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Why did the liberal party support Australia's involvement in Vietnam war?
The liberal party hated communism, especially Menzies, the leader of the liberal party at the time. he had even tries banning communism but failed. they wanted to stop communism and also help the US as they had ANZUS and SEATO in place, meaning that they were to help America when America was at war, which they were
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Australia was everyhwere in WWII. Their troops fought in North Africa, Italy and the Pacific. It was even Austalian troops that handed the Japanese army its first defeat… on lad at the battle for Mline Bay.
They agreed with the idea of the younger Australian's Participation in the war, as they felt it was the time for the younger Australian's to 'do their bit', like they had done… in previous wars such as WWII.
The US supported the non-communist government of South Vietnam, which was under attack by army and guerrilla forces supported by North Vietnam, with the aid of the Soviet Un…ion. US aid was limited to military advisors, covert aid, and CIA missions under Eisenhower and Kennedy. The US involvement expanded to naval, air, and ground forces under President Lyndon Johnson, a result of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution on August 7, 1964). US ground troops fought in South Vietnam from 1965 to 1973, with troop withdrawals beginning in 1968 and completed after the Paris Peace Accords were signed. The Case-Church amendment and the War Powers Act in 1973 blocked further use of US forces. The US continued to provide limited support in the "Vietnamization" program in 1974, and the last US casualties were suffered during the evacuation of the embassy in Saigon on April 29-30, 1975.
in the period between the end of WW 2 and American and Australian involvement in the Vietnam war The non communist parts of the world as a result of a barrage of fear mongerin…g were convinced that the whole world was going to end up under the control of various communist dictatorships. Australia was even more paranoid having china directly to its north. many Australians had been thoroughly hoodwinked by this propaganda especially the older generations who because of their involvement in WW 2 felt under threat and knew what war was. They were told that the Vietnamese needed protection from the communist north and they believed it. They were coned. no doubt there were special interest groups that stood to benefit financially by the carnage. Anti-war protests had been taking place in Australia since 1962 when the first military advisors had been sent in to Vietnam. Since then, protests had taken place for various reasons at various times, but it was not until the announcement in April 1965 that they really began to take shape. The Australian Labor Party (ALP) The ALP was against the commitment of troops to Vietnam but it was difficult to form a coherent policy for a party that was very widely split over many issues. The Labor leader Arthur Calwell had the unenviable job of responding to the government in parliament. While being against the War, he could not be seen to be anti-American or worse, unpatriotic. He supported the ideas of the British and Canadian governments who had wanted the United States to enter negotiations with North Vietnam. Labor saw the war as essentially a civil one in which Australia should not get involved. Calwell did say that they would back the Australian troops and not deny them the support they would need. As time went on, Calwell's' party was pushed into a firmer anti-war stance by the Liberal Party who knew that it would not be a vote winner for Labor. Calwell maintained that they supported the troops, but Labor's anti-war leanings were unpopular with many people. In 1966 Calwell was shot, but not killed, after attending an anti-Vietnam rally in Sydney. The trade unions Many of the trade unions called the government support of America's foreign policy in Vietnam 'blood for dollars', or 'diggers for dollars'. They believed the Australian government was sacrificing the lives of Australian troops to ensure that America would boost the economy by spending more money in Australia. In response to this belief and the announcement of troops being sent to Vietnam, unions like the Waterside Workers Federation, wanted to hold work stoppages in protest. The Australian Council of Trade Unions (the ACTU), which followed the Labor Party policy of not supporting the war but not denying the soldiers support, said no action would be taken. Some of the more militant unions took independent action to protest the announcement and held some work stoppages which the ACTU did not support. Meanwhile within the union's membership there were differing opinions over the war. The leadership of the major unions wanted to avoid the possibility of internal conflict by staying out of the politics of the war as much as possible. The ACTU openly opposed the government's decision, but did not call for any direct action to be taken by its members. The Protestant churches Unlike the Catholic Church, the Protestant churches were divided over the issue of Vietnam. Even before Menzies had committed the troops, a group of Anglican bishops had asked him in a series of open letters to the newspapers, not to increase the Australian commitment in Vietnam. After the announcement, the Anglican Church hierarchy supported the decision and opinion was divided - some Anglican clergy believed that Christians should always be the peace makers, while others condemned the idea of peace at any price. The Methodist Church came out as strongly anti-war. They supported the idea of a group of churches coming together to oppose the government as had happened in America. The Protestant churches formed the committee for Canberra Vigil, a prayer vigil outside parliament house to condemn both the communists in Vietnam and the government for sending troops. See animation The universities In later years, no other group would be more associated with anti-war activities, but reaction in the universities immediately after the announcement was quite mixed, with some support as well as opposition. Division down party political lines was present and the ALP and DLP both had their adherents in the universities. The first student opposition was cautious in its approach. It was mainly made up of open letters to newspapers, putting the conflict in its historical and political perspective and predicting a long and drawn out affair. The letters encouraged the government to engage in negotiations with the Viet Cong and North Vietnam. It was really only after the start of conscription the next year that students began to come out in force against the War. Wider community opposition Although there was support for the government and also an ethos of 'it doesn't concern us' among the wider population, there was also a large and angry anti-war movement growing. In the month between the announcement and the deployment of troops in Vietnam, anti-war demonstrations had begun. Wives of soldiers who were deployed received angry phone calls and letters and anti-war literature was handed out. The departure date and time of the 1st Royal Australian Regiment was kept secret in order to avoid angry scenes or protests at the dock side.
New Zealand, Australia, and the US were part of the ANZUS treaty. Other allies in South Vietnam were Thailand, South Korea, and the Philippines.
US/Australia/New Zealand/Thailand/South Korea/Philippines supported South VN; Red China/USSR supported North VN.
Australian servicemen fought in campaigns against Germany and Italyin Europe, the Mediterranean and North Africa They fought againstJapan in South-east Asia and in other parts… of the Pacific. TheRoyal Australian Navy (RAN) participated in operations againstItaly after its entry into the war in June 1940. A few Australiansflew in the Battle of Britain in August and September of the 1940,but the Australian Army was not engaged in combat until 1941, whenthe 6th, 7th and 9th Divisions joined Allied operations in theMediterranean and North Africa. Answer Australia'srelationship with Britain at the time was weak and Australia'sinvolvement would strengthen the bond. Also the Australian primeminister Robert Menzies was pro-British and most Australianssupported in his belief to help Britain. Answer Australia was in the war from the very beginning to the very end.Australian Prime Minister Menzies declared that Australia was atwar with Germany on the same day that Great Britain did. Initiallyof course Australian personnel (Army, Air Force & Navy) weredeployed in Europe, often under British command, but after PearlHarbour and the fall of Singapore, Australians generally felt thatthe national priority was defending Australia against the oncomingJapanese, who were bombing towns in northern Australia, and seemedto be preparing an invasion. This change of focus became a point ofsharp contention between the Australian and UK governments -Churchill did not want Australian forces switched from the waragainst Germany, but despite this, Prime Minister John Curtinwithdrew a substantial force from North Africa to aid inAustralia's defence. Subsequently, Australian troops inflicted thefirst significant defeat on the Japanese, driving them back to thenorthern coast of Papua New Guinea (immediately to Australia'snorth), and participating in other campaigns in SE Asia.Incidentally, US General MacArthur had his regional HQ in Brisbane,Australia. Another outstanding contribution from Australian troopswas in the North African struggle against Rommel.
One group that opposed Australia's involvement was the "SOS Movement" - which were a group of mums who began this protest group in order to abolish conscription and get …the soldiers to come back from Vietnam. They were called the "SOS Mums", SOS meaning, "Save Our Sons". Hope this helps!
China and Russia
This is a bit of a complex issue, and requires a bit of history. Prior to the Second World War, the current-day country of Vietnam was part of the French Empire, being calle…d French Indochina (which encompassed Vietnam and parts of Laos and Cambodia). French Indochina was occupied by the Japanese during WW2. After the defeat of Japan, many Vietnamese (rightly) believed that they should have self-rule and be an independent country, as was happening to many other former colonies of the various Empires. However, France wished to remain an Imperial power, and desired the return the country to its former colonial status. As it became apparent to the Vietnamese that they were not to be granted independence, a Communist-led revolt in the northern portion of the country began. From the late 1940s to mid-1950s, these communist revolutionaries fought French forces in what is known as the First Indochina War. A peace settlement was signed in Geneva in 1954, dissolving French control, and setting up two new countries: a Communist-controlled North Vietnam, and an anti-Communist South Vietnam. The Communist North saw this partition as but a small pause in the greater revolution to establish a single, united Vietnam, rather than a permanent partition. Conflict between the two Vietnams broke out almost immediately. Escalating fighting turned into a full-fledged was starting about 1960. The conflict was wided as both the U.S. and U.S.S.R. saw Vietnam as a post-Korea test of international power and influence. Thus, increasing American and Soviet aid turned a regional civil war into an internationally-sponsored slaughter. So, to summarize: Vietnam was a French Colony, then occupied by Japan, then underwent a revolutionary war for independence, followed by a partition into Communist and anti-Communist areas, then underwent a Civil War, then became a Cold War proxy war, and finally ended as a Civil War where the North was victorious, resulting in a single Communist nation.
Nationalist China was a US ally; Red China trained North Vietnamese Air Force MIG 19 jet pilots in Communist China and supplied MIG-19 jet fighters to the NVAF; J6 versi…ons of the MIG-19.
Supporters for the Vietnam War The groups within Australia that supported our involvement in the Vietnam war were: * The Returned Service League (RSL) *… The Liberal party and Country (now known as National)party and * The older generation
US, Aus, N.Z, ROK, RVN, Thailand, P.I. vs N. Vietnam & VC supported (equipped) by Red China/USSR. US, Australia, New Zealand, Philippines, Thailand, S. Korea, S. VN.
Answer The Viet Minh were involved in the effort to expel the Japanese occupiers and the return of the Frech Colonial authority.
The reason Australia is fighting the war in Iraq is because we have an alliance agreement with America so we are supporting them. Im fairly sure America has pulled out now, …so Im fairly sure we are now there so terrorism doesnt get out of hamd and affect our country. Preventing the problem before it occurs.
Australia promised to assist Britain despite the battle zones were far from its coast. In the 1910 -1920, their overall population was only 5 millions but around 330,000 troop…s served overseas and slightly over 60,000 were killed in battle with 150,000 wounded. The First Australian troops were dispatched to Egypt to help defend British presence against the Ottoman Empire (Present Turkey). Major battles include * Gallipoli, Turkey * Fromelles on the Somme, France, July 1916 * Bullecourt, France, 1917 * Messines, Belgium, 1917 * Ypres (the battle of Passchedaele), Belgium, 1917 * Hamel Spur, France, 4 July 1918 * Mont St Quentin, France * Peronne, France * Hindenberg Line, France
In Vietnam War
Describe three reasons why the American public did not support Americas involvement in the Vietnam War?
The military draft. The military draft. And of course, the military draft. If people are NOT involved...they simply do not care. When they received that draft notice in the US… Mail...they very suddenly cared!