than an inch or two.
We get up and put clothes in (many) also we then go to the shops tobut fresh breakfast and
Most people in Svalbard either work in the mining industry, the tourism industry or doing research at the University. There are also jobs in some shops & bars.
Svalbard is extremely cold the max tempreature is 5 degrees and the lowest is -17 degrees.
You need to fly to Norway first. If you fly to Oslo, it takes 3 hours from Svalbard to Oslo, and another 2 to London.
It has the distinction of being the northernmost of many things, such as northernmost city, ATM, university, etc...
Svalbard is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean. There is plenty of running water in the summer with melt streams from glaciers and melting snow.
the global seed vault was built in svakbard because they could dig deep into the mountain so they could build it into the mountain because they needed somewhere big.
There is a lot of tourism money, but they still export some coal, and otherwise get money from mainland Norway.
The easiest method is probably a series of flights; Manchester-Heathrow-Oslo-Tromso-Longyearbyen. Be warned that if timed wrong this takes 28 hours, but once a week a set of flights do it in just under nine.
Snow mobiles (AKA snow machines or scooters) are permitted in most locations. During the summer, you can drive - there are roads. Boats are useful as well.
Svalbard is an island near Norway and if famous for it's polar bears and snow. There are many eskimos living in Svalbard and there are some snob-based events, though nothing too interesting. I think the main attraction is the Northern Lights, but you might want to google that before putting it into …a factual document. The only way to get to Svalbard is a plane from Oslo airport. Hope this was useful :) (MORE)
There are very few people in Svalbard, and I would think they are some form of Christianity. There is only 1, non-denominational church.
Svalbard is important because the snw is melting and we need to help all the animals in danger
They wear clothes appropriate for the weather. In the summer it's relatively warm, and a light jacket will suffice. In winter, you might need many layers with hat, gloves, balaclava....
There are no plans to become independent from Norway. Svalbard still receives considerable financial support from Norway.
Very little - much of the high Arctic is technically a desert and gets very little precipitation.
Svalbard can be very bleak and scary, especially if you arrive during the Arctic night. It is however stunningly beautiful. The weather takes some serious adjustment to get used to. The town of Longyearbyden is small, but provides everything needed, the number of young families present was startlin…g at first, as was the presence of an active night-life. The adjustment period, especially the course on survival was very challenging but well worth doing for the experiences of the rest of the stay. Feel free to message me if you'd like any further information. (MORE)
Precipitation is very light being in the High Arctic. Mostly it is in the form of snow, but in the summer months it is typically rain. It is heavier on the east side and up in elevation where orographic effects are enhanced. Longyearbyen, the capital, averages only about 200mm annually.
Svalbard's glaciers are estimated to be roughly in balance. Some are surging so they are difficult to gauge. There is a very large amount of ice on Svalbard, so even if they were clearly melting, it would take a very long time to become ice free.
Very little - much of the high Arctic is technically a desert and gets very little precipitation.
Why not? There's plenty of sea ice, a necessity for their habitat, it doesn't get too warm in the summer, and there are very few people.
Because it is well above the Arctic Circle, where the Earth is tilted too far from the sun during winter months for any sunlight to reach it. During summer, however, it is opposite - 24 hours of sunlight.
Svalbard is the name of the group of islands where Spitsbergen is the largest one
Different animals prefer different habitats. You'll find the polar bears, walruses, and seals on the east side more often because they generally need sea ice. Reindeer and Arctic Fox are everywhere. Birds tend to have some preferred havens that you can google for a better idea.
There is basically no crime in such a remote region. Polar bears have already killed more people than people ever will up there.
Well, I don't know how many, but some of the more common are walruses, different birds, geese and gulls. Also Arctic foxes, and there is such a thing as a Svalbard reindeer. Look it up if you don't believe me. And of course, lots of fish and bacteria and small things in the water in and near it.
The official language of Svalbard is Norwegian, most also speak English (The University teaches in English) and a significant percentage speak other languages as well.
Mostly Skiing. But in Longyerabyen they have a sports centre where you can play tennis or swim.
Normal people like you and me. But they just live in a cold isolated place. I Longyearbyen (capital) they have a small supermarket to source the whole town/city. Further into the vicious north and more isolated parts inuits live. The people there are just like us.
Some cruises of the Norwegian coast go to Svalbard, however the safest and cheapest method is a flight from Tromso to the one public airport on the island which is in Longyearbyen, this flight goes about once a day, flights from Tromso to the Norwegian capital Oslo are far more regular. There are a… number of restrictions in Svalbard about where you are allowed to be, much of the island is reserve, not to mention dangerous, it is against the law to leave the town area of Longyearbyen without a method of defence against polar bears. (MORE)
This really depends on what you want to count as winter. There is snow all year round and the temperature remains consistently sub-zero until early May. The Arctic night ends in March and the arctic day starts in early May.
The melting Ice has exposed a secret government military bunker, when the bunker was spotted, stories came out pertaining to this huge underground facility cut into a mountain was a store bank for 10,000 variates of seed. So why the secrecy and why such a vast complex.
because over there in Svalbard it is way colder and there is a bigger population in England. that is my thinking. xxx :P
There is one main school in Longyearbyen, Svalbard for all ages of school children, there is also a kindergarten and a University- UNIS, which is part of the University of Tromso.
Yes they're both islands, but Svalbard is located at 78 north, much farther to the north.
Svalbard is non of the above. Its an island chain North of Norway, East of Greenland. Its largest settlement is Longyearbyen with a population of about 2500 inhabitants. Svalbard is part of Norway.
Svalbard is in the Arctic Ocean. It is halfway between the North Pole and Norway.