Who documented the funeral oration of Pericles and the history of the war between Athens and Sparta?
Thucydides did the first part up to 411 BCE, Xenopon covered the rest to 404 BCE.
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The purpose of the funeral oration is not only to respect the departed, but also to instill the citizens' national pride and a passion to fight for Athens.
The Peloponnesian war which stared at 431 BCE and lasted until 404 BCE. The Spartans won this war but could not exploit the benefits of their victory as they were too weak to …re establish the state and the power they once had.
That Athens had the resources necessary to defeat the PeloponnesianLeague and would win if the Athenians organised their empire andits resources, and kept their nerve.
Athens had established an empire based on the anti-Persian league it led. It became more and more intrusive on neighbouring cities of the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta, w…ent too far, and war ensued.
431-411 Thucydides. 411-404 Xenophon.
Which war? There were so many in Greek history. Sometines those cities were allies, sometimes adversaries.
Athens had formed an empire from its allies in the war against Persia. After this war was over it persisted in interfering in the affairs of other cities hich formed themselve…s into their own league to oppose it. Continuing pressure of Athens brought on the war when Athens refused to back away from its actions.
The Peloponnesian War
Pericles wrote the speech as a sort of standard Eulogy for war heroes who died in the defense of (Greek) Democracy. It opens: Our form of government... In some ways it can be …compared to the Gettysburg Address of Lincoln. It was performed by Pericles, NOT a memorial address for him, posthumously, your question seems ambivalent. Pericles was the Governor of Athens so ceremonial speech-writing fell to his hand.
17 years na siya dre? .
After the first year of the 27-year Peloponnesian War he addressedthe people at the funeral of the casualties of that year, making ita rallying call and encouragement to persi…st. Pericles later diedfrom the plague which swept Athens and so was not there to lead theeffort he called for in the oration.
A rallying call to fight on in the war which he had precipitated.
That they could win the war with the Peloponnesian League which hehad precipitated, and that the widows of the war dead should stopmourning, and he undertook the state would h…elp with the raising ofthe children of the war dead.
It is the written record of a morale-boosting address he gave asencouragement to the people of Athens at the end of the first yearof what was obviously going to go on for a lo…ng costly time. The funeral was for the war dead of that first year, and he didn'twant the people to have any ideas of making peace, as he hadinvested his reputation on wining the war, and a peace would exposehim to his internal enemies who had serious thoughts about the wayhe had propelled them into the war and of his motives for doing so.