Why did US President Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation?
The final Emancipation Proclamation was issued on January 1, 1863. The earlier one was issued in the Fall of 1862 as a warning to the Southern states. The Emancipation Proclamation was a war measure to damage the economy and social structure of the Confederacy. In itself it freed no slaves as he had no control over Southern states. Additionally, the Proclamation had no effect on slave states that remained in the Union.
It was issued on January 1, 1863
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The first answer to my edit is based on sound reasoning.This edit will supplement what has already been written. The Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln was a strategicmove to serve the his main purpose for fighting the Civil War.Lincoln always believed that the Federal Government had n…o right,under the US Constitution to outlaw slavery. He tried to assure theSouth before he took office that he had no intention to abolishslavery where it already existed. As history has shown us, thismade no impact on the leaders of the South. They were concernedabout Lincoln's motives and they were concerned that the Southern"slave" States would eventually be a huge minority ofStates that had legal slaves. To fully gauge the impact, the later results, and reasons for the Emancipation Proclamation the following information isimportant: A . In 1865 Lincoln ratified the 13th Amendment tothe US Constitution which outlawed slavery; B . Many freed slaves and the peoples ofAfro-American society would continue to experience limited freedoms& prejudice. Many of these issues took almost 100 years to beresolved; C . Based on Lincoln's earlier stated ideasregarding slavery, the emancipation of slaves was not the firstreason that Lincoln engaged the Union in the Civil War. In fact, heeven saw it as a potential threat to the goal of keeping the Unionunified. (note. as an aside, the concept of manifestdestiny, already in the minds of many leaders, would be thwarted bythe secession. ) D . In truth, Lincoln was a pragmatist and a man ofmoderation. No one , who could see thatover 600,000 men would be killed, that the War would take over 4years to settle, added to the massive destruction, and bitter eddivisiveness over decades, could have wanted such a war.Somehow, someway, the slavery issue would have had to be solvedwithout the costs of this Civil War. E . To the horror of the Abolitionists, it wouldbecome clear that abolishing slavery was not why the Union couldfield large armies of young men whose call to duty was to save theUnion. Most Northerners were against slavery. There is no doubtabout that, however they were not going to war, a war that woulddestroy so many families, to end slavery. F . Lincoln believed that turning the war into anabolitionist crusade, might result in North en Democrats &border State Unionists to withdraw their support. G. And, once again, Lincoln did not believe he hadany authority to free anyone's "slaves". He even hoped that if theSouth thought that a compromise of sorts could be worked out, theSouth would return to the Union. Lincoln ignored critics wouldfound it absurd that the South would give in if the North had thepossibility of making the reunified Union, slave free. Thecritics would have to ignore the fact that prior to andduring the upcoming war, the Federal Capital itself had legalslavery. H . During the early stages of the War, Uniongenerals wielded their military powers to undermine slavery.Lincoln reversed their actions of freeing slaves in someTerritories, and even removed these generals. I . The War began in April 1861, and the fightingcontinued with both sides losing men. With the power and hugemilitary advantages of the Union, this was not expected in mostquarters of the North. Lincoln saw the problems a longer thanexpected war would bring. J . In defiance of his own ideas, the pragmaticside of Lincoln knew he needed another reason to continue the war.He hoped that adding a popular, moral attachment to the war mightprove to be a favorable tactic. His hope was that an emancipationwould encourage a deeper commitment to victory and he had nothingto lose except his own integrity. He could place that aside ifemancipation could help end the War ( it didn't in real terms andthe idea that the despotic and quasi democratic Europeans wouldside with the United States & not recognize the Confederacy wasa "hope". (More on this later. ) K . Lincoln also hoped that emancipation wouldgenerate international support and deny the Confederacy of possibleEuropean allies. It was reasoned that no external power would wantto be allied with a nation fighting for Slavery. Freeing the slaveswould hurt the Southern economy and thus weaken its militarystrength. Also, Lincoln saw a new source of manpower, the freedslaves, joining the military. L. The War dragged on and as the Summer of 1862was upon the nation, Lincoln decided to issue the emancipation asan act of justice and a military edict to help end the War. As nowthe pragmatic politician, the timing of such an announcement was ofmost importance At all costs the emancipation could not appear as adesperate measure. It might have, as the Union had suffered anumber of defeats against a "put together at the lastmoment army of the South". He announced it to his cabinet in July, 1862. Luckily when thehorrible battle of Antietam was over in September & the Southwithdrew from Maryland, this was the chance as Lee's retreat,i f you will, could be seen as a Northern victory. Inmilitary terms it was a tactical draw. When an attacking army losesless men than the defenders, it's the reverse of a natural battle. If it was a Union victory, & McClellan was praised for pressingthe attack on Lee's army, which McClellan did, it did not save hisjob. George B. McClellan lost his job as leader of the Army of thePotomac on November 3, 1862. M. Antietam is said by some historians as the end of theConfederacy's bid for recognition from Europe. In my view, Europeangovernments had no intention of recognizing the Confederacy. Theyhad little to gain. Many astute European statesman and military mensaw the potential of the United States. Many saw it as a rival"power to be". However, it was not lost on them that a successful new group of "Americans" could result in "two new powers to be". The Europeans had outlawed slavery long before the US Civil War.That's true enough, but they did not outlaw enslaving entirepopulations in their colonial empires. France "engineered" theconstruction of The Suez Canal as example with the use of"forced labor" in 1869. At any given point in time, 30,000laborers by force were involved in the construction. Thousands ofthem died. Most political scientists mark 1928 as the year Great Britainattained the same civil rights status as the United States. N . On September 22, 1862, Lincoln issued hispreliminary Emancipation Proclamation. He took great care to makeit clear that it was an executive order allowed to him as theCommander in Chief under the Constitution. Because of that, theproclamation allowed for the liberation of slaves only in areasthat were in rebellion and thus under martial law. Bottom line wasthat slaves were liberated in areas where the Federal Governmenthad no power. Lee's retreat out of Maryland ( a Union slave State ) promptedLincoln to call for the surrender of the Confederacy and for itsStates to rejoin the Union by December 31, 1862. If that didn'thappen then their slaves would be declared free men. Based on theexample of Maryland, it needs to be again said that Lincoln, personally against slavery, was not as Presidentimplacable opposed to slavery; his avowed purpose wasalways to preserve the Union no matter it took to do so. So whetherby preserving slavery, destroying it, or by keeping it in someStates and not in others, the Union had to be preserved. O. Lincoln's Final Emancipation Proclamation onJanuary 1, 1863 specifically listed those areas where slaves wereto be free. Slave owners who were loyal to the Union were exemptand allowed to keep their slaves. Based on the 1860 census, thismeant that over 800,000 slaves or 21% of slaves were to remain in bondage. The "keep Europe out " plan wasridiculous in that the Union could have slaves but theareas not within Union control were not. P. The Proclamation was almost as controversial asthe suspension of US Civil Rights. It caused political disputes inthe North and among the rank and file of the US Army. It was earlyon that Lincoln in the interest of national security had suspendedcivil liberties in the Union. The suspension of habeas corpusresulted in the summary arrests which imprisoned thousands ofFederal citizens. Some were forced to take loyalty oaths and simple economic rightswere also suspended. Some of the Federal "activities" were issuesnot settled until after the War. In tact below is the initial answer which has enough goodinformation worth keeping. He wanted to take control of the rebellion and after the battle ofAntietam, where the north won, he thought it was a good move to getre-elected. Also, by making that proclamation he made the war aboutslavery first and foremost. This ensured that Britain and Francewould not enter the war and aid the South....the people of Britainand France could not support a cause that supported slavery. To turn it into a war on slavery. He was hoping this would raise Northern morale (which it didn't) and keep the British from helping the Confederates (which it did). (MORE)
Answer . Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862. That was the first part. The second part which officially went in effect January 1, 1863 during the second year of the American Civil War. If the slaves were not under federal control by that date, they would be …emancipated. The affected states were named in the second part issued on January 1,1863.. Bascially, he issued the Emancipation Proclaimation midway through the war. (MORE)
The Emancipation Proclamation consists of two executive orders issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War .\n. \n From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia \n. \n (Redirected from Emancipation proclamation ). \n. \n. \nBefore he issued the Proclamati…on, President Lincoln wanted a Union victory on the battlefield. The Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, was a close battle and the Union claimed victory. President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, which took effect on January 1, 1863. (MORE)
The Emancipation Proclamation, was issued in 2 parts, whichconsisted of 2 executive orders. The first executive order or first part of the EmancipationProclamation was issued on September 22, 1862, and the second orderor second part was issued on January 1, 1863.
The Southern reaction was ferocious. These states continued did notrespond after Lincoln issued this proclamation. The South also didnot respond to Lincoln's preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
President Abraham Lincoln issued two executive orders, which make up The Emancipation Proclamation . The first one order was issued on September 22, 1862, and declared the freedom of all slaves in such territory of the Confederate States of America as did not return to Union control by January 1,… 1863. The second order was issued on January 1, 1863, and enumerated the specific territories where it applied. The Emancipation Proclamation was signed January 1, 1863. Lincoln issued the Executive Order under his authority as "Commander In Chief of the Army and Navy" under Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution of the United States. (MORE)
Lincoln's Cabinet persuaded him to wait until the North could claima military victory before announcing the proclamation in order toprevent foreign powers from viewing it as a desperation measure.
Because he was the President of the United States. In the 1800's, it was much easier for a President to pass a proclamation because there were no lobbyists, there were fewer states, so there were not as many Congressmen or Senators to object to any proposed laws or proclamations. Also the Emancipati…on was issued during the civil war, the war granted Lincoln emergency powers and through these powers he was able to issue the proclamation. The proclamation would have no authority after the war, only a constitutional change would maintain the proclamation, subsequently it was written into the constitution. (MORE)
The Emancipation Proclamation was actually issued in two parts. The first part, which basically stated the intent of the second part, was issued on September 22, 1862. The second part was issued on January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued two different times the dates are: … 1.September 22,1862 2.January 1, 1863 (MORE)
To issue the Proclamation when the war was going badly for the Union would look like an act of desperation
Principally, and most urgently, to make it impossible for Britain to support the Confederacy without looking pro-slavery. (This was successful) Also, hopefully, to restore Northern morale by making them feel they were fighting a noble crusade to free the slaves. (This was less successful, as reflec…ted in the results of the mid-term elections.) I don't think you can find three. There were really two: Urgently - to keep Britain from helping the Confederates, by making them look pro-slavery if they did. Long-term - to give the war-weary North something nobler to fight for than just Unity (or the cotton revenues) by turning it into a morale crusade. Most urgently, to keep the British from sending military aid to the Confederates. By turning the war officially into a crusade against slavery, he made it ethically impossible for the British to be seen fighting on the side of the slave-owners against the Abolitionists. Lincoln was also hoping that this new crusading agenda would rally Northern morale, which was in a bad state following Lee's dramatic success in the Peninsula campaign. But the Northern public seemed to remain apathetic. Historians have found very little evidence that Northern troops were inspired to greater efforts by the moral imperative of Abolitionism. To encourage Northerners to keep fighting against the South; also to make it politically impossible for France and England to recognize the Confederacy as a new nation. (MORE)
The dates of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation were on September 22, 1862 and the final one on January 1, 1863. To properly answer the question of "when did Lincoln issue his Emancipation Proclamation, some background information is necessary. This is also needed to see the context of the timing …of it. * at the onset of the US Civil War, the emancipation of slaves was not the main objective of President Lincoln; * Lincoln saw that such a move as this was actually a deterrent and threat to his main goal of preserving the Union; * Lincoln was a pragmatist. He believed that turning the quest to end the Southern rebellion by making it an abolitionist issue might cause Northern Democrats and border State Unionists to withdraw their support; * Lincoln was also correct in his thinking that the US Constitution prevented him from freeing slaves; * Early on in the conflict, when Union generals used their military powers to "free slaves" in the Territories, Lincoln overruled them and in some circumstances he relieved them of their duties; * As the war dragged on, Lincoln began to believe that linking the rebellion to the cause of emancipation; * Lincoln saw that linking freedom for slaves would add a deeper and moral reason for aiding his objective of ending the rebellion; * Lincoln also saw that international support from Great Britain and France would be enhanced if he made abolishing of slavery part of the war effort; * Lincoln also expected to add to the Union's manpower for the war as slaves, and freed slaves in the North could be added to the Union's military forces; * During the Summer of 1862, decided to issue an emancipation proclamation as a means of acting "justly" to slaves and as a military measure that was needed to end the rebellion; * Lincoln realized the timing of such a move would be crucial. As long as the Union's attempts to end the rebellion continued to fail, an emancipation could be viewed as an act of desperation. As an embarrassing example of this was the failure to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, only one hundred miles away from Washington DC; * After the Battle of Antietam, which caused the Army of Northern Virginia to retreat back to Virginia, Lincoln saw his opportunity. Although the battle was a technical "draw" Lee was forced to retreat; * On September 22, 1862 Lincoln issued his "Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation; * He was careful to make it clear that this act was a necessary military measure required to end the Southern rebellion; and * Technically, this could not free any slaves in the rebellious States. In addition, where slavery existed in States loyal to the Union, and in Washington DC, no slaves were freed. (MORE)
to clarify the status of the fugitive slaves, * to solve the Union's manpower woes, * to keep Great Britain out of the conflict, * to maim and cripple the Confederacy by destroying its laborforce, * to remove the very thing that had caused the war, and * to break the chains of several million oppres…sed human beings andright America at last with her own ideals (MORE)
Because what he was doing wasn't actually legal. He couldn't just declare the slaves to be free - they were, under law, property, and the Constitution forbids the government to deny citizens of their property. For the Confederacy, he had a loophole. The seceding states weren't really part of the Uni…ted States anymore, so he could deprive them of property as much as he wanted, but if he made a law freeing the slaves in the South, that would be tantamount to admitting the South was still part of the US, which would mean that the law wouldn't be valid anyway. So. He issued it as a military order. It didn't really do much. The Southerners, of course, ignored it. It inspired some slaves to escape to the North, but they were doing that anyway. What it DID do was change the Civil War from a war against secession to a war against slavery. Europe didn't care if the South seceded. But Europe was vehmently anti-slavery, and once the North declared it was fighting, not only for Union, but to free the slaves, it had Europe solidly on its side. Also, it roused the interest of American abolitionists, who started participating in the war effort. (MORE)
Britain and France had to abandon their plans to send military aid to the Confederates. By using the Proclamation as an instrument to turn the war into a crusade against slavery (which it hadn't been), Lincoln made it politically impossible for free nations abroad to help the South. Both Britain a…nd France had abolished slavery many years earlier, and could not be seen to fight for the cause of the slave-owners. (MORE)
Most urgently, to stop the British grantng recognition to the Confederacy and sending military aid - it would have made them look pro-slavery themselves.
It stated that all the slaves in the Confederacy are now freed from slavery by Presidential decree, and that these freed men are invited to join the army of the north in overthrowing the tyrannical Confederate government.
One purpose of the Proclamation was to prevent England and France from recognizing the Confederate States and intervening on their behalf. It also acted as an incentive, albeit a weak one, for states to rejoin the Union before the January 1, 1863 deadline. It mostly reassured the slave-holding board…er states still in the Union that only the slaves in rebel states would be affected. (MORE)
The proclamation freed up resources for the North. It freed no actual slaves, but did allow the North to turn the issue of the civil war into a war against slavery instead of a war against state rights. This stopped the plans of some countries which were sympathetic to the South's cause from aiding …them in the war effort. (MORE)
Britain and France both had to give up supporting the Confederacy, or they would look pro-slavery. The Proclamation did not automatically free all the slaves in the United States. It actually applied only to areas in rebellion that might be later taken by Union troops. The Proclamation encouraged …Blacks to begin leaving the south and crossing into Union lines to freedom. (MORE)
Britain and France had to stay out of the war - they could not send aid to the Confederates without looking pro-slavery.
Lincoln first discussed the idea with his cabinet in July 1862, but the cabinet's advice and Lincoln's own feeling was that he should wait to announce the Proclamation until after a Union battlefield victory, so it would not appear to be a last desperate shriek from a losing nation. Waiting for a v…ictory took a long time, before finally the Union army delivered what looked to be close enough at Antietam, which was really a tactical draw, but the Confederates pulled back afterward. Lincoln announced the preliminary Proclamation five days after the battle, on September 22, 1862. The Proclamation did not take effect until January 1, 1863. (MORE)
He had to wait till there was a Northern victory (Antietam/Sharpsburg); otherwise it would have looked lke a desperate reaction to the sudden string of victories by Robert E.Lee.
It meant that Britain and France had to give up their plans to help the Confederates. The war had now been turned into an official crusade against slavery, and those two free nations could not be seen to fight for slavery.
Why did President Lincoln want to wait for before issuing the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation?
He had to wait for a Northern victory, or it would have looked like a desperate measure, following the string of Confederate victories after Robert E. Lee was promoted to army commander. The unexpected Northern victory at Antietam gave him his chance.
Because the Confederates under the newly-promoted Robert E. Lee were achieving a spectacular run of victories, and it could have looked like a desperate measure to announce the freeing of slaves at that point. Lincoln had to wait for a Northern win - and it seemed as though that could be a long wai…t. But by a strange accident, the North won the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, and Lincoln was free to make the Proclamation. (MORE)
Most urgently, to keep Britain and France from aiding the Confederates - it would have made them look pro-slavery themselves.
He was wanting to issue it in the summer of 1862, in order to keep the British from helping the Confederates during their string of victories under the newly-promoted Robert E. Lee. (If the war was officially declared to be a crusade against slavery, the British could not be seen to intervene on the… other side.) But if he issued it while the Confederates were winning, it would look like a desperate measure. That's why he had to wait till the Northern victory at Antietam in September, before he made the historic Proclamation. (MORE)
It kept the British from sending aid to the Confederates. After Lincoln had turned the war into a crusade against slavery, no outside nation could aid the Confederates without looking pro-slavery.
It was after the rather lucky Union win at Antietam (Sharpsburg) in September 1862, which gave Lincoln the chance to issue the Proclamation without making it sound like a desperate measure.
It 'proclaimed' freedom for all slaves in Rebel States (over which Lincoln had no authority at that time) and sounded like a human rights appeal, to make the North feel it was fighting a crusade against the evils of slavery. In fact, it was an urgent signal to Britain and France that they could no …longer support thew Confederates without looking pro-slavery themselves. (MORE)
Britain and France were close to granting recognition to the Confederacy, and Lincoln had to turn the war into an official crusade against slavery, to shame them out of doing this. His tactic was totally successful. Europe had to stay out of it.
The British had to give up their plans to grant recognition to the Confederacy and send military aid, for fear of looking pro-slavery.
Abolitionists pressured Lincoln to end the slavery after the start of the Civil War in 1861. These pressures also affected Lincoln to declare the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.
There were essentially two factors which motivated President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. In the first place, he did not believe that the practice of slavery was morally justifiable (Lincoln was, of course, correct in that belief). Secondly, a civil war was in progress and it was …very useful from a military point of view to be able to recruit former slaves into the Union Army, and by promising to end slavery, Lincoln gave the former slaves an excellent reason to support the Union. (MORE)
By the time it was issued, most notherners had lost the will to fight. If it had not been issued, the north would have just pretty much given up. The proclamation gave a reason to fight.
Abraham Lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation which set all slaves free in the states that seceded from the union
To signal to Britain and France that they could no longer help the Confederates without lookig pro-slavery themselves.
September 1862, after the Union win at Antietam, the first Northern victory against Lee, which gave him the credibility to issue it without making it look like a desperate measure. It 'proclaimed' (not decreed) that all slaves in the rebel-states would be considered free, with effect from January 1…st 1863. It was not a law, as Lincoln had no authority over the South at this time. But it did license Union troops to liberate any slaves they came across in their Southern campaigns. The Proclamation was not the human-rights document it sounded like. (Among other thigns, it allowed slavery to continue in the slave-states that had remained loyal.) It was chiefly an urgent wartime measure, aimed at preventing Britain and France from aiding the South, as this would now make them look pro-slavery themselves. (MORE)
the emancipation proclamation stated that the union would free the slaves from the confederates in the civil war, but since the south had already seceded from the emancipation proclamation it did not free any slaves.
It kept the British and French from sending aid to the Confederacy - it would have made them look pro-slavery themselves.
Britain and France had to stay out - they could not support the Confederates without looking pro-slavery themselves.
Most urgently to keep Britain and France from aiding the Confederates. After that, it would have made them look pro-slavery themselves.
Profound relief. He had achieved his most urgent objective - to make it impossible for free nations abroad to help the Confederates without looking pro-slavery themselves. As for whether most Northerners suddenly felt they were fighting a virtuous crusade against the evils of slavery, that was not… at all reflected in the midterm elections that were in progress just at that time. But Union troops were liberating slaves wherever they went in the South, and starting to realise that slavery was doomed. Sherman declared that the planters could no more get their slaves back than revive their dead grandfathers. (MORE)
Britain and France have to stay out of the war for fear of looking pro-slavery. Their threatened intervention on the side of the Confederates was Lincoln's biggest worry in 1862.
He didn't especially. He wanted to issue it in July 1862, when Lee was on a winning streak, and the British were close to granting recognition to the Confederacy. This would be his means of heading them off, because they could not aid the South after that, without looking pro-slavery themselves. B…ut his cabinet told him that it would look like a desperate measure, and he would have to wait for a Union victory. This came (unexpectedly) in September, and then Lincoln promptly issued his Proclamation. (MORE)
A Union win (Antietam) which gave him the credibility to issue the Proclamation without making it look like a desperate measure.
Did President Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation that was to take effect on January 1 1863?
Yes. He was hoping that one or two slave-states might quit the Confederacy and rejoin the Union. But chiefly, he was trying to stop Britain and France from helping the Confederacy. After the Proclamation, free countries abroad could not help the South without looking pro-slavery themselves.
What did the harshest British critics say about the Emancipation Proclamation of US President Lincoln?
Many British critics did not approve of the EmancipationProclamation. They did not feel it was a good idea.
Mainly because he didn't want to seem like it was issuing itbecause he was losing the war and desperate. One of the major reasons for issuing the proclamation was that hedidn't want European countries like France or Britain to starthelping the Confederacy (which they were both considering doing)-mo…st European countries had abolished slavery already, and theproclamation made it clear that anyone who supported theConfederacy also supported slavery. If he had not waited until after Antietam, which was a fairlysignificant Union victory (the battle itself is usually considereda draw but the Union held the field and stopped a Confederateinvasion of Union-held Maryland), it would have looked like he wasjust doing it out of desperation. It wouldn't have been aseffective, and might have been ignored by the foreign powersLincoln had sought to influence. (MORE)